AP Government ChAPters 9 & 10

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Hookemhorns6767
H
Hookemhorns6767
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 8,619
Questions: 61 | Attempts: 1,016

SettingsSettingsSettings
AP Government Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Anthony King's concept of "running scared" suggests that politicians

    • A.

      Do too little campaigning because they are constantly governing.

    • B.

      Do too little governing because they are perpetually campaigning.

    • C.

      Work constantly to avoid media coverage.

    • D.

      Make every effort to avoid public opinion.

    • E.

      Both C and D

    Correct Answer
    B. Do too little governing because they are perpetually campaigning.
    Explanation
    Anthony King's concept of "running scared" suggests that politicians do too little governing because they are perpetually campaigning. This means that instead of focusing on their responsibilities and making decisions for the betterment of the country, politicians are more concerned with staying in power and winning elections. They prioritize campaigning and pleasing the public rather than effectively governing and making necessary changes. This constant focus on campaigning leads to a lack of substantial governance and can hinder progress.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The Federal Election Commission

    • A.

      Is a bipartisan body responsible for administering campaign finance laws and enforcing compliance with those laws.

    • B.

      Is the Republican Party's watchdog organization, which monitors fundraising and spending by Democratic candidates.

    • C.

      Tabulates and certifies the votes in all federal elections.

    • D.

      Administers all elections in the United States from school board to president with a staff of 160,000.

    • E.

      Is a nonpartisan political organization that has sought for over fifty years to reform campaign financing.

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a bipartisan body responsible for administering campaign finance laws and enforcing compliance with those laws.
    Explanation
    The Federal Election Commission is a bipartisan body responsible for administering campaign finance laws and enforcing compliance with those laws. This means that it is a neutral organization that oversees the regulations and rules regarding how campaigns are funded and ensures that candidates and political parties follow these laws. It does not favor any specific political party and its main focus is on maintaining transparency and fairness in the electoral process.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following functions do elections LEAST serve?

    • A.

      Providing legitimacy to the political system

    • B.

      Selecting public officials

    • C.

      Connecting citizens to government officials

    • D.

      Making and coordinating public policy

    • E.

      Providing legitimacy to the political system

    Correct Answer
    D. Making and coordinating public policy
    Explanation
    Elections serve multiple functions in a political system, including providing legitimacy to the political system, selecting public officials, and connecting citizens to government officials. However, the function that elections least serve is making and coordinating public policy. While elections can indirectly influence policy decisions by electing officials with certain policy preferences, the primary responsibility for making and coordinating public policy lies with the elected officials and the government institutions. Elections are more focused on the selection of representatives rather than directly engaging in the policy-making process.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following functions do elections LEAST serve?

    • A.

      Providing legitimacy to the political system

    • B.

      Selecting public officials

    • C.

      Connecting citizens to government officials

    • D.

      Making and coordinating public policy

    • E.

      Providing legitimacy to the political system

    Correct Answer
    D. Making and coordinating public policy
    Explanation
    Elections primarily serve the functions of selecting public officials, connecting citizens to government officials, and providing legitimacy to the political system. However, they do not directly serve the function of making and coordinating public policy. While elected officials may have the authority to make and coordinate public policy, this is not the primary purpose of elections themselves. Elections are more focused on the democratic process of choosing representatives rather than the actual policy-making process.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Daniel Smith argues that initiatives typically stem from

    • A.

      Responsive elected officials, working in a coalition.

    • B.

      Broad public demand for the policy.

    • C.

      The actions of a dedicated policy entrepreneur.

    • D.

      The natural emergence of policy issues.

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The actions of a dedicated policy entrepreneur.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the actions of a dedicated policy entrepreneur." This means that initiatives are usually driven by individuals who are committed to a specific policy and take proactive steps to bring it to fruition. These policy entrepreneurs play a significant role in identifying and advocating for policy issues, often working independently or in collaboration with others to push for change. Their actions are crucial in initiating and advancing policy initiatives, rather than initiatives arising solely from elected officials, public demand, or the natural emergence of issues.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Of the following, which is the most direct form of democracy?

    • A.

      Presidential election

    • B.

      Referendum

    • C.

      Recall

    • D.

      Initiative

    • E.

      Direct primary

    Correct Answer
    D. Initiative
    Explanation
    Initiative is the most direct form of democracy because it allows citizens to propose new laws or changes to existing laws directly, bypassing the legislature. It gives citizens the power to initiate legislation and put it to a vote, ensuring that the people have a direct say in the decision-making process. Unlike other options listed, such as a presidential election or direct primary, initiative allows citizens to directly participate in shaping the laws and policies that govern them.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The election of 1800 was

    • A.

      Decided by the House of Representatives.

    • B.

      Decided by the full Congress.

    • C.

      Decided by the Electoral College.

    • D.

      Decided by the direct vote of the people.

    • E.

      Overturned by the Supreme Court.

    Correct Answer
    A. Decided by the House of Representatives.
    Explanation
    In the election of 1800, the decision was made by the House of Representatives. This was because no candidate received a majority of the electoral votes. According to the Constitution, when this happens, the House of Representatives has the responsibility to choose the President. They held a contingent election and ultimately decided the outcome of the election.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What was the focus of the election of 1896?

    • A.

      Slavery

    • B.

      World War I

    • C.

      The Great Depression

    • D.

      Economics

    • E.

      The religious beliefs of Jefferson

    Correct Answer
    D. Economics
    Explanation
    The focus of the election of 1896 was economics. This election marked a significant shift in American politics, as it centered around economic issues such as currency and tariffs. The two major candidates, William McKinley and William Jennings Bryan, had differing views on these economic matters, with McKinley advocating for the gold standard and Bryan supporting the free coinage of silver. The election ultimately resulted in a victory for McKinley, solidifying the dominance of pro-business and conservative economic policies for the next several decades.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Aside from overturning the Florida Supreme Court, what did the Supreme Court rule in Bush v. Gore (2000)?

    • A.

      That more precise and consistent standards for evaluating ballots would have to be applied in all counties for ballot recounts to be valid.

    • B.

      That a state recount would always be required when an outcome was in question.

    • C.

      That Florida must streamline all of its voting procedures by 2004.

    • D.

      That the goal of more consistent and precise voting standards was realistic on the state level but not necessarily on the national level.

    • E.

      That all ballots and election materials must be exactly the same across the country.

    Correct Answer
    A. That more precise and consistent standards for evaluating ballots would have to be applied in all counties for ballot recounts to be valid.
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court ruled in Bush v. Gore (2000) that more precise and consistent standards for evaluating ballots would have to be applied in all counties for ballot recounts to be valid. This means that the court required a uniform standard to be used across all counties in Florida when recounting the ballots, in order to ensure fairness and accuracy in the election process. The ruling aimed to prevent different counties from using different criteria for evaluating and counting the ballots, which could lead to inconsistent and potentially unfair results.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following is TRUE about American elections over the past 100 years?

    • A.

      The suffrage has narrowed, and the turnout has increased.

    • B.

      Suffrage has broadened, but there has been no change in turnout.

    • C.

      The suffrage has broadened, and the turnout has decreased.

    • D.

      The suffrage has narrowed, and the turnout has decreased.

    • E.

      The suffrage has broadened, and the turnout has increased.

    Correct Answer
    C. The suffrage has broadened, and the turnout has decreased.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The suffrage has broadened, and the turnout has increased." This means that over the past 100 years, more people have gained the right to vote (suffrage has broadened), and there has been an increase in the number of people actually participating in elections (turnout has increased).

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following statements about voting is FALSE?

    • A.

      It might be rational to spend time becoming informed, deciding who to vote for, and turning out on Election Day.

    • B.

      In many cases, your vote will not make a difference to the outcome of the election.

    • C.

      The costs of voting frequently outweigh the benefits of voting.

    • D.

      If there is little difference in the policy positions of the candidates, it is not rational to vote.

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "None of the above." This means that all of the statements about voting are true and none of them are false. According to the answer, it is rational to spend time becoming informed and deciding who to vote for, your vote can make a difference in the outcome of the election, the benefits of voting outweigh the costs, and even if there is little difference in the policy positions of the candidates, it is still rational to vote.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What new way to register to vote was implemented with the passage of the Motor Voter Act?

    • A.

      In an approved drive-through motor vehicle' bureau.

    • B.

      By filling out a form that is driven to your house.

    • C.

      After you take driver's education classes.

    • D.

      By checking a box on your license application or renewal form.

    • E.

      When you buy or lease a car, by checking off a voter registration form.

    Correct Answer
    D. By checking a box on your license application or renewal form.
    Explanation
    The Motor Voter Act implemented a new way to register to vote by checking a box on your license application or renewal form. This means that individuals can conveniently register to vote while applying for or renewing their driver's license. This method aims to increase voter registration by making the process more accessible and integrated into routine administrative tasks.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Political efficacy refers to the belief that

    • A.

      The costs of voting outweigh the benefits.

    • B.

      One should always support democratic government.

    • C.

      Significant policy differences exist between parties.

    • D.

      Government is very inefficient and needs to be streamlined.

    • E.

      Ordinary people can influence the government.

    Correct Answer
    E. Ordinary people can influence the government.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ordinary people can influence the government." Political efficacy refers to an individual's belief that their actions and participation in the political process can have an impact on the government. It is the belief that ordinary citizens can make a difference by voting, engaging in political activism, and holding their elected officials accountable. This belief is essential for a healthy democracy as it encourages citizen engagement and participation in the political system.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Which of the following countries has the lowest voter turnout rate?

    • A.

      Australia

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      United States

    • D.

      Bulgaria

    • E.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. United States
    Explanation
    The United States has the lowest voter turnout rate compared to the other countries listed. This may be due to various factors such as the complexity of the voting process, lack of accessibility to polling stations, and voter apathy. Additionally, the United States does not have mandatory voting laws like some other countries, which could contribute to lower turnout rates.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which of the following characteristics would make one more likely to vote in an election?

    • A.

      Having a low income

    • B.

      Being a college student

    • C.

      Being a welfare recipient

    • D.

      Having a college degree

    • E.

      Being a young adult

    Correct Answer
    D. Having a college degree
    Explanation
    Having a college degree is more likely to make someone vote in an election because individuals with higher levels of education tend to be more politically engaged and informed. They are more likely to understand the importance of voting and the impact it can have on their lives and society as a whole. Additionally, having a college degree often correlates with higher socioeconomic status, which can provide individuals with more resources and opportunities to participate in the political process.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The mandate theory of elections is the idea that

    • A.

      A candidate must get at least 75 percent of the vote to win.

    • B.

      A candidate must get at least sixty percent of the vote to win.

    • C.

      The election winner has authorization from voters to carry out his or her promised policies.

    • D.

      In order to improve turnout rates in the United States, voting must be made a legal requirement of all citizens, with failure to vote resulting in a small fine.

    • E.

      A candidate must get a majority of the votes cast (fifty percent plus one) in order to take office.

    Correct Answer
    C. The election winner has authorization from voters to carry out his or her promised policies.
    Explanation
    The mandate theory of elections suggests that the election winner has authorization from voters to carry out his or her promised policies. This means that when a candidate wins an election, it is seen as a mandate from the voters to implement the policies that they campaigned on. It implies that the elected candidate has the support and backing of the majority of voters to carry out their proposed agenda. This theory emphasizes the importance of democratic representation and the idea that elected officials should act in accordance with the will of the people.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Which of these is the least important dimension of a candidate's image?

    • A.

      Integrity

    • B.

      Intelligence

    • C.

      Reliability

    • D.

      Competence

    • E.

      Experience

    Correct Answer
    B. Intelligence
    Explanation
    Intelligence is considered the least important dimension of a candidate's image because while it is valuable, it does not necessarily guarantee success in a role. Other qualities such as integrity, reliability, competence, and experience are often seen as more important as they contribute to an individual's ability to perform effectively and work well with others. Intelligence alone may not necessarily translate into practical skills, work ethic, or the ability to make sound judgments and decisions.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Research on voting behavior has shown that

    • A.

      Policy voting has become harder than in the past.

    • B.

      A candidate's image is not as important today as it was in the past.

    • C.

      Americans tend to identify with the underdog.

    • D.

      Party identification has become more important in voting decisions.

    • E.

      Policy voting has become somewhat easier than in the past.

    Correct Answer
    E. Policy voting has become somewhat easier than in the past.
    Explanation
    Research on voting behavior has shown that policy voting has become somewhat easier than in the past. This suggests that voters are now more informed and knowledgeable about the policies and positions of candidates. With the advancement of technology and easy access to information, voters can now easily gather information about candidates' policies and make more informed decisions based on their alignment with their own policy preferences. This trend indicates a shift towards a more policy-focused voting behavior among the electorate.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Studies have shown that during the 1960s and 1970s,

    • A.

      Large numbers of people who had been eligible to vote but never voted surged into the electorate.

    • B.

      Voting according to political party identification increased.

    • C.

      Political party identification no longer affected voting behavior.

    • D.

      The hold of the parties on voters eroded substantially.

    • E.

      Democrats voted along party lines more than Republicans.

    Correct Answer
    D. The hold of the parties on voters eroded substantially.
    Explanation
    During the 1960s and 1970s, studies have indicated that there was a significant decline in the influence of political parties on voters. This suggests that the hold of the parties on voters eroded substantially during this period. As a result, voters were less likely to be swayed by their party affiliation and more likely to vote based on other factors such as individual candidate qualities or specific policy issues. This shift in voting behavior reflects a weakening of party loyalty and a greater emphasis on individual preferences.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    The "electors" in the Electoral College are

    • A.

      Selected by state parties, usually as a reward for faithful service to the party over the years.

    • B.

      The members of the House from each state, who vote strictly according to who won the majority of their district's votes.

    • C.

      The members of Congress from each state, who vote strictly according to who won the majority of their state's votes.

    • D.

      Selected by state legislatures well in advance of the presidential election, and each elector votes his or her own conscience as to who would be the best president.

    • E.

      A bipartisan group of political scientists, public officials, jurists, and other respected individuals chosen by the governor of each state.

    Correct Answer
    A. Selected by state parties, usually as a reward for faithful service to the party over the years.
    Explanation
    The electors in the Electoral College are selected by state parties as a reward for their faithful service to the party over the years. This means that the selection of electors is based on their loyalty and dedication to the party rather than any other criteria such as being members of Congress or political scientists. The selection process is typically done by state parties, allowing them to choose individuals who have demonstrated their commitment to the party's goals and values.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Retrospective voting refers to voting for

    • A.

      Different parties and candidates election after election.

    • B.

      A candidate who promises to continue policies that have made you feel better off.

    • C.

      A candidate because of his or her past stands on the issues.

    • D.

      The same party and candidates election after election.

    • E.

      Candidates for nostalgic reasons because they promise to return the country to some golden age in its past.

    Correct Answer
    B. A candidate who promises to continue policies that have made you feel better off.
    Explanation
    Retrospective voting refers to voting for a candidate who promises to continue policies that have made you feel better off. This means that when individuals vote retrospectively, they consider the past performance of the candidate and evaluate whether their policies have positively impacted their lives. If they believe that the candidate's policies have made them better off, they are more likely to vote for that candidate in the future. This type of voting is based on the idea that past performance is a good indicator of future success, and individuals are motivated to vote for candidates who have a track record of policies that have benefited them.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    While the threat of electoral punishment constrains policymakers, it also helps to increase generalized support for

    • A.

      Incumbents who have done a good job.

    • B.

      Individualistic, rather than, collective policy solutions.

    • C.

      The private sector.

    • D.

      Government and its powers.

    • E.

      Unelected government officials in the bureaucracy.

    Correct Answer
    D. Government and its powers.
    Explanation
    The threat of electoral punishment constrains policymakers because they are aware that if they make unpopular decisions, they may lose their position in the next election. However, this threat also helps to increase generalized support for government and its powers. When incumbents are seen as doing a good job, the public tends to have more confidence in the government and its ability to solve problems. This support can lead to a greater acceptance of the government's authority and its role in implementing policy solutions.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Individuals who believe that they can influence government are also more likely to believe

    • A.

      That elections should be held more often.

    • B.

      That government should have more power.

    • C.

      That the courts should be a much smaller part of the governmental system.

    • D.

      That government should be cut back.

    • E.

      That the president should have more power.

    Correct Answer
    B. That government should have more power.
    Explanation
    Individuals who believe that they can influence government are more likely to believe that government should have more power. This is because they have a sense of efficacy and confidence in their ability to shape and influence government decisions. They may view government as a tool for bringing about change and addressing societal issues, and therefore advocate for a stronger government that can effectively address these concerns.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    In the 1976 case of Buckley v. Valeo, the Supreme Court ruled that

    • A.

      The limitation on the amount of money people could contribute to their own election campaigns was not a violation of free speech, and was constitutional.

    • B.

      Congressional and state legislative districts must be of equal population and reapportioned every ten years.

    • C.

      The limitation on the amount of money persons could contribute to their own election campaigns violated free speech, and was unconstitutional.

    • D.

      Presidential election campaigns could not be paid for by tax dollars.

    • E.

      The forced disclosure of contributions to federal elections violated freedom of association, and was therefore unconstitutional.

    Correct Answer
    C. The limitation on the amount of money persons could contribute to their own election campaigns violated free speech, and was unconstitutional.
    Explanation
    In the 1976 case of Buckley v. Valeo, the Supreme Court ruled that the limitation on the amount of money persons could contribute to their own election campaigns violated free speech and was unconstitutional. This means that individuals should have the right to spend their own money on their own campaigns without restrictions, as it is considered a form of expression protected by the First Amendment. The Court's decision emphasized the importance of political speech and the need to protect individuals' ability to financially support their own campaigns.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    What does a presidential candidate have to do to qualify for federal matching funds?

    • A.

      Raise $5,000 on their own in at least 20 states.

    • B.

      Win the nomination.

    • C.

      Win three primaries.

    • D.

      Get 100,000 signatures in their support in at least five states.

    • E.

      Raise $50,000 on their own in all states collectively.

    Correct Answer
    A. Raise $5,000 on their own in at least 20 states.
    Explanation
    To qualify for federal matching funds, a presidential candidate must raise $5,000 on their own in at least 20 states. This requirement ensures that the candidate has a broad base of support across the country and is not solely reliant on a few states or wealthy donors. By meeting this threshold, the candidate becomes eligible to receive matching funds from the federal government, which helps to finance their campaign. This system aims to promote fairness and reduce the influence of big money in elections.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    The McCain-Feingold Act of 2002 did all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Banned soft money contributions.

    • B.

      Increased the amount that individuals could give to candidates from $1,000 to $2,000.

    • C.

      Indexed the limit on individual contributions to inflation for future years.

    • D.

      Barred groups from running "issue ads" within 60 days of a general election if they refer to a federal candidate and are not funded through a PAC.

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The McCain-Feingold Act of 2002 did not increase the amount that individuals could give to candidates from $1,000 to $2,000. This act, also known as the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, aimed to regulate campaign financing by banning soft money contributions, indexing the limit on individual contributions to inflation for future years, and barring groups from running "issue ads" within 60 days of a general election if they refer to a federal candidate and are not funded through a PAC.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Soft money consists of money

    • A.

      That is illegally given to a campaign.

    • B.

      That individuals contribute to their own campaign.

    • C.

      For voter registration drives and campaign material at the grass-roots level.

    • D.

      Provided through public financing.

    • E.

      Given directly to a candidate.

    Correct Answer
    C. For voter registration drives and campaign material at the grass-roots level.
    Explanation
    Soft money refers to funds that are not directly given to a candidate's campaign but are used for other purposes related to the campaign. This includes expenses for voter registration drives and campaign material at the grass-roots level. Soft money is typically used to support the overall goals of a political party or campaign, rather than being directly given to a candidate. It is often used to fund activities that indirectly benefit a candidate's campaign, such as increasing voter turnout or promoting the party's platform.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    In its 2004 ruling the FEC ruled that 527 groups

    • A.

      Were not subject to strict contribution restrictions so long as their political messages did not make explicit endorsements of candidates using phrases like "vote for" or "vote against."

    • B.

      Were subject to strict contribution restrictions.

    • C.

      Were permitted to make explicit endorsements of candidates so long as they were not in the form of negative ads.

    • D.

      Both A and C

    • E.

      Both B and C

    Correct Answer
    A. Were not subject to strict contribution restrictions so long as their political messages did not make explicit endorsements of candidates using phrases like "vote for" or "vote against."
    Explanation
    In 2004, the FEC ruled that 527 groups were not subject to strict contribution restrictions as long as their political messages did not contain explicit endorsements of candidates using phrases like "vote for" or "vote against." This means that these groups were allowed to receive contributions without limitations as long as their messages did not directly advocate for or against specific candidates. This ruling allowed 527 groups to have more flexibility in their political activities, as long as they avoided explicit endorsements.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Critics of the PAC system are concerned that

    • A.

      Only the largest and most powerful interest groups can afford to form PACs.

    • B.

      They tend to support only Republican candidates.

    • C.

      PACs are too weak and ineffective to contribute to a strong democracy.

    • D.

      PACs may control what the electoral winners do once in office.

    • E.

      PACs are not regulated.

    Correct Answer
    D. PACs may control what the electoral winners do once in office.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that critics of the PAC system are concerned that PACs may control what the electoral winners do once in office. This implies that PACs have the potential to influence and manipulate the actions and decisions of elected officials, which can undermine the democratic process. It raises concerns about the extent of the influence that PACs hold over politicians and the potential for corruption or undue influence in the political system.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    According to Herbert Alexander's "doctrine of sufficiency,"

    • A.

      There is a minimum amount of money that candidates must spend to have a chance at winning.

    • B.

      The wealthier candidate always wins.

    • C.

      In order to win, a candidate must have more money than his or her opponent.

    • D.

      Candidates with large personal fortunes are almost guaranteed victory, unless their opponent is of roughly equal net worth.

    • E.

      A candidate's sense of self-worth, not money, is most important to a successful campaign.

    Correct Answer
    A. There is a minimum amount of money that candidates must spend to have a chance at winning.
    Explanation
    According to Herbert Alexander's "doctrine of sufficiency," there is a minimum amount of money that candidates must spend to have a chance at winning. This suggests that simply having more money than the opponent or being wealthier does not guarantee victory. Instead, the focus is on reaching a certain threshold of spending that is considered necessary for a candidate to be competitive in the election. This implies that financial resources play a significant role in a candidate's chances of winning, but it is not solely determined by the candidate's personal wealth or net worth.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Campaigns strengthen voter commitment to the usual party or the candidate they previously supported by emphasizing __________ as part of their campaign strategy.

    • A.

      Reinforcement

    • B.

      Direct mail

    • C.

      Persuasion

    • D.

      Activation

    • E.

      Conversion

    Correct Answer
    A. Reinforcement
    Explanation
    Campaigns strengthen voter commitment to the usual party or the candidate they previously supported by emphasizing reinforcement as part of their campaign strategy. Reinforcement refers to the act of reinforcing or strengthening existing beliefs or behaviors. In the context of political campaigns, this could involve reminding voters of the party's or candidate's past achievements, promoting consistent messaging, or highlighting shared values and beliefs. By using reinforcement, campaigns aim to solidify support among their target audience and increase the likelihood of voter commitment and loyalty.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Which of the following is true of modern campaigns?

    • A.

      They involve much less communication between candidates and voters than America's founders ever imagined.

    • B.

      They involve much more communication between candidates and voters than America's founders ever imagined.

    • C.

      Candidates in modern campaigns make numerous promises during nominations and elections that would have jarred with the founders' notions of the public interest.

    • D.

      Both B and C

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C
    Explanation
    Modern campaigns involve much more communication between candidates and voters than America's founders ever imagined. Candidates in modern campaigns make numerous promises during nominations and elections that would have jarred with the founders' notions of the public interest.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    The "candidate-centered age" refers to a system of modern campaigns that allows politicians to

    • A.

      Decide on their own run for office.

    • B.

      Build their own personal campaign organizations.

    • C.

      Raise their own campaign funds.

    • D.

      Make individual promises about what they will do once they are in office.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The "candidate-centered age" refers to a system of modern campaigns that allows politicians to have control over various aspects of their campaigns. They can decide on their own to run for office, build their own personal campaign organizations, raise their own campaign funds, and make individual promises about what they will do once they are in office. This shift towards a candidate-centered approach has given politicians more autonomy and has changed the dynamics of political campaigns.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    In most advanced, industrialized countries, national campaigns

    • A.

      Occur once every four years.

    • B.

      Are longer than American elections.

    • C.

      Are even less dignified than in the United States.

    • D.

      Occur only once every seven years.

    • E.

      Are limited by law to no more than two months.

    Correct Answer
    E. Are limited by law to no more than two months.
    Explanation
    National campaigns in most advanced, industrialized countries are limited by law to no more than two months.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    The first presidential caucus of the campaign season is traditionally held in

    • A.

      Minnesota.

    • B.

      New Hampshire.

    • C.

      California.

    • D.

      Delaware.

    • E.

      Iowa.

    Correct Answer
    E. Iowa.
    Explanation
    The first presidential caucus of the campaign season is traditionally held in Iowa. This is because Iowa holds the first-in-the-nation caucus, which is an important event in the U.S. presidential election process. Candidates spend a significant amount of time campaigning in Iowa and the state's caucus is seen as a crucial test of a candidate's viability and support. The Iowa caucus has a long-standing tradition and is considered an influential event in shaping the outcome of the presidential race.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Today, most delegates to each major party's national convention are chosen by

    • A.

      State presidential caucuses.

    • B.

      State party chairpersons prior to any caucus or presidential primary.

    • C.

      A lottery system.

    • D.

      State presidential primaries.

    • E.

      The previous national convention.

    Correct Answer
    D. State presidential primaries.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is state presidential primaries. State presidential primaries are the most common method used to select delegates to each major party's national convention. In these primaries, voters in each state directly choose their preferred candidate for the party's nomination. The results of these primaries determine the allocation of delegates to each candidate, with the goal of reflecting the will of the voters. This system allows for a more democratic and transparent process in selecting delegates for the national convention.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    The opening up of the process to choose delegates to the Democratic National Convention in the immediate aftermath of 1968 was spearheaded by

    • A.

      The Kerner Commission.

    • B.

      The Warren Commission.

    • C.

      President Johnson.

    • D.

      An act of Congress.

    • E.

      The McGovern-Fraser Commission.

    Correct Answer
    E. The McGovern-Fraser Commission.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the McGovern-Fraser Commission. The McGovern-Fraser Commission was responsible for opening up the process to choose delegates to the Democratic National Convention after the tumultuous events of 1968. This commission was formed in response to the widespread belief that the nomination process was undemocratic and needed reform. The commission's recommendations led to greater inclusion and participation, as well as the implementation of rules that required the representation of women, minorities, and young people in the delegate selection process. This marked a significant shift in the Democratic Party's approach to selecting delegates and making the nomination process more democratic.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    Superdelegates

    • A.

      Are each able to cast three votes at their national convention rather than the standard one vote.

    • B.

      Are delegates uncommitted to a specific candidate.

    • C.

      Are special delegates chosen by popular election.

    • D.

      Have helped make the delegation more representative of the population.

    • E.

      Have helped restore an element of peer review to the process of choosing a presidential candidate.

    Correct Answer
    E. Have helped restore an element of peer review to the process of choosing a presidential candidate.
    Explanation
    Superdelegates have helped restore an element of peer review to the process of choosing a presidential candidate. This means that superdelegates, who are typically party leaders and elected officials, have the ability to use their influence and expertise to evaluate the candidates and provide a valuable perspective on their qualifications. By having superdelegates involved in the process, it ensures that the selection of a presidential candidate is not solely based on popular vote, but also takes into account the opinions and evaluations of experienced party members. This helps to ensure that the candidate chosen is well-qualified and has the support of party leaders.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    Which of the following is NOT a criticism of the current system of presidential primaries and caucuses?

    • A.

      Money plays too big a role.

    • B.

      Prominent officeholders find it difficult to take time from their current duties to run.

    • C.

      The media do not have enough of a role in this process.

    • D.

      Too much attention is paid to the early ones.

    • E.

      Many candidates drop out before most states have held their primary or caucus.

    Correct Answer
    C. The media do not have enough of a role in this process.
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the criticism of the current system of presidential primaries and caucuses is that the media do not have enough of a role in the process. This implies that the media's involvement is considered inadequate or insufficient in shaping the primary and caucus outcomes. The other options listed as criticisms include the excessive influence of money, difficulty for officeholders to participate, excessive attention on early primaries, and candidates dropping out before most states have held their primary or caucus.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    Proponents of a national primary argue that it would do each of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Increase interest in more states.

    • B.

      No longer allow votes in one state to have more political impact than votes in another.

    • C.

      Lengthen the time of the campaign.

    • D.

      Concentrate media coverage and increase interest and understanding.

    • E.

      Bring directness and simplicity to the nomination process.

    Correct Answer
    C. Lengthen the time of the campaign.
    Explanation
    A national primary would not lengthen the time of the campaign because it would consolidate all the state primaries into one day, reducing the overall duration of the nomination process. This would allow for a more direct and efficient selection of candidates, as well as bring simplicity to the process. Additionally, a national primary would ensure that votes in one state do not have more political impact than votes in another, as all states would have an equal say in the nomination. It would also concentrate media coverage and increase interest and understanding by focusing on a single day of voting.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    Over the years, television coverage of national party conventions has

    • A.

      Steadily increased.

    • B.

      Shifted to local affiliate reporters focusing on their state delegations and away from the national network anchors.

    • C.

      Been scaled back.

    • D.

      Become more dramatic.

    • E.

      Received increasingly high Nielsen ratings.

    Correct Answer
    C. Been scaled back.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "been scaled back." This means that the television coverage of national party conventions has been reduced or decreased over the years. This could be due to various reasons such as changing viewer preferences, budget constraints, or a shift in focus towards other forms of media coverage.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    Traditionally, Iowa holds the first presidential primary to choose delegates to each party's national conventions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because traditionally, Iowa holds the first presidential caucus, not primary, to choose delegates to each party's national conventions.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    The national party convention functions to select presidential and vice presidential candidates and to write a party platform.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The national party convention is a significant event where members of a political party gather to choose their party's candidates for the presidency and vice presidency. Additionally, during the convention, party members also work together to develop and finalize a party platform, which outlines the party's beliefs, goals, and policy positions. Therefore, the statement that the national party convention functions to select presidential and vice presidential candidates and to write a party platform is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    Unlike party convention delegates prior to 1968, most of today's delegates to Democratic conventions have few ties to experienced politicians or the party organization.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Most of today's Democratic convention delegates have few ties to experienced politicians or the party organization, unlike the delegates prior to 1968. This suggests that the composition of delegates has changed over time, with a decrease in the influence of experienced politicians and the party organization.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    The Democratic Party has been more preoccupied since 1968 with party efficiency and winning elections rather than with broadening representation in the party and opening up its process.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the Democratic Party has prioritized party efficiency and winning elections over broadening representation and opening up its process since 1968. The correct answer is false because the statement implies that the Democratic Party has not focused on broadening representation and opening up its process, which may not be entirely accurate.

    Rate this question:

  • 46. 

    The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar year in order to capitalize on media attention is called frontloading.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Frontloading refers to the practice of states scheduling their primary elections early in the calendar year, usually before other states, in order to gain more media attention and influence the outcome of the nomination process. This strategy allows states to have a greater impact on the selection of a party's candidate, as candidates are more likely to focus their resources and campaigning efforts on states with early primaries. Therefore, the statement that the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar year in order to capitalize on media attention is called frontloading is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    Candidate's policy positions receive more media attention than does their campaign strategy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that candidate's policy positions receive more media attention than their campaign strategy. The correct answer is False because in reality, a candidate's campaign strategy tends to receive more media attention than their policy positions. The media often focuses on the candidate's tactics, messaging, and overall campaign strategy rather than delving deep into their specific policy positions.

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    A political party's statement of its goals and policies over the next four years is called the party platform.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement correctly defines the term "party platform" as the goals and policies of a political party for the next four years. This platform serves as a guiding document for the party's actions and positions on various issues during their term. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 49. 

    The internet has had its greatest impact on campaigns in the area of advertising.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the internet has had a significant impact on campaigns in various areas, not just advertising. It has revolutionized communication, fundraising, voter mobilization, and grassroots organizing. The internet allows campaigns to reach a wider audience, target specific demographics, and engage with supporters in real-time. Social media platforms have become powerful tools for political campaigns, enabling them to spread their message, raise funds, and mobilize supporters more effectively. Therefore, the internet's impact on campaigns extends beyond advertising.

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 was extremely effective in limiting the influence of money on campaigns and elections.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 was not extremely effective in limiting the influence of money on campaigns and elections. While the act did introduce some regulations and disclosure requirements for campaign financing, it did not have a significant impact on reducing the influence of money in politics. Subsequent court decisions, such as Citizens United v. FEC, further weakened the act's effectiveness by allowing for increased corporate and union spending in elections. Therefore, the statement that the act was extremely effective in limiting the influence of money on campaigns and elections is false.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.