Trial & appellate courts
Criminal and civil courts.
Statutory and common law courts.
Federal & state courts.
Legislative and constitutional courts.
States could tax a federal bank.
State militia were subservient to the federal armed services.
The federal government could pass any laws necessary and proper to the attainment of constitutional ends.
The federal government had the power to regulate commerce that occurred among states.
The judicial branch has the power to determine the legitimate governing power in the states.
The right of the national government to charter bank.
The doctrine of separate but equal.
Admission of new states to the union.
A slave owner's property rights to an escaped slave.
The suspension of habeas corpus.
A just cause and standing.
Standing and resources.
Resources and an opponent.
An opponent and a just cause.
Wealth and connections in the judiciary.
Judicial red tape.
Dividing attorney's fees among all participants in a class-action suit.
Reducing fees if the votes of appellate court judges are divided
Getting the government to pay fees of all parties.
Having attorneys adjust their fees according to their experience and the damages awarded.
Getting the loser to pay court costs.
Extremely controversial issues to be adjudicated.
The government to protect itself from frivolous suits.
Lawyers to practice without receiving fees.
Large groups of people to receive relief.
Lawyers to collect a smaller percentage of potential verdicts.
Approve every case the federal government presents to the Supreme Court.
Enforce the decisions of the Supreme Court.
Serve as the principal legal adviser, or counsel, to members of the Supreme Court.
Maintain order in the Supreme Court's courtroom.
Direct participants in oral argument before the court.