AP Review Quiz Chapter 14

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 84

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AP Review Quiz Chapter 14

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Judicial activism is widely accepted by many judges, liberal & conservative alike.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The chief judicial weapon in the government's system of checks and balances is known as:
    • A. 

      Judicial activism.

    • B. 

      Judicial interpretivism.

    • C. 

      Judicial review.

    • D. 

      Judicial standing.

    • E. 

      Judicial bypass.

  • 3. 
    The dual-court system of the United States refers to:
    • A. 

      Trial & appellate courts

    • B. 

      Criminal and civil courts.

    • C. 

      Statutory and common law courts.

    • D. 

      Federal & state courts.

    • E. 

      Legislative and constitutional courts.

  • 4. 
    Marbury v. Madison helped establish the powers of the early Supreme Court.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Supreme Court decisions can sometimes be ignored without fear of prosecution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court held that
    • A. 

      States could tax a federal bank.

    • B. 

      State militia were subservient to the federal armed services.

    • C. 

      The federal government could pass any laws necessary and proper to the attainment of constitutional ends.

    • D. 

      The federal government had the power to regulate commerce that occurred among states.

    • E. 

      The judicial branch has the power to determine the legitimate governing power in the states.

  • 7. 
    The Dred Scott case involved
    • A. 

      The right of the national government to charter bank.

    • B. 

      The doctrine of separate but equal.

    • C. 

      Admission of new states to the union.

    • D. 

      A slave owner's property rights to an escaped slave.

    • E. 

      The suspension of habeas corpus.

  • 8. 
    Federal judges serve for life on constitutional and legislative courts alike.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Senatorial courtesy refers to the selection of Supreme Court justices.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Some cases can be tried in either federal or state courts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The two ingredients that are most strongly important for getting a case to the Supreme Court are
    • A. 

      A just cause and standing.

    • B. 

      Standing and resources.

    • C. 

      Resources and an opponent.

    • D. 

      An opponent and a just cause.

    • E. 

      Wealth and connections in the judiciary.

  • 12. 
    Amicus curiae briefs amount to a form of
    • A. 

      Judicial red tape.

    • B. 

      Judicial standing.

    • C. 

      Judicial lobbying.

    • D. 

      Dissenting opinion.

    • E. 

      Concurring opinion.

  • 13. 
    The majority of cases heard by federal courts begin in
    • A. 

      District courts.

    • B. 

      State courts.

    • C. 

      Municipal courts.

    • D. 

      Appellate courts.

    • E. 

      Circuit courts.

  • 14. 
    A case on appeal reaches the Supreme Court via a writ 
    • A. 

      Certiorari.

    • B. 

      Appeal.

    • C. 

      Mandamus.

    • D. 

      Injunction.

    • E. 

      Habeas corpus.

  • 15. 
    Fee shifting refers to the practice of
    • A. 

      Dividing attorney's fees among all participants in a class-action suit.

    • B. 

      Reducing fees if the votes of appellate court judges are divided

    • C. 

      Getting the government to pay fees of all parties.

    • D. 

      Having attorneys adjust their fees according to their experience and the damages awarded.

    • E. 

      Getting the loser to pay court costs.

  • 16. 
    Class-action suits are more advantageous than single-party suits in that they allow
    • A. 

      Extremely controversial issues to be adjudicated.

    • B. 

      The government to protect itself from frivolous suits.

    • C. 

      Lawyers to practice without receiving fees.

    • D. 

      Large groups of people to receive relief.

    • E. 

      Lawyers to collect a smaller percentage of potential verdicts.

  • 17. 
    The function of the U.S. solicitor general is to
    • A. 

      Approve every case the federal government presents to the Supreme Court.

    • B. 

      Enforce the decisions of the Supreme Court.

    • C. 

      Serve as the principal legal adviser, or counsel, to members of the Supreme Court.

    • D. 

      Maintain order in the Supreme Court's courtroom.

    • E. 

      Direct participants in oral argument before the court.

  • 18. 
    Among the types of written opinions issued by the Supreme Court are all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Majority.

    • B. 

      Per curiam.

    • C. 

      Concurring.

    • D. 

      Dissenting.

    • E. 

      Mandatory.

  • 19. 
    The fastest growing portion of the federal courts' civil work load involves
    • A. 

      Economic regulation.

    • B. 

      Environmental protection

    • C. 

      States' rights.

    • D. 

      Civil rights.

    • E. 

      Libel.

  • 20. 
    A strict constructionist would apply a moral or economic philosophy to constitutional principles when deciding a case.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The Supreme Court & the U.S. Court of Appeals are the only federal courts that the Constitution requires.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    A political litmus test has its greatest impact on nominees to the Supreme Court.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Most cases heard by federal courts begin in appellate courts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Approval of a petition for certiorari requires a majority of justices.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Standing is automatically accorded to any party who wishes to bring a case in federal court.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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