Airway And Breathing IV

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 51

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Breathing Quizzes & Trivia

Yet another installment on airway and breathing. This time covering the remainder of Breon's notes from way long ago.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An abnormal deficiency in the concentration of oxygen in the blood is __________.
    • A. 

      Hypocarbia

    • B. 

      Hypoventilation

    • C. 

      Hypoxemia

    • D. 

      Hypoxia

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is the leading cause of airway obstruction in an unresponsive patient?
    • A. 

      Edema

    • B. 

      Steak

    • C. 

      Tongue

    • D. 

      Vomitus

  • 3. 
    Which of the following airway structures is unique in that it has a dual function with both the respiratory system and the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Larynx

    • B. 

      Pharynx

    • C. 

      Trachea

    • D. 

      Vallecula

  • 4. 
    Which of the following lung sounds is associated with fluid accumulating in the smaller airway passages heard on inspiration?
    • A. 

      Crackles (rales)

    • B. 

      Rattles (rhonchi)

    • C. 

      Stridor

    • D. 

      Wheezes

  • 5. 
    Which supplemental oxygen delivery system is capable of delivering fairly precise concentrations of oxygen?
    • A. 

      Nasal cannula

    • B. 

      Nonrebreather mask

    • C. 

      Small-volume nebulizer

    • D. 

      Venturi mask

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is the MOST critical lifesaving maneuver that you can perform as a paramedic?
    • A. 

      Initiate fluid boluses

    • B. 

      Establishing and maintaining a clear airway

    • C. 

      Applying traction to bilateral femur fractures

    • D. 

      Identifying STEMI on a 12-lead ECG

  • 7. 
    All of the following are commonly neglected skills related to airway management EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Failure to recognize respiratory distress and failure

    • B. 

      Failure to use manual methods for opening the airway

    • C. 

      Failure to make sure the patient is being appropriately oxygenated

    • D. 

      Failure to ensure that oxygen tanks are changes when needed

    • E. 

      Failure to do BLS before ALS skills

    • F. 

      Failure to protect the airway

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is the LEAST concern when assessing breathing as part of the initial assessment?
    • A. 

      Rate

    • B. 

      Effort

    • C. 

      Regularity

    • D. 

      Odor

  • 9. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents bradypnea?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 10. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents Cheyne-Stokes respirations?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 11. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents Biot's respirations?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 12. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents hyperpnea?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 13. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents Kussmaul's respirations?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 14. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents sighing?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 15. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents air trapping?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 16. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents ataxia?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 17. 
    Suppose A represents normal breathing.  Which of the following breathing patterns represents tachypnea?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F

    • F. 

      G

    • G. 

      H

    • H. 

      I

    • I. 

      J

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT a typical descriptor for respiratory effort?
    • A. 

      Work of breathing

    • B. 

      Accessory muscle use

    • C. 

      External assistance

    • D. 

      Nasal flaring

    • E. 

      Chest excursion

    • F. 

      Pursed-lip breathing

    • G. 

      Retractions

    • H. 

      Positioning

    • I. 

      Adventitious sounds

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not an ideal place to auscultate lung sounds during a time-limited physical exam in the back of an ambulance?
    • A. 

      Anterior chest, midclavicular, 1 inch below the collarbone

    • B. 

      Lateral chest, fifth intercostal space, midaxillary

    • C. 

      Posterior bases, back below the shoulder blades

    • D. 

      Inferior thorax, adjacent to the 8th intercostal border

  • 20. 
    Crackles indicates a fluid problem in the lungs that interferes with the diffusion of oxygen, but not so much the diffusion of carbon dioxide.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The hypocapnia associated with cardiac arrest patients can create a false negative confirmation of ETT placement.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Which of the following carboxyhemoglobin values is normal for smokers?
    • A. 

      0-5%

    • B. 

      5-10%

    • C. 

      10-15%

    • D. 

      >15%

  • 23. 
    Per PA BLS protocol 227, measurements of SpCO should be used to drive oxygenation decisions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Per Fick's principle, there are three main factors related to respiratory pathophysiology.  These are (select all):
    • A. 

      Ventilation

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Circulation

    • D. 

      Perfusion

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT a complication associated with pulmonary aspiration?
    • A. 

      May stimulate a spontaneous pneumothorax

    • B. 

      May occlude airway and cause hypoventilation of distal lung tissue

    • C. 

      May damage lung parachyma

    • D. 

      May result in pneumonia

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