Apwh Period 6 Test

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AP World History Quizzes & Trivia

As part of advanced placement, different tests are given to ascertain and determine whether or not you will get through. The advanced placement world history quiz below specifically tests on the vast world history. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following was not a factor in starting World War I?

    • A.

      Nationalism

    • B.

      Weakening of the Ottoman Empire

    • C.

      Competition for resources in colonial territories to fuel ongoing technology development

    • D.

      Alliances and interactive military plans

    • E.

      The Monroe Doctrine

    Correct Answer
    E. The Monroe Doctrine
    Explanation
    The Monroe Doctrine was not a factor in starting World War I. The Monroe Doctrine was a policy of the United States that stated that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US. It was not directly related to the causes of World War I, which were primarily driven by factors such as nationalism, the weakening of the Ottoman Empire, competition for resources in colonial territories, and the complex web of alliances and military plans between different nations.

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  • 2. 

    In the early twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was referred to as the

    • A.

      "sick man of Europe."

    • B.

      "Turkish Colossus."

    • C.

      "Evil Empire."

    • D.

      "Threat from the East."

    • E.

      "Scarlet Knights."

    Correct Answer
    A. "sick man of Europe."
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sick man of Europe." This term was used to describe the declining state of the Ottoman Empire in the early twentieth century. It reflected the perception that the empire was weak, unstable, and in a state of decline compared to the more powerful and advanced European nations. The Ottoman Empire was facing internal conflicts, territorial losses, and economic struggles, which led to its eventual collapse and dissolution after World War I.

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  • 3. 

    What turned the political assassination of Franz Ferdinand into a world-wide event involving all of the Great Powers was:

    • A.

      Competition among industrialized nations.

    • B.

      The pre-existing system of alliances.

    • C.

      The familial squabbles of the royal houses of Europe, all grandchildren of Queen Victoria.

    • D.

      The opportunity to incite revolution in China and Russia.

    • E.

      The entry of the United States into the fray of war.

    Correct Answer
    B. The pre-existing system of alliances.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the pre-existing system of alliances. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand triggered a chain reaction due to the complex web of alliances between the Great Powers. When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Serbia's ally Russia mobilized its forces. In response, Germany declared war on Russia and its ally France. This led to the involvement of other countries through their alliances, ultimately escalating the conflict into a world-wide event. The alliances created a domino effect, causing the war to spread beyond the initial assassination incident.

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  • 4. 

      The policy decision that most affected future relations between the Jewish and Palestinian settlers was embodied in

    • A.

      The Balfour Declaration.

    • B.

      The Treaty of Brest Litovsk.

    • C.

      The Zimmerman Telegram.

    • D.

      The Dreyfus Affair.

    • E.

      The Doctors' Conspiracy.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Balfour Declaration.
    Explanation
    The Balfour Declaration was a policy decision that had a significant impact on the future relations between Jewish and Palestinian settlers. It was a statement issued by the British government in 1917, expressing support for the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine. This declaration was seen as favoring Jewish interests and aspirations, which created tensions and conflicts with the Palestinian population. It laid the foundation for the Zionist movement and the eventual establishment of the state of Israel, fundamentally shaping the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

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  • 5. 

    Vladimir Lenin was the leader of the

    • A.

      Bolsheviks.

    • B.

      Mensheviks.

    • C.

      Social Revolutionaries.

    • D.

      Provisional Government.

    • E.

      Young Turks.

    Correct Answer
    A. Bolsheviks.
    Explanation
    Vladimir Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks, which was a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. The Bolsheviks were a revolutionary group that believed in the overthrow of the capitalist system and the establishment of a socialist state. Lenin played a crucial role in the October Revolution of 1917, which led to the Bolsheviks taking control of the Russian government and ultimately the formation of the Soviet Union.

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  • 6. 

    Which was not one of the significant parts of Wilson's fourteen-point plan to end the war?

    • A.

      German evacuation of occupied lands

    • B.

      Autonomy for nationalities under Ottoman rule

    • C.

      Forfeiture of all German agricultural lands

    • D.

      Formation of an association of nations to ensure the independence and territorial integrity of all states

    • E.

      Inclusion of local populations to settle territorial disputes

    Correct Answer
    C. Forfeiture of all German agricultural lands
  • 7. 

    The influenza epidemic of 1918-1919

    • A.

      Was a germ warfare attack by the Germans.

    • B.

      Killed 1 million.

    • C.

      Killed 20 million.

    • D.

      Did not kill people, but killed horses.

    • E.

      Was contained with the use of antibiotics.

    • F.

      Was contained with the use of antibiotics.

    Correct Answer
    C. Killed 20 million.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "killed 20 million." The influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 was a global outbreak of a highly contagious strain of influenza virus. It spread rapidly across the world, infecting millions of people and causing an estimated 20 million deaths. This epidemic was not a deliberate germ warfare attack, but rather a natural occurrence. Antibiotics were not effective in treating influenza at that time, so the epidemic was not contained with their use.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following was not one of the elements in the Treaty of Versailles that angered Germany?

    • A.

      The infamous "guilt clause"

    • B.

      The amount of reparations it had to pay

    • C.

      The loss of territory it sustained

    • D.

      High tariffs enacted by the allies

    • E.

      Elimination of the German air force

    Correct Answer
    D. High tariffs enacted by the allies
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles angered Germany due to several elements, including the infamous "guilt clause" which placed full blame for the war on Germany, the significant amount of reparations it had to pay, and the loss of territory it sustained. Additionally, the elimination of the German air force further added to Germany's discontent. However, high tariffs enacted by the allies were not specifically mentioned as one of the elements that angered Germany in the Treaty of Versailles.

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  • 9. 

    The Communist Party of the Soviet Union planned to pay for industrialization by

    • A.

      Collecting taxes on agricultural production.

    • B.

      Raising tariffs on all imports.

    • C.

      Bleeding wealth from neighboring territories.

    • D.

      Squeezing the peasants.

    • E.

      Getting large loans from the World Bank.

    Correct Answer
    D. Squeezing the peasants.
    Explanation
    During the period of industrialization in the Soviet Union, the Communist Party planned to finance it by squeezing the peasants. This refers to the policy of collectivization, where the government seized privately owned farmland and forced peasants to work on state-owned collective farms. The peasants were often subjected to high taxes and quotas, with the government taking a significant portion of their agricultural production. This allowed the government to extract wealth from the peasants and use it to fund industrialization efforts.

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  • 10. 

    The leader of the Guomindang after 1925 was:

    • A.

      Yuan Shikai

    • B.

      Chiang Kai-shek

    • C.

      Sun Yat-sen

    • D.

      Mao Tse Tung

    • E.

      Emperess Cixi

    Correct Answer
    B. Chiang Kai-shek
    Explanation
    Chiang Kai-shek was the leader of the Guomindang after 1925. He succeeded Sun Yat-sen as the leader of the Nationalist Party and played a significant role in Chinese politics during that time. Chiang Kai-shek led the Nationalist forces in the Northern Expedition, which aimed to reunify China and overthrow the warlords. He also fought against the Chinese Communist Party during the Chinese Civil War. Chiang Kai-shek's leadership and policies had a profound impact on the political landscape of China during this period.

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  • 11. 

    Japan had

    • A.

      Very few natural resources and little arable land.

    • B.

      Many natural resources and little arable land.

    • C.

      Very few natural resources and abundant arable land.

    • D.

      Many natural resources and abundant arable land.

    • E.

      A small and unmotivated population.

    Correct Answer
    A. Very few natural resources and little arable land.
    Explanation
    Japan had very few natural resources and little arable land. This means that Japan did not have a significant amount of raw materials or fertile land for agriculture. As a result, Japan had to rely heavily on importing resources and food from other countries, which made them vulnerable to disruptions in the global supply chain. This scarcity of resources also influenced Japan's economic and industrial development, as they had to find innovative ways to maximize their limited resources and prioritize efficiency.

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  • 12. 

    What was the mandate system?

    • A.

      The League of Nations members divided a percentage of wealth generated by all colonies.

    • B.

      Colonial rulers administered territories but were held accountable to the League of Nations.

    • C.

      Colonialism was eliminated.

    • D.

      Colonies were incorporated into various nations with all the rights and liabilities of ordinary citizens.

    • E.

      An immigration system of guest workers was designed to supply the former colonizers with inexpensive laborers.

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonial rulers administered territories but were held accountable to the League of Nations.
    Explanation
    The mandate system was a system in which colonial rulers administered territories but were held accountable to the League of Nations. This means that although the colonial rulers were in charge of governing the territories, they had to report to and follow the guidelines set by the League of Nations. This allowed for some level of oversight and control over the actions of the colonial rulers, with the aim of ensuring that the territories were being governed in a fair and responsible manner.

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  • 13. 

    In 1923, Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) turned Turkey into

    • A.

      A sultanate.

    • B.

      An Islamic state.

    • C.

      A secular republic.

    • D.

      A Communist state.

    • E.

      A "mega-state" through its merger with Greece.

    Correct Answer
    C. A secular republic.
    Explanation
    In 1923, Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) transformed Turkey into a secular republic. This means that the government and the state are separate from religious institutions and laws. Atatürk implemented a series of reforms to modernize Turkey and promote secularism, such as abolishing the caliphate, introducing a new legal system based on European models, and granting equal rights to women. This shift towards secularism was a significant departure from the previous Ottoman Empire, which had been a religiously influenced state.

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  • 14. 

    Stalin's First Five-Year Plan stressed

    • A.

      Increases in electricity and heavy industries.

    • B.

      Production of consumer goods for export.

    • C.

      Acquiring colonies to protect the Soviet economy.

    • D.

      Decentralized control and economic incentives.

    • E.

      Participation in the European Union.

    Correct Answer
    A. Increases in electricity and heavy industries.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is increases in electricity and heavy industries. Stalin's First Five-Year Plan, implemented in the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1932, aimed to rapidly industrialize the country. It focused on developing heavy industries such as coal, steel, and machinery, as well as increasing electricity production. The plan aimed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural society into an industrial powerhouse, with the goal of catching up with and surpassing the industrialized nations of the West.

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  • 15. 

    The stock market crash of 1929 turned into

    • A.

      The deepest, most widespread depression in history.

    • B.

      An economic boon to the "common man," as he was now able to afford stock.

    • C.

      A minor depression followed by an economic recovery.

    • D.

      A "limited" depression in some countries, but not most Western countries.

    • E.

      A depression for the United States only.

    Correct Answer
    A. The deepest, most widespread depression in history.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the deepest, most widespread depression in history. This is because the stock market crash of 1929 led to the Great Depression, which was a severe economic downturn that affected not only the United States but also many other countries around the world. It was characterized by high unemployment rates, widespread poverty, and a significant decline in economic activity. This depression lasted for several years and had a profound impact on the global economy.

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  • 16. 

    Franklin D. Roosevelt's economic recovery plan was:

    • A.

      New Deal

    • B.

      Square Deal

    • C.

      New Frontier

    • D.

      Fair Deal

    • E.

      Trickle Down Economics

    Correct Answer
    A. New Deal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is New Deal. Franklin D. Roosevelt implemented the New Deal as his economic recovery plan during the Great Depression. The New Deal aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform through various programs and policies. It included initiatives such as the creation of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to provide employment, the Social Security Act to establish a social safety net, and the National Industrial Recovery Act to regulate industries. The New Deal played a significant role in stabilizing the economy and providing assistance to those affected by the economic crisis.

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  • 17. 

    Hitler's goal for Germany included all of the following except

    • A.

      The repeal of the Treaty of Versailles.

    • B.

      To take over all German-speaking territory.

    • C.

      To expand into Poland.

    • D.

      To eliminate the Jews from Europe.

    • E.

      To divide the Western world from the Eastern by a tripartite pact with Japan.

    Correct Answer
    E. To divide the Western world from the Eastern by a tripartite pact with Japan.
    Explanation
    Hitler's goal for Germany included the repeal of the Treaty of Versailles, taking over all German-speaking territory, expanding into Poland, and eliminating the Jews from Europe. However, his goal did not include dividing the Western world from the Eastern by a tripartite pact with Japan.

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  • 18. 

    In 1935, Mussolini took advantage of the weakness of the Western democracies and

    • A.

      Invaded Ethiopia.

    • B.

      Launched a bombing campaign against France.

    • C.

      Ended diplomatic relations with Britain.

    • D.

      Sent military aid to Germany.

    • E.

      Annexed Sicily.

    Correct Answer
    A. Invaded Ethiopia.
    Explanation
    In 1935, Mussolini saw an opportunity to expand his empire and take advantage of the weakness of the Western democracies. He invaded Ethiopia, seeking to establish Italian control over the country. This act of aggression was met with international condemnation, but Mussolini proceeded with his invasion nonetheless. This event marked a significant step towards Italy's imperial ambitions and further strained relations between Italy and the Western powers.

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  • 19. 

    Many Japanese nationalists thought that the answer to the Depression was to

    • A.

      Once again close Japan to Western influence.

    • B.

      Have Japanese colonies.

    • C.

      Better support Japanese agriculture.

    • D.

      Make prayers and sacrifices to their ancestors.

    • E.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Make prayers and sacrifices to their ancestors.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, many Japanese nationalists believed that the solution to the economic crisis was to return to traditional values and practices. They believed that by making prayers and sacrifices to their ancestors, they could seek guidance and blessings to overcome the hardships. This approach reflects a deep-rooted cultural and spiritual belief in the power of ancestral worship and the importance of maintaining traditional customs.

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  • 20. 

    Mao Zedong's variety of communism was a radical departure from the traditional ideology because it

    • A.

      Emphasized the urban proletariat.

    • B.

      Involved no land distribution.

    • C.

      Relied on the peasantry.

    • D.

      Was the same as Stalin's brand of communism.

    • E.

      Only accepted individuals under twelve years old so they could be properly indoctrinated.

    Correct Answer
    C. Relied on the peasantry.
    Explanation
    Mao Zedong's variety of communism was a radical departure from the traditional ideology because it relied on the peasantry. Unlike traditional communism which focused on the urban proletariat, Mao's ideology recognized the importance and power of the rural peasantry. He believed that the peasants were the true revolutionary force in China and that they could lead the country towards a communist society. This emphasis on the peasantry was a significant departure from traditional communist ideologies and played a crucial role in Mao's revolution and governance.

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  • 21. 

    Mao Zedong's 1934 escape from the Guomindang to Shaanxi was called the

    • A.

      Miracle of Mao.

    • B.

      Long March.

    • C.

      Trek to the Mountain.

    • D.

      March of Madness.

    • E.

      Night of Terror.

    Correct Answer
    B. Long March.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Long March." This term refers to Mao Zedong and his Communist forces' retreat from the Guomindang (Nationalist Party) in 1934. They traveled approximately 6,000 miles over rugged terrain, facing numerous hardships and battles along the way. The Long March was a significant event in Chinese history, as it allowed Mao and his forces to regroup and eventually gain support, leading to the eventual establishment of the People's Republic of China.

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  • 22. 

    The German Blitzkrieg meant, literally,

    • A.

      Death from above.

    • B.

      No surrender.

    • C.

      Total war.

    • D.

      Lightning war.

    • E.

      Secret war.

    Correct Answer
    D. Lightning war.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "lightning war." The term Blitzkrieg refers to a military tactic used by the German forces during World War II, characterized by swift and powerful attacks that aimed to overwhelm the enemy quickly. It involved the coordinated use of armored vehicles, air support, and infantry, allowing the Germans to rapidly advance and conquer their opponents. The term "lightning war" accurately describes this strategy, emphasizing the speed and intensity of the German attacks.

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  • 23. 

    The Battle of Britain was conducted primarily by

    • A.

      Air attacks.

    • B.

      Submarines.

    • C.

      Naval warships.

    • D.

      Ground force invasion on the beaches at Hastings.

    • E.

      Detonating a magneto-electric pulse on London to wipe out all electric power.

    Correct Answer
    A. Air attacks.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is air attacks. The Battle of Britain was a major air campaign fought between the Royal Air Force (RAF) of the United Kingdom and the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) during World War II. It primarily involved aerial combat and bombing raids by both sides, with the Luftwaffe attempting to gain air superiority over Britain in preparation for a potential invasion. The battle lasted from July to October 1940 and is considered a significant turning point in the war, as the RAF successfully defended against the German attacks, preventing a German invasion and boosting British morale.

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  • 24. 

    On December 7, 1941,

    • A.

      The Yalta Conference took place and set in motion the plans for the Axis defeat.

    • B.

      Japanese planes bombed the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor.

    • C.

      Japan surrender to the United States to end World War II.

    • D.

      The Soviet Union invaded north China.

    • E.

      The United States army invaded the home islands of Japan.

    Correct Answer
    B. Japanese planes bombed the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Japanese planes bombed the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor. This event occurred on December 7, 1941, and was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States. The attack on Pearl Harbor led to the United States' entry into World War II, as it prompted the U.S. to declare war on Japan the following day. This event was a significant turning point in the war and had a major impact on the subsequent defeat of the Axis powers.

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  • 25. 

    The key to victory in the Pacific Ocean was

    • A.

      Holding the Philippine Islands.

    • B.

      Aircraft carriers.

    • C.

      The base at Pearl Harbor.

    • D.

      The atomic bomb.

    • E.

      Short supply lines.

    Correct Answer
    B. Aircraft carriers.
    Explanation
    During World War II, aircraft carriers played a crucial role in the Pacific Ocean. They provided a mobile and flexible platform for launching air attacks and projecting power across vast distances. The ability to control the skies and strike enemy targets from the sea was essential in gaining control over the Pacific. Holding the Philippine Islands, Pearl Harbor, and having short supply lines were important factors, but it was the aircraft carriers that proved to be the key to victory in the Pacific Ocean.

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  • 26. 

    The start of the final Allied push to end the war in Europe began on June 6, 1944, known as

    • A.

      The Big One

    • B.

      D-Day

    • C.

      Operation Caprica

    • D.

      The Norman Invasion

    • E.

      Battle of the Bulge

    Correct Answer
    B. D-Day
    Explanation
    D-Day refers to the start of the final Allied push to end the war in Europe on June 6, 1944. It was the largest amphibious invasion in history and marked a turning point in World War II. Allied forces landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, and successfully established a foothold in Nazi-occupied Europe. The invasion ultimately led to the liberation of Western Europe and the downfall of the Nazi regime.

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  • 27. 

    The final defeat of Japan took longer than victory over Germany in large part because

    • A.

      Of fanatical Japanese resistance.

    • B.

      The Japanese had captured so much more territory.

    • C.

      The United States had concentrated its efforts on Germany.

    • D.

      The Allies were unsure of whether to use the atomic bomb.

    • E.

      Ice floes surrounded the islands of Japan.

    Correct Answer
    C. The United States had concentrated its efforts on Germany.
    Explanation
    During World War II, the United States focused its efforts on defeating Germany first, rather than Japan. This decision was made due to the belief that Germany posed a greater threat to the Allies and had a stronger military. As a result, the United States allocated more resources, troops, and strategic planning towards the European theater. This concentration of efforts on Germany delayed the defeat of Japan, allowing for the continuation of Japanese resistance and prolonging the war in the Pacific.

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  • 28. 

    The end of the war in the Pacific arena was controversial because of

    • A.

      The U.S. use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

    • B.

      The refusal of the United States to consider any alternatives.

    • C.

      International objection to the slaughter of civilian populations.

    • D.

      The environmental effects of radioactivity.

    • E.

      The economic devastation that would occur to the rest of Japan.

    Correct Answer
    A. The U.S. use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
    Explanation
    The end of the war in the Pacific arena was controversial due to the U.S. use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This decision resulted in the loss of countless civilian lives and raised ethical concerns about the use of such destructive weapons. The bombings also sparked international objection and debate over the extent of civilian casualties and the long-term effects of radioactivity. The refusal of the United States to consider any alternatives and the potential economic devastation to the rest of Japan were not the primary reasons for the controversy surrounding the end of the war.

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  • 29. 

    Which group was not murdered by the Nazis in the interest of "racial purity"?

    • A.

      Homosexuals

    • B.

      The disabled and mentally ill

    • C.

      Aryans

    • D.

      Gypsies

    • E.

      The Polish elite

    Correct Answer
    C. Aryans
    Explanation
    The Nazis did not murder Aryans in the interest of "racial purity" because they considered Aryans to be the superior race and sought to preserve and strengthen their dominance. The Nazi ideology propagated the idea of Aryan racial superiority and aimed to eliminate or subjugate other races and groups that they deemed inferior, such as Jews, Romani people (Gypsies), homosexuals, the disabled and mentally ill, and the Polish elite.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following was not a result of increased United States production during World War II?

    • A.

      It ended the Depression and unemployment.

    • B.

      It created a post-World War II consumer boom.

    • C.

      It helped improve nutrition in the United States.

    • D.

      The economy performed at a minimal level.

    • E.

      It was double that of all the Axis nations.

    Correct Answer
    D. The economy performed at a minimal level.
    Explanation
    During World War II, increased United States production had several positive effects. It ended the Depression and unemployment by providing jobs and stimulating economic growth. It created a post-World War II consumer boom as people had more disposable income to spend on goods and services. Additionally, increased production helped improve nutrition in the United States as more food was available. However, the statement that the economy performed at a minimal level is incorrect. The increased production actually boosted the economy and contributed to the overall success of the United States during the war.

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  • 31. 

    Christian religions proved attractive in some parts of Africa because

    • A.

      They did not disrupt African culture.

    • B.

      Africans were willing to abandon Islam.

    • C.

      They established mission schools.

    • D.

      They could be adapted to African needs.

    • E.

      Missionaries gave fifty pounds sterling to new converts.

    Correct Answer
    C. They established mission schools.
    Explanation
    Christian religions proved attractive in some parts of Africa because they established mission schools. These mission schools provided education and literacy to Africans, which was highly valued and sought after. The schools also served as a platform for the spread of Christianity, as they taught Christian beliefs and values. Additionally, the mission schools provided opportunities for Africans to gain skills and knowledge that could improve their lives and social status. Therefore, the establishment of mission schools by Christian religions played a significant role in their attractiveness and acceptance in certain parts of Africa.

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  • 32. 

    World War II was most important for African independence movements because

    • A.

      The German colonies were destroyed during the war.

    • B.

      Many Africans served in Allied armies and returned with radical new ideas.

    • C.

      Africans listened closely to German propaganda.

    • D.

      Africans liberated their countries during the war.

    • E.

      Colonialism was exposed as a corrupt practice.

    Correct Answer
    B. Many Africans served in Allied armies and returned with radical new ideas.
    Explanation
    During World War II, many Africans served in the Allied armies, which exposed them to new ideas and experiences. This exposure to different cultures and ideologies had a significant impact on African independence movements. The African soldiers returned to their countries with radical new ideas about freedom, equality, and self-determination, which fueled the desire for independence from colonial rule. They became influential leaders and activists, inspiring and mobilizing their fellow Africans to fight for their rights and liberation. Thus, the fact that many Africans served in Allied armies and returned with radical new ideas made World War II crucial for African independence movements.

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  • 33. 

    Significant internal conflict was found in India among which two groups?

    • A.

      Bengalis and Mughals

    • B.

      Hindus and Muslims

    • C.

      Calcuttese and Delhians

    • D.

      Shudra and Brahmin castes

    • E.

      Tamir and Pakastani

    Correct Answer
    B. Hindus and Muslims
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hindus and Muslims. This is because India has a long history of religious tensions between these two groups. The conflict between Hindus and Muslims can be traced back to the partition of India in 1947, which led to widespread violence and displacement. Additionally, there have been ongoing conflicts and disputes between these two religious communities in various parts of the country.

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  • 34. 

    Gandhi's "unusual" political ideas included

    • A.

      Terrorist plans to bomb civilian locations.

    • B.

      Democratic reforms through legislation and lobbying.

    • C.

      Nonviolence

    • D.

      The vote for women.

    • E.

      Guerilla tactics.

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonviolence
    Explanation
    Gandhi's "unusual" political ideas included nonviolence. This means that he believed in using peaceful methods to bring about political change, rather than resorting to violence or aggression. Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence, also known as ahimsa, was a central principle in his approach to social and political activism. He believed that through nonviolent resistance, individuals and communities could challenge oppressive systems and achieve justice and equality. Gandhi's nonviolent approach inspired many other movements and leaders around the world, making it a significant aspect of his political ideas.

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  • 35. 

    Gandhi protested British violence and policies by

    • A.

      Fighting.

    • B.

      Fasting.

    • C.

      Leaving India.

    • D.

      Extensive writing and newspaper ads.

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Fasting.
    Explanation
    Gandhi protested British violence and policies through fasting. Fasting was one of the nonviolent methods he used to peacefully resist British rule in India. By refusing to eat, Gandhi sought to draw attention to the injustices and bring about change. This form of protest was a powerful tool in his philosophy of nonviolence, as it demonstrated his commitment and willingness to sacrifice for his cause.

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  • 36. 

    The British finally recognized Indian independence in 1947 with

    • A.

      A partitioning of the subcontinent into speakers of Urdu and Tamil.

    • B.

      A partitioning of India into Pakistan and India.

    • C.

      Separation of Kashmir from Mongolia.

    • D.

      The British maintaining favored-nation status for cotton and tea exports.

    • E.

      Gandhi elected as president.

    Correct Answer
    B. A partitioning of India into Pakistan and India.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a partitioning of India into Pakistan and India. In 1947, the British government agreed to the partitioning of India into two separate countries - India and Pakistan. This decision was made due to the religious and ethnic tensions between Hindus and Muslims in the region. The predominantly Muslim areas in the northwest and northeast became Pakistan, while the rest of the territory remained India. This partition led to widespread violence and mass migration, with millions of people being displaced and communal riots breaking out.

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  • 37. 

    Hindering Latin American development was the fact that Latin American countries

    • A.

      Were economically dependent on the United States and Britain.

    • B.

      Had achieved independence in the nineteenth century but had not industrialized.

    • C.

      Were torn by class divisions of indigenous elites versus European-born people.

    • D.

      Had significantly different evolutions.

    • E.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of these." This means that all of the given options - economic dependence on the United States and Britain, lack of industrialization despite achieving independence, class divisions between indigenous elites and European-born people, and significantly different evolutions - hindered Latin American development.

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  • 38. 

    What did Emiliano Zapata do with the land he seized?

    • A.

      Sold it and used it to purchase guns

    • B.

      Started building forts

    • C.

      Returned it to the Indian villages

    • D.

      Declared it a separate nation

    • E.

      Drilled for oil

    Correct Answer
    C. Returned it to the Indian villages
    Explanation
    Emiliano Zapata, a Mexican revolutionary leader, was known for his advocacy of land reform. He fought to reclaim land that had been taken from indigenous communities and redistributed it back to them. Therefore, it can be inferred that Zapata returned the land he seized to the Indian villages, as a means of empowering and supporting these marginalized communities.

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  • 39. 

    Decolonization was

    • A.

      The political ideology of the East versus the West.

    • B.

      Largely complete before the onset of World War II.

    • C.

      Often shaped by the need to align with either the United States or the Soviet Union.

    • D.

      Limited to South Africa.

    • E.

      The root cause of war in El Salvador.

    Correct Answer
    C. Often shaped by the need to align with either the United States or the Soviet Union.
    Explanation
    Decolonization refers to the process by which colonies gained independence from their colonial rulers. It involved various political, social, and economic factors. One significant factor was the Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union. Many newly independent nations sought to align themselves with one of these superpowers in order to gain support and protection. This alignment often influenced the political decisions and alliances made during the decolonization process. Therefore, the correct answer states that decolonization was often shaped by the need to align with either the United States or the Soviet Union.

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  • 40. 

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was a

    • A.

      Military alliance consisting of the United States and western European countries.

    • B.

      Military alliance consisting of the USSR and eastern European countries.

    • C.

      Military alliance of newly freed African countries.

    • D.

      Military alliance of the recently defeated countries of World War II.

    • E.

      Military compact among the nonaligned states.

    Correct Answer
    A. Military alliance consisting of the United States and western European countries.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "military alliance consisting of the United States and western European countries." NATO was formed in 1949 as a collective defense alliance between the United States and several Western European nations. Its primary purpose was to provide mutual defense and security against the threat of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The alliance aimed to deter potential aggression and promote stability in the North Atlantic region.

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  • 41. 

    The Soviet-dominated counterpart to NATO was the

    • A.

      Warsaw Pact

    • B.

      Green Revolution

    • C.

      Helsinki Accords

    • D.

      Détente agreements

    • E.

      Bretton Woods Collective

    Correct Answer
    A. Warsaw Pact
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Warsaw Pact. The Warsaw Pact was a military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and several Eastern European countries in response to the establishment of NATO by Western powers. It served as a means for the Soviet Union to maintain control over its satellite states and to counter the influence of the Western alliance. The Warsaw Pact was dissolved in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

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  • 42. 

    The Marshall Plan

    • A.

      Used currency reserves from member nations to finance temporary trade deficits.

    • B.

      Launched a process of economic cooperation and integration.

    • C.

      Provided 12.5 billion dollars in economic aid to friendly European countries.

    • D.

      Was never enacted due to partisan political feuds in Congress.

    • E.

      Helped to rebuild Japan.

    Correct Answer
    C. Provided 12.5 billion dollars in economic aid to friendly European countries.
    Explanation
    The Marshall Plan provided 12.5 billion dollars in economic aid to friendly European countries. This aid was given to help these countries recover and rebuild their economies after World War II. The plan aimed to promote economic stability and prevent the spread of communism in Europe. By providing financial assistance, the plan helped these countries to rebuild their industries, infrastructure, and trade, ultimately leading to their economic recovery and integration into the global economy.

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  • 43. 

    The triumph of the Green Revolution was:

    • A.

      Construction of the Aswan Dam in Egypt

    • B.

      Khrushchev's success in the Virgin Lands Campaign.

    • C.

      The development of "miracle rice"

    • D.

      Mandating cleanup of toxic waste in third world countries abused by the Industrial Nations

    • E.

      Raising public awareness of ecology and recycling in the 1960s.

    Correct Answer
    C. The development of "miracle rice"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the development of "miracle rice". The Green Revolution refers to a period of agricultural advancements and innovations that took place in the mid-20th century. "Miracle rice" refers to the development of high-yielding varieties of rice that helped increase agricultural productivity and alleviate food scarcity in many parts of the world. This breakthrough in rice production played a significant role in addressing hunger and improving food security, especially in developing countries.

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  • 44. 

    The United Nations Security Council included all of the following nations as permanent members except

    • A.

      The United States.

    • B.

      Britain.

    • C.

      Sweden.

    • D.

      France.

    • E.

      The USSR.

    Correct Answer
    C. Sweden.
    Explanation
    The United Nations Security Council consists of five permanent members: the United States, Britain, France, the USSR (now Russia), and China. These nations were selected as permanent members due to their significant contributions to global peace and security. Sweden is not included as a permanent member, as it did not have the same level of influence and power as the other nations mentioned.

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  • 45. 

    The Korean War was limited to the Korean peninsula because

    • A.

      The United States feared that attacking China might prompt Soviet retaliation.

    • B.

      Neither side could win a decisive victory.

    • C.

      Military technology had stagnated.

    • D.

      Geographic conditions favored a defensive war.

    • E.

      Of the inaccessibility of its location.

    Correct Answer
    A. The United States feared that attacking China might prompt Soviet retaliation.
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, the United States chose to limit the conflict to the Korean peninsula because they were concerned about the potential consequences of attacking China. The fear was that such an attack might provoke a response from the Soviet Union, which was China's ally at the time. The United States did not want to risk escalating the conflict and potentially triggering a larger war with the Soviet Union. Therefore, they decided to focus on containing the conflict within the Korean peninsula rather than expanding it to involve China and potentially the Soviet Union.

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  • 46. 

    Who were the Viet Cong?

    • A.

      A North Vietnamese supported communist guerilla movement.

    • B.

      Chinese military advisors to the North Vietnamese.

    • C.

      CIA sponsored freedom troops for South Vietnam.

    • D.

      Neutral Vietnamese who wanted decolonization.

    • E.

      Westernized, pro-French South Vietnamese middle classes

    Correct Answer
    A. A North Vietnamese supported communist guerilla movement.
    Explanation
    The Viet Cong were a communist guerilla movement in Vietnam that was supported by North Vietnam. They fought against the South Vietnamese government and its allies during the Vietnam War. The Viet Cong aimed to reunify Vietnam under communist rule and were known for their guerrilla tactics and use of underground tunnels.

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  • 47. 

    The discovery by the United States that the Soviet Union had deployed nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962 sparked

    • A.

      The blockade of Cuba.

    • B.

      United States deployment of nuclear missiles in Turkey

    • C.

      Rebellion in Czechoslovakia.

    • D.

      The Bay of Pigs invasion.

    • E.

      The Cuban missile crisis.

    Correct Answer
    E. The Cuban missile crisis.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Cuban missile crisis. The discovery of Soviet Union's deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962 led to a tense standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union. This event is known as the Cuban missile crisis, during which the United States implemented a blockade of Cuba to prevent further Soviet military buildup and demanded the removal of the missiles. The crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear war and was a pivotal moment in the Cold War.

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  • 48. 

    What event was the catalyst for the space race?

    • A.

      The United States landing of a man on the moon

    • B.

      The successful Soviet flight of a man around the earth

    • C.

      The Soviet Sputnik satellite launch

    • D.

      The crash of the Apollo 11

    • E.

      The U-2 incident of 1960

    Correct Answer
    C. The Soviet Sputnik satellite launch
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Soviet Sputnik satellite launch. This event marked the first successful launch of an artificial satellite into space by the Soviet Union. It shocked the United States and the world, as it demonstrated Soviet technological superiority and raised concerns about national security. This event ignited the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, as both countries competed to achieve milestones in space exploration and establish dominance in space technology.

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  • 49. 

    The first humans to walk on the moon in the 20th century were:

    • A.

      Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong.

    • B.

      Chuck Yeager and Sally Ride.

    • C.

      Michael Collins and James Lovell

    • D.

      Sergei Korolov and Yuri Gagarin

    • E.

      Vladimir Komarov and Alexei Leonov

    Correct Answer
    A. Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong.
    Explanation
    Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong were the first humans to walk on the moon in the 20th century. This historic event took place on July 20, 1969, during the Apollo 11 mission. Neil Armstrong famously took the first step onto the lunar surface, followed by Buzz Aldrin. Together, they spent a few hours conducting experiments, collecting samples, and planting the American flag before returning to the lunar module. Their achievement marked a significant milestone in human space exploration and remains one of the most iconic moments in history.

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  • 50. 

    Ho Chi Minh inspired

    • A.

      Nationalist movements in Vietnam against China.

    • B.

      The building of the Contra regime in Hanoi.

    • C.

      A treaty between North and South Korea.

    • D.

      A nationalist coalition against the French.

    • E.

      Students to go to Europe and study Marxism.

    Correct Answer
    D. A nationalist coalition against the French.
    Explanation
    Ho Chi Minh is known for his role in leading the nationalist movement in Vietnam against French colonial rule. He founded the Viet Minh, a nationalist coalition, in 1941 to fight for Vietnamese independence. This coalition aimed to unite different nationalist groups and gain support from the Vietnamese people to resist French imperialism. Ho Chi Minh's leadership and ideology inspired many Vietnamese to join the nationalist movement and fight against the French. Therefore, the correct answer is a nationalist coalition against the French.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 12, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Sgross753
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