A&p II (Heart, Blood & Blood Vessels)

115 Questions | Total Attempts: 188

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Blood Vessels Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Functions of the blood include all of the following, except
    • A. 

      Transport of nutrients and wastes

    • B. 

      Generation of body heat

    • C. 

      Restricting fluid loss

    • D. 

      Regulation of pH and electrolyte concentration of interstitial fluids

  • 2. 
    The combination of plasma and formed elements is called
    • A. 

      Serum

    • B. 

      Lymph

    • C. 

      Whole blood

    • D. 

      Extracellular fluid

    • E. 

      Packed blood

  • 3. 
    Fresh whole blood for testing in a laboratory is usually collected from
    • A. 

      The heart

    • B. 

      A superficial artery

    • C. 

      A superficial vein

    • D. 

      A capillary

    • E. 

      An arteriole

  • 4. 
    When checking the efficiency of gas exchange, it may be necessary to draw a blood sample from
    • A. 

      The heart

    • B. 

      The lungs

    • C. 

      An artery

    • D. 

      A vein

    • E. 

      Capillaries

  • 5. 
    Each of the following is a characteristic of whole blood, except a
    • A. 

      Temperature approximately 38 degrees Celsius

    • B. 

      Viscosity about the same as water

    • C. 

      PH of 7.4

    • D. 

      Bright red color if taken from an artery

    • E. 

      Dull red color if taken from a vein

  • 6. 
    The total volume of blood in the body of a 70-kg man is approximately _____ liters
    • A. 

      25–30

    • B. 

      10–15

    • C. 

      5–6

    • D. 

      2–4

    • E. 

      Less than 2

  • 7. 
    A person has a low blood volume is said to be
    • A. 

      Hypovolemic

    • B. 

      Hypervolemic

    • C. 

      Normovolemic

    • D. 

      Isovolemic

    • E. 

      Antivolemic

  • 8. 
    The chief difference between plasma and interstitial fluid involves the
    • A. 

      Amount of water

    • B. 

      Quantity of electrolytes

    • C. 

      Quantity of organic wastes

    • D. 

      Concentration of dissolved oxygen and proteins

    • E. 

      Concentration of glucose

  • 9. 
    Plasma proteins that are necessary for blood clotting are the
    • A. 

      Albumins

    • B. 

      Fibrinogens

    • C. 

      Immunoglobulins

    • D. 

      Metalloproteins

    • E. 

      Lipoproteins

  • 10. 
    Stem cells responsible for the production of most white blood cells originate in the
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Thymus

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Red bone marrow

    • E. 

      Lymph tissue

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements concerning red blood cells is false?
    • A. 

      Red cells are biconcave discs

    • B. 

      Red cells lack mitochondria

    • C. 

      Red cells have a large nucleus

    • D. 

      Red cells are specialized for carrying oxygen

    • E. 

      Red cells can form stacks called rouleaux

  • 12. 
    The average lifespan of a red blood cell is
    • A. 

      1 week

    • B. 

      1 month

    • C. 

      4 months

    • D. 

      6 months

    • E. 

      1 year

  • 13. 
    The function of red blood cells is to
    • A. 

      Remove carbon dioxide from active cells

    • B. 

      Remove nitrogenous wastes from active tissues

    • C. 

      Carry oxygen from the lungs to the body’s cells

    • D. 

      Carry nutrients from the digestive system to the body’s cells

    • E. 

      Defend the body against infectious organisms

  • 14. 
    More than 95 percent of the protein in a red blood cell is
    • A. 

      Albumin

    • B. 

      Porphyrin

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Immunoglobulin

    • E. 

      Fibrinogen

  • 15. 
    _____ is a condition in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is reduced
    • A. 

      Polycythemia

    • B. 

      Leukemia

    • C. 

      Anemia

    • D. 

      Leukopenia

    • E. 

      Thrombocytopenia

  • 16. 
    A condition in which the hematocrit is elevated and the blood volume is normal would be
    • A. 

      Polycythemia

    • B. 

      Leukocytosis

    • C. 

      Thrombocytosis

    • D. 

      Anemia

    • E. 

      Leukemia

  • 17. 
    A red blood cell that contains normal amounts of hemoglobin would be called
    • A. 

      Hyperchromic

    • B. 

      Normochromic

    • C. 

      Hypochromic

    • D. 

      Normocytic

    • E. 

      Macrocytic

  • 18. 
    The waste product bilirubin is produced from
    • A. 

      Globin chains of hemoglobin

    • B. 

      Portions of heme molecules that contain iron

    • C. 

      Portions of heme molecules that do not contain iron

    • D. 

      Iron found in hemoglobin molecules

    • E. 

      Abnormal proteins found in red blood cells

  • 19. 
    Most of the iron that is removed from degraded hemoglobin is
    • A. 

      Excreted by the kidneys

    • B. 

      Excreted by the liver

    • C. 

      Excreted by the intestines

    • D. 

      Recycled to the bone marrow

    • E. 

      Stored in yellow bone marrow

  • 20. 
    In adults, erythropoiesis primarily takes place in
    • A. 

      The liver

    • B. 

      Yellow bone marrow

    • C. 

      Myeloid tissue.(red bone marrow)

    • D. 

      The spleen

    • E. 

      The kidneys

  • 21. 
    The process of red blood cell production is called
    • A. 

      Erythrocytosis

    • B. 

      Erythropenia

    • C. 

      Hemocytosis

    • D. 

      Erythropoiesis

    • E. 

      Hematopenia

  • 22. 
    Erythrocytes are formed from stem cells called
    • A. 

      Hemocytoblasts

    • B. 

      Reticulocytes

    • C. 

      Band cells

    • D. 

      Myeloid cells

    • E. 

      Pronormoblasts

  • 23. 
    Erythropoiesis increases when
    • A. 

      Oxygen levels in the blood increase

    • B. 

      Oxygen levels in the blood decrease

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide levels in the blood increase

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide levels in the blood decrease

    • E. 

      Protein levels in the blood increase

  • 24. 
    The percentage of whole blood occupied by cellular elements is the
    • A. 

      Viscosity

    • B. 

      Specific gravity

    • C. 

      Packed volume

    • D. 

      Hematocrit

    • E. 

      Differential cell count

  • 25. 
    A normal adult hematocrit would be
    • A. 

      100

    • B. 

      75

    • C. 

      66

    • D. 

      45

    • E. 

      10

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