Anatomy And Physiology: Respiratory System, Lymphatic System, Blood

73 Questions | Total Attempts: 279

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Anatomy And Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

A major function of the lymphatic system is to drain body fluids and return them to the bloodstream. The respiratory and lymphatic system all have one thing in common, blood. How much can you remember about the topic? Give the quiz below a try and read up on the parts you don’t remember.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The nasal cavity
    • A. 

      Has openings for the paranasal sinuses

    • B. 

      Is connected to the pharynx by the nares

    • C. 

      Has passageways called conchae

  • 2. 
    The nasopharynx
    • A. 

      Is lined with moist stratified squamous epithelium

    • B. 

      Extends to the tip of the epiglottis

    • C. 

      Contains the pharyngeal tonsil

  • 3. 
    The larynx
    • A. 

      Connects the oropharynx

    • B. 

      Has three unpaired and six paired cartilages

    • C. 

      Contains the vocal folds

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Terminal bronchioles branch to form
    • A. 

      Alveoli

    • B. 

      Bronchioles

    • C. 

      Respiratory bronchioles

    • D. 

      The alveolar duct

  • 5. 
    During an asthma attack, a person has difficulty breathing because of constriction of the
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Alveoli

    • C. 

      Bronchi

  • 6. 
    The parietal pleura
    • A. 

      Covers the inner surface of the thoracic cavity

    • B. 

      Covers the surface of the lung

    • C. 

      Covers the inner surface of the alveoli

  • 7. 
    Oxygen is mostly transported in the blood
    • A. 

      Dissolved in plasma

    • B. 

      Bound to the heme portion of hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Bound to blood proteins

  • 8. 
    Carbon Dioxide is mostly transported in the blood
    • A. 

      Dissolved in plasma

    • B. 

      Bound to the heme portion of hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Bound to the globin portion of hemoglobin

  • 9. 
    The lymphatic system
    • A. 

      Removes excess fluid from tissues

    • B. 

      Absorbs fats from the digestive tract

    • C. 

      Defends the body against microorganisms and other foreign substances

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Lymphatic vessels empty into lymph nodes
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The tonsils
    • A. 

      Consist of large groups of lymphatic nodules

    • B. 

      Protect against bacteria

    • C. 

      Can become chronically infected

    • D. 

      Decrease in size in adults

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Lymph nodes
    • A. 

      Filter lymph

    • B. 

      Are where lymphocytes divide and increase in number

    • C. 

      Contain a network of reticular fibers

    • D. 

      Contain lymphatic sinuses

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    The spleen is surrounded by trabeculae located outside the capsule.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The thymus
    • A. 

      Increases in size in adults

    • B. 

      Produces lymphocytes that move to other lymphatic tissue

    • C. 

      Is located in the abdominal cavity

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is an example of innate immunity?
    • A. 

      Tears and saliva wash away microorganisms

    • B. 

      Basophils release histamine and leukotrienes

    • C. 

      The complement cascade is activated

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Neutrophils
    • A. 

      Enlarge to become macrophages

    • B. 

      Account for most of the dead cells in pus

    • C. 

      Are usually the last cell type to enter infected tissue

  • 17. 
    Macrophages
    • A. 

      Are large, phagocytic cells that outlive neutrophils

    • B. 

      Develop from mast cells

    • C. 

      Often die after a single phagocytic event

  • 18. 
    Which of these cells is the most important in the release of histamine, which promotes inflammation?
    • A. 

      Monocyte

    • B. 

      Eosinophil

    • C. 

      Mast cell

    • D. 

      Natural killer cell

  • 19. 
    Antigens
    • A. 

      Are foreign substances introduced into the body

    • B. 

      Are molecules produced by the body

    • C. 

      Stimulate an adaptive immune system response

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    B Cells
    • A. 

      Are processed in the thymus

    • B. 

      Originate in red blood marrow

    • C. 

      Once released into the blood remain in the blood

  • 21. 
    Antibodies
    • A. 

      Prevent antigens from binding together

    • B. 

      Promote phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Inhibit inflammation

  • 22. 
    The type of lymphocyte responsible for the secondary antibody response is
    • A. 

      Memory B cell

    • B. 

      B cell

    • C. 

      T cell

    • D. 

      Helper T cell

  • 23. 
    Blood type A has antibody A
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    If someone has the D antigen then they are their blood type negative
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The protein Albumins is found in the plasma and responsible for
    • A. 

      Transport

    • B. 

      Clotting

    • C. 

      Heat generator

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