Aquatics International University: Water Quality Course

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Aquatics International University: Water Quality Course - Quiz

Aquatics International University's Water Quality Quiz is designed to test your knowledge of water quality issues including water chemistry, maintenance and dealing with emergency situations. After reading the courses, take this brief test. Those who receive a score of 70% or higher will receive a certificate of completion.  


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Optimally, free chlorine should be:

    • A.

      2.0 to 4.0 ppm

    • B.

      1.0 to 5.0 ppm

    • C.

      2.5 ppm

    • D.

      8.0 to 10.5 ppm

    Correct Answer
    A. 2.0 to 4.0 ppm
    Explanation
    Optimally, free chlorine should be maintained at a level of 2.0 to 4.0 ppm. This range ensures that there is enough chlorine present in the water to effectively kill bacteria and other harmful microorganisms, while also preventing over-chlorination which can be harmful to human health. This range is widely accepted as the optimal level for maintaining clean and safe water in various applications such as swimming pools, drinking water, and wastewater treatment.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is NOT a factor in water balance?

    • A.

      Alkalinity

    • B.

      Hardness

    • C.

      Mineral content

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. Mineral content
    Explanation
    Water balance refers to the equilibrium between various factors in water, such as pH, alkalinity, hardness, and temperature. These factors affect the overall quality and suitability of water for different purposes. However, mineral content is not considered a factor in water balance. While minerals can be present in water and affect its taste and composition, they are not directly related to water balance.

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  • 3. 

    Many state health codes recommend monitoring disinfectant levels:

    • A.

      Once an hour

    • B.

      Four times a day

    • C.

      Three times a day

    • D.

      Once a day

    Correct Answer
    C. Three times a day
    Explanation
    State health codes recommend monitoring disinfectant levels three times a day. This frequency allows for regular checks to ensure that the disinfectant levels are maintained at the appropriate levels throughout the day. Monitoring three times a day helps to prevent any potential contamination or health risks by ensuring that the disinfectant is effective in killing harmful bacteria and viruses. Regular monitoring also allows for prompt adjustments or interventions if the disinfectant levels are found to be inadequate.

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  • 4. 

    The calcium hardness of your pool water depends on:

    • A.

      Temperature and mineral content

    • B.

      PH and temperature

    • C.

      Alkalinity

    • D.

      PH

    Correct Answer
    B. PH and temperature
    Explanation
    The calcium hardness of pool water is influenced by the pH and temperature. pH refers to the acidity or alkalinity of the water, and temperature affects the solubility of calcium compounds. If the pH is too high or too low, it can lead to calcium scaling or corrosion. Similarly, temperature can affect the saturation level of calcium in the water. Therefore, maintaining the appropriate pH level and controlling the temperature can help regulate the calcium hardness of the pool water.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following should be monitored weekly?

    • A.

      Combined chlorine

    • B.

      Alkalinity

    • C.

      Cyanuric acid

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above should be monitored weekly because they are important parameters in maintaining the balance and cleanliness of a pool or spa. Combined chlorine is a measure of the chlorine that has reacted with contaminants in the water and is no longer effective in sanitizing. Monitoring this ensures that the chlorine levels are sufficient for proper sanitation. Alkalinity is a measure of the water's ability to resist changes in pH, and monitoring it helps to prevent pH fluctuations that can lead to water balance issues. Cyanuric acid is a stabilizer for chlorine and monitoring its levels ensures that the chlorine remains effective.

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  • 6. 

    When dealing with a fecal matter contamination, operators should NOT use a vacuum to remove the contaminants.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When dealing with fecal matter contamination, using a vacuum to remove the contaminants is not recommended. This is because vacuuming can cause the fecal matter particles to become airborne, increasing the risk of inhalation and further spreading the contamination. It is more effective to use appropriate cleaning methods and disinfectants to safely remove and eliminate the fecal matter.

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  • 7. 

    For fecal accidents involving diarrhea, the free chlorine residual needs to be raised to ____ ppm, and maintained for a period of at least ____ hours.

    • A.

      60.0 ppm, 20 hours

    • B.

      20.0 ppm, 15 hours

    • C.

      8.0 ppm, 20 hours

    • D.

      20.0 ppm, 12.75 hours

    Correct Answer
    D. 20.0 ppm, 12.75 hours
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 20.0 ppm, 12.75 hours. When there is a fecal accident involving diarrhea, it is necessary to raise the free chlorine residual to 20.0 ppm. This elevated level of chlorine should be maintained for a period of at least 12.75 hours to ensure proper disinfection and elimination of any potential pathogens.

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  • 8. 

    Bloodborne pathogens in a pool present a serious health risk.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms that can be present in blood and can cause diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. While bloodborne pathogens can be a health risk in various settings, such as healthcare facilities or laboratories, they do not present a serious health risk in a pool. Pool water is typically treated with chemicals, such as chlorine, which effectively kills most pathogens, including bloodborne ones. Therefore, the statement that bloodborne pathogens in a pool present a serious health risk is false.

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  • 9. 

    Pool water that is reddish brown in color may be the result of:

    • A.

      High iron content

    • B.

      High levels of copper

    • C.

      Algae

    • D.

      Too much disinfectant

    Correct Answer
    A. High iron content
    Explanation
    Pool water that is reddish brown in color may be the result of high iron content. Iron can enter the pool water from various sources such as well water, rusted pool equipment, or iron-based pool chemicals. When the iron content is high, it can oxidize and form iron oxide, giving the water a reddish brown color. This can be visually unappealing and may also stain the pool surfaces. Testing the water for iron levels and implementing appropriate treatment methods can help resolve this issue.

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  • 10. 

    If chlorine levels exceed requirements, you can neutralize the water by adding which of the following?

    • A.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • B.

      Sodium thiosulfate

    • C.

      Sodium bicarbonate

    • D.

      Calcium chloride

    Correct Answer
    B. Sodium thiosulfate
    Explanation
    Sodium thiosulfate can be added to neutralize the water if the chlorine levels exceed requirements. This is because sodium thiosulfate is a reducing agent that reacts with chlorine, converting it into harmless chloride ions. Hydrogen peroxide is not suitable for neutralizing chlorine in water as it can react with chlorine to form harmful byproducts. Sodium bicarbonate and calcium chloride do not have the ability to neutralize chlorine.

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