Unit 5 Test - Agricultural And Rural Land Use

76 Questions | Total Attempts: 165

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Agriculture Quizzes & Trivia

Agriculture involves any type of land use to produce plants and rearing of animals. The Agricultural and Rural Land Use quiz below tests on different concepts on the subject. Take up the quiz and learn more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The modern definition of agriculture includes 
    • A. 

      Animal husbandry and shifting cultivation.

    • B. 

      Vegetative and seed planting.

    • C. 

      Multiple hearths of origin.

    • D. 

      The deliberate domestication of plants and animals.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 2. 
    The most practiced economic activity in the world is
    • A. 

      Commercial agriculture.

    • B. 

      Manufacturing.

    • C. 

      Providing a service.

    • D. 

      Extensive subsistence agriculture.

    • E. 

      Intensive subsistence agriculture.

  • 3. 
    Agriculture is affected by all of the following except
    • A. 

      Cultural taboos.

    • B. 

      Distance to the market.

    • C. 

      Political policies.

    • D. 

      Level of economic development.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 4. 
    All of the following are aspects of commercial agriculture except
    • A. 

      A heavy reliance on machinery.

    • B. 

      The product is consumed off the farm.

    • C. 

      There is little relationship to other businesses.

    • D. 

      A small percentage of the workforce is engaged directly in agriculture.

    • E. 

      The average size of farms is hundreds of acres.

  • 5. 
    The percentage of the labor force in the United States that works directly in agriculture is 
    • A. 

      2-5%

    • B. 

      5-7%

    • C. 

      7-9%

    • D. 

      10-12%

    • E. 

      13-15%

  • 6. 
    Subsistence agriculture dominates in
    • A. 

      Less developed countries.

    • B. 

      More developed countries.

    • C. 

      Mid-latitude climates.

    • D. 

      Newly-industrialized countries.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 7. 
    All of the following are types of subsistence agriculture except
    • A. 

      Pastoral nomadism.

    • B. 

      Truck farming.

    • C. 

      Shifting cultivation.

    • D. 

      Swidden agriculture.

    • E. 

      Intensive rice farming.

  • 8. 
    Humans survived prior to the invention of agriculture by engaging in 
    • A. 

      Shifting cultivation.

    • B. 

      Hunting and gathering.

    • C. 

      Pastoral nomadism.

    • D. 

      Hunting big game animals.

    • E. 

      Slash and burn cultivation techniques.

  • 9. 
    According to Carl Sauer, what best characterized the invention of plant domestication?
    • A. 

      The process was gradual.

    • B. 

      A number of independent hearths were established.

    • C. 

      Hearths developed in areas with high biodiversity.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 10. 
    All of the following were vegetative planting (root crop) hearths ‚Äčexcept
    • A. 

      West Africa.

    • B. 

      Southeast Asia.

    • C. 

      Southwest Asia.

    • D. 

      Peruvian Highlands.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 11. 
    Which combination of animals was domesticated in Southwest Asia?
    • A. 

      Water buffalo, pig, and chicken.

    • B. 

      Llama and alpaca.

    • C. 

      Cattle, camel, and goat.

    • D. 

      Sheep and goat.

    • E. 

      Yak and horse.

  • 12. 
    What was the advantage of domesticating animals?
    • A. 

      Animals provided meat.

    • B. 

      Animals provided milk.

    • C. 

      Animals provided furs and skins.

    • D. 

      Animals were beasts of burden.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 13. 
    ________________ did not contain an agricultural hearth.
    • A. 

      Europe.

    • B. 

      Asia.

    • C. 

      Africa.

    • D. 

      South America.

    • E. 

      Middle America.

  • 14. 
    Europeans evolved from farming a single field in early medieval times to rotating crops into how many different sections or fields by the 18th century?
    • A. 

      One.

    • B. 

      Two.

    • C. 

      Three.

    • D. 

      Four.

    • E. 

      Five.

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Advancements in agricultural production helped feed the expanding population.

    • B. 

      Technological advancements helped increase agricultural production.

    • C. 

      Transportation improvements made more food available to urban populations.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 16. 
    The Enclosure Movement altered the geography and agricultural practices of rural England by
    • A. 

      Consolidating oddly shaped fields.

    • B. 

      Encouraging the use of more farm machinery.

    • C. 

      Displacing farmers.

    • D. 

      A and B only.

  • 17. 
    Which statement regarding agricultural region(s) with respect to Whittlessey's Agricultural Regions map is no longer applicable?
    • A. 

      Plantation agriculture doesn't exist in North America anymore.

    • B. 

      Grain regions have become smaller over time.

    • C. 

      Mediterranean agriculture has declined in importance.

    • D. 

      Areas of shifting cultivation have become more prominent.

    • E. 

      Commercial gardening in the U.S. is still dominant along the east coast.

  • 18. 
    Shifting cultivation is a threatened form of agriculture because of 
    • A. 

      Competition for resources from logging and mining companies.

    • B. 

      Population increase.

    • C. 

      Modern technology makes the practice obsolete.

    • D. 

      A and B only.

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      People usually live in small villages.

    • B. 

      Farmers clear land using a slash (vegetation) and burn (debris) technique.

    • C. 

      Crops are grown on land until the nutrients in the soil are depleted.

    • D. 

      Primogentric land ownership dominates shifting cultivation societies.

    • E. 

      Farmers usually return to the same area approximately twenty years later.

  • 20. 
    The process by which people engaged in shifting cultivation plant crops of varying heights in order to protect lower crops is called
    • A. 

      Ridge tillage.

    • B. 

      Swidden agriculture.

    • C. 

      Intertillage.

    • D. 

      Shifting cultivation.

    • E. 

      Subsistence agriculture.

  • 21. 
    Pastoral nomads predominate in
    • A. 

      Semi-arid deserts.

    • B. 

      Deserts.

    • C. 

      Subtropical grasslands.

    • D. 

      Tropical rainforest.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 22. 
    Herders who seasonally move their animals between mountain pastures and lowland valleys practice
    • A. 

      Transhumance.

    • B. 

      Seasonal variation.

    • C. 

      Swidden agriculture.

    • D. 

      Livestock ranching.

    • E. 

      Extensive subsistence agriculture.

  • 23. 
    Pastoral nomads do not typically herd
    • A. 

      Cattle.

    • B. 

      Llamas.

    • C. 

      Sheep.

    • D. 

      Goats.

    • E. 

      Camels.

  • 24. 
    Pastoral nomads potentially contribute to desertification by
    • A. 

      Overgrazing.

    • B. 

      Using poor cultivation techniques.

    • C. 

      Moving animals frequently.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 25. 
    Another term for pastoral nomadism is
    • A. 

      Extensive subsistence agriculture.

    • B. 

      Nomadic herding.

    • C. 

      Livestock ranching.

    • D. 

      Grain agriculture.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 26. 
    Extensive subsistence agriculture predominates in
    • A. 

      Tropical rain forests

    • B. 

      Sub-tropical areas.

    • C. 

      Semi-arid deserts.

    • D. 

      Deserts.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 27. 
    Technology essential for intensive subsistence agriculture is 
    • A. 

      Irrigation.

    • B. 

      Precision agriculture techniques.

    • C. 

      Biotechnology.

    • D. 

      Advancements in pesticide research.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 28. 
    What activity typifies extensive commercial agriculture?
    • A. 

      Wheat and grain farming.

    • B. 

      Livestock ranching.

    • C. 

      Banana plantations in Latin America.

    • D. 

      Mixed crop and livestock operations in Iowa.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 29. 
    What best characterizes intensive commercial agriculture?
    • A. 

      Commercial agriculture dominates in More Developed Countries (MDCs)

    • B. 

      Due to globalization and competition, profit margins have decreased.

    • C. 

      Farmers must specialize in order to stay competitive.

    • D. 

      Farmers are part of a complex and highly integrated system called agribusiness.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 30. 
    Which region is not a major dairy producing area? 
    • A. 

      Southeast Canada.

    • B. 

      Northeastern U.S.

    • C. 

      Southern California.

    • D. 

      Northwestern Europe.

    • E. 

      Southeast U.S.

  • 31. 
    Dairy operations locate on the suburban fringe of metropolitan areas because
    • A. 

      Access to market is greater.

    • B. 

      It is outside the milkshed.

    • C. 

      City residents don't like to live near farming operations.

    • D. 

      It is a break-of-bulk point.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 32. 
    Dairy farmers specialize in other products rather then fresh milk because
    • A. 

      Of the low profit margin of milk.

    • B. 

      They are located outside the milkshed.

    • C. 

      Of the high cost of feed.

    • D. 

      Of the high cost of land.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 33. 
    The most widely produced grains in the world are 
    • A. 

      Wheat, rice, and maize.

    • B. 

      Wheat, rice, and oats.

    • C. 

      Rice, maize, and oats.

    • D. 

      Rice, maize, and millet.

    • E. 

      Rice, wheat, and barley.

  • 34. 
    The most important large-scale commercial wheat producing countries in the world include all of the following except
    • A. 

      U.S.

    • B. 

      Ukraine.

    • C. 

      Switzerland.

    • D. 

      Argentina.

    • E. 

      Australia.

  • 35. 
    What accounts for dramatic increased yields of what in developed countries since the 1950's?
    • A. 

      Increased use of machinery.

    • B. 

      Increased use of pesticides.

    • C. 

      Increased use of fertilizers.

    • D. 

      Development of improved seed varieties.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 36. 
    The country that produces the most maize in the world is 
    • A. 

      Canada

    • B. 

      U.S.

    • C. 

      Ukraine

    • D. 

      Brazil

    • E. 

      Argentina

  • 37. 
    The area in Canada most associated with grain farming is
    • A. 

      The Maritime Provinces

    • B. 

      Ontario

    • C. 

      The Northwest Territiories

    • D. 

      The Prairie Provincies

    • E. 

      British Columbia

  • 38. 
    Pastoral nomads and livestock ranchers both
    • A. 

      Suffer from low profit margins

    • B. 

      Have difficulty hiring seasonal workers

    • C. 

      Require extensive knowledge of irrigation systems

    • D. 

      Are in competition with alternative land uses

    • E. 

      Operate most efficiently in similar climates

  • 39. 
    What advantages do cattle feedlots have over traditional methods of livestock ranching?
    • A. 

      Feedlots combine a number of steps in the meat packing industry in one location.

    • B. 

      Feedlots are more efficient at adding weight to cattle.

    • C. 

      Feedlots reduce transportation costs of cattle prior to being slaughtered.

    • D. 

      Feedlots reduce transportation costs of the finished product.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 40. 
    Mediterranean agriculture products include
    • A. 

      Grapes

    • B. 

      Olives

    • C. 

      Dates

    • D. 

      Lemons

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 41. 
    In Mediterranean agriculture farmers derive most of their income from
    • A. 

      Sheep and goats

    • B. 

      Dairy products for various types of cheeses

    • C. 

      Wheat grown for bread and pasta production

    • D. 

      Fruits and vegtables

    • E. 

      Tomatoes

  • 42. 
    Market gardening farms are located close to large urban areas because 
    • A. 

      Expensive land costs force farmers to grow crops with a higher profit margin

    • B. 

      Of the highly perishable nature of their crops

    • C. 

      Transport costs are high due to special handling requirements

    • D. 

      Farmers need large amounts of capital for specialized machinery

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 43. 
    What is the best reason why market gardening farms grow highly perishable fruits and vegtables?
    • A. 

      Favorable climate

    • B. 

      High soil fertility

    • C. 

      Farms are located close to urban centeres

    • D. 

      Transportation costs are low

    • E. 

      Government subsidies make it possible

  • 44. 
    Horticulture could potentially include
    • A. 

      Mediterranean agriculture

    • B. 

      Market gardening

    • C. 

      Truck farming

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 45. 
    Another name for truck farming is
    • A. 

      Specialty farming

    • B. 

      Market gardening

    • C. 

      Commercial gardening and fruit farming

    • D. 

      Intensive commercial agriculture

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 46. 
    Commercial agriculture practiced in the tropics and subtropics is called 
    • A. 

      Intensive subsistence agriculture

    • B. 

      Paddy rice farming

    • C. 

      Plantation agriculture

    • D. 

      Double cropping

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 47. 
    Most plantation operations are found in 
    • A. 

      Latin America

    • B. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • C. 

      Southeast Asia

    • D. 

      South Asia

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 48. 
    In upland areas where plantation is present, what are the two most common crops grown?
    • A. 

      Bananas and tea

    • B. 

      Tea and sugar cane

    • C. 

      Tea and coffee

    • D. 

      Coffee and sugarcane

    • E. 

      Sugarcane and bananas

  • 49. 
    Which of the following is not considered a luxury crop?
    • A. 

      Coffee

    • B. 

      Tea

    • C. 

      Banana

    • D. 

      Cacoa

    • E. 

      Tabacco

  • 50. 
    How have globalization and improved transportation links changed the geography of production areas for products such as apples, grapes, and fresh cut flowers?
    • A. 

      Farmers will seek out areas with the lowest production costs

    • B. 

      North American farmers no longer have a competitive advantage all year

    • C. 

      Production areas have become more competitive in Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

    • D. 

      Southern hemisphere producers have increased production of these items

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 51. 
    According to von Thunen model, what cost does a commercial farmer consider when deciding what crops to plant?
    • A. 

      Transportation costs

    • B. 

      Cost of land

    • C. 

      Transaction costs

    • D. 

      Cost of externalities

    • E. 

      A and B only

  • 52. 
    • A. 

      Wood was quickly becoming a scarce resource

    • B. 

      Wood was used for construction purposes and heating

    • C. 

      Wood is heavy and therefore expensive to transport

    • D. 

      Wood was a sustainable product

    • E. 

      B and C only

  • 53. 
    Using von Thunen's model as a basis for analysis, assume New York City is the single market for the U.S., market gardening would be located in
    • A. 

      The upper Midwest

    • B. 

      California

    • C. 

      Pacific Northwest

    • D. 

      New England

    • E. 

      Southeastern states

  • 54. 
    Using von Thunen's model as a basis for analysis, assume New York City is the single market for the United States, mixed crop and livestock agriculture would be located in
    • A. 

      New England

    • B. 

      The Midwest

    • C. 

      The Pacific Northwest

    • D. 

      Southeastern states

    • E. 

      Great Plains

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Southern England

    • B. 

      Mediterranean France

    • C. 

      Italy

    • D. 

      The steppes of Russia

    • E. 

      The Benelux countries

  • 56. 
    The single most important factor contributing to rural land use patterns for most of the Great Plains in the US is a result of the
    • A. 

      Township and range land survey system

    • B. 

      Metes and bounds land property division method

    • C. 

      Physical geography of the region

    • D. 

      Extensive river systems

    • E. 

      Capitalist economic system

  • 57. 
    Area(s) of the world traditionally known for their circular rural land use patterns include
    • A. 

      Northern Germany

    • B. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • C. 

      East Asia

    • D. 

      South America

    • E. 

      A and B only

  • 58. 
    The linear agricultural land use pattern commonly found in Quebec and Louisiana is 
    • A. 

      The long lot system

    • B. 

      Township and range system

    • C. 

      Metes and bounds system

    • D. 

      Enclosure movement

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 59. 
    The land division system most responsible for dispersed rural settlements in many parts of the US is the
    • A. 

      Long lot system

    • B. 

      Township and range system

    • C. 

      Metes and bounds system

    • D. 

      Enclosure movement

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 60. 
    The region of the world that benefited the least from the Green Revolution was 
    • A. 

      South Asia

    • B. 

      East Asia

    • C. 

      South America

    • D. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • E. 

      Central America

  • 61. 
    Even though post World War II population growth rates hit record numbers, what factor(s) prevented Malthus's predictions from becoming a reality in Least Developed Countries (LDCs)?
    • A. 

      The Green Revolution doubled and tripled crop yields in many developing countries.

    • B. 

      Massive relief on the part of the US prevented worldwide famine.

    • C. 

      Technological advancements increased yields throughout the world.

    • D. 

      High yield varieties (HYVs) increased yields in many parts of the world.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 62. 
    The trend whereby large corporations buy and control many different steps in a food-processing industry is commonly referred to as 
    • A. 

      Agribuisness

    • B. 

      Commercial agriculture

    • C. 

      Biotechnical revolution

    • D. 

      Industrial agriculture

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 63. 
    Many countries in Europe and Africa are reluctant to important Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) produced foods from the United States because
    • A. 

      They could severely alter local agricultural economies

    • B. 

      They could possibly crossbreed with domestic varities

    • C. 

      They would cause economic dependence on US corperations

    • D. 

      They are considered less nutritious

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 64. 
    Growing or raising a single specialty crop on large tracts of land is called
    • A. 

      Commercial agriculture

    • B. 

      Extensive commercial agriculture

    • C. 

      Industrial agriculture

    • D. 

      Monoculture

    • E. 

      Agribuisness

  • 65. 
    The farm crisis in the US during the late 1970s and 1980s resulted in 
    • A. 

      Many family farms going bankrupt

    • B. 

      Corporate farms playing a larger role in rural America

    • C. 

      Increased size of the average farm

    • D. 

      Making it more difficult for an individual to become a farmer

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 66. 
    Boserup theorized that when population increased in a subsistence agriculturally-based community the level of technology and labor efforts must
    • A. 

      Increase to meet the demands of increased population pressures

    • B. 

      Increase by purchasing new machinery from More Developed Countries (MDCs)

    • C. 

      Increase by sending students to technical schools

    • D. 

      Decrease due to the high cost of machinery

    • E. 

      Decrease because more children need to finish their education

  • 67. 
    Which of the following agricultural practices could be deemed sustainable?
    • A. 

      Intensive subsistence

    • B. 

      Organic truck farming

    • C. 

      Commercial livestock feedlots

    • D. 

      Commercial dairy operations

    • E. 

      A and B only

  • 68. 
    This type of farming practice helps preserve soil conservation by planting crops on the tops of hills.
    • A. 

      Interillage

    • B. 

      Ridge tillage

    • C. 

      Crop rotation

    • D. 

      Cover crop planting

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 69. 
    Due to over harvesting of fish stocks and increased demand for seafood, what form of agriculture has substantially grown in the last thirty years?
    • A. 

      Factory deep sea fishing

    • B. 

      Commercial plantation agriculture

    • C. 

      Agribuisness

    • D. 

      Aquaculture

    • E. 

      Monoculture

  • 70. 
    On a global scale most organic products are sold in
    • A. 

      North America

    • B. 

      Europe

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B only

  • 71. 
    All of the following are forms of farm subsidies execept 
    • A. 

      Establishing a minimum price for their product regardless of market conditions

    • B. 

      Importing barriers on foreign agricultural products

    • C. 

      Paying farmers to grow specialty crops

    • D. 

      Paying farmers not to produce more than a certain amount for their product

    • E. 

      Giving farmers tax incentives for various conservation measures

  • 72. 
    Hog production is nearly nonexistent in Southwest Asia and North Africa because
    • A. 

      The lack of rainfall inhibits production

    • B. 

      The climatic conditions are not favorable

    • C. 

      Culturally the population prefers lamb

    • D. 

      Cultural taboos exist on eating pork

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 73. 
    The region with the lowest percent of the labor force directly engaged in agriculture is
    • A. 

      Western Europe

    • B. 

      North America

    • C. 

      Eastern Europe

    • D. 

      North Africa

    • E. 

      East Asia

  • 74. 
    What area in Canada is most productive for timber?
    • A. 

      The Maritime Provinces

    • B. 

      Ontario

    • C. 

      The Northwest Territories

    • D. 

      British Columbia

    • E. 

      The Prairie Provinces

  • 75. 
    The European Union refuses to purchase corn and soybeans from the US because
    • A. 

      The prices are too high

    • B. 

      They want to protect their corn crop

    • C. 

      They are opposed to GMO crops

    • D. 

      They import cheaper commodities from our competitors

    • E. 

      They can grow more corn and soybeans in Europe

  • 76. 
    • A. 

      Establish a CSA

    • B. 

      Become an organic operation

    • C. 

      Sell their produce at farmers markets

    • D. 

      Specialize in a high quality product

    • E. 

      Increase their use of pesticides and artificial fertilizers