4.4 Poverty & Malnutrition

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4.4 Poverty & Malnutrition - Quiz

Environmental Science
Unit 4 - Land Use & Human Impact
4.4 - I CAN explain how poverty is a major cause of malnutrition.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Malnutrition is best defined as:

    • A.

      When people develop eating disorders due to poor body image

    • B.

      When people die from diseases spread through unclean water

    • C.

      When people do not consume enough calories or eat enough different foods to meet the body's needs

    • D.

      When disease spreads through crops and destroys them

    Correct Answer
    C. When people do not consume enough calories or eat enough different foods to meet the body's needs
    Explanation
    Malnutrition is best defined as when people do not consume enough calories or eat enough different foods to meet the body's needs. This means that individuals are not taking in an adequate amount of nutrients and energy from their diet, leading to various health problems and deficiencies. It is not related to eating disorders, diseases spread through unclean water, or crop destruction.

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  • 2. 

    Being overweight cannot result from malnutrition.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Being overweight can result from malnutrition. Malnutrition refers to a lack of proper nutrients in the diet, which can lead to various health issues. One of the possible consequences of malnutrition is the development of overweight or obesity. When the body does not receive the necessary nutrients, it may store excess calories as fat, leading to weight gain. Therefore, the statement that being overweight cannot result from malnutrition is incorrect.

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  • 3. 

    Malnutrition most often results from people living in poverty.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Malnutrition is a condition that occurs when a person's diet lacks the necessary nutrients for proper health and development. Poverty is a significant factor contributing to malnutrition as it limits access to nutritious food and healthcare services. People living in poverty often struggle to afford a balanced diet, leading to inadequate intake of essential nutrients. Therefore, it is true that malnutrition most often results from people living in poverty.

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  • 4. 

    Which is NOT a reason that people suffer from malnutrition in less developed countries?

    • A.

      Very low income

    • B.

      Foods high in sugar & saturated fat

    • C.

      Not enough water to grow their own crops

    Correct Answer
    B. Foods high in sugar & saturated fat
    Explanation
    People in less developed countries may suffer from malnutrition due to various reasons such as very low income, not having enough water to grow their own crops, and lack of access to nutritious food. However, the consumption of foods high in sugar and saturated fat is not a reason for malnutrition. In fact, these types of foods are often considered to be unhealthy and can lead to other health issues such as obesity and related diseases. Malnutrition typically occurs when individuals do not have access to a balanced diet that provides essential nutrients.

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  • 5. 

    Poverty in America often leads to malnutrition because:

    • A.

      People do not have enough water to grow their own crops

    • B.

      Poor neighborhoods often supply foods that create an imbalanced diet

    • C.

      People in poor neighborhoods have unclean water, which leads to disease

    Correct Answer
    B. Poor neighborhoods often supply foods that create an imbalanced diet
    Explanation
    Poor neighborhoods often supply foods that create an imbalanced diet. This means that people living in poverty often have limited access to fresh, nutritious foods and instead rely on cheap, processed foods that are high in calories but low in essential nutrients. This can lead to malnutrition, as the body does not receive the necessary vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients it needs to function properly.

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  • 6. 

    This food item can lead to malnutrition because:

    • A.

      It is high in sugars and saturated fats

    • B.

      It is high in dietary fiber and potassium

    • C.

      It is only available in wealthy communities

    • D.

      It does not contain enough calories to give a person energy

    Correct Answer
    A. It is high in sugars and saturated fats
    Explanation
    This food item can lead to malnutrition because it is high in sugars and saturated fats. Consuming high amounts of sugars and saturated fats can lead to an imbalanced diet and nutrient deficiencies. These nutrients provide empty calories without offering essential vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients necessary for proper bodily functions. Overconsumption of these unhealthy components can also contribute to obesity, heart disease, and other health issues.

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  • 7. 

    This food item can help address malnutrition because:

    • A.

      It is low in dietary fiber and vitamins

    • B.

      It is high in dietary fiber and vitamins

    • C.

      It is high in calories

    • D.

      It is low in potassium

    Correct Answer
    B. It is high in dietary fiber and vitamins
    Explanation
    This food item can help address malnutrition because it is high in dietary fiber and vitamins. Dietary fiber is important for maintaining a healthy digestive system and preventing constipation. Vitamins are essential for various bodily functions and can help prevent deficiencies that can lead to malnutrition.

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  • 8. 

    All of the following are possible effects of malnutrition except:

    • A.

      Diabetes due to high sugar intake

    • B.

      Heart disease due to obesity

    • C.

      Infection due to poor immune system function

    • D.

      Asthma due to air pollution

    Correct Answer
    D. Asthma due to air pollution
    Explanation
    Malnutrition can lead to various health issues, including diabetes due to high sugar intake, heart disease due to obesity, and infection due to poor immune system function. However, asthma is not directly caused by malnutrition or related to air pollution. Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, usually triggered by allergens or irritants. While air pollution can worsen asthma symptoms, it is not a direct effect of malnutrition.

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  • 9. 

    Malnutrition in America usually comes from which TWO problems?

    • A.

      Not enough clean water + not enough income

    • B.

      Not enough income + imbalanced diet

    • C.

      Not enough clean water + imbalanced diet

    • D.

      Not enough income + too much air pollution

    Correct Answer
    B. Not enough income + imbalanced diet
    Explanation
    The correct answer is not enough income + imbalanced diet. This is because malnutrition in America is often caused by a combination of inadequate access to nutritious food due to low income and a diet that lacks essential nutrients.

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  • 10. 

    If this child grows up eating fast food all the time, what might happen to him?

    • A.

      He will be at risk for diabetes & heart disease

    • B.

      He will not consume enough calories to keep his body running

    • C.

      He will be at risk for starvation

    • D.

      He will not have enough saturated fats to keep him healthy

    Correct Answer
    A. He will be at risk for diabetes & heart disease
    Explanation
    If the child grows up eating fast food all the time, he will be at risk for diabetes and heart disease. Fast food is typically high in unhealthy fats, sodium, and sugar, which can contribute to obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels. These conditions increase the chances of developing diabetes and heart disease. Therefore, consistently consuming fast food can have detrimental effects on the child's long-term health.

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