Ancient Civilizations Final Exam

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| By Jasonfleegle
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Ancient Civilizations Final Exam - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Greece is a European country surrounded by water on 2 sides.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Greece is not a country surrounded by water on two sides. It is located in southeastern Europe and is surrounded by water on three sides - the Aegean Sea to the east and south, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 2. 

    Which vocabulary term dealing with Greece means "sea based culture" or "culture that relvoves around water"?

    Correct Answer
    maritime
    Explanation
    The term "maritime" refers to activities or aspects related to the sea or water. In the context of Greece, it means a culture that is based on or revolves around the sea. This term is often used to describe the ancient Greek civilization, which heavily relied on maritime trade, fishing, and naval power. The word "maritime" encompasses the idea of a culture deeply connected to the sea and its resources, highlighting the importance of water in shaping Greek society and its economy.

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  • 3. 

    What is the Greek for democracy meaning "people rule"?

    Correct Answer
    demoskratos
    demos kratos
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "demoskratos" or "demos kratos". In Greek, "demos" means "people" and "kratos" means "rule" or "power". Therefore, "demoskratos" or "demos kratos" translates to "people rule" in English, which is the meaning of democracy.

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  • 4. 

    Life in Sparta was more competitive, army based, yet gave more freedom to women than Athens.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in Sparta, life revolved around the military and the city-state was known for its strong and disciplined army. The Spartan society placed a high value on physical fitness, discipline, and obedience to the state. Additionally, Spartan women enjoyed more freedom and rights compared to their counterparts in Athens. They were allowed to receive an education, own property, and participate in athletic activities.

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  • 5. 

    What is the name of perhaps the most famous temple from ancient Athens?

    Correct Answer
    Parthenon
    Explanation
    The Parthenon is indeed the most famous temple from ancient Athens. It was built in the 5th century BC and dedicated to the goddess Athena, who was the patron deity of the city. The Parthenon is renowned for its architectural beauty and is considered a symbol of ancient Greek civilization. It is located on the Acropolis hill in Athens and is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The temple's design and sculptures are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the ancient Greeks, making it an iconic landmark in the history of art and architecture.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following names was not part of ancient Greek daily life?

    • A.

      Sophocles

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Socrates

    • D.

      Caesar

    Correct Answer
    D. Caesar
    Explanation
    Caesar was not part of ancient Greek daily life because he was a Roman general and statesman, not a Greek philosopher or playwright like Sophocles, Plato, and Socrates. Caesar is known for his role in the Roman Republic and his eventual rise to become the dictator of the Roman Empire. However, he was not part of ancient Greek society or culture.

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  • 7. 

    The country of Italy is surrounded by water on three sides.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Italy is surrounded by water on three sides because it is located on a peninsula in southern Europe. The country is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. This geographical location gives Italy a long coastline and allows it to have access to the sea from multiple directions.

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  • 8. 

    Which sea did the Romans refer to as "our sea"?

    Correct Answer
    Mediterranean Sea
    Explanation
    The Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as "our sea" because it was a central part of their empire and played a significant role in their trade, culture, and military activities. The Mediterranean Sea was surrounded by the Roman Empire, and it served as a vital transportation route for goods and armies. The Romans had control over many coastal regions and islands within the Mediterranean, further reinforcing their connection to the sea. Therefore, the Romans considered the Mediterranean Sea as their own and referred to it as "our sea."

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  • 9. 

    Julius Caesar was appointed leader of Rome even though we would become a dictator.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar was indeed appointed as the leader of Rome. Despite his appointment, he eventually became a dictator. This suggests that the statement is true.

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  • 10. 

    Which Roman structure/ building was the center of Roman strength?

    Correct Answer
    The Forum
    Explanation
    The Forum was the center of Roman strength because it served as the political, economic, and social hub of the city. It was a public square where important government buildings, temples, and markets were located. The Forum was not only a place for political discussions and decision-making but also a symbol of Roman power and civilization. It was a gathering place for the citizens of Rome, where they could engage in trade, socialize, and participate in various cultural and religious activities.

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  • 11. 

    Anceint Romes was one of the few locations that did not deal with slavery.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false. Ancient Rome did indeed have a significant institution of slavery. Slavery was deeply ingrained in Roman society and was a crucial part of the economy and labor force. Slaves were used for various purposes, including domestic work, agriculture, and even in the Roman military. Slavery played a significant role in the functioning and development of ancient Rome.

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  • 12. 

    Ancient Gods and Goddesses shared the same name in Greece and Rome but  had different meanings to their names.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ancient Gods and Goddesses did not share the same name in Greece and Rome. While there were similarities between the two pantheons, the gods and goddesses had different names in each culture. For example, Zeus was the king of the gods in Greece, while Jupiter held this title in Rome. Therefore, the statement that they shared the same name but had different meanings is incorrect.

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  • 13. 

    According to the Bible, how many tribes of Judah existed around the time of Jesus?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      11

    • D.

      12

    Correct Answer
    D. 12
    Explanation
    Around the time of Jesus, according to the Bible, there were 12 tribes of Judah. This is significant because the number 12 holds great symbolic meaning in the Bible, representing completeness and divine authority. The twelve tribes of Judah were descendants of the twelve sons of Jacob (who was also called Israel), and each tribe had its own territory and identity within the nation of Israel. The number 12 is also associated with the twelve apostles chosen by Jesus to spread his teachings, further emphasizing its significance in biblical context.

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  • 14. 

    According to the Bible, how many loyal disciples or followers did Jesus have?

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      1

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    A. 12
    Explanation
    According to the Bible, Jesus had 12 loyal disciples or followers. This is mentioned in various passages, such as in Matthew 10:2-4 and Mark 3:13-19, where the names of the twelve disciples are listed. These twelve individuals were chosen by Jesus to be his closest companions, to learn from him, and to spread his teachings after his death. They played a significant role in Jesus' ministry and are often referred to as the Twelve Apostles.

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  • 15. 

    According to the Bible, which group of people is responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus?

    Correct Answer
    Romans
    Explanation
    According to the Bible, the Romans were responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus. This is based on the accounts in the New Testament, where it is mentioned that Jesus was arrested by the Roman authorities, tried by Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea, and ultimately sentenced to death by crucifixion. The Romans carried out the execution, making them the responsible group of people in this context.

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  • 16. 

    Which vocabulary term refers to "smaller groups of a largely populated religion"?

    Correct Answer
    denomination
    Explanation
    Denomination refers to smaller groups within a largely populated religion. These groups share common beliefs, practices, and traditions that differentiate them from other groups within the same religion. Denominations may have their own leaders, worship styles, and interpretations of religious texts. They provide a sense of community and identity for their members, allowing individuals to practice their faith in a way that aligns with their specific beliefs and values.

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  • 17. 

    Which Muslim boy was credited to become the first prophet of Islam around 579 ad?

    Correct Answer
    Muhammed Ibn Abd Allah
    Explanation
    Muhammad Ibn Abd Allah is credited to become the first prophet of Islam around 579 AD. He is widely recognized as the last and final prophet in Islamic belief. Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Muhammad received revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel, which were later compiled into the holy book of Islam, the Quran. Muhammad's teachings and leadership laid the foundation for the religion of Islam, and he is highly revered by Muslims worldwide as the founder of their faith.

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  • 18. 

    What title is given to the most holy book of Islam?

    Correct Answer
    Qur'an
    Explanation
    The most holy book of Islam is called the Qur'an. It is considered to be the literal word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. The Qur'an serves as a guide for Muslims in matters of faith, worship, and daily life. It is written in Arabic and is divided into chapters called Surahs, which cover a wide range of topics including theology, morality, and guidance for personal conduct. The Qur'an is highly revered and is recited and memorized by Muslims around the world.

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  • 19. 

    What title is given to a Muslim worhsip/ pryaer center?

    Correct Answer
    mosque
    Explanation
    A Muslim worship/prayer center is commonly referred to as a mosque. Mosques are sacred places of worship for Muslims where they come together to perform their daily prayers, engage in religious activities, and seek spiritual guidance. These centers are not only places of worship but also serve as community hubs, providing a space for social gatherings, education, and support for the Muslim community. The term "mosque" is derived from the Arabic word "masjid," which means a place of prostration, emphasizing the importance of prayer in Islam.

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  • 20. 

    How many pillars of Islam exist in the Muslim faith?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 5
    Explanation
    The Muslim faith consists of five pillars. These pillars are the essential practices and beliefs that every Muslim should follow. They include the declaration of faith (Shahada), performing five daily prayers (Salat), giving to charity (Zakat), fasting during Ramadan (Sawm), and making a pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) at least once in a lifetime. These pillars are considered the foundation of Islam and are crucial for a Muslim's spiritual and religious life.

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  • 21. 

    Who, in my family, would be the caliph of Fleegle Nation?

    Correct Answer
    Noah
    Explanation
    Noah would be the caliph of Fleegle Nation because he is a member of the questioner's family who holds the position of leadership and authority in the nation.

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  • 22. 

    There are 2 major groups of Muslims, the Sunni and Shuluites

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. There are actually two major groups of Muslims, the Sunni and the Shia. The Shia group is sometimes referred to as Shuluites, but this is not a widely used term. The Sunni and Shia groups have some theological and historical differences, with the Sunni being the larger group and the Shia being the minority.

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  • 23. 

    Whcih type of math are the Muslims credited for discoverying and mastering?

    • A.

      Geometry

    • B.

      Algebra

    • C.

      Calculus

    • D.

      Statistics

    Correct Answer
    B. Algebra
    Explanation
    Muslim mathematicians are credited for the discovery and mastery of algebra. Algebra originated in the Islamic Golden Age, with notable contributions from mathematicians such as Al-Khwarizmi and Al-Karaji. They developed and refined the concepts of algebra, including the use of variables and equations, solving linear and quadratic equations, and introducing the concept of algebraic algorithms. Their work in algebra laid the foundation for modern mathematics and greatly influenced the development of the subject in Europe during the Renaissance.

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  • 24. 

    Which type of people during Medieval Europe most acted like policemen today?

    Correct Answer
    knights
    Explanation
    During Medieval Europe, knights were individuals who were trained in combat and served as protectors of the realm. They were responsible for maintaining law and order, enforcing justice, and protecting the people from threats. Just like modern-day policemen, knights were tasked with maintaining peace and security within their communities. They patrolled the streets, resolved disputes, and apprehended criminals. Therefore, knights most closely resemble the role of policemen in Medieval Europe.

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  • 25. 

    Medieval Europe was not known for its high rate of cleanliness and hygiene.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the medieval period, cleanliness and hygiene were not prioritized in Europe. People did not have access to proper sanitation facilities, leading to unsanitary conditions in cities and towns. Lack of knowledge about germs and diseases also contributed to the low standards of cleanliness. Additionally, bathing was not a common practice, and people often wore the same clothes for long periods without washing them. Therefore, it can be concluded that medieval Europe was not known for its high rate of cleanliness and hygiene.

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  • 26. 

    How many total crusades does the textbook list or talk about in Chapter 11? 

    Correct Answer
    4
    four
    8
    eight
    Explanation
    The textbook lists and talks about a total of four crusades in Chapter 11.

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  • 27. 

    The holy war/ crusades in the 11th century took place between the Muslims and Christians.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the holy wars, also known as the Crusades, did indeed occur in the 11th century between Muslims and Christians. These military campaigns were initiated by the Catholic Church and aimed to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslim control. The Crusades lasted for several centuries and had significant religious, political, and social consequences for both Muslims and Christians.

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  • 28. 

    What group of people did Genghis Khan belong to?

    Correct Answer
    Mongols
    Explanation
    Genghis Khan belonged to the group of people known as the Mongols. The Mongols were a nomadic group of people who originated from the region that is now modern-day Mongolia. Genghis Khan was the founder and leader of the Mongol Empire, which was the largest contiguous empire in history. He united the Mongol tribes and led them to conquer vast territories across Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. Genghis Khan and the Mongols were known for their military prowess and their ability to adapt to different environments, making them a formidable force in their time.

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  • 29. 

    Pneumonic disease typically spread when someone already with the disease coughed or sneezed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pneumonic disease typically spreads when someone who already has the disease coughs or sneezes. This is because the disease-causing pathogens are present in the respiratory droplets released during coughing or sneezing. These droplets can be inhaled by others, leading to the transmission of the disease. Therefore, it is true that pneumonic diseases spread through coughing or sneezing.

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  • 30. 

    Bubonic disease typically spread when someone already with the disease coughed or sneezed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the bubonic disease, also known as the Black Death, is primarily spread through fleas that infest rats. These fleas would bite the infected rats and then bite humans, transmitting the bacteria responsible for the disease. Coughing or sneezing does not play a significant role in the transmission of bubonic disease.

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  • 31. 

    The terrible and deadly plagues of Europe only affected life in Europe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the terrible and deadly plagues of Europe, such as the Black Death, had a significant impact beyond Europe. The plagues spread through trade routes, causing devastating effects in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East as well. The plagues caused widespread death and economic disruption, leading to societal changes and shifts in power dynamics across continents. Therefore, the plagues did not only affect life in Europe but had a global impact.

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  • 32. 

    Which Italian artist is credited for painting the Sistine Chapel?

    Correct Answer
    Michaelangelo
    Explanation
    Michelangelo is credited for painting the Sistine Chapel. He was an Italian artist known for his exceptional skills in painting, sculpture, and architecture. The Sistine Chapel is one of his most renowned works, located in the Vatican City. Michelangelo spent four years painting the chapel's ceiling, depicting various scenes from the Bible, including the famous "Creation of Adam." His meticulous attention to detail and mastery of the human form made the Sistine Chapel a masterpiece of Renaissance art.

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  • 33. 

    What 1 word does the textbook used to describe the meaning of "Renaissance"?

    Correct Answer
    rebirth
    Explanation
    The textbook uses the word "rebirth" to describe the meaning of "Renaissance". This suggests that the Renaissance period was characterized by a revival or renewal of interest in art, culture, and learning, after a period of decline or stagnation. The term "rebirth" implies a sense of rejuvenation and the emergence of new ideas and creativity during this historical period.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following plays was not written by William Shakespeare?

    • A.

      Hamlet

    • B.

      Macbeth

    • C.

      Othello

    • D.

      Romeo and Juliet

    Correct Answer
    C. Othello
    Explanation
    Othello is the correct answer because it was not written by William Shakespeare. Othello is a tragedy written by Shakespeare's contemporary playwright, Thomas Middleton. Shakespeare is known for his works such as Hamlet, Macbeth, and Romeo and Juliet, but Othello is not one of his plays.

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  • 35. 

    Martin Luther was not a huge fan of the church in the 14th and 15th century.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer who lived in the 16th century, not the 14th and 15th centuries. He is famously known for his criticism of the Catholic Church and his role in the Protestant Reformation. Therefore, it is accurate to say that he was not a huge fan of the church during that time period.

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  • 36. 

    Which vocabulary word describes somebody who changes from one religoin to another religion?

    Correct Answer
    convert
    Explanation
    A convert is a vocabulary word that describes somebody who changes from one religion to another religion. This term is used to describe individuals who undergo a religious transformation and adopt a new set of beliefs and practices.

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  • 37. 

    Which country borders Ethiopia to the east?

    • A.

      Somalia

    • B.

      Sudan

    • C.

      Kenya

    • D.

      Djibouti

    Correct Answer
    A. Somalia
    Explanation
    Somalia borders Ethiopia to the east. Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa and shares a long border with Ethiopia. The two countries have historical and cultural ties, and their border is an important trade route. Additionally, the two countries have cooperated in various regional and security issues.

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  • 38. 

    What city was the capital of the ancient Byzantium Empire?

    Correct Answer
    Constantinople
    Explanation
    Constantinople was the capital of the ancient Byzantium Empire. It was founded by the Roman Emperor Constantine in 330 AD and served as the capital until the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453. Constantinople was strategically located between Europe and Asia, making it a center of trade and cultural exchange. The city was known for its impressive architecture, including the iconic Hagia Sophia, and its role as a political and religious hub for the Byzantine Empire. The name of the city was later changed to Istanbul after the Ottoman Empire conquered it.

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  • 39. 

    In what modern day country did the ancient Ottoman Empire begin in?

    Correct Answer
    Turkey
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Turkey because the ancient Ottoman Empire began in what is now modern-day Turkey. The empire was founded in the 13th century and eventually expanded to become a major power in the region, spanning across multiple continents. The empire lasted for over six centuries and had a significant impact on the history and culture of the region.

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  • 40. 

    Which modern day city is located on two continents... Europe and Asia?

    Correct Answer
    Istanbul
    Explanation
    Istanbul is the correct answer because it is the only modern-day city that is located on two continents, Europe and Asia. The city is divided by the Bosphorus Strait, with the western part of the city in Europe and the eastern part in Asia. This unique geographical location has made Istanbul a significant cultural and historical center, as it has been influenced by both European and Asian cultures throughout its history.

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  • 41. 

    What term is used to describe a nation or land that practices the policy of not becoming politically or economically involved with other countries?

    Correct Answer
    isolationism
    isolate
    Explanation
    Isolationism is the term used to describe a nation or land that practices the policy of not becoming politically or economically involved with other countries. It refers to a deliberate decision to remain separate and detached from international affairs, avoiding alliances, trade agreements, and military interventions. Isolate, on the other hand, is a verb that means to separate or detach something or someone from others, but it does not specifically refer to a nation's policy or stance towards international involvement.

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  • 42. 

    The Forbidden City is located in the Asian country of Japan.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Forbidden City is not located in Japan. It is actually located in China. The Forbidden City is a large palace complex in Beijing, China, and was the former imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is a famous tourist attraction and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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  • 43. 

    The ancient city of Tenochtitlan, which does not exist with this name any longer, would be the capital of what country today?

    Correct Answer
    Mexico
    Explanation
    The ancient city of Tenochtitlan, which no longer exists under that name, would be the capital of Mexico today. Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec Empire and was located in the same area where Mexico City now stands. The city was founded in 1325 and became a major cultural and political center of Mesoamerica. After the Spanish conquest in 1521, the city was destroyed and rebuilt as Mexico City, which eventually became the capital of modern-day Mexico.

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  • 44. 

    Mesoamerican civiliations were more prominant is North America than South America.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mesoamerican civilizations were indeed more prominent in North America than in South America. This is supported by historical evidence which shows that advanced civilizations such as the Aztecs, Maya, and Olmecs thrived in regions like present-day Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. These civilizations had complex social, political, and economic systems, as well as impressive architectural and artistic achievements. In contrast, while South America also had civilizations like the Inca Empire, Mesoamerican civilizations were generally more widespread and influential in North America.

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  • 45. 

    The Scientific Revolution and the Industrial Revolution both began in Europe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because both the Scientific Revolution and the Industrial Revolution did indeed begin in Europe. The Scientific Revolution, which occurred during the 16th and 17th centuries, was a period of significant advancements in scientific knowledge and understanding. It originated in Europe, with notable figures such as Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton making groundbreaking discoveries. The Industrial Revolution, on the other hand, took place in the late 18th and early 19th centuries and marked a shift from agrarian societies to industrialized ones. This revolution also began in Europe, particularly in Britain, where advancements in technology and manufacturing processes led to significant economic and social changes.

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  • Jan 04, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 06, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Jasonfleegle
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