Religion Alternate Quiz 2

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| By Arthistory2007
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Arthistory2007
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 390
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 156

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Religion Quizzes & Trivia

There are different types of religions in existence but most of them believe in a higher being that controls their actions and label them as wrongful or rightful. The quiz below is the second in a series of tests that are aimed at helping you revise for the religious exams. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Romans were most influenced by which of the following countries?

    • A.

      A. Egypt

    • B.

      B. Greece

    • C.

      C. Gaul (France)

    • D.

      D. Spain

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Greece
    Explanation
    The Romans were most influenced by Greece because they admired and adopted many aspects of Greek culture, including their art, architecture, literature, philosophy, and political systems. The Romans saw Greece as the birthplace of civilization and sought to emulate their achievements. This influence can be seen in Roman architecture, which heavily borrowed from Greek styles, and in the adoption of Greek gods and mythology into the Roman pantheon. Additionally, many Roman intellectuals and philosophers studied in Greece, further deepening the cultural exchange between the two civilizations.

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  • 2. 

    A trough to carry flowing water sometimes supported on arches is called a(n)

    • A.

      A. voussoir.

    • B.

      B. pier.

    • C.

      C. bay.

    • D.

      D. aqueduct.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. aqueduct.
    Explanation
    An aqueduct is a structure that is used to transport water over long distances. It is typically supported on arches and is designed to carry flowing water. The term "trough" in the question suggests that the structure is used to carry water, and the mention of arches indicates that it is supported in that way. Therefore, the correct answer is d. aqueduct.

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  • 3. 

    Which architectural order did the Romans develop that was like the Doric order except it had a base, was unfluted, and sometimes stood on a pedestal?

    • A.

      A. Ionic

    • B.

      B. Composite

    • C.

      C. Tuscan

    • D.

      D. Corinthian

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Tuscan
    Explanation
    The Romans developed the Tuscan order, which was similar to the Doric order in terms of having a base, but it was unfluted and sometimes stood on a pedestal. The Tuscan order is characterized by its simplicity and minimal ornamentation, making it a popular choice for Roman architecture.

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  • 4. 

    What device is used inside the dome of the Pantheon to lighten its weight?

    • A.

      A. Coffers

    • B.

      B. Columns

    • C.

      C. Groin vaults

    • D.

      D. Pilasters

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Coffers
    Explanation
    Coffers are recessed panels that are used inside the dome of the Pantheon to lighten its weight. By creating voids in the dome, the coffers reduce the overall mass of the structure without compromising its stability. This architectural feature not only serves a practical purpose but also adds to the aesthetic appeal of the Pantheon's interior.

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  • 5. 

     In 330 Constantine

    • A.

      A. moved the capital to Byzantium.

    • B.

      B. destroyed Jerusalem.

    • C.

      C. legalized Christianity and all religion.

    • D.

      D. was assassinated.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. moved the capital to Byzantium.
    Explanation
    In 330 Constantine moved the capital to Byzantium. This refers to the historical event where Constantine the Great, the Roman Emperor, decided to move the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to the city of Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople. This move was significant as it shifted the political and cultural center of the empire to the eastern part, and Constantinople became a major center of power and influence for centuries to come.

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  • 6. 

    Which is the Jewish book of scripture that contains the laws of God?

    • A.

      A. Talmud

    • B.

      B. Torah

    • C.

      C. Koran

    • D.

      D. Bible

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Torah
    Explanation
    The Torah is the Jewish book of scripture that contains the laws of God. It is considered the most important and sacred text in Judaism. The Torah consists of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Pentateuch, which are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books contain the laws and commandments given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Torah serves as a guide for Jewish religious and ethical practices, and it is studied and revered by Jews worldwide.

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  • 7. 

    Old Saint Peter’s basilica was funded by

    • A.

      A. Justinian.

    • B.

      B. Constantine.

    • C.

      C. Pope Gregory the Great.

    • D.

      D. Charlemagne.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Constantine.
    Explanation
    Old Saint Peter's basilica was funded by Constantine. Constantine was the Roman Emperor who converted to Christianity and played a significant role in the establishment and expansion of Christianity in the Roman Empire. He initiated the construction of the original basilica in the 4th century AD, which later became known as Old Saint Peter's basilica. Constantine's funding of the basilica was part of his efforts to promote Christianity and establish Rome as a Christian center.

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  • 8. 

    All books were once “written by hand.” The term for these books is

    • A.

      A. scroll.

    • B.

      B. codex.

    • C.

      C. folio.

    • D.

      D. manuscript.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. manuscript.
    Explanation
    The term "manuscript" refers to books that were written by hand. This term is used to describe books that were created before the invention of the printing press, when all books had to be written out by hand. The other options, such as scroll, codex, and folio, do not specifically refer to books that were written by hand. Therefore, the correct answer is "d. manuscript."

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  • 9. 

    Which is an image of a holy person?

    • A.

      A. mandorla

    • B.

      B. icon

    • C.

      C. cheribum

    • D.

      D. cloison

    Correct Answer
    B. B. icon
    Explanation
    An icon is an image of a holy person, typically a religious figure such as a saint or a deity. Icons are commonly used in various religious traditions, including Christianity and Eastern Orthodox Christianity, as objects of veneration and devotion. They are considered to be sacred and are often used as aids in prayer and meditation. Icons are typically painted or written on wood and often depict the person in a frontal pose with a halo around their head. They are an important part of religious art and symbolism.

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  • 10. 

    Rus consisted of all of the below modern day countries except for:

    • A.

      A. Ukraine

    • B.

      B. Belarus

    • C.

      C. Russia

    • D.

      D. Romania

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Romania
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. Romania. The other options, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia, were all part of the Rus, a medieval state that eventually evolved into modern-day Russia. However, Romania was not part of the Rus and has a different historical and cultural background.

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  • 11. 

    What is an Islamic prayer hall called?

    • A.

      A. madrasa

    • B.

      B. qibla

    • C.

      C. iwan

    • D.

      D. mosque

    Correct Answer
    D. D. mosque
    Explanation
    An Islamic prayer hall is called a mosque. A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims, where they gather to pray, study, and engage in community activities. It is an important institution in Islam and serves as a center for religious and social gatherings. The word "mosque" is derived from the Arabic word "masjid," which means a place of prostration. Mosques typically have a prayer hall, a mihrab (a niche indicating the direction of Mecca), and a minaret (a tower from which the call to prayer is made).

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  • 12. 

    What is a tall slender tower outside a mosque called?

    • A.

      A. mihrab

    • B.

      B. iwan

    • C.

      C. minaret

    • D.

      D. qibla

    Correct Answer
    C. C. minaret
    Explanation
    A tall slender tower outside a mosque is called a minaret. Minarets are a distinctive feature of Islamic architecture and they serve several purposes. One of the main functions of a minaret is to provide a visual cue to the community, signaling the call to prayer. The muezzin would climb to the top of the minaret and make the call to prayer, known as the adhan, which can be heard across the surrounding area. Minarets also have symbolic significance, representing the connection between the earthly and the divine.

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  • 13. 

    Which Islamic art form was most well known and accepted best in Europe?

    • A.

      A. tugras

    • B.

      B. carpets

    • C.

      C. ceramics

    • D.

      D. silks

    Correct Answer
    B. B. carpets
    Explanation
    Carpets were the most well-known and accepted Islamic art form in Europe. Islamic carpets were highly valued for their intricate designs, vibrant colors, and quality craftsmanship. They were sought after by European nobility and became a symbol of luxury and wealth. Carpets were not only used for practical purposes but also displayed as status symbols and decorative items in European homes and palaces. The popularity of Islamic carpets in Europe helped spread awareness and appreciation for Islamic art and culture.

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  • 14. 

     Which is another name for a master artist’s studio or workshop?

    • A.

      A. madrasa

    • B.

      B. mihrab

    • C.

      C. atelier

    • D.

      D. minbar

    Correct Answer
    C. C. atelier
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. atelier. An atelier is another name for a master artist's studio or workshop. This term is commonly used in the art world to refer to the space where artists create their work, often under the guidance or supervision of a master artist. The word "atelier" is of French origin and is widely recognized in the context of art and artistic practices.

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  • 15. 

    Which building were Ottoman architects like Sinan particularly inspired by?

    • A.

      A. the Alhambra, Granada

    • B.

      B. the Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem

    • C.

      C. the Great Mosque, Cordoba

    • D.

      D. Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
    Explanation
    Ottoman architects, like Sinan, were particularly inspired by the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. This iconic building served as a model for many Ottoman mosques, including the famous Blue Mosque. The Hagia Sophia's grand dome and impressive architecture influenced the Ottoman architectural style, showcasing their admiration for this Byzantine masterpiece.

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  • 16. 

    What was the nationality of the Yuan dynasty rulers?

    • A.

      A. Chinese

    • B.

      B. Japanese

    • C.

      C. Mongol

    • D.

      D. Korean

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Mongol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Mongol. The Yuan dynasty rulers were of Mongol nationality. The dynasty was established by Kublai Khan, who was a Mongol leader and the grandson of Genghis Khan. The Mongols conquered China and ruled over it during the Yuan dynasty from 1271 to 1368. This period marked a significant cultural exchange between the Mongols and the Chinese, but the rulers themselves were of Mongol origin.

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  • 17. 

     Which is a long, narrow, horizontal painting that is unrolled for viewing?

    • A.

      A. hanging scroll

    • B.

      B. handscroll

    • C.

      C. album leaf

    • D.

      D. fusuma

    Correct Answer
    B. B. handscroll
    Explanation
    A handscroll is a long, narrow, horizontal painting that is unrolled for viewing. It is typically made of silk or paper and can be several feet long. The viewer can slowly unroll the handscroll to reveal different sections of the painting, allowing for a continuous narrative or visual experience. Handscrolls are commonly used in East Asian art, particularly in China and Japan, and are often displayed in a controlled manner to preserve their delicate nature.

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  • 18. 

     Which of the following is the word for a page from a book of paintings?

    • A.

      A. fusuma

    • B.

      B. hanging scroll

    • C.

      C. hand-scroll

    • D.

      D. leaf

    Correct Answer
    D. D. leaf
    Explanation
    The word "leaf" is the correct answer because it refers to a single page from a book of paintings. In the context of books, a leaf is a term used to describe a single sheet of paper, typically one side of a page. In the case of a book of paintings, each painting would be on a separate leaf. The other options, such as fusuma, hanging scroll, and hand-scroll, do not specifically refer to a page from a book of paintings.

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  • 19. 

     Which is the most important surviving example of traditional Chinese architecture?

    • A.

      A. the Forbidden City

    • B.

      B. Byodo-in

    • C.

      C. Angkor Wat

    • D.

      D. Kandariya Mahadeva temple

    Correct Answer
    A. A. the Forbidden City
    Explanation
    The Forbidden City is considered the most important surviving example of traditional Chinese architecture because it served as the imperial palace for over 500 years and is a symbol of Chinese imperial power and grandeur. It showcases the traditional architectural elements of Chinese palaces, such as the use of symmetrical layouts, intricate woodwork, and colorful decorations. The Forbidden City also houses numerous historical artifacts and artworks, making it a significant cultural and historical site in China.

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  • 20. 

    The samurai ruled Japan during which of the following periods?

    • A.

      A. Heian

    • B.

      B. Kamakura

    • C.

      C. Momoyama

    • D.

      D. Edo

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Kamakura
    Explanation
    During the Kamakura period, which lasted from 1185 to 1333, the samurai ruled Japan. This period was characterized by the rise of the warrior class and the establishment of a military government. The samurai held significant power and influence during this time, serving as the ruling class and governing the country. They played a crucial role in shaping Japan's political and social structure, making the Kamakura period a key era in samurai history.

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  • 21. 

     Which is a container for holy objects?

    • A.

      A. bailey

    • B.

      B. reliquary

    • C.

      C. colophon

    • D.

      D. scriptorium

    Correct Answer
    B. B. reliquary
    Explanation
    A reliquary is a container specifically designed to hold and display holy objects, such as relics of saints or other sacred artifacts. It is often made of precious materials and adorned with intricate designs, reflecting the importance and reverence given to the objects it contains. The purpose of a reliquary is to protect and venerate these holy objects, allowing believers to connect with their spiritual significance.

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  • 22. 

    In church architecture, what is the story above the side aisles that overlooks the nave?

    • A.

      A. bay

    • B.

      B. bailey

    • C.

      C. arcade

    • D.

      D. gallery

    Correct Answer
    D. D. gallery
    Explanation
    In church architecture, the story above the side aisles that overlooks the nave is called a gallery. This is a common feature in many churches, where a raised area or platform is built above the side aisles, providing additional seating or space for musicians, choirs, or other purposes. The gallery allows for a better view of the main space of the church, the nave, and can also enhance the acoustics of the building.

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  • 23. 

     Which was the “cultural army” that Charlemagne used to stabilize his empire?

    • A.

      A. artists, through the guild of Saint Luke

    • B.

      B. the barefoot Carmelite nuns

    • C.

      C. the Benedictine monks

    • D.

      D. the Knights Templar

    Correct Answer
    C. C. the Benedictine monks
    Explanation
    Charlemagne used the Benedictine monks as his "cultural army" to stabilize his empire. The Benedictine monks were known for their dedication to learning, education, and preserving knowledge. They played a crucial role in the intellectual and cultural development of Charlemagne's empire, establishing schools and monastic libraries. The monks also helped to spread Christianity and acted as advisors to Charlemagne, providing him with a stable and organized religious framework that helped to unify his diverse empire.

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  • 24. 

    In Romanesque churches, what is the term for where the nave and the transept intersect?

    • A.

      A. rib

    • B.

      B. crossing

    • C.

      C. portal

    • D.

      D. entrance

    Correct Answer
    B. B. crossing
    Explanation
    The term for where the nave and the transept intersect in Romanesque churches is the crossing. This is the central area where the main axis of the church intersects with the transept, forming a cross shape. It is typically marked by a dome or a tower, and is an important architectural feature in Romanesque church design.

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  • 25. 

     On the Christ in Majesty from the Church of San Climent, Tahull Lérida, Spain, whose influence is seen in the frontal pose, the repeated lines, and the alpha and omega symbols?

    • A.

      A. Byzantine

    • B.

      B. Ottonian

    • C.

      C. Mozarabic

    • D.

      D. Hiberno-Saxon

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Byzantine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Byzantine. The frontal pose, repeated lines, and the use of alpha and omega symbols are all characteristic of Byzantine art. The Byzantine Empire had a strong influence on art and culture during the medieval period, and this can be seen in the artwork from the Church of San Climent in Tahull. The frontal pose, where Christ is depicted facing forward and looking directly at the viewer, was a common feature in Byzantine art. The repeated lines and patterns also reflect the emphasis on symmetry and order in Byzantine art. The use of alpha and omega symbols, representing the beginning and the end, is a Christian symbol that was often used in Byzantine religious art.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 03, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Arthistory2007
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