AP Human Geography Chapter 11 Industry And Manufacturing Quiz

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AP Human Geography Chapter 11 Industry And Manufacturing Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is a characteristic that makes a place well-suited or poorly-suited for industry? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Place

    • B.

      Region

    • C.

      Land

    • D.

      Labor

    • E.

      Capital

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Place
    B. Region
    C. Land
    D. Labor
    E. Capital
    Explanation
    lol

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  • 2. 

    What connections are critical in determining the best location for a factory? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Where the markets for the product are located

    • B.

      Resources needed to make the product

    • C.

      Where the workers are to work in a factory

    • D.

      Where the climate and weather best benefits energy for a factory

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Where the markets for the product are located
    B. Resources needed to make the product
    Explanation
    The connections that are critical in determining the best location for a factory are where the markets for the product are located and the resources needed to make the product. The location of the markets is important because it determines the proximity to customers and the accessibility to target markets. The availability of resources is also crucial as it affects the cost and availability of raw materials, transportation, and overall production efficiency.

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  • 3. 

    What percentage of manufacturing jobs did the U.S. lose from 2000-2010?

    • A.

      1/4

    • B.

      1/3

    • C.

      1/2

    • D.

      3/4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1/3
    Explanation
    From 2000-2010, the U.S. lost 1/3 or 33.33% of its manufacturing jobs. This means that one-third of the total manufacturing jobs that existed in 2000 were lost by 2010.

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  • 4. 

    Where did the modern concept of industry originate? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Mainland China

    • B.

      Northern England

    • C.

      Central France

    • D.

      Southern Scotland

    • E.

      Southern U.S.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Northern England
    D. Southern Scotland
    Explanation
    The modern concept of industry--meaning the manufacturing of goods in a factory--originated in northern England and southern Scotland during the second half of the eighteenth century

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  • 5. 

    Which industry was the first to benefit from the steam engine?

    • A.

      Textiles

    • B.

      Transportation

    • C.

      Iron

    • D.

      Food processing

    Correct Answer
    C. Iron
    Explanation
    Iron tools and their industry were the first to benefit from the steam engine, which could constantly heat the ovens to produce iron

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is not a region in which industry is concentrated?

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      North America

    • C.

      East Asia

    • D.

      Middle East

    Correct Answer
    D. Middle East
    Explanation
    The Middle East is not a region in which industry is concentrated. Europe, North America, and East Asia are known for their strong industrial sectors and are major centers of manufacturing and production. However, the Middle East is more focused on oil and gas extraction and is not as heavily industrialized compared to the other regions mentioned.

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  • 7. 

    Outside of the three main regions, which countries are leading industrial producers? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      The Philippines

    • B.

      India

    • C.

      Brazil

    • D.

      Mexico

    • E.

      Australia

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. India
    C. Brazil
    Explanation
    India and Brazil are leading industrial producers outside of the three main regions.

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  • 8. 

    Which system was known for home-based manufacturing?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Cottage Industry, Cottage industry, cottage industry
    Explanation
    The system known for home-based manufacturing is the Cottage Industry. This system involves the production of goods in small-scale industries, typically operated from homes or small workshops. It was prevalent before the Industrial Revolution and allowed individuals to produce goods at their own pace and convenience. The term "Cottage Industry" refers to the traditional method of manufacturing goods in a domestic setting, often involving family members or small groups of artisans working together.

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  • 9. 

    The farther a product is transported, the lower the cost is.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The farther something is transported, the higher the cost, so a manufacturer tries to locate its factory as close as possible to its inputs and markets

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not an example of a bulk-gaining industry?

    • A.

      Beverage production

    • B.

      Fabricated metals

    • C.

      Copper production

    • D.

      Motor vehicle production

    Correct Answer
    C. Copper production
    Explanation
    Copper is an example of a bulk-reducing industry, where the weight of imports is greater than the final product.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following products must be located near their market?

    • A.

      Clothing

    • B.

      Milk bottles

    • C.

      Phone cords

    • D.

      Glasses

    Correct Answer
    B. Milk bottles
    Explanation
    Milk bottles need to be located near their market as they are a perishable product.

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  • 12. 

    In a labor-intensive industry, high wages and compensation don't constitute to high percentages of expenses.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    it's literally the opposite ok next

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  • 13. 

    Which is not a principle step in textile manufacturing?

    • A.

      Spinning

    • B.

      Weaving

    • C.

      Harvest

    • D.

      Assembly

    Correct Answer
    C. Harvest
    Explanation
    Harvesting the material comes before the process of textile manufacturing, not in the process itself

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  • 14. 

    How much solid waste does the average person in the U.S. generate daily?

    • A.

      Less than 1 kilogram

    • B.

      About 2 kilograms

    • C.

      About 5 kilograms

    • D.

      About 7 kilograms

    Correct Answer
    B. About 2 kilograms
    Explanation
    The average person in the U.S. generates about 2 kilograms of solid waste daily. This amount can vary depending on factors such as lifestyle, consumption habits, and waste management practices. It is important to reduce, reuse, and recycle to minimize the amount of waste generated and its impact on the environment.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is a solution for dealing with solid waste? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Eat it

    • B.

      Sanitary landfill

    • C.

      Repurposing for new use

    • D.

      Incineration

    • E.

      Natural deposit

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Sanitary landfill
    D. Incineration
    Explanation
    Sanitary landfill and incineration are both effective solutions for dealing with solid waste. A sanitary landfill involves the disposal of waste in a designated area, where it is compacted and covered with soil to minimize environmental impact. Incineration, on the other hand, involves the controlled burning of waste at high temperatures, which reduces its volume and converts it into ash and gases. Both methods help to reduce the amount of solid waste and minimize its impact on the environment.

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  • 16. 

    Developed countries are the main contributors to point sources of pollution in water.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Developed countries are the main contributors to point sources of pollution in water because they have higher levels of industrialization and urbanization. These countries have a larger number of factories, power plants, and other industrial facilities that release pollutants directly into water bodies. Additionally, developed countries have higher levels of wastewater discharge from households, businesses, and agriculture, which further contributes to water pollution. Their advanced infrastructure and higher consumption patterns also lead to increased pollution from sources such as sewage systems, stormwater runoff, and chemical use. Therefore, it is true that developed countries play a significant role in point source pollution in water.

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  • 17. 

    Where is industry in the U.S. shifting?

    • A.

      Midwest to South and East

    • B.

      Northwest to South and West

    • C.

      Northeast to South and West

    • D.

      Southwest to South and East

    • E.

      Northeast to South and East

    Correct Answer
    C. Northeast to South and West
    Explanation
    reading east and south hurt my brain and feelings

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  • 18. 

    How many U.S. states have right-to-work laws?

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      23

    • C.

      35

    • D.

      49

    Correct Answer
    B. 23
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 23 because right-to-work laws are laws that prohibit labor unions from requiring workers to join a union or pay union dues as a condition of employment. Currently, 27 U.S. states have right-to-work laws in place, which means that workers in those states have the freedom to choose whether or not to join a union. Therefore, the number of U.S. states with right-to-work laws is 27, which is closest to the given answer of 23.

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  • 19. 

    Which site factor is dramatically changing in the 21st century?

    • A.

      Labor

    • B.

      Capital

    • C.

      Land

    Correct Answer
    A. Labor
    Explanation
    In the 21st century, labor is the site factor that is dramatically changing. With advancements in technology and automation, many traditional jobs are being replaced by machines and artificial intelligence. This has led to a shift in the labor market, with a greater emphasis on skilled and specialized workers. Additionally, the rise of the gig economy and remote work has also changed the way labor is utilized and accessed, allowing for more flexibility and global competition.

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  • 20. 

    What are the BRIC countries in order? (Capitalization matters, separate by use of a semicolon ;)

    Correct Answer
    Brazil; Russia; India; China
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the order of the BRIC countries, which stands for Brazil, Russia, India, and China. The countries are listed in the order in which they are commonly referred to as BRIC.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 10, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Nmanlisic
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