To Practice ForĀ  National Certification Exam

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 885

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AST Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    To revascularize the heart muscle of a patient with heart disease, a graft may be anastomosed between which of the following two vessels?
    • A. 

      Internal mammary artery to affected coronary artery

    • B. 

      Subclavian artery to affected coronary artery

    • C. 

      Internal mammary artery to aorta

    • D. 

      Subclavian artery to aorta

  • 2. 
    The drug most commonly used to treat ventricular tachycardia is?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine (Adrenalin)

    • B. 

      Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat).

    • C. 

      Lidocaine (Xylocaine).

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine (Levophed).

  • 3. 
    An ideal environment for holding the preoperative patient is a
    • A. 

      Dimly lit, quiet room

    • B. 

      Brightly lit, quiet room

    • C. 

      Warm, busy room.

    • D. 

      D. cool, busy room.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following procedures treats a congenital obstructed lesion found at the distal end of an infant's stomach?
    • A. 

      Gastrotomy

    • B. 

      Nissen fundoplication

    • C. 

      Heller myotomy

    • D. 

      Pyloromyotomy

  • 5. 
    A cardiac arrest occurs during a procedure, and the surgeon is resuscitating the patient. What is the responsibility of the surgical technologist in the scrub role during this time?
    • A. 

      Hand the surgeon a loaded needle holder and forceps for closing.

    • B. 

      Break scrub and call for help

    • C. 

      Remain sterile and maintain the sterile field.

    • D. 

      Move the electrosurgical unit away for the operating table

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is the definition of instrument sterilization?
    • A. 

      Surgical cleaning with an antiseptic

    • B. 

      Manual decontamination

    • C. 

      Destruction of microorganisms

    • D. 

      Reduction of bacteria

  • 7. 
    A preference card indicates a surgeon prefers a large paper gown and size 7.5 gloves and the surgeon's assistant prefers an XL cloth gown and size 8 gloves. The assistant usually scrubs in first. In which order should the surgical attire (PPE) be stacked, from top to bottom?
    • A. 

      Towel, XL cloth gown, size 7.5 gloves, towel, large paper gown, size 8 gloves

    • B. 

      Size 7.5 gloves, XL cloth gown, towel, size 8 gloves, large paper gown, towel

    • C. 

      Towel, XL cloth gown, size 8 gloves, towel, large paper gown, size 7.5 gloves

    • D. 

      Towel, large paper gown, size 7.5 gloves, towel, XL cloth gown, size 8 gloves

  • 8. 
    Which of the following types of anesthetic is injected during a Bier block?
    • A. 

      Bupivacaine (marcaine)

    • B. 

      Lidocaine (xylocaine) with epinephrine

    • C. 

      Bupivacaine (Marcaine) with epinephrine

    • D. 

      Lidocaine (Xylocaine)

  • 9. 
    Aerobic organisms are BEST characterized as
    • A. 

      Pathogenic

    • B. 

      Nonpathogenic

    • C. 

      Oxygen-requiring

    • D. 

      Non-oxygen requiring

  • 10. 
    When positioning a patient in the lithotomy position, the stirrup height should be adjusted according to the
    • A. 

      Height of the first assistant

    • B. 

      Manufacturer's recommendations

    • C. 

      Height of the surgeon

    • D. 

      Length of the patient's legs

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is applied as a nonadherent dressing?
    • A. 

      Adaptic

    • B. 

      Collodion

    • C. 

      Steri-strip

    • D. 

      Elastoplast

  • 12. 
    Which of the following conditions is triggered by an injection of succinylcholine (Anectine) and causes an unusually high fever?
    • A. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • B. 

      Sepsis

    • C. 

      Malignant hyperthermia

    • D. 

      Appendicitis

  • 13. 
    When performing a dilation and curettage, which of the following instruments is used to grasp the cervix?
    • A. 

      Simms

    • B. 

      Auvard

    • C. 

      Schroeder

    • D. 

      Bozeman

  • 14. 
    The Sterrad sterilization system MOST commonly uses which of the following chemical solutions?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • B. 

      Glutaraldehyde

    • C. 

      Peracetic acid

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

  • 15. 
    Which of the following should be visualized on an x-ray to determine if a long bone is still growing?
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Diaphysis

    • C. 

      Medullary canal

    • D. 

      Epiphyseal plate

  • 16. 
    What type of incision is typically used for an open cholecystectomy?
    • A. 

      McBurney's

    • B. 

      Pfannenstiel

    • C. 

      Midline

    • D. 

      Subcostal

  • 17. 
    Which of the following should be removed LAST by the surgical technologist in the scrub role in order to prevent contamination at the end of a surgical procedure?
    • A. 

      Patient's drapes

    • B. 

      Surgical gloves

    • C. 

      Surgical mask

    • D. 

      Mayo stand drape

  • 18. 
    A chemical solution used to sterilize instruments by immersing them for at least 10 hours is
    • A. 

      Activated glutaraldehyde

    • B. 

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • C. 

      Aqueous formaldehyde

    • D. 

      Methyl phenol

  • 19. 
    Heaney clamps are used for a
    • A. 

      Hysterectomy

    • B. 

      Lobectomy

    • C. 

      Cystectomy

    • D. 

      Gastrectomy

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is done FIRST when performing a myringotomy?
    • A. 

      Insertion of a drainage tube

    • B. 

      Incision of the tympanic membrane

    • C. 

      Suctioning of fluid from the middle eat

    • D. 

      Removal of cerumen from the ear canal

  • 21. 
    A circlage procedure is performed for which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Bartholin's cyst

    • B. 

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • C. 

      Incompetent cervix

    • D. 

      Placenta previa

  • 22. 
    A laparotomy drape has been placed on a patient and unprepped skin on the operative site is exposed. Which of the following is the BEST next step?
    • A. 

      Apply drapes over unprepped skin

    • B. 

      Reposition the drapes closer together

    • C. 

      Remove drapes and re-prep

    • D. 

      Cover with an adhesive drape

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a symptom of shock?
    • A. 

      Tachycardia

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Cold, clammy skin

    • D. 

      Increased respiration's

  • 24. 
    Which of the following procedures involves the injection of contrast media into the spinal subarachnoid space?
    • A. 

      Myelogram

    • B. 

      Arteriogram

    • C. 

      Lumbar puncture

    • D. 

      Pneumography

  • 25. 
    In comparison to oral Fahrenheit temperatures, rectal Fahrenheit temperatures are
    • A. 

      Exactly the same

    • B. 

      Approximately 1degreelower

    • C. 

      Approximately 1 degree higher

    • D. 

      Approximately 2 degrees higher

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