AP Early America Test

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

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AP Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will assess students' knowledge over events that occurred during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Analyze the impact of John Marshall on the Supreme Court from 1800-1820 using at least TWO of the following court cases:Marbury v. MadisonMcCulloch v. MarylandFletcher v. Peck
  • 2. 
    Which of the following most accurately describes the Louisiana Purchase?
    • A. 

      James Madison doubled the size of the United States by purchasing the Louisiana Territory from France.

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson doubled the size of the United States by purchasing the Louisiana Territory from France.

    • C. 

      Napolean Bonaparte purchased the Louisiana Territory from Spain in order to expand his power.

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson refused to purchase the Louisiana Territory due to his strict interpretation of the Constitution

    • E. 

      The British gave Louisiana to the United States to upset Napolean

  • 3. 
    What did the Alien and Sedition Acts do?
    • A. 

      Made it illegal to immigrate to America

    • B. 

      It became illegal to vote for Republicans

    • C. 

      Made it illegal to raise a militia

    • D. 

      Made it illegal to criticize high government officials

    • E. 

      Destroyed the Federalist party

  • 4. 
    What was a result of the XYZ affair?
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court began to gain power

    • B. 

      Americans wanted neutrality

    • C. 

      Americans attacked England

    • D. 

      The tax on whiskey was repealed

    • E. 

      Americans became angry at France

  • 5. 
    What was the result of Marbury v. Madison?
    • A. 

      Congress became more powerful

    • B. 

      Judges were no longer allowed to vote

    • C. 

      The concept of judicial review was born

    • D. 

      The President was removed from office

    • E. 

      The national bank was preserved

  • 6. 
    Which best describes the War of 1812?
    • A. 

      A military defeat for the United States

    • B. 

      A military defeat for England

    • C. 

      A strong victory for the United States

    • D. 

      England was defeated only in naval battles

    • E. 

      The United States improved their military tactics and defeated the British soundly

  • 7. 
    How did John Marshall affect the Supreme Court?
    • A. 

      He reduced its power to check other branches

    • B. 

      He increased its power through his rulings

    • C. 

      He reduced the court's role in power over the legislative branch

    • D. 

      He had very little impact on the Supreme Court

    • E. 

      He served on the court for more than thirty years

  • 8. 
    Why did Thomas Jefferson believe that creating a national bank was unconstitutional?
    • A. 

      The Constitution prohibited a national bank

    • B. 

      Only states can create national banks

    • C. 

      He knew that a national bank was a terrible idea

    • D. 

      The Constitution did not specifically say that a national bank could be created

    • E. 

      He had a loose construction view of the Constitution

  • 9. 
    What was the decision of the Supreme Court in McCullough v. Maryland?
    • A. 

      Maryland had insufficient evidence to prove their case

    • B. 

      The national bank was unconstitutional

    • C. 

      Maryland had no right to sue the national bank

    • D. 

      The national bank was constitutional and Maryland could not tax it

    • E. 

      Maryland was permitted to tax the national bank and Alexander Hamilton

  • 10. 
    Which of the following did NOT contribute to the United States decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812?
    • A. 

      American military and economic preparedness for war

    • B. 

      American concern for national honor

    • C. 

      Impressment of American sailors

    • D. 

      British interference with United States commerce

    • E. 

      American fears of British aid to Native Americans on the frontier

  • 11. 
    Marbury v. Madison (1803) is famous for establishing the principle of:
    • A. 

      The sanctity of contracts

    • B. 

      The supremacy of the executive over the legislative branch

    • C. 

      Judicial review

    • D. 

      Due process of law

    • E. 

      Equal access by any citizen to federal courts

  • 12. 
    An important reason for the proclamation of the Monroe Doctrine was to
    • A. 

      End the United States alliance with France

    • B. 

      Displace England as the chief creditor of the Latin American countries

    • C. 

      Counter British objections that would arise in any future United States effort to annex the West Indies or Canada

    • D. 

      Protect republican institutions of government in the Western Hemisphere

    • E. 

      Prevent French interference in the internal affairs of Mexico

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is correct about the tariffs passed between the years 1816-1828?
    • A. 

      They reduced barriers to free trade

    • B. 

      They were supported by all sections of the nation

    • C. 

      Their constitutionality was tested in the courts

    • D. 

      They were primarily intended as revenue-raising efforts

    • E. 

      They were the first tariffs whose major purpose was protection

  • 14. 
    Henry Clay's "American System" called for all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      A tariff for the protection of industry

    • B. 

      Internal improvements at national government expense

    • C. 

      Sale of federal lands to finance higher education

    • D. 

      Greater reliance on domestic financial resources

    • E. 

      Increased trade among the sections of the nation

  • 15. 
    A major reason why Thomas Jefferson was interested in purchasing Louisiana from France is that he
    • A. 

      Wanted to establish a precedent for the expansion of presidential authority

    • B. 

      Wanted an area beyond the Mississippi River to which east Native Americans could be moved

    • C. 

      Had learned from Lewis and Clark of the untapped mineral resources in western areas

    • D. 

      Hoped to cement a Franco-American alliance against the British

    • E. 

      Hoped to preserve an agricultural society by making abundant lands available to future generations

  • 16. 
    The election of 1800 has been referred to as "another revolution" because 
    • A. 

      The House of Representatives decided the election

    • B. 

      A Supreme Court decision was required to dislodge the Federalists

    • C. 

      Voter turnout increased dramatically

    • D. 

      The party in power stepped down after losing the election

    • E. 

      Force was required to get John Adams to leave the White House

  • 17. 
    When Thomas Jefferson said in 1801, "We are all republicans - we are all Federalists," he meant that
    • A. 

      Americans would never ally themselves with monarchical governments

    • B. 

      Federalists would be appointed to his cabinet

    • C. 

      The two parties' platforms were identical

    • D. 

      The principles of American government were above party politics

    • E. 

      He admired Hamilton's policies

  • 18. 
    The Hartford Convention was a manifestation of
    • A. 

      New England federalist opposition to the War of 1812

    • B. 

      New England's desire to end trade with great Britain

    • C. 

      Northern gratitude to General Jackson for his victory at New Orleans

    • D. 

      The War Hawks' impatience with President Madison's conduct of foreign policy

    • E. 

      Western resentment against British-backed American Indian attacks

  • 19. 
    The financial programs of Alexander Hamilton included all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Funding of the national debt

    • B. 

      Nullification of all private debts to the state

    • C. 

      Imposition of a tax on distilled liquor

    • D. 

      Establishment of the Bank of the United States

    • E. 

      Assumption of all state debts

  • 20. 
    For which one issue did Thomas Jefferson reverse his position on a strict construction of the Constitution?
    • A. 

      The "midnight judges"

    • B. 

      The purchase of the Louisiana territory

    • C. 

      Moving the capital to Washington DC

    • D. 

      The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    • E. 

      The election of 1800

  • 21. 
    President Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to:
    • A. 

      Respond positively to the recent Latin American revolutions

    • B. 

      Rule out United States involvement in South America

    • C. 

      Provide a rationale for United States intervention in the Isthmus of Panama

    • D. 

      Warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere

    • E. 

      Encourage Britain to help the fledgling Latin American states

  • 22. 
    The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?
    • A. 

      Abolishing the Bank of the United States

    • B. 

      Reducing the scope of activities of the federal government

    • C. 

      Discontinuing the funding of state debts

    • D. 

      Increasing the size of the United States military

    • E. 

      Adopting the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions at the national level

  • 23. 
    The Missouri Compromise did which of the following?
    • A. 

      Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase

    • B. 

      Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, one slave

    • C. 

      Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state

    • D. 

      Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories

    • E. 

      Provided for the annexation of Texas

  • 24. 
    Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable to:
    • A. 

      Western farmers

    • B. 

      War veterans

    • C. 

      Southern planters

    • D. 

      Eastern merchants

    • E. 

      State bankers

  • 25. 
    The most unpopular and least successful of President Thomas Jefferson's policies was his
    • A. 

      Advocacy of territorial expansion

    • B. 

      Handling of the Barbary Coast pirates

    • C. 

      Reduction of the size of the military

    • D. 

      Reduction of the national debt

    • E. 

      Adherence to neutrality in dealing with England and France

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