Appendicular Skeleton

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| By Mnathan21
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Mnathan21
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Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 20,463
Questions: 40 | Attempts: 4,139

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Appendicular Skeleton - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The appendicular skeleton consists of ____ (#) bones

    Explanation
    The appendicular skeleton refers to the bones of the limbs and their associated girdles. This includes the bones of the arms, legs, shoulders, and hips. The correct answer of 126 indicates that there are a total of 126 bones in the appendicular skeleton.

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  • 2. 

    The upper division of the appendicular skeleton consists of the ____________ ___________ through the upper extremity

    Explanation
    The upper division of the appendicular skeleton consists of the pectoral girdle through the upper extremity. The pectoral girdle is a set of bones that connects the upper limbs to the axial skeleton. It includes the clavicle and scapula, which provide support and mobility to the shoulder joint. The upper extremity refers to the arm, forearm, and hand. Therefore, the pectoral girdle is part of the upper division of the appendicular skeleton because it connects the upper extremity to the rest of the body.

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  • 3. 

    The lower division consists of the ___________ ____________ through the lower extremity

    Explanation
    The lower division refers to the area of the body below the waist. In this context, it specifically includes the structures from the pelvic girdle through the lower extremity. The pelvic girdle is a bony structure that connects the spine to the lower limbs. It consists of the hip bones, sacrum, and coccyx. Therefore, the pelvic girdle is the correct answer as it is part of the lower division and is located between the spine and the lower extremities.

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  • 4. 

    The __________ ___________ consists of the clavicle and the scapula, and connects the upper extremity to the axial skeleton

    Explanation
    The pectoral girdle refers to the combination of the clavicle and the scapula, which are bones that connect the upper extremity (arm) to the axial skeleton (the central part of the body). This structure is responsible for providing stability and mobility to the shoulder joint, allowing for a wide range of movements in the upper limb. The pectoral girdle also serves as an attachment site for various muscles involved in arm and shoulder movements.

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  • 5. 

    The __________ is also known as the collarbone, a slender bone that joins the sternum anteriorly and the scapula laterally

    Explanation
    The clavicle, also known as the collarbone, is a slender bone that connects the sternum in the front and the scapula on the side. It is a long bone that helps to support the shoulder and arm, and also plays a role in maintaining the stability of the shoulder joint. The clavicle is easily palpable and can be seen as a prominent bone in the upper chest area.

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  • 6. 

    The shoulder blade is called the...

    Explanation
    The shoulder blade is called the scapula. The scapula is a flat, triangular bone located on the upper back. It connects the upper arm bone (humerus) to the collarbone (clavicle) and helps to form the shoulder joint. The scapula provides attachment points for muscles that control the movement of the shoulder and arm. It also plays a role in stabilizing the shoulder joint and allowing for a wide range of motion.

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  • 7. 

    The second largest long bone of the body connects with the scapula proximally and the two forearm bones distally

    Explanation
    The humerus is the second largest long bone of the body that connects with the scapula proximally (near the shoulder joint) and the two forearm bones (radius and ulna) distally (near the elbow joint). It forms the upper arm and is responsible for the movement and flexibility of the elbow and shoulder joints.

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  • 8. 

    The ulna and radius are the ___________ bones

    Explanation
    The ulna and radius are the bones that make up the forearm. These two long bones run parallel to each other and are connected at the elbow and wrist joints. The ulna is located on the inner side of the forearm, while the radius is on the outer side. They work together to allow for rotation of the forearm and movement of the hand and wrist.

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  • 9. 

    The _______ is medial and the __________ is lateral

    Explanation
    The ulna is the bone located on the inner side of the forearm, closer to the body's midline, making it medial. On the other hand, the radius is the bone located on the outer side of the forearm, farther away from the body's midline, making it lateral.

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  • 10. 

    The large ____________ of the ulna forms the point of the elbow

    Explanation
    The large olecranon of the ulna forms the point of the elbow. The olecranon is a prominent bony projection located at the upper end of the ulna, one of the two bones in the forearm. It serves as an attachment point for muscles and ligaments and provides stability to the elbow joint. The olecranon can be easily felt and is important for the range of motion and function of the elbow.

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  • 11. 

    The wrist bones are also called...

    Explanation
    The wrist bones are known as carpal bones. These bones are located in the wrist joint and form the connection between the hand and forearm. The carpal bones include eight small bones, arranged in two rows. They provide stability and support to the wrist, allowing for a wide range of movements and flexibility. The carpal bones play a crucial role in the proper functioning of the hand and wrist.

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  • 12. 

    The carpal bones are arranged in ____ (#) rows of ____(#) each.

    Explanation
    The carpal bones are arranged in two rows of four each. There are a total of eight carpal bones in the wrist, and they are organized into two rows with four bones in each row. This arrangement allows for flexibility and movement in the wrist joint.

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  • 13. 

    The bones of the palm are called

    Explanation
    The bones of the palm are called metacarpal bones. These bones are located between the wrist and the fingers and form the framework of the palm. There are five metacarpal bones in each hand, corresponding to each finger. They are responsible for providing support and stability to the hand, allowing for a wide range of movements and dexterity.

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  • 14. 

    There are ___ (#) metacarpal bones in each hand

    Explanation
    The correct answer is 5 because there are 5 metacarpal bones in each hand. The metacarpal bones are located in the palm of the hand and connect the wrist bones to the fingers. Each finger has one metacarpal bone, making a total of 5 metacarpal bones in each hand.

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  • 15. 

    The distal end of each metacarpal form the...

    Explanation
    The distal end of each metacarpal refers to the part of the metacarpal bone that is farthest from the body. In this case, the distal ends of the metacarpals form the knuckles. The knuckles are the prominent joints at the base of the fingers where they connect to the hand. These joints are responsible for allowing movement and flexibility in the fingers, enabling activities such as gripping and grasping.

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  • 16. 

    There are 14 _________ in each hand

    Explanation
    Phalanges are the bones found in the fingers and toes. Since the question states that there are 14 of these in each hand, it implies that there are 14 phalanges in each hand.

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  • 17. 

    The thumb has ____ phalanges and the fingers have ______

    Explanation
    The thumb has two phalanges, while the fingers have three.

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  • 18. 

    The ilium, ischium and the pubic bone make up the _________ _________.

    Explanation
    The ilium, ischium, and pubic bone are three bones that are part of the pelvic girdle. The pelvic girdle is a ring-like structure that connects the spine to the lower limbs. It provides support and stability to the body and also protects the reproductive and urinary organs. The ilium is the largest of the three bones and forms the uppermost part of the pelvic girdle, while the ischium and pubic bone are located towards the lower part. Together, these three bones form the pelvic girdle.

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  • 19. 

    The pelvic girdle supports our _________ and protects our ________ organs

    Explanation
    The pelvic girdle is a structure in the human body that supports and connects the lower limbs to the axial skeleton. It provides stability and strength to the trunk, which includes the spine and ribcage. Additionally, the pelvic girdle also protects and houses the pelvic organs, such as the bladder, reproductive organs, and parts of the digestive system. Therefore, the correct answer is "trunk, pelvic."

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  • 20. 

    This part of the pelvic girdle is the upper flared part

    Explanation
    The ilium is the correct answer because it is the upper flared part of the pelvic girdle. It is one of the three bones that make up the hip bone, along with the ischium and pubis. The ilium is the largest of the three bones and forms the superior and lateral portions of the pelvis. Its flared shape helps provide support and stability to the pelvis, as well as serving as attachment points for various muscles and ligaments.

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  • 21. 

    The upper portion of the ilium has a curved rim called the ________ __________

    Explanation
    The upper portion of the ilium, one of the three bones that make up the hip bone, has a curved rim known as the iliac crest. This structure serves as an attachment point for various muscles and ligaments, providing stability and support to the pelvis. Additionally, the iliac crest can be used as a landmark for identifying anatomical structures and for procedures such as bone marrow aspiration or harvesting bone grafts.

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  • 22. 

    The lowest and strongest part of the pelvic girdle is the _________

    Explanation
    The ischium is the correct answer because it is the lowest and strongest part of the pelvic girdle. It is one of the three bones that make up the hip bone, along with the ilium and pubis. The ischium forms the lower and posterior part of the hip bone and provides support and stability to the pelvis. It is important for weight-bearing and helps to distribute the forces exerted on the pelvis during activities such as walking, running, and sitting.

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  • 23. 

    This part of the pelvic girdle forms the anterior part of the pelvis

    Explanation
    The pubis is a bone that forms part of the pelvic girdle and is located in the anterior part of the pelvis. It is one of the three bones that make up the hip bone, along with the ilium and ischium. The pubis helps to provide support and stability to the pelvis and plays a crucial role in weight-bearing and locomotion.

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  • 24. 

    The joint formed by the two hip bones anteriorly is called the ___________ _____________

    Explanation
    The joint formed by the two hip bones anteriorly is called the pubic symphysis. This joint is located in the midline of the body, connecting the left and right hip bones. It is a cartilaginous joint that allows for limited movement, providing stability and support to the pelvis. The pubic symphysis is important for weight-bearing activities and childbirth, as it helps to absorb and distribute forces throughout the pelvis.

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  • 25. 

    There is a point where the ilium, ischium, and pubic bones meet that forms a deep socket called the ___________

    Explanation
    The point where the ilium, ischium, and pubic bones meet forms a deep socket called the acetabulum. The acetabulum is located in the pelvis and serves as the socket for the head of the femur (thigh bone), forming the hip joint. This structure allows for stability and range of motion in the hip joint, facilitating movements such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 26. 

    The head of the __________ fits into the acetabulum to form the hip joint

    Explanation
    The head of the femur fits into the acetabulum to form the hip joint. The femur is the thigh bone and is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. The head of the femur is rounded and articulates with the cup-shaped socket of the acetabulum, which is part of the hip bone. This articulation allows for the movement and stability of the hip joint, enabling activities such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 27. 

    The ___________, or thigh bone, is the longest and strongest bone in the body

    Explanation
    The femur, or thigh bone, is indeed the longest and strongest bone in the body. It is located in the upper leg and connects the hip joint to the knee joint. The femur is responsible for supporting the body's weight and providing stability during movement. Its length and strength are essential for activities such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 28. 

    The large lateral projection at the top of the femur is the...

    Explanation
    The large lateral projection at the top of the femur is called the greater trochanter. This bony prominence serves as an attachment point for various muscles, including the gluteus medius and minimus. It helps to stabilize the hip joint and allows for movement of the leg. The greater trochanter can be palpated on the side of the hip and is an important landmark for orthopedic examinations and surgical procedures involving the hip.

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  • 29. 

    The smaller elevation located on the medial side is called the

    Explanation
    The smaller elevation located on the medial side of the bone is referred to as the lesser trochanter. This term is commonly used in anatomy to describe a specific anatomical feature. The lesser trochanter is typically found on the femur bone and is located below the greater trochanter. It serves as an attachment site for various muscles, including the psoas major and iliacus muscles. The presence of the lesser trochanter helps to stabilize and provide support to the hip joint.

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  • 30. 

    The kneecap, or ____________, is embedded in the tendon of the large anterior thigh muscle, where it crosses the knee joint

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "patella." The patella is a small bone commonly known as the kneecap. It is located within the tendon of the quadriceps muscle, specifically the tendon of the large anterior thigh muscle, as it crosses over the knee joint. The patella plays a vital role in protecting the knee joint and improving the leverage of the quadriceps muscle during movements such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 31. 

    The patella is a type of ___________ bone

    Explanation
    The patella is a sesamoid bone. Sesamoid bones are small, round bones that are embedded within tendons, where they help to protect and strengthen the tendon. The patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body and is located in the tendon of the quadriceps muscle at the front of the knee. Its function is to increase the leverage of the quadriceps muscle and improve the efficiency of knee extension.

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  • 32. 

    A type of bone that develops within a tendon or a joint capsule is called a __________ bone

    Explanation
    A sesamoid bone is a type of bone that develops within a tendon or a joint capsule. It is usually small and round, resembling a sesame seed, hence the name "sesamoid." These bones are found in areas of high pressure or friction, such as the hands, feet, and knees. They act as a pulley, improving the mechanical advantage of the muscles around them and protecting the tendons from excessive wear and tear. Overall, sesamoid bones play an important role in the stability and function of the joints they are located in.

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  • 33. 

    The ________ is the medial shin bones

    Explanation
    The tibia is the correct answer because it is the bone located on the medial side of the lower leg, commonly known as the shin bone. It is larger and stronger than the fibula, which is the other bone in the lower leg. The tibia plays a crucial role in supporting body weight and providing stability to the leg, making it an essential bone for walking, running, and other weight-bearing activities.

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  • 34. 

    The __________ ______________ is the projection at the lower end of the tibia

    Explanation
    The medial malleolus refers to the projection or bony prominence located at the lower end of the tibia bone. It is positioned on the inner side of the ankle joint and forms part of the ankle structure. The term "medial" indicates its position towards the midline of the body, while "malleolus" refers to a hammer-shaped structure. Therefore, the correct answer is "medial malleolus."

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  • 35. 

    The _________ is the lateral shin bones

    Explanation
    The fibula is the correct answer because it is indeed the lateral shin bone. The human leg consists of two long bones, the tibia and the fibula. The tibia is the larger bone and is located on the medial side of the leg, while the fibula is the smaller bone and is situated on the lateral side. Together, these bones provide stability and support to the lower leg.

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  • 36. 

    The projection at the lower end of the fibula is called the ___________ _____________.

    Explanation
    The projection at the lower end of the fibula is known as the lateral malleolus. This term refers to the bony prominence on the outer side of the ankle, which can be easily felt. The fibula is one of the two bones in the lower leg, and its lower end forms the lateral malleolus. This structure provides stability to the ankle joint and serves as an attachment point for ligaments and tendons.

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  • 37. 

    The ankle and foot bones are called the ___________ ____________

    Explanation
    The ankle and foot bones are referred to as tarsal bones. These bones are responsible for providing stability and support to the ankle and foot joints. They form the posterior half of the foot and include seven bones: the talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, and the three cuneiform bones. The tarsal bones play a crucial role in maintaining the arches of the foot and facilitating movement and balance during activities such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 38. 

    The largest of the tarsal bones is the heel bone, or ______________ ___________

    Explanation
    The largest of the tarsal bones is known as the calcaneous bone.

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  • 39. 

    The metatarsal bones form the __________ of the foot

    Explanation
    The metatarsal bones form the framework of the foot. This means that they provide the structure and support for the foot, allowing it to maintain its shape and function properly. The metatarsal bones are located between the tarsal bones of the foot and the phalanges of the toes, and they help to distribute weight and absorb shock during movement. Without the metatarsal bones, the foot would not be able to bear weight or move effectively. Therefore, the term "framework" accurately describes the role and function of the metatarsal bones in the foot.

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  • 40. 

    The phalanges of the foot are the..

    Explanation
    The phalanges of the foot refer to the bones that make up the toes. They are the small, long bones that extend from the metatarsals and are responsible for providing structure and support to the toes. The foot has a total of 14 phalanges, with each toe (except the big toe) having three phalanges - proximal, middle, and distal. These bones allow for flexibility and movement, enabling functions such as balance, walking, and gripping surfaces with the feet.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Dec 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 07, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
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