Disaster Readiness And Risk Reduction

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Disaster Readiness And Risk Reduction - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It is a localized unusual increase of sea water level beyond the predicted astronomical level?

    • A.

      Flood

    • B.

      Tsunami

    • C.

      Storm Surge

    • D.

      Downburst

    • E.

      All of the Above

    • F.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    C. Storm Surge
    Explanation
    A storm surge is a localized unusual increase in sea water level beyond the predicted astronomical level. It is caused by a combination of strong winds and low atmospheric pressure associated with a storm or hurricane. This surge of water can cause flooding in coastal areas, often resulting in significant damage to property and infrastructure. Unlike a tsunami, which is caused by seismic activity, a storm surge is specifically related to weather events. Therefore, the correct answer is storm surge.

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  • 2. 

    These areas in the Philippines are usually affected by tropical cyclones EXCEPT?

    • A.

      Northern Luzon

    • B.

      Central Luzon

    • C.

      Eastern Visayas

    • D.

      Western Mindanao

    Correct Answer
    D. Western Mindanao
    Explanation
    Western Mindanao is not usually affected by tropical cyclones because it is located in the southwestern part of the Philippines, away from the usual path of typhoons. Northern Luzon, Central Luzon, and Eastern Visayas are more prone to tropical cyclones due to their proximity to the Pacific Ocean where typhoons often originate.

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  • 3. 

    Tsunami literally means ____________________ in Japanese?

    • A.

      Big Waves

    • B.

      Harbor Waves

    • C.

      Deadly Waves

    • D.

      Ocean Waves

    Correct Answer
    B. Harbor Waves
    Explanation
    Tsunami literally means "harbor waves" in Japanese. This term refers to a series of large ocean waves that are caused by underwater disturbances, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or landslides. These waves can travel across the ocean at high speeds and can cause significant damage and loss of life when they reach coastal areas. The term "harbor waves" is an accurate description of the nature of tsunamis, as they often result in the flooding and destruction of harbors and coastal regions.

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  • 4. 

    According to NOAA "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration"during tornadoes you must?

    • A.

      Get in, Get down and Cover up

    • B.

      Duck in, Get down and Cover up

    • C.

      Get in, Phase down and Cover up

    • D.

      Duck in, Phase down Cover up

    • E.

      Get in, Duck in, Phase down, Cover up

    Correct Answer
    A. Get in, Get down and Cover up
    Explanation
    During tornadoes, it is recommended to "Get in, Get down, and Cover up" according to NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). This means finding a small, windowless interior room on the lowest level of a sturdy building, such as a basement or a bathroom, and taking cover by getting down low and covering your head and neck with your arms or a mattress. This helps to protect against flying debris and reduces the risk of injury during a tornado.

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  • 5. 

    It is a short term sea level rise caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun?

    • A.

      High tide

    • B.

      Low tide

    • C.

      Neap tide

    • D.

      Astronomical high tide

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. High tide
    Explanation
    High tide refers to the periodic rise in sea level due to the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun. The gravitational forces exerted by these celestial bodies cause the water on Earth's surface to bulge, leading to high tide. This phenomenon occurs twice a day and is responsible for the periodic fluctuation in sea levels. Therefore, the correct answer is high tide.

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  • 6. 

    RSMC Tokyo – Typhoon Center of the Japan Meteorological Agency is one of the six worldwide Trop1cal Cyclone in charge of issuing official warnings for the entire Western Pacific Ocean and South China Sea Region. RSMC means? 

    • A.

      Region of Specialized Meteorological Center

    • B.

      Regional Specialized Meteorological Center

    • C.

      Region of Special Meteorological Corporation

    • D.

      Regional Specialized Meteorological Corporation

    Correct Answer
    A. Region of Specialized Meteorological Center
    Explanation
    RSMC stands for Regional Specialized Meteorological Center. These centers are responsible for issuing official warnings for specific regions, in this case, the Western Pacific Ocean and South China Sea Region. The term "specialized" indicates that these centers are focused on a specific area or type of weather phenomenon, such as tropical cyclones. The correct answer choice, "Region of Specialized Meteorological Center," accurately reflects the meaning of the acronym RSMC.

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  • 7. 

    Typhoon Yolanda (International Name: “Haiyan”) had landfall at Giunan, Samar on what date? 

    • A.

      November 8, 2013

    • B.

      November 9, 2013

    • C.

      November 3, 2013

    • D.

      November 4, 2013

    Correct Answer
    A. November 8, 2013
    Explanation
    Typhoon Yolanda (International Name: "Haiyan") had landfall at Giunan, Samar on November 8, 2013.

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  • 8. 

    Check at least 3 secondary effects of flooding 

    • A.

      Powerloss

    • B.

      Decline in tourism

    • C.

      Food shortage

    • D.

      Damage to transportation

    • E.

      Loss of lives

    • F.

      Damage in infrastructure

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Powerloss
    C. Food shortage
    D. Damage to transportation
    Explanation
    Flooding can cause power loss as the rising water can damage electrical infrastructure, leading to outages. Additionally, floodwaters can contaminate food supplies, leading to a shortage of food. The damage to transportation infrastructure, such as roads and bridges, can make it difficult for goods and supplies to be transported, exacerbating the food shortage. Therefore, power loss, food shortage, and damage to transportation are three secondary effects of flooding.

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  • 9. 

    It is a weather disturbance characterize by strong wind speed  ranging from 63 kph to 118 kph. 

    • A.

      Typhoon

    • B.

      Tropical storm

    • C.

      Super typhoon

    • D.

      Tropical depression

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Tropical storm
    Explanation
    A tropical storm is a weather disturbance characterized by strong wind speeds ranging from 63 kph to 118 kph. This is the correct answer because a tropical storm falls within the given wind speed range, making it a suitable description for the weather disturbance mentioned.

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  • 10. 

    It is the most common among flood control structures which are used to prevent water from escaping river banks. 

    • A.

      Sand baging

    • B.

      Artificial leeves

    • C.

      Flood barriers

    • D.

      Water dams

    Correct Answer
    B. Artificial leeves
    Explanation
    Artificial levees are the most common flood control structures used to prevent water from escaping river banks. They are man-made embankments or barriers built along the edges of rivers or other bodies of water to contain and redirect floodwaters. These levees are typically made of compacted soil or concrete and are designed to withstand the force of floodwaters. By confining the water within the river channel, artificial levees help to reduce the risk of flooding in surrounding areas.

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  • 11. 

    El Nino Modoki is a recently discovered type of El Nino which involves unusual warming in the central equatorial Pacific and cooling in the eastern and western equatorial Pacific. El Noni Modoki is a Japanese term which means? 

    • A.

      Hot and cold region

    • B.

      Hotter than other region

    • C.

      Same but abnormal

    • D.

      Similar but different

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Hot and cold region
    Explanation
    El Nino Modoki is a recently discovered type of El Nino that is characterized by unusual warming in the central equatorial Pacific and cooling in the eastern and western equatorial Pacific. The term "El Nino Modoki" is derived from the Japanese language, where "El Nino" means "hot" and "Modoki" means "cold", therefore it refers to a phenomenon that involves both hot and cold regions.

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  • 12. 

    Thurderstorm is a type of weather condition characterize by strong rain accompanied by?  

    • A.

      Hail and strong winds

    • B.

      Lightning and thunder

    • C.

      Lightning and strong winds

    • D.

      Hail, lightning and thunder

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Lightning and thunder
    Explanation
    A thunderstorm is a type of weather condition characterized by strong rain accompanied by lightning and thunder. Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge that occurs during a thunderstorm, while thunder is the sound produced by the rapid expansion and contraction of the air surrounding a lightning bolt. Therefore, the correct answer is "Lightning and thunder."

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  • 13. 

    La Nina is the exact opposite of El Nino that involves prolonged unusual cooling of the surface temperature in the equatorial pacific of at least ____ ◦C. 

    • A.

      -0.10

    • B.

      -0.005

    • C.

      -0.5

    • D.

      -0.005

    Correct Answer
    C. -0.5
    Explanation
    La Nina is a weather phenomenon that occurs when the surface temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean cools below average. It is the exact opposite of El Nino, which involves prolonged unusual warming of the surface temperature. The given answer of -0.5 degrees Celsius indicates a significant cooling of the surface temperature during La Nina.

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  • 14. 

    What do you call the method on calculating how far lightning is from you? 

    • A.

      Flash Point Method

    • B.

      Flash To Bang Method

    • C.

      Lightning to Sound Method

    • D.

      Light Strike Method

    Correct Answer
    A. Flash Point Method
  • 15. 

    Check 4 Factors that influence the build – up of storm surge 

    • A.

      The larger the diameter of a storm the higher its probability

    • B.

      Land configuration and elevation

    • C.

      Exposure of the area to the beach

    • D.

      Water levels

    • E.

      Speed of the tropical cyclone

    • F.

      Irrigation and supply of water

    • G.

      Barriers and wetland protection for storm surges

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The larger the diameter of a storm the higher its probability
    B. Land configuration and elevation
    D. Water levels
    E. Speed of the tropical cyclone
  • 16. 

    RSMC Tokyo – Typhoon Center of Japan Meteorological Agency is responsible in naming typhoons and their list is contributed by 17 Southeast an East Asian countries including the Philippines. Among the list check the three names contributed by the Philippines? 

    • A.

      Maria

    • B.

      Francisco

    • C.

      Molave

    • D.

      Talim

    • E.

      Bebinca

    • F.

      Cimaron

    • G.

      Habagat

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Molave
    D. Talim
    F. Cimaron
    Explanation
    The RSMC Tokyo - Typhoon Center of Japan Meteorological Agency is responsible for naming typhoons, and their list is contributed by 17 Southeast and East Asian countries, including the Philippines. The correct answer, Molave, Talim, and Cimaron, are three names that have been contributed by the Philippines to the list of typhoon names.

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  • 17. 

    Meteors are those which are still in flight in the Earth’s atmosphere while meteoroids are same as meteorite except meteoroids have already hit the earth surface. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because it incorrectly states that meteoroids have already hit the Earth's surface. In reality, meteoroids are small rocky or metallic objects that are in space and have not yet entered the Earth's atmosphere. Once they enter the atmosphere and begin to burn up, they are called meteors. If any part of the meteoroid survives and reaches the Earth's surface, it is then called a meteorite.

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  • 18. 

    Decline in production and land shortage of staple food crops can be major effects of El Nino. To prevent food shortage our farmers are advised to plant more drought resistant crops. Among the list, check all (4) the non – resistant plants. 

    • A.

      Bell pepper

    • B.

      Squash

    • C.

      Spinach

    • D.

      Purple yam

    • E.

      Mungo

    • F.

      Water melon

    • G.

      Ginger

    • H.

      Onion

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bell pepper
    C. Spinach
    D. Purple yam
    E. Mungo
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes bell pepper, spinach, purple yam, and mungo as non-resistant plants. This means that these plants are not drought-resistant and may be negatively affected by the decline in production and land shortage caused by El Nino.

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  • 19. 

    What is the simplified equation on how limestone is dissolve by carbonic acid from the atmosphere: 

    • A.

      CaC02+H2CO3 = Ca +2 + 2HCO23-2

    • B.

      CaC03+H2CO3 = Ca +2 + 2HCO23-2

    • C.

      CaC02+H2CO2 = Ca +2 + 2HCO23-2

    • D.

      CaC02+H2CO3 = Ca +3 + 2HCO22-3

    Correct Answer
    B. CaC03+H2CO3 = Ca +2 + 2HCO23-2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "CaC03+H2CO3 = Ca +2 + 2HCO23-2". This equation represents the reaction between limestone (CaCO3) and carbonic acid (H2CO3). In this reaction, limestone is dissolved, resulting in the formation of calcium ions (Ca+2) and bicarbonate ions (HCO3-). The balanced equation shows that for every molecule of limestone, one calcium ion and two bicarbonate ions are produced.

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  • 20. 

    All are the potential effects of a large impact event. EXCEPT? (Check 2 from the list) 

    • A.

      Wildfires

    • B.

      Land Collision

    • C.

      Climate Change

    • D.

      Earthquake

    • E.

      Tsunami

    • F.

      Acid Rain

    • G.

      Drought

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Land Collision
    G. Drought
    Explanation
    A large impact event can have several potential effects, including wildfires, climate change, earthquakes, tsunamis, acid rain, and drought. However, land collision is not typically considered a direct effect of such an event. Land collision refers to the collision of two land masses, which is not directly caused by an impact event. Drought, on the other hand, can occur as a result of the disruption to the climate patterns caused by the impact.

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  • 21. 

    It is a manner of heat transfer that involves only electromagnetic waves, like sunlight 

    • A.

      Electromagnetic flame

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Convection

    • D.

      None of the above

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "None of the above" because the given options (Electromagnetic flame, Conduction, Convection) do not accurately describe the manner of heat transfer that involves only electromagnetic waves, like sunlight. Conduction refers to the transfer of heat through direct contact, while convection involves the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids. Electromagnetic flame is not a recognized term in the context of heat transfer. Therefore, none of the given options are correct.

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  • 22. 

    Ignition stage is the first stage of fire ignition, at this point all four requirements for a fire have been combined. What is the other term for Ignition stage? 

    • A.

      A. Starting stage

    • B.

      B. Ignite Stage

    • C.

      C. Incipient Stage

    • D.

      D. Oxidixing Stage

    • E.

      E. Chemical Reaction Stage

    • F.

      E. Chemical Reaction Stage

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Incipient Stage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Incipient Stage. The incipient stage refers to the initial stage of fire ignition where all four requirements for a fire (fuel, heat, oxygen, and a chemical reaction) have combined. This is the point where a fire is just starting to develop and is still relatively small and localized.

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  • 23. 

    Wildfires are anthropogenic uncontrolled fire in remote areas where there is extensive combustible vegetation and or organic material like forest and grassland. What do you mean by anthropogenic? 

    • A.

      A. 50% natural & 50% man made

    • B.

      B. Natural with little man - made intervention

    • C.

      C. Natural

    • D.

      D. Manmade

    • E.

      C and D

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Manmade
    Explanation
    Anthropogenic refers to something that is caused or influenced by human activity. In the context of wildfires, anthropogenic means that the fire is caused by human actions or is influenced by human factors. This could include activities such as arson, campfires left unattended, or equipment malfunctions. Therefore, the correct answer is d. Manmade, as it accurately reflects that wildfires are caused by human actions rather than being purely natural occurrences.

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  • 24. 

     What do you call the unlawful act of intentionally burning of building, vehicles and farmland. 

    • A.

      A. Heinous Crime

    • B.

      B. Terrorism

    • C.

      C. Violence

    • D.

      D. None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. D. None of the above
    Explanation
    ARSON is unlawful act of intentionally burning of building, vehicles and farmland.

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  • 25. 

    Moderate El Nino/ La Nina – deviation in sea surface temperature by +1.0 to +1.5 oC for an El Nino or -1.0 to -1.5 oC for a La Nina. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because a moderate El Nino or La Nina event is characterized by a deviation in sea surface temperature. During El Nino, the sea surface temperature is higher than normal, with a deviation of +1.0 to +1.5 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, during La Nina, the sea surface temperature is lower than normal, with a deviation of -1.0 to -1.5 degrees Celsius. Therefore, the statement is correct as it accurately describes the temperature deviations associated with moderate El Nino and La Nina events.

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  • 26. 

    Southern Oscillation Index is calculated using the pressure differences between Tahiti and Darwin. El Nino is detected by negative SOI while La Nina is detected by positive SOI. 

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    • C.

      None of the above

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) is a measure of the pressure differences between Tahiti and Darwin. El Nino events are characterized by negative SOI values, indicating lower pressure in the eastern Pacific and higher pressure in the western Pacific. In contrast, La Nina events are associated with positive SOI values, indicating higher pressure in the eastern Pacific and lower pressure in the western Pacific. Therefore, it is true that El Nino is detected by a negative SOI, while La Nina is detected by a positive SOI.

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  • 27. 

    PAG ASA defines (detect) ENSO Phenomenon based on _____________ and ________________? 

    • A.

      SSTA and OICC

    • B.

      SOI and STAA

    • C.

      SOI and OICC

    • D.

      SSTI and OOCI

    Correct Answer
    B. SOI and STAA
    Explanation
    PAG ASA defines (detects) the ENSO Phenomenon based on two factors: the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and the Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly (SSTA). The SOI measures the pressure differences between Tahiti and Darwin, which helps determine the strength of the atmospheric component of ENSO. The STAA, or Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly, measures the deviation from normal sea surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, which is a key indicator of the oceanic component of ENSO. By analyzing both the SOI and STAA, PAG ASA can accurately identify and monitor the ENSO Phenomenon.

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  • 28. 

    Excessive ground water withdrawal is also a main cause of ground subsidence in the Philippines, particularly in the CAMANAVA area of Metro Manila. What do you mean by CAMANAVA? 

    • A.

      Caloocan, Marilao, Navutas, Valenzeula

    • B.

      Cubao, Magallanes, New Manila,Valenzuela

    • C.

      Caloocan Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela

    • D.

      Cubao, Marilao, Navotas, Valenzuela

    Correct Answer
    C. Caloocan Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela
    Explanation
    CAMANAVA stands for Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela. It is an area in Metro Manila, Philippines. Excessive groundwater withdrawal in this area is one of the main causes of ground subsidence. Ground subsidence refers to the sinking or settling of the ground surface, which can lead to various issues such as flooding and damage to infrastructure.

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  • 29. 

    Choose 3 Governmental Agencies responsible in monitoring disasters in the Philippines

    • A.

      A. NGO

    • B.

      B. PAG ASA

    • C.

      C. DENR

    • D.

      D. PHIVOLCS

    • E.

      E. MGB

    • F.

      F. NOAA

    • G.

      G. DND

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. B. PAG ASA
    D. D. PHIVOLCS
    E. E. MGB
    Explanation
    PAG ASA, PHIVOLCS, and MGB are the correct answers because they are all governmental agencies responsible for monitoring disasters in the Philippines. PAG ASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration) is responsible for weather forecasting, climate monitoring, and providing early warnings for natural disasters. PHIVOLCS (Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology) monitors volcanic and seismic activities in the country. MGB (Mines and Geosciences Bureau) is responsible for monitoring geological hazards and ensuring the safe and sustainable development of the mining industry. These agencies play crucial roles in disaster preparedness and response in the Philippines.

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  • 30. 

     Check at least two (2) Disaster Risk Reduction activities. 

    • A.

      Zoning and land use

    • B.

      Public awareness and education

    • C.

      Roofing of materials

    • D.

      Rescue, evacuation and relief

    • E.

      Non – structural measures

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Zoning and land use
    D. Rescue, evacuation and relief
    Explanation
    Zoning and land use is an important disaster risk reduction activity as it involves planning and regulating the use of land in order to minimize the exposure of people and assets to hazards. By identifying areas prone to disasters and implementing appropriate land use regulations, such as restricting construction in high-risk areas, the impact of disasters can be reduced. Rescue, evacuation, and relief activities are also crucial in disaster risk reduction as they involve the organized efforts to save lives, evacuate affected populations, and provide immediate relief and assistance to those affected by disasters. These activities aim to minimize the loss of life and alleviate suffering during and after a disaster.

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  • 31. 

    The effects of typhoon in 2009 is resulted in a sudden rush of urgency to ratify the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response. The Philippine ratification of the Disaster risk Reduction and Management Act in 2010 created by NDRRMC in place of NDCC. The Philippine DRMM Law or ___________ was signed into law on ____________ 2010 

    • A.

      RA 10121 and March 26

    • B.

      RA 11021 and March 27

    • C.

      RA 11121 and March 26

    • D.

      RA 10121 and March 27

    Correct Answer
    B. RA 11021 and March 27
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "RA 11021 and March 27". This is because the question states that the Philippine DRMM Law was signed into law on a specific date, which is March 27, 2010. The only option that includes this date is RA 11021.

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  • 32. 

    Risk Assessment estimates the impacts that a human would have on people, services facilities and structures. As the disaster risk model implies, the magnitude of a disaster is not dependent to: 1) the severity of the natural event, 2) the quality of exposure which includes lives and properties, and 3) vulnerability level or quality of exposure. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Disaster is DEPENDENT to: 1) the severity of the natural event, 2) the quality of exposure which includes lives and properties, and 3) vulnerability level or quality of exposure.

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  • 33. 

    Class B fires include combustible material like? 

    • A.

      Home appliances and motors

    • B.

      Wood, paper and plastics

    • C.

      Plastic and rubber

    • D.

      Fuels and gas

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Fuels and gas
    Explanation
    Class B fires involve flammable liquids and gases, such as fuels and gas. This includes substances like gasoline, oil, propane, and natural gas. These fires can be extremely dangerous and require specific extinguishing agents, such as foam or carbon dioxide, to suppress the flames. Therefore, the correct answer is "Fuels and gas."

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  • 34. 

    All are causes of building fire EXCEPT two. 

    • A.

      Improper wiring

    • B.

      Building houses with light materials

    • C.

      Arson

    • D.

      Ignition of materials

    • E.

      Storing of chemicals

    • F.

      Poor ventilation and construction

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Building houses with light materials
    F. Poor ventilation and construction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Building houses with light materials and Poor ventilation and construction. These two options are not causes of building fires. Building houses with light materials may increase the risk of fire spread, but it is not a direct cause. Poor ventilation and construction may contribute to the severity of a fire, but they are not the root cause. The other options, such as improper wiring, arson, ignition of materials, and storing of chemicals, are all potential causes of building fires.

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  • 35. 

    Rainfall advisories, classification and measures are composed of different colors what are those? 

    • A.

      Green

    • B.

      Blue

    • C.

      Red

    • D.

      Amber

    • E.

      Orange

    • F.

      Yellow

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Red
    E. Orange
    F. Yellow
    Explanation
    The different colors used in rainfall advisories, classification, and measures are red, orange, and yellow. These colors are typically used to indicate the severity or intensity of the rainfall. Red is often used to signify heavy or intense rainfall, orange indicates moderate rainfall, and yellow represents light rainfall. These color codes help people to understand the potential impact of the rainfall and take appropriate measures or precautions accordingly.

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  • 36. 

    PAG ASA give certain suggestions on what you are going to do in terms of flooding. One of those is to “Find out if your area is prone to flooding on existing flood maps prepared by MGB. This will fall on what category? 

    • A.

      Before an impending flood

    • B.

      Long before the flood

    • C.

      During the flood

    • D.

      After the flood

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Long before the flood
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Long before the flood." PAG ASA suggests finding out if your area is prone to flooding on existing flood maps prepared by MGB. This indicates that the suggestion should be taken into consideration well in advance, before the flood actually occurs.

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  • 37. 

    It refers to the systematic efforts to minimize vulnerability and disaster risk, to avoid or limit the effects of hazards. 

    • A.

      DRRR

    • B.

      Hazard mapping and Zoning

    • C.

      DRR

    • D.

      Hazard Assessment and Hazard mapping

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. DRR
    Explanation
    The answer "DRR" refers to Disaster Risk Reduction, which involves systematic efforts to minimize vulnerability and disaster risk. This can be achieved through various measures such as hazard mapping and zoning, hazard assessment, and other strategies. The goal is to avoid or limit the effects of hazards, ensuring the safety and well-being of communities and individuals.

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  • 38. 

    Disaster Management Cycle is the entire array of activities aimed at reducing the severity of impact of disaster. The activities commonly lumped together as disaster management are: PRE – EVENT (Risk Assessment, Mitigation and Preparedness), POST EVENT (Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction) and lastly SYNC EVENT( which includes?) 

    • A.

      Early Warning, Evacuation and Planning

    • B.

      Emergency, Hazard Analysis and Evacuation

    • C.

      Land Management and Land use Planning

    • D.

      Rescue, Evacuation and Relief

    • E.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. Rescue, Evacuation and Relief
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Rescue, Evacuation and Relief" because these activities are part of the response phase in disaster management. During this phase, efforts are made to rescue individuals who are in immediate danger, evacuate affected populations to safer locations, and provide relief assistance such as food, water, shelter, and medical aid to those affected by the disaster. These activities aim to mitigate the immediate impact of the disaster and save lives.

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  • 39. 

    CBDRRM means? 

    • A.

      Curriculum Based Disaster Reduction and Management

    • B.

      Community Based Disaster Readiness and Management

    • C.

      Community Based Disaster Reduction and Management

    • D.

      Community Based Disaster Reduction and Management Curriculum Based Disaster Readiness and Management Community Based Disaster Reduction and Management Curriculum Based Disaster Readiness and Management Curriculum Based Disaster Readiness and Management

    Correct Answer
    C. Community Based Disaster Reduction and Management
    Explanation
    CBDRRM stands for Community Based Disaster Reduction and Management. This approach involves engaging and empowering local communities in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery efforts. It emphasizes the importance of community involvement, local knowledge, and capacity building in reducing the impact of disasters. By involving the community in disaster risk reduction and management activities, it helps to ensure that the needs and priorities of the community are taken into account, and that they are actively involved in decision-making processes.

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  • 40. 

    Who is the current NDRRMC Chairperson?

    Correct Answer
    Sec. Voltaire Gazmin
    Explanation
    Sec. Voltaire Gazmin is the current NDRRMC Chairperson.

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  • 41. 

    What is the full name of your teacher in Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction?

    Correct Answer
    Dee Jay Diacos Borja
    Explanation
    The full name of the teacher in Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction is Dee Jay Diacos Borja.

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  • 42. 

    Type question heThe Philippine National Red Cross is founded in ______________ by _________________?re.

    Correct Answer
    1934,Manuel L. Quezon
    Explanation
    In 1934, Manuel L. Quezon founded the Philippine National Red Cross.

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  • 43. 

    What is the full name of the Chairman Board of Director of the institution you that you are connected? 

    Correct Answer
    Mr. Estanislao Lucido
  • 44. 

    All are types of landslide EXCEPT? 

    • A.

      Rational and Transitional Landslide

    • B.

      Debris and Earth Flow

    • C.

      Lateral and Topple and Rock flow

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given options include various types of landslides such as rational and transitional landslide, debris and earth flow, and lateral and topple and rock flow. However, the correct answer is "None of the above" because all the options provided are types of landslides.

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  • 45. 

    The following are toxic gases from a volcanic eruption, EXCEPT? 

    • A.

      CFC

    • B.

      DDT

    • C.

      CH4

    • D.

      All of the Above

    • E.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the Above". This means that all of the options listed (CFC, DDT, and CH4) are toxic gases from a volcanic eruption.

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  • 46. 

    All are names of typhoons that listed in Auxiliary List. Check at least three 

    • A.

      Weng

    • B.

      Dindo

    • C.

      Quinee

    • D.

      Harriet

    • E.

      Nando

    • F.

      Paeng

    • G.

      Jerome

    • H.

      Ompong

    • I.

      Irma

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Harriet
    G. Jerome
    I. Irma
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the names Harriet, Jerome, and Irma. These names are listed in the Auxiliary List of typhoon names. The question asks for at least three names from the list, and these three names fulfill that requirement.

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  • 47. 

    The diameter of hailstone can be as small as 1 millimeter and as large as 20 cm. the largest documented hailstone is, with diameter of 20 cm, hit South Dakota, USA on July 23, 2010. Hailstone with a diameter of at least 2 cm can already cause damage 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hailstones can vary in size, with diameters ranging from as small as 1 millimeter to as large as 20 cm. The largest recorded hailstone, measuring 20 cm in diameter, hit South Dakota, USA on July 23, 2010. Given that hailstones with a diameter of at least 2 cm can already cause damage, the statement "True" is correct.

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  • 48. 

    Very recently, on February 15, 2013, a 12, 00 – 13, 000 metric ton and 17 to 20 meter wide meteor as fast as 19 km/s burst in the air at an altitude of about 29 km over_____________, Southern Russia. 

    • A.

      Chicxulub

    • B.

      Yucatan

    • C.

      Son – Tinh

    • D.

      Chelbyabinsk

    Correct Answer
    D. Chelbyabinsk
  • 49. 

    Sanitation in Grazing means? 

    • A.

      Continuous removal of dead trees

    • B.

      Removal of leaves in trees

    • C.

      Removal of trees in the grassland

    • D.

      Removal of branches of old trees

    Correct Answer
    A. Continuous removal of dead trees
    Explanation
    Sanitation in grazing refers to the continuous removal of dead trees. This practice is important in maintaining the health and safety of the grazing area. Dead trees can pose a hazard to livestock as they may fall and injure animals. Additionally, dead trees can also become breeding grounds for pests and diseases. By continuously removing dead trees, the grazing area remains safe and free from potential risks, promoting the overall well-being of the livestock.

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  • 50. 

    Class K fires include materials such as 

    • A.

      Oil

    • B.

      Grease

    • C.

      Fuel

    • D.

      B and C

    • E.

      A and B

    • F.

      A, B and C

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B because class K fires involve the combustion of flammable cooking oils, greases, and fats. These types of fires are commonly found in commercial kitchens and can be extremely dangerous if not properly extinguished. Class K fire extinguishers are specifically designed to suppress these types of fires by cooling and smothering the flames.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 09, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Diacosdeejay01
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