AP World Ch 1 Open Book Quiz Clark

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Quizzes Created: 13 | Total Attempts: 2,103
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 177

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When did humans begin to cultivate plants & domesticate animals?

    • A.

      About 5000 years ago during the Paleolithic Age

    • B.

      About 10000 years ago during the Neolithic Age

    • C.

      About 2000 years ago in the Paleolithic Age

    • D.

      About 30000 years ago during the Neolithic Age

    Correct Answer
    B. About 10000 years ago during the Neolithic Age
    Explanation
    During the Neolithic Age, which began approximately 10,000 years ago, humans started to cultivate plants and domesticate animals. This marked a significant shift from the Paleolithic Age, where humans were primarily hunter-gatherers. The transition to agriculture and animal domestication allowed humans to settle in one place, establish permanent settlements, and develop more complex societies. This period is often referred to as the Agricultural Revolution, as it brought about major changes in human lifestyle, including the development of agriculture, the rise of farming communities, and the eventual emergence of civilizations.

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  • 2. 

    Who were the earliest known people to live in Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      Egyptians

    • B.

      Nubians

    • C.

      Sumerians

    • D.

      Assyrians

    Correct Answer
    C. Sumerians
    Explanation
    The Sumerians were the earliest known people to live in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia, located in modern-day Iraq, was one of the cradles of civilization and the Sumerians were the first to develop a complex society in this region. They built the first cities, developed a system of writing known as cuneiform, and made significant advancements in agriculture, architecture, and mathematics. Their civilization flourished between 4500 BCE and 1900 BCE, laying the foundation for future civilizations in the region.

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  • 3. 

    Why were lavish resources used in the construction of pyramids and Egyptian tombs?

    • A.

      The Egyptians were scared of the afterlife

    • B.

      Because the king was the link between the people and their gods

    • C.

      They wanted to show off to the other ancient civilizations

    • D.

      Because they had the natural resources to do it

    Correct Answer
    B. Because the king was the link between the people and their gods
    Explanation
    The lavish resources were used in the construction of pyramids and Egyptian tombs because the king was considered the link between the people and their gods. The Egyptians believed in the afterlife and saw the pharaoh as a divine being who would continue to rule in the afterlife. Building grand structures and providing luxurious items in the tombs was a way to ensure the pharaoh's comfort and status in the afterlife, as well as to demonstrate the king's power and connection to the gods.

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  • 4. 

    Why did the Indus Valley civilizations probably disappear?

    • A.

      Natural disasters or environmental change

    • B.

      Warfare

    • C.

      The Black Death

    • D.

      Corrupt leadership

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural disasters or environmental change
    Explanation
    The Indus Valley civilizations probably disappeared due to natural disasters or environmental change. This could include factors such as floods, droughts, or other environmental shifts that disrupted their agricultural practices and led to a decline in their civilization. Additionally, natural disasters could have caused widespread destruction and forced the population to migrate or disperse. Therefore, it is likely that these environmental factors played a significant role in the disappearance of the Indus Valley civilizations.

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  • 5. 

    In what areas were the Indus Valley people advanced in?

    • A.

      Medicine, mathematics, astronomy & engineering

    • B.

      Sculpture, medicine & weaving

    • C.

      Irrigation,ceramics & construction

    • D.

      Painting,agriculture & architecture

    Correct Answer
    C. Irrigation,ceramics & construction
    Explanation
    The Indus Valley people were advanced in the areas of irrigation, ceramics, and construction. They developed sophisticated systems for managing water resources, including the construction of canals and reservoirs for irrigation purposes. Their expertise in ceramics is evident from the well-crafted pottery and the use of kilns for firing clay. Additionally, they excelled in construction techniques, as seen in the well-planned cities and the construction of large structures such as the Great Bath in Mohenjo-daro.

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  • 6. 

    What sort of writing system did the Egyptians use?

    • A.

      Cuneiform

    • B.

      Hieroglyphics

    • C.

      Sanskrit

    • D.

      Demotic

    Correct Answer
    B. Hieroglyphics
    Explanation
    The Egyptians used hieroglyphics as their writing system. Hieroglyphics were a complex system of pictorial symbols that represented words or sounds. They were used primarily for religious and monumental inscriptions, and were often carved into stone or written on papyrus. Hieroglyphics were deciphered in the early 19th century, allowing for a better understanding of ancient Egyptian culture and history.

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  • 7. 

    In which areas did Egyptians acquire substantial knowledge?

    • A.

      Sculpture, medicine & weaving

    • B.

      Painting,agriculture & architecture

    • C.

      Irrigation,ceramics & construction

    • D.

      Medicine, mathematics, astronomy & engineering

    Correct Answer
    D. Medicine, mathematics, astronomy & engineering
    Explanation
    The Egyptians acquired substantial knowledge in the areas of medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and engineering. They were advanced in the field of medicine, using herbs and natural remedies to treat various ailments. They also had a deep understanding of mathematics, which was evident in their precise architectural designs and construction techniques. The Egyptians were skilled astronomers, studying the movements of celestial bodies and using their knowledge to develop a calendar system. Additionally, they were proficient in engineering, as seen in the construction of their impressive pyramids and other monumental structures.

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  • 8. 

    What sort of class system did the Egyptians have?

    • A.

      There was no formal system

    • B.

      One with priests at top and warriors at the bottom

    • C.

      Slaves,warriors,farmers & priests

    • D.

      Farmers priests warriors only

    Correct Answer
    A. There was no formal system
    Explanation
    The Egyptians did not have a formal class system. Unlike other ancient civilizations, such as the Mesopotamians or the Greeks, the Egyptians did not have a rigid social structure with clearly defined classes. While there were certainly distinctions between different occupations and social roles, these were not fixed or hereditary. Instead, individuals had the opportunity to move up or down in social status based on their achievements and skills. Therefore, the correct answer is that there was no formal system of class in ancient Egypt.

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  • 9. 

    How did the Mesopotamians view their gods?

    • A.

      As guides to the "Happy Field of Food"

    • B.

      With fear because of the violent forces of nature they often faced

    • C.

      Remote , uninterested deities

    • D.

      They didnt believe in gods and the afterlife

    Correct Answer
    B. With fear because of the violent forces of nature they often faced
    Explanation
    The Mesopotamians viewed their gods with fear because of the violent forces of nature they often faced. This suggests that they believed their gods had control over these forces and could potentially cause harm if not appeased. This fear may have led to the development of complex religious rituals and practices aimed at gaining the favor of the gods and ensuring their protection.

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  • 10. 

    What was the earliest known form of writing?

    • A.

      Cuneiform

    • B.

      Hieroglyphics

    • C.

      Demotic

    • D.

      Sanskrit

    Correct Answer
    A. Cuneiform
    Explanation
    Cuneiform is considered the earliest known form of writing. It was developed by the ancient Sumerians in Mesopotamia around 3500 BCE. Cuneiform was a system of writing that used wedge-shaped marks made on clay tablets. It was primarily used for administrative and economic purposes and played a crucial role in recording and preserving information in ancient Mesopotamia. Hieroglyphics, demotic, and Sanskrit are also ancient writing systems, but they emerged later than cuneiform.

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  • 11. 

    What 2 rivers define Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      The Nile & the Somalia

    • B.

      The Indus & Harappa

    • C.

      The Tigris & Euphrates

    • D.

      The Mohenjo Daro & Harappa

    Correct Answer
    C. The Tigris & Euphrates
    Explanation
    The Tigris and Euphrates rivers define Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia, which means "land between the rivers" in Greek, refers to the region located between these two rivers in modern-day Iraq. These rivers played a crucial role in the development of ancient civilizations such as the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians, as they provided a source of water for irrigation, transportation, and fertile soil for agriculture. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers were the lifelines of Mesopotamian society, shaping its economy, culture, and way of life.

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  • 12. 

    What were 2 of the earliest Neolithic towns?

    • A.

      Memphis & Heliopolis

    • B.

      Harappa & Mohenjo Daro

    • C.

      Catal Huyuk & Jericho

    • D.

      Jericho & Mohenjo Daro

    Correct Answer
    C. Catal Huyuk & Jericho
    Explanation
    Catal Huyuk and Jericho were two of the earliest Neolithic towns. Catal Huyuk was located in modern-day Turkey and existed around 7500-5700 BCE. It was a large settlement with houses built closely together and had evidence of advanced agriculture and trade. Jericho, on the other hand, is located in modern-day Palestine and is believed to have been inhabited around 9600-1550 BCE. It is known for its massive stone walls and tower, making it one of the oldest fortified cities in the world. Both towns provide important insights into the development of early human settlements.

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  • 13. 

    Term for : small independent state consisting of an urban center & surrounding agricultural territory

    • A.

      City

    • B.

      Civilization

    • C.

      City-state

    • D.

      Town

    Correct Answer
    C. City-state
    Explanation
    A city-state refers to a small independent state that consists of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory. It is characterized by its political and economic autonomy, with the urban center serving as the governing authority and the agricultural land providing sustenance for the population. City-states were common in ancient times, such as in ancient Greece, where cities like Athens and Sparta were city-states with their own governments and territories.

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  • 14. 

    What was the largest and most important city in Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      Hammurabi

    • B.

      Ur Nammu

    • C.

      Jericho

    • D.

      Babylon

    Correct Answer
    D. Babylon
    Explanation
    Babylon was the largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It was the capital of the ancient Babylonian empire and a major center of trade, culture, and political power. The city was known for its impressive architecture, such as the Hanging Gardens, and its advanced infrastructure, including a sophisticated irrigation system. Babylon played a significant role in the region's history, particularly during the reign of Hammurabi, who established a famous code of laws. Its strategic location along the Euphrates River made it a thriving hub for commerce and a symbol of Mesopotamian civilization.

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  • 15. 

    Egyptian term for the concept of divinely created & maintained order in the universe

    • A.

      Pharaoh

    • B.

      Ma'at

    • C.

      Ka

    • D.

      Book of the Dead

    Correct Answer
    B. Ma'at
    Explanation
    Ma'at is the correct answer because it refers to the Egyptian term for the concept of divinely created and maintained order in the universe. Ma'at represents the fundamental principle of harmony, balance, and justice that governed the Egyptian society and was believed to be maintained by the pharaoh. It encompassed the ethical, moral, and cosmic order of the world, ensuring stability and prosperity. The concept of Ma'at was central to Egyptian religion and influenced various aspects of their culture, including law, ethics, and social structure.

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