AP Human Geography Agriculture (Rubenstein)

65 Questions | Total Attempts: 40

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AP Human Geography Agriculture (Rubenstein)

This test is from An Introduction to Human Geography (9th edition) by James M. Rubenstein. This is about the agriculture chapter of the textbook. NOTE: All textbooks concerning human geography or are related to the course or used for the course of Human Geography are compatible with this textbook by Rubenstein. WARNING: If you are not taking AP Human Geography, then I would advise you not to take this test because you may not be familiar with many terms or patterns.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does "cultivate" mean?
    • A. 

      To grow

    • B. 

      To care for

    • C. 

      To make money

    • D. 

      To harvest

    • E. 

      To raise animals

  • 2. 
    How were humans surviving before the agricultural revolution? (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Growing crops

    • B. 

      Hunting animals

    • C. 

      Planting seeds

    • D. 

      Raising animals

    • E. 

      Gathering crops

  • 3. 
    Hunters and gatherers lived in small groups.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The __________ hunted game or fished and the ______________ collected berries, nuts, and roots.  (Options- men, women) Write the right answers in the correct order separated by a semicolon (;).
  • 5. 
    There are still hunters and gatherers in the world today.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    What are the two types of cultivation (NOT types of agriculture)?  Write the right answers in the correct order separated by a semicolon (;).
  • 7. 
    Who developed the two types of cultivation? You can either have:
    1. First and last name OR
    2. The last name only
  • 8. 
    Which of the following is/are the primary hearths of vegetative planting?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Central America

    • B. 

      Northwestern South America

    • C. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • D. 

      West Africa

    • E. 

      Europe

    • F. 

      Middle East

    • G. 

      Southwest Asia

    • H. 

      Southeast Asia

    • I. 

      Oceania

    • J. 

      South Asia

    • K. 

      East Asia

    • L. 

      East Africa

  • 9. 
    What did people in Southeast Asia do before they started practicing vegetative planting?
  • 10. 
    Which of the following is/are primary hearths of seed agriculture?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Central America

    • B. 

      Northwestern South America

    • C. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • D. 

      West Africa

    • E. 

      Europe

    • F. 

      Middle East

    • G. 

      Southwest Asia

    • H. 

      Southeast Asia

    • I. 

      Oceania

    • J. 

      South Asia

    • K. 

      East Asia

    • L. 

      East Africa

  • 11. 
    When was seed agriculture starting to become widely practiced in the Western Hemisphere?
    • A. 

      When agriculture diffused from the hearth in Mexico

    • B. 

      When agriculture diffused from the hearth in South America

    • C. 

      When the Europeans brought agriculture with them from Europe

    • D. 

      When the hearth of seed agriculture rose up in the United States

  • 12. 
    The primary differences between agriculture practices in the world are between those of what two types of regions/countries?
    • A. 

      Africa and Asia

    • B. 

      Northern and Southern Hemispheres

    • C. 

      Eastern and Western Hemispheres

    • D. 

      Land and oceans

    • E. 

      MDCs and LDCs

  • 13. 
    What type of agriculture is practiced to produce food for sale off the farm?
    • A. 

      Commercial

    • B. 

      Subsistence

    • C. 

      Seed

    • D. 

      Vegetative Planting

  • 14. 
    What type of agriculture is practiced to feed the farmer and the farmer's family?
    • A. 

      Commercial

    • B. 

      Subsistence

    • C. 

      Seed

    • D. 

      Vegetative Planting

  • 15. 
    Farmers in MDCs grow crops and raise animals to sell directly to ____________________.  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Consumers

    • B. 

      Food-processing companies

    • C. 

      Markets

    • D. 

      Stores

  • 16. 
    There are ____________ percentages of the populations in MDCs that work directly with farming and _____________ percentages of the population of LDCs that work directly with farming.  (Place a semicolon (;) and a space between the two terms)  (Options-high/low)
  • 17. 
    Farmers in MDCs use what for power?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Human

    • B. 

      Animal

    • C. 

      Machinery

    • D. 

      Hand tools

  • 18. 
    Farmers in LDCs use what for power?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Human

    • B. 

      Animal

    • C. 

      Machinery

    • D. 

      Hand tools

  • 19. 
    The connection between farming and food-production jobs (such as processing, packaging, storing, distributing, retailing, tractor manufacturing, fertilizer production, and seed distribution) is called __________________________.
  • 20. 
    Only 2 percent of the United States' population works directly in the farming business, but around _______% of the population works with agribusiness.  (As a number or word)
  • 21. 
    Who made the most widely used map that shows regional distribution of subsistence and commercial agriculture?  (First and last name OR last name only)
  • 22. 
    How many agricultural regions did Whittlesey identify, excluding the region where agriculture was nonexistent?  (As a number or word)
  • 23. 
    Whittlesey sorted out agricultural practices based upon ________________, because it determined what kind of crop can be grown and whether or not animals are raised.
  • 24. 
    In what kind of a region is shifting cultivation practiced?
    • A. 

      Humid Low-Latitude

    • B. 

      Dry

    • C. 

      Warm Mid-Latitude

    • D. 

      Cold Mid-Latitude

    • E. 

      Polar

    • F. 

      Undifferentiated Highlands

  • 25. 
    A region with a humid low-latitude climate would have (high/low) temperatures with (abundant/scarce) rainfall.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 26. 
    Specifically, how do farmers clear the land for shifting cultivation?
    • A. 

      Using machines to cut the trees down

    • B. 

      Mowing the grass

    • C. 

      Cutting the grass

    • D. 

      Slashing the vegetation and burning the debris

  • 27. 
    What is the land cleared by slash-and-burn agriculture called?
  • 28. 
    Which of the following is NOT a reason why fields are abandoned in shifting cultivation?
    • A. 

      Infertile soil

    • B. 

      Nutrient depletion

    • C. 

      Water scarcity

    • D. 

      Rapid weed growth

  • 29. 
    The Kayapo people of the Amazon plant their crops in what shape?
    • A. 

      Rectangle

    • B. 

      Square

    • C. 

      Circle

    • D. 

      Oval

    • E. 

      Triangle

  • 30. 
    Farmers in MDCs grow (one/many) crop(s) over a wide area.  Farmers in LDCs grow (one/many) crop(s) over a wide area.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 31. 
    Shifting cultivation occupies about _________% of the world's land area and about __________% of the world's population.  (Both are either numbers or words)  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 32. 
    What is/are the difference(s) between pastoral nomadism and ranching?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Pastoral nomadism is a form of subsistence agriculture whereas ranching is a form of commercial agriculture.

    • B. 

      Nomads kill their animals on the spot whereas ranchers deliver their animals to the butcher to be killed

    • C. 

      Nomads migrate a longer distance with their livestock than ranchers.

    • D. 

      Ranchers raise livestock but nomads grow crops as well as livestock.

  • 33. 
    Wet rice is first planted on (dry/wet) land and then transferred to (dry/wet) land to promote growth.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 34. 
    The process of obtaining two harvests per year from the same field is called ____________________.
  • 35. 
    What is the most important crop of intensive subsistence farming with wet rice NOT dominant?
  • 36. 
    The most distinctive characteristic of fixed crop and livestock farming is that it integrates ________________________.
    • A. 

      Different kinds of crops

    • B. 

      Crops and livestock

    • C. 

      Different kinds of livestock

    • D. 

      Crop rotation

  • 37. 
    75% of all income of mixed crop and livestock farmer is from the sale of _______________________.
    • A. 

      Corn

    • B. 

      Animal products

    • C. 

      Cereal grains

    • D. 

      Fruits and vegetables

  • 38. 
    In mixed crop and livestock farming, which crop is grown to be sold to people as oil but mostly to be fed to animals?
  • 39. 
    On dairy farms, what is grown by farmers and sold to the market?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Milk

    • B. 

      Butter

    • C. 

      Cheese

    • D. 

      Cows

  • 40. 
    What is the area surrounding a city from which milk can be supplied called?
  • 41. 
    What grass do grain farmers grow the most?
    • A. 

      Corn

    • B. 

      Oats

    • C. 

      Wheat

    • D. 

      Barley

  • 42. 
    Which country is the largest commercial producer of grain?
    • A. 

      United States

    • B. 

      Canada

    • C. 

      Australia

    • D. 

      China

    • E. 

      India

  • 43. 
    What is the present-day machine that reaps, threshes, and cleans in one operation called?
  • 44. 
    What animal is raised in ranching in the United States?
  • 45. 
    In which two European countries is ranching common?  (Check two)
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      Portugal

    • C. 

      Spain

    • D. 

      Germany

    • E. 

      Russia

  • 46. 
    Back then, ranching was (over a wide area/in a fixed location).  Now, ranching is (over a wide area/in a fixed location).  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 47. 
    The regions that pratice Mediterranean agriculture have which of the following in common?  (Check al that apply)
    • A. 

      Physical environment

    • B. 

      Crop grown

    • C. 

      Borders a sea

    • D. 

      Most on west coast of continents

    • E. 

      All are located around the Mediterranean Sea

  • 48. 
    What are the two most important cash crops grown in regions that practice Mediterranean agriculture?  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 49. 
    Commercial gardening and fruit farming, also known as truck farming, produce what crops for consumers?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Cereal Grains

    • B. 

      Fruits

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Flowers

    • E. 

      Rice

  • 50. 
    What is the main reason that dairy farms are in the first ring of the von Thunen model?
    • A. 

      Its heavy weight (hard to transport far)

    • B. 

      Fast perishable time

    • C. 

      Needs lots of space

  • 51. 
    What is the main reason that logging is in the second ring of the von Thunen model?
    • A. 

      Its heavy weight (hard to transport far)

    • B. 

      Fast perishable time

    • C. 

      Needs lots of space

  • 52. 
    What is the main reason that grazing is in the outermost ring of the von Thunen model?
    • A. 

      Its heavy weight (hard to transport far)

    • B. 

      Fast perishable time

    • C. 

      Needs lots of space

  • 53. 
    Which of the following did von Thunen fail to consider in his model?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Cost of products

    • B. 

      Physical environment

    • C. 

      Transportation costs

    • D. 

      Social factors

    • E. 

      Government policies

    • F. 

      Need of space

  • 54. 
    What are the challenges that commercial farmers face?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Government subsidies

    • B. 

      Low selling prices

    • C. 

      Numerous amounts in the markets

    • D. 

      Sustainable practices

  • 55. 
    What does the United States government do to prevent overproduction?  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Advise farmers to not produce crops that are in abundance

    • B. 

      Move farmers to cities with better paying jobs

    • C. 

      Pay farmers the difference between market prices and selling prices

    • D. 

      Buys crops from farmers and sells/donates them to foreign governments

    • E. 

      Gives food stamps to low-income people to use up abundant food

  • 56. 
    Farmers in MDCs grow (more/less) food than needed while farmers in LDCs grow (more/less) food than needed.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 57. 
    _____________ agriculture is the practice that preserves and enhances environmental quality.
  • 58. 
    What three factors distinguish sustainable agriculture (or organic farming) from conventional agriculture?  (Check three)
    • A. 

      Sensitive land management

    • B. 

      Growth of certain crops

    • C. 

      Limited use of chemicals

    • D. 

      Growth of only crops

    • E. 

      Better integration of livestock

  • 59. 
    ____________  _____________ is the system of planting crops on ridge tops.
  • 60. 
    What are four strategies to increase food supply?
    1. (Increase/Decrease) the amount of land devoted to agriculture.
    2. (Increase/Decrease) the productivity of land used for agriculture.
    3. Identify new ________ sources.
    4. (Increase/Decrease) exports from other countries.
    (Separate each term with one before/after it with a semicolon (;) and a space)
  • 61. 
    _______________ is the process of deteriorating the land to a desertlike condition.
  • 62. 
    The ______________  ________________ is the invention and rapid diffusion of more productive agricultural techniques during the 1970s and 1980s.
  • 63. 
    Which region was the world's major exporter of food by 1980?
    • A. 

      Western Europe

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Eastern Europe

    • D. 

      Latin America

    • E. 

      North America