AP Psych Review Chapter 3 Pt 5

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Let’s turn our attention now to the topic of psychology, as we put on our thinking caps and take this quiz at an advanced placement level! This “AP Psych Review Chapter 3 Pt 5” quiz will task you with answering questions on the multiple lobes of the brain and their functions, and much more!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which part of the brain is composed of the occipital lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and frontal lobe?

    • A.

      Cerebellum

    • B.

      Hypothalamus

    • C.

      Medulla

    • D.

      Cerebrum

    • E.

      Thalamus

    Correct Answer
    D. Cerebrum
    Explanation
    The cerebrum is the correct answer because it is the largest part of the brain and is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as thinking, reasoning, and memory. It is divided into four lobes: the occipital lobe, which processes visual information; the parietal lobe, which is involved in sensory perception and spatial awareness; the temporal lobe, which plays a role in auditory perception and language comprehension; and the frontal lobe, which is responsible for decision-making, problem-solving, and motor function. Therefore, the cerebrum is composed of these four lobes.

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  • 2. 

    If a person has difficulty with understanding speech, what part of the brain most likely causes this?

    • A.

      Broca's Area

    • B.

      Cerebral Hemispheres

    • C.

      Wernicke's Area

    • D.

      Pons

    • E.

      Pituitary Gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Wernicke's Area
    Explanation
    Wernicke's Area is responsible for understanding speech and language comprehension. If a person has difficulty with understanding speech, it is likely that there is an issue with this specific area of the brain. Broca's Area is involved in speech production, not comprehension. The cerebral hemispheres are responsible for various cognitive functions, but not specifically speech comprehension. The pons is involved in regulating sleep and arousal, and the pituitary gland is responsible for hormone production, neither of which are directly related to speech comprehension.

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  • 3. 

    Which type of brain research method includes temporarily enhancing or depressing activity in a specific area of the brain?

    • A.

      Electroencephalograph (EEG)

    • B.

      Transcranial magnetic stimulations (TMS)

    • C.

      Electrical stimulation (ESB)

    • D.

      Lesioning

    • E.

      Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    Correct Answer
    B. Transcranial magnetic stimulations (TMS)
    Explanation
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a brain research method that involves temporarily enhancing or depressing activity in a specific area of the brain. This is achieved by using magnetic fields to stimulate or inhibit neural activity in targeted brain regions. TMS is a non-invasive technique that can be used to study the causal relationship between brain activity and behavior, and it has been used in various research fields, including neuroscience, psychology, and psychiatry.

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  • 4. 

    The hindbrain includes the medulla, cerebellum and what other part?

    • A.

      Thalamus

    • B.

      Temporal lobe

    • C.

      Cerebrum

    • D.

      Reticular Formation

    • E.

      Pons

    Correct Answer
    E. Pons
    Explanation
    The pons is part of the hindbrain, along with the medulla and cerebellum. It is located above the medulla and below the midbrain. The pons plays a crucial role in relaying signals between the cerebellum and the rest of the brain, as well as in controlling various functions such as sleep, respiration, and facial movements.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following controls involuntary functions such as heart rate, digestion and perspiration?

    • A.

      Central Nervous System

    • B.

      Somatic Nervous System

    • C.

      Autonomic Nervous System

    • D.

      Spinal Cord

    • E.

      Peripheral Nervous System

    Correct Answer
    C. Autonomic Nervous System
    Explanation
    The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary functions such as heart rate, digestion, and perspiration. Unlike the somatic nervous system, which controls voluntary movements, the autonomic nervous system operates automatically and unconsciously. It consists of two divisions: the sympathetic division, which prepares the body for "fight or flight" responses, and the parasympathetic division, which promotes relaxation and restorative processes. The autonomic nervous system is responsible for regulating vital functions that are necessary for survival and maintaining homeostasis in the body.

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  • 6. 

    Which part in the cerebrum deals with registering the sense of touch?

    • A.

      Parietal lobe

    • B.

      Temporal lobe

    • C.

      Occipital lobe

    • D.

      Cerebellum

    • E.

      Frontal lobe

    Correct Answer
    A. Parietal lobe
    Explanation
    The parietal lobe is responsible for registering the sense of touch. It receives and processes sensory information from the skin, such as temperature, pressure, and pain. This lobe also plays a role in spatial awareness and perception, allowing us to understand the location and orientation of objects in our environment. The temporal lobe is primarily involved in auditory processing and memory, while the occipital lobe is responsible for visual processing. The cerebellum is involved in coordinating movement and balance, and the frontal lobe is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as decision-making and problem-solving.

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  • 7. 

    Which area of the brain includes the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, and cerebrum?

    • A.

      Amygdala

    • B.

      Hippocampus

    • C.

      Forebrain

    • D.

      Reticular formation

    • E.

      Midbrain

    Correct Answer
    C. Forebrain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is forebrain. The forebrain is the largest part of the brain and includes the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, and cerebrum. These structures are involved in various functions such as processing sensory information, regulating emotions, controlling basic drives and behaviors, and higher cognitive functions. The forebrain plays a crucial role in many essential processes and is responsible for complex thinking, decision-making, and consciousness.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following does the left hemisphere NOT include?

    • A.

      Language

    • B.

      Visual recognition

    • C.

      Verbal processing

    • D.

      Reading

    • E.

      Writing

    Correct Answer
    B. Visual recognition
    Explanation
    The left hemisphere of the brain is responsible for language, verbal processing, reading, and writing. However, it does not include visual recognition. Visual recognition is primarily controlled by the right hemisphere of the brain.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is in charge of controlling motor movement and balance?

    • A.

      Wernicke's Area

    • B.

      Medulla

    • C.

      Hindbrain

    • D.

      Cerebellum

    • E.

      Amygdala

    Correct Answer
    D. Cerebellum
    Explanation
    The cerebellum is responsible for controlling motor movement and balance. It receives information from various sensory systems, such as the inner ear and the muscles and joints, and uses this information to coordinate and fine-tune movements. It helps to maintain posture, regulate muscle tone, and ensure smooth and coordinated movements. Damage to the cerebellum can result in difficulties with balance, coordination, and motor control.

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  • 10. 

    The thalamus takes all of the following sensory info EXCEPT for which?

    • A.

      Hear

    • B.

      Smell

    • C.

      Taste

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Sight

    Correct Answer
    B. Smell
    Explanation
    The thalamus is a relay center in the brain that processes and relays sensory information to the appropriate areas of the cerebral cortex. It receives and processes sensory input from various senses such as hearing, taste, touch, and sight. However, the thalamus does not process olfactory information, which is related to the sense of smell. Therefore, the correct answer is "Smell."

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