AP Human Geography Agriculture (Rubenstein) Exam Practice Test

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AP Human Geography Agriculture (Rubenstein) Exam Practice Test - Quiz

This test is from An Introduction to Human Geography (9th edition) by James M. Rubenstein. This is about the agriculture chapter of the textbook.
NOTE: All textbooks concerning human geography or are related to the course or used for the course of Human Geography are compatible with this textbook by Rubenstein.
WARNING: If you are not taking AP Human Geography, then I would advise you not to take this test because you may not be familiar with many terms or patterns.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The origin of agriculture is located in Asia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 329. Agriculture originated before recorded history, so it is impossible to pinpoint an exact location for the hearth of agriculture. But Hind (Indian territory) is said to be the oldest existing civilization, thus it is possible that they are the oldest ones in agriculture which happen to be in Asia.

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  • 2. 

    What does "cultivate" mean?

    • A.

      To grow

    • B.

      To care for

    • C.

      To make money

    • D.

      To harvest

    • E.

      To raise animals

    Correct Answer
    B. To care for
    Explanation
    Pg 329

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  • 3. 

    How were humans surviving before the agricultural revolution? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Growing crops

    • B.

      Hunting animals

    • C.

      Planting seeds

    • D.

      Raising animals

    • E.

      Gathering crops

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Hunting animals
    E. Gathering crops
    Explanation
    Pg 329. Before the agricultural revolution, people did what is known as hunting and gathering.

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  • 4. 

    Hunters and gatherers lived in small groups.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pg 329. If hunters and gatherers lived in large groups, the resources of the land would not be able to sustain the population.

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  • 5. 

    The __________ hunted game or fished and the ______________ collected berries, nuts, and roots.  (Options- men, women) Write the right answers in the correct order separated by a semicolon (;).

    Correct Answer
    men; women
    Explanation
    Pg 329

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  • 6. 

    There are still hunters and gatherers in the world today.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pg 329. There are still hunters and gatherers that primarily live in the Arctic and the interior of Africa, Australia, and South America.

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  • 7. 

    What are the two types of cultivation (NOT types of agriculture)?  Write the right answers in the correct order separated by a semicolon (;).

    Correct Answer
    vegetative planting; seed agriculture, seed agriculture; vegetative planting
    Explanation
    Pg 329

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  • 8. 

    Who developed the two types of cultivation? You can either have:
    1. First and last name OR
    2. The last name only

    Correct Answer
    Carl Sauer, Sauer
    Explanation
    Pg 329

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  • 9. 

    Agriculture probably had one hearth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 329
    Agriculture probably had many hearths instead of just one.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is/are the primary hearths of vegetative planting?  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Central America

    • B.

      Northwestern South America

    • C.

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • D.

      West Africa

    • E.

      Europe

    • F.

      Middle East

    • G.

      Southwest Asia

    • H.

      Southeast Asia

    • I.

      Oceania

    • J.

      South Asia

    • K.

      East Asia

    • L.

      East Africa

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Northwestern South America
    D. West Africa
    H. Southeast Asia
    Explanation
    Pg 330 Map

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  • 11. 

    Vegetative planting diffused in all compass directions-northward, eastward, southward, and westward- from the hearth in Southeast Asia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pg 330. Map

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  • 12. 

    What did people in Southeast Asia do before they started practicing vegetative planting?

    Correct Answer
    fish, fishing
    Explanation
    Pg 329. People in Southeast Asia got food from fishing. This sedentary lifestyle allowed for the people to have more time to accomplish other tasks, such as growing and harvesting crops.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is/are primary hearths of seed agriculture?  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Central America

    • B.

      Northwestern South America

    • C.

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • D.

      West Africa

    • E.

      Europe

    • F.

      Middle East

    • G.

      Southwest Asia

    • H.

      Southeast Asia

    • I.

      Oceania

    • J.

      South Asia

    • K.

      East Asia

    • L.

      East Africa

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Central America
    B. Northwestern South America
    J. South Asia
    K. East Asia
    L. East Africa
    Explanation
    Pg 331 Map

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  • 14. 

    Seed agriculture diffused in all compass directions- northward, eastward, southward, and westward- from the hearth in China.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 331 Map
    Seed agriculture diffused northward, eastward, and southward from the hearth in China, but it never diffused westwards.

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  • 15. 

    When was seed agriculture starting to become widely practiced in the Western Hemisphere?

    • A.

      When agriculture diffused from the hearth in Mexico

    • B.

      When agriculture diffused from the hearth in South America

    • C.

      When the Europeans brought agriculture with them from Europe

    • D.

      When the hearth of seed agriculture rose up in the United States

    Correct Answer
    C. When the Europeans brought agriculture with them from Europe
    Explanation
    Pg 330 Agriculture was practiced in North America, but it was not widespread until the Europeans brought their practices over from Europe.

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  • 16. 

    The primary differences between agriculture practices in the world are between those of what two types of regions/countries?

    • A.

      Africa and Asia

    • B.

      Northern and Southern Hemispheres

    • C.

      Eastern and Western Hemispheres

    • D.

      Land and oceans

    • E.

      MDCs and LDCs

    Correct Answer
    E. MDCs and LDCs
    Explanation
    Pg 330

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  • 17. 

    What type of agriculture is practiced to produce food for sale off the farm?

    • A.

      Commercial

    • B.

      Subsistence

    • C.

      Seed

    • D.

      Vegetative Planting

    Correct Answer
    A. Commercial
    Explanation
    Pg 330

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  • 18. 

    What type of agriculture is practiced to feed the farmer and the farmer's family?

    • A.

      Commercial

    • B.

      Subsistence

    • C.

      Seed

    • D.

      Vegetative Planting

    Correct Answer
    B. Subsistence
    Explanation
    Pg 330

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  • 19. 

    In LDCs, the production of food to sell to the government or private firms is the main priority.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 331
    In LDCs, food is produced to feed the farmer and the farmer's family.

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  • 20. 

    Farmers in MDCs grow crops and raise animals to sell directly to ____________________.  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Consumers

    • B.

      Food-processing companies

    • C.

      Markets

    • D.

      Stores

    Correct Answer
    B. Food-processing companies
    Explanation
    Pg 331 Farmers in MDCs grow crops and raise animals to sell them to food-processing companies, who then sell the processed food to the supermarket or store, where consumers purchase them.

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  • 21. 

    There are ____________ percentages of the populations in MDCs that work directly with farming and _____________ percentages of the population of LDCs that work directly with farming.  (Place a semicolon (;) and a space between the two terms)  (Options-high/low)

    Correct Answer
    low; high
    Explanation
    Pg 331

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  • 22. 

    The low percentages of farmers in MDCs explain why MDCs are not able to provide LDCs with food.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 331-332 There are low percentages of farmers in MDCs, but some MDCs, like the United States and Canada, produce enough food to "not only provide for themselves and the rest of the region (North America) but also a surplus to feed people elsewhere."

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  • 23. 

    The number of farmers have decreased during the twentieth century.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pg 332
    The number of farmers have decreased because of push and pull migration factors. The income of farmland was not enough to make a decent living, and there were higher paying jobs in cities.

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  • 24. 

    Farmers in MDCs use what for power?  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Human

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Machinery

    • D.

      Hand tools

    Correct Answer
    C. Machinery
    Explanation
    Pg 332

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Farmers in LDCs use what for power?  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Human

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Machinery

    • D.

      Hand tools

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Human
    B. Animal
    D. Hand tools
    Explanation
    Pg 332
    Farmers in LDCs can't afford machines, so they must depend on themselves and animals to work the land.

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  • 26. 

    The size of a farm in a MDC is bigger than the size of a farm in an LDC.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pg 333
    Farmers have larger farms in MDCs to produce much more food to sell than in LDCs, where 1) food is produced only for the survival of the farmer and the family, so there does not need to be a lot of land area and 2) there is a large population and a small land area, so there can only be so much land for each person.

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  • 27. 

    The connection between farming and food-production jobs (such as processing, packaging, storing, distributing, retailing, tractor manufacturing, fertilizer production, and seed distribution) is called __________________________.

    Correct Answer
    agribusiness
    Explanation
    Pg 333

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  • 28. 

    Only 2 percent of the United States' population works directly in the farming business, but around _______% of the population works with agribusiness.  (As a number or word)

    Correct Answer
    20
    twenty
    Explanation
    Pg 333

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  • 29. 

    Who made the most widely used map that shows regional distribution of subsistence and commercial agriculture?  (First and last name OR last name only)

    Correct Answer
    Derwent Whittlesey
    Whittlesey
    Explanation
    Pg 333

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  • 30. 

    How many agricultural regions did Whittlesey identify, excluding the region where agriculture was nonexistent?  (As a number or word)

    Correct Answer
    11
    eleven
    Explanation
    Pg 333
    Five regions are located primarily in LDCs and six regions are located primarily in MDCs.

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  • 31. 

    Whittlesey sorted out agricultural practices based upon ________________, because it determined what kind of crop can be grown and whether or not animals are raised.

    Correct Answer
    climate
    Explanation
    Pg 334
    Climate would cause many other factors, which would then cause what kind of crop is grown or whether or not animals are raised.

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  • 32. 

    In what kind of a region is shifting cultivation practiced?

    • A.

      Humid Low-Latitude

    • B.

      Dry

    • C.

      Warm Mid-Latitude

    • D.

      Cold Mid-Latitude

    • E.

      Polar

    • F.

      Undifferentiated Highlands

    Correct Answer
    A. Humid Low-Latitude
    Explanation
    Pg 335

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  • 33. 

    A region with a humid low-latitude climate would have (high/low) temperatures with (abundant/scarce) rainfall.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)

    Correct Answer
    high; abundant
    Explanation
    Pg 335

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  • 34. 

    Why is shifting cultivation called shifting cultivation instead of shifting agriculture?  What is the primary difference between the two?

    • A.

      Crops grown

    • B.

      Animals raised

    • C.

      Scale

    • D.

      Intensity

    Correct Answer
    C. Scale
    Explanation
    Pg 335

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  • 35. 

    Specifically, how do farmers clear the land for shifting cultivation?

    • A.

      Using machines to cut the trees down

    • B.

      Mowing the grass

    • C.

      Cutting the grass

    • D.

      Slashing the vegetation and burning the debris

    Correct Answer
    D. Slashing the vegetation and burning the debris
    Explanation
    Pg 335
    This characteristic of shifting cultivation is called slash-and-burn agriculture.

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  • 36. 

    In shifting cultivation, exhausted soil is left fallow for a time period until it is ready for use again.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pg 335

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  • 37. 

    What is the land cleared by slash-and-burn agriculture called?

    Correct Answer
    swidden
    Explanation
    Pg 335

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  • 38. 

    In shifting cultivation, hoes, plows, and animals are used to prepare the fields for planting.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 335
    Only hoes are sometimes used. Plows and animals are never used for preparation of land for shifting cultivation.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following is NOT a reason why fields are abandoned in shifting cultivation?

    • A.

      Infertile soil

    • B.

      Nutrient depletion

    • C.

      Water scarcity

    • D.

      Rapid weed growth

    Correct Answer
    C. Water scarcity
    Explanation
    Pg 335

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  • 40. 

    In shifting cultivation, if a village abandons a patch of land, the people will not care for the land until it is time for them to reuse the land after the soil is replenished.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 335
    Villagers may still care for fruit-bearing trees on a depleted site.

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  • 41. 

    The Kayapo people of the Amazon plant their crops in what shape?

    • A.

      Rectangle

    • B.

      Square

    • C.

      Circle

    • D.

      Oval

    • E.

      Triangle

    Correct Answer
    C. Circle
    Explanation
    Pg 337
    The crops that require the most nutrients are planted on the outer rings. It is on the outer rings that leaves fall on, and the rotting of these leaves releases nutrients into the soil.

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  • 42. 

    Farmers in MDCs grow (one/many) crop(s) over a wide area.  Farmers in LDCs grow (one/many) crop(s) over a wide area.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)

    Correct Answer
    one; many
    Explanation
    Pg 337
    Farmers in MDCs grow one crop in a large area to make money off of that one crop. Farmers in LDCs grow many crops to provide intermingled food for their own family. However, there are some cases where farmers in LDCs will grow certain crops and trade with other farmers to have a variety of food.

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  • 43. 

    Shifting cultivation occupies about _________% of the world's land area and about __________% of the world's population.  (Both are either numbers or words)  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)

    Correct Answer
    25; 5
    twenty five; five
    twenty-five; five
    Explanation
    Pg 337

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  • 44. 

    What do critics say about shifting cultivation?  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Shifting cultivation is an inefficient way to feed people in LDCs

    • B.

      Shifting cultivation eliminates diversity of cultures in LDCs

    • C.

      Shifting cultivation is not an effective use of land

    • D.

      Shifting cultivation is environmentally friendly

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Shifting cultivation is an inefficient way to feed people in LDCs
    C. Shifting cultivation is not an effective use of land
    Explanation
    Pg 338
    Critics say that logging, cattle ranching, and growing cash crops are more efficient ways for development than shifting cultivation.
    Also, LDCs see that shifting cultivation is an inefficient way to grow food to feed people.

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  • 45. 

    What is/are the difference(s) between pastoral nomadism and ranching?  (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Pastoral nomadism is a form of subsistence agriculture whereas ranching is a form of commercial agriculture.

    • B.

      Nomads kill their animals on the spot whereas ranchers deliver their animals to the butcher to be killed

    • C.

      Nomads migrate a longer distance with their livestock than ranchers.

    • D.

      Ranchers raise livestock but nomads grow crops as well as livestock.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pastoral nomadism is a form of subsistence agriculture whereas ranching is a form of commercial agriculture.
    C. Nomads migrate a longer distance with their livestock than ranchers.
    D. Ranchers raise livestock but nomads grow crops as well as livestock.
    Explanation
    Pg 338-339, 346-349
    Pastoral nomadism is practiced in LDCs and therefore is a form of subsistence agriculture. Ranching is practiced in MDCs and therefore is a form of commercial agriculture.
    Nomads do not kill their livestock, because the size of a herd is a sign of power and prestige. However, if animals die, nomads will consume the bodies then. Ranchers sell their animals to the butcher to be killed.
    Nomads migrate frequently with their animals. They use the physical characteristics to make their migration patterns, such as following water sources. Nomads practice transhumance, which is the seasonal migration of animals between mountains and low-lying pastures. Ranchers do not migrate; the government of many MDCs, such as the United States, have designated certain areas to ranchers to raise their animals.
    Nomads grow crops as well as raising livestock. Usually, the women and children plant crops while the men with the animals wander around the land. Other times, people will be hired to plant crops in exchange for part of the harvest. Other times the group may just stay in one area to grow crops until the soil gets depleted or the climate gets too dry, and the group will migrate to search for food and water.

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  • 46. 

    Intensive subsistence agriculture means that farmers must use a larger piece of land to produce food.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pg 339
    Intensive subsistence agriculture means that farmers must work more intensively on a piece of land.

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  • 47. 

    Wet rice is first planted on (dry/wet) land and then transferred to (dry/wet) land to promote growth.  (Separate the two terms with a semicolon (;) and a space)

    Correct Answer
    dry; wet
    Explanation
    Pg 340

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  • 48. 

    The process of obtaining two harvests per year from the same field is called ____________________.

    Correct Answer
    double cropping
    Explanation
    Pg 341

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  • 49. 

    What is the most important crop of intensive subsistence farming with wet rice NOT dominant?

    Correct Answer
    wheat
    Explanation
    Pg 341
    In areas where wet rice is not dominant, the winters are too harsh and there is not enough precipitation in the summer.

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  • 50. 

    What is a form of subsistence agriculture where an MDC owns the farm and orders the locals to grow certain crops for sale to that MDC?

    Correct Answer
    plantation
    plantation farming
    Explanation
    Pg 341

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Marques Hayes |BA, Geography |
Geography Expert
Marques is a highly skilled Geospatial Analyst and GIS professional with a BA in Geography from Kennesaw State University, bringing a robust educational background to his work. Detail-oriented and organized, Marques is deeply committed to advancing the field of geography through his proficiency in geospatial analysis. Additionally, he actively contributes to the enhancement of geographic education by meticulously reviewing geography quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.
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