AICE Geography Settlement Dynamics: Quiz!

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AICE Geography Settlement Dynamics: Quiz! - Quiz


Are you familiar with geography settlement dynamics? Would you be willing to try this quiz? Settlement geography tries to explore the part of the earth’s surface that includes human settlements. It is also the study of urban and rural settlements, the economic structure, transportation, and the subtleties of human settlement patterns as they pertain to space and time. Learn the scope of your understanding regarding settlement dynamics. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following always occur as a result of urbanization? 

    • A.

      Urban population growth

    • B.

      Air pollution

    • C.

      Population density increases

    • D.

      Transportation networks become more efficient

    • E.

      Urban renewal (particularly of the inner city) in MEDCs

    • F.

      Rural population decline

    • G.

      Overpopulation

    • H.

      The city reaches optimum population

    • I.

      People migrate out of cities

    • J.

      Development of shanty towns (more often in LEDCs)

    • K.

      Improvement in local services

    • L.

      Changes in land use

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Urban population growth
    C. Population density increases
    F. Rural population decline
    L. Changes in land use
    Explanation
    Urbanization refers to the process of a population shifting from rural areas to urban areas. As a result of urbanization, urban population growth is expected as more people move into cities seeking better opportunities. This influx of people leads to an increase in population density as more individuals reside in a limited urban space. Conversely, rural areas experience a decline in population as people migrate to urban areas. Additionally, urbanization brings about changes in land use, as more land is developed to accommodate the growing urban population. Therefore, the given answer choices of urban population growth, population density increases, rural population decline, and changes in land use are all outcomes that typically occur as a result of urbanization.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following are not necessarily true of shanty (slum) towns? 

    • A.

      Poor-quality housing

    • B.

      Located in the center of a city

    • C.

      Created due to lack of housing

    • D.

      High population density

    • E.

      Located near the outskirts of a city

    • F.

      Develop due to population growth in an urban city

    • G.

      There is an adequate amount of available resources

    • H.

      They are built because low-income migrants cannot afford housing

    • I.

      Jobs in these areas are authorized by the government to help residents earn sufficient income to live in a better area

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Located in the center of a city
    E. Located near the outskirts of a city
    G. There is an adequate amount of available resources
    I. Jobs in these areas are authorized by the government to help residents earn sufficient income to live in a better area
    Explanation
    Shanty towns, also known as slum towns, are characterized by poor-quality housing, high population density, and being located near the outskirts of a city. They are created due to a lack of housing and often develop due to population growth in urban areas. These areas are typically built because low-income migrants cannot afford proper housing. However, it is not necessarily true that shanty towns are located in the center of a city, that there is an adequate amount of available resources, or that jobs in these areas are authorized by the government to help residents earn sufficient income to live in a better area.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following can possibly help prevent the development of, or treat the problems in shanty towns?

    • A.

      Counter-urbanization

    • B.

      Rural-urban migration

    • C.

      Assistance from local authorities such as education programs and provision of adequate housing

    • D.

      Arresting criminals in shanty towns

    • E.

      Urban-urban migration

    • F.

      Gentrification

    • G.

      Providing more services in the areas surrounding shanty towns

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Counter-urbanization
    C. Assistance from local authorities such as education programs and provision of adequate housing
    D. Arresting criminals in shanty towns
    E. Urban-urban migration
    F. Gentrification
    Explanation
    Counter-urbanization can help prevent the development of shanty towns by encouraging people to move away from urban areas and into rural areas, reducing the population density in cities and the demand for housing in shanty towns. Assistance from local authorities such as education programs and provision of adequate housing can also prevent the development of shanty towns by addressing the root causes of poverty and improving living conditions. Arresting criminals in shanty towns can help treat the problems by improving safety and security for residents. Urban-urban migration and gentrification may not directly prevent the development of shanty towns but can contribute to the displacement of existing residents. Providing more services in the areas surrounding shanty towns can also help prevent the development of shanty towns by improving the overall infrastructure and living conditions in the region.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following are usually true of a functional central business district? 

    • A.

      It is the center of trade or business

    • B.

      Contains several social amenities such as shopping malls, movie theaters, etc.

    • C.

      Contains shanty towns

    • D.

      Higher land cost

    • E.

      High population and traffic levels

    • F.

      Housing is dispersed all throughout the area

    • G.

      Contains the services that are generally in greater need of accessibility

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It is the center of trade or business
    B. Contains several social amenities such as shopping malls, movie theaters, etc.
    D. Higher land cost
    E. High population and traffic levels
    G. Contains the services that are generally in greater need of accessibility
    Explanation
    A functional central business district is typically the center of trade or business, meaning that it is the main hub for commercial activities. It also tends to contain several social amenities such as shopping malls and movie theaters, providing entertainment options for the surrounding population. The higher land cost in this area is a result of its prime location and high demand. The high population and traffic levels are expected due to the concentration of businesses and amenities, attracting a large number of people. Additionally, the services in a functional central business district are generally in greater need of accessibility, making them easily accessible to the population in the area.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following can help to reduce the urbanization experienced in a specific city (City A)? 

    • A.

      Counter-urbanization

    • B.

      Relocation of central functions

    • C.

      Demographic transition of the country

    • D.

      Urban renewal of other cities that people are migrating from to City A

    • E.

      Management of urban sprawl

    • F.

      Urban renewal of City A

    • G.

      Distribution of services to provide to other cities the same services that a specific city offers

    • H.

      Having one location that acts as a central business district

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Counter-urbanization
    B. Relocation of central functions
    C. Demographic transition of the country
    D. Urban renewal of other cities that people are migrating from to City A
    E. Management of urban sprawl
    G. Distribution of services to provide to other cities the same services that a specific city offers
    Explanation
    Counter-urbanization can help reduce urbanization in City A by encouraging people to move away from the city and settle in rural areas or smaller towns. Relocation of central functions involves moving key business and administrative functions to other cities, reducing the concentration of activities in City A. Demographic transition of the country refers to changes in birth and death rates, which can affect migration patterns and reduce urbanization. Urban renewal of other cities that people are migrating from to City A can decrease the pull factors attracting people to City A. Management of urban sprawl involves controlling the expansion of the city and encouraging development in other areas. Distribution of services to other cities can reduce the need for people to migrate to City A for specific services.

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  • 6. 

    Urbanization has only positive effects.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Urbanization can have both positive and negative effects. While it can lead to economic growth, improved infrastructure, and increased opportunities, it can also result in overcrowding, pollution, and social inequality. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that urbanization only has positive effects.

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  • 7. 

    On a bid-rent diagram, the cost of residential housing would decrease rapidly as it progresses further away from the city center.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    On a bid-rent diagram, the cost of residential housing would actually increase as it progresses further away from the city center. This is because the demand for housing decreases as distance from the city center increases, leading to lower competition among buyers and subsequently lower prices. Therefore, the statement that the cost of residential housing would decrease rapidly as it progresses further away from the city center is false.

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  • 8. 

    On a bid-rent diagram, the price paid for land by retailing businesses experiences a sharp decrease with distance from the CBD.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a bid-rent diagram, the price paid for land by retailing businesses typically decreases as distance from the Central Business District (CBD) increases. This is because businesses are willing to pay more to be located in prime locations closer to the CBD, where there is higher foot traffic and better access to customers. As businesses move further away from the CBD, the demand for land decreases, leading to a decrease in price. This pattern is observed due to the trade-off between location convenience and cost for businesses.

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  • 9. 

    Slum towns can develop in both LEDCs and MEDCs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Slum towns can develop in both LEDCs (Less Economically Developed Countries) and MEDCs (More Economically Developed Countries) because the development of slums is not solely dependent on the economic status of a country. Factors such as rapid urbanization, population growth, lack of affordable housing, and inadequate urban planning can contribute to the development of slums in both types of countries. Therefore, slum towns can exist in both LEDCs and MEDCs.

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  • 10. 

    The CBD is more accessible in a city in an MEDC rather than a city in an LEDC.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a city in a more economically developed country (MEDC), the Central Business District (CBD) is typically more accessible compared to a city in a less economically developed country (LEDC). This is because MEDCs generally have better infrastructure, transportation systems, and urban planning, which result in easier access to the CBD. LEDCs, on the other hand, often face challenges such as inadequate transportation networks, poor road conditions, and limited public transportation options, making the CBD less accessible to the general population. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following would be expected to have the highest percentage of the population living in shanty towns?

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      Sweden

    • C.

      Ethiopia

    • D.

      Germany

    Correct Answer
    C. Ethiopia
    Explanation
    Ethiopia would be expected to have the highest percentage of the population living in shanty towns because it is a low-income country with a high poverty rate and limited access to basic services such as housing. Shanty towns, also known as slums or informal settlements, are typically found in developing countries where there is a lack of affordable housing options and inadequate urban planning. In Ethiopia, factors such as rapid urbanization, limited job opportunities, and rural-urban migration contribute to the high prevalence of shanty towns.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following sequences of land use is correct according to the bid-rent theory? (with the first term being the most centrally located)

    • A.

      Commerce, industry, businesses, residential

    • B.

      Commerce, businesses, industry, residential

    • C.

      Businesses, residential, commerce, industry

    • D.

      Industry, commerce, businesses, residential

    Correct Answer
    B. Commerce, businesses, industry, residential
    Explanation
    According to the bid-rent theory, land use tends to follow a pattern where activities that generate the most profit are located in the most central and accessible areas. In this case, commerce, which typically generates high profits, is the most centrally located land use. Businesses, which also generate profit but to a lesser extent, are located after commerce. Industry, which generally has lower profitability, is located after businesses. Residential areas, which generate the least profit, are located furthest away from the central area. Therefore, the correct sequence according to the bid-rent theory is commerce, businesses, industry, residential.

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  • 13. 

    A city with a population exceeding 10 million is best defined as a(n):

    • A.

      World city

    • B.

      Urban sprawl

    • C.

      Overpopulated area

    • D.

      Megacity

    Correct Answer
    D. Megacity
    Explanation
    A city with a population exceeding 10 million is best defined as a megacity because the term "megacity" refers to highly populous urban areas. These cities are characterized by their large population size, extensive economic activities, and significant social and cultural influence. Megacities often face unique challenges related to infrastructure, housing, transportation, and resource management due to their massive population.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following best explains why residential housing is generally not located in the CBD?

    • A.

      The other buildings in the CBD take up most of the available space

    • B.

      Land use in the CBD does not create the environment that houses should be built in

    • C.

      Residential sales do not rely on accessibility

    • D.

      House builders fear that if they build houses in the city center, then shanty towns will develop

    Correct Answer
    C. Residential sales do not rely on accessibility
    Explanation
    Residential housing is generally not located in the CBD because residential sales do not rely on accessibility. This means that people who are looking to buy a house are not primarily concerned with its proximity to the central business district. Instead, they prioritize other factors such as the neighborhood, schools, amenities, and their personal preferences. The other options provided do not provide a convincing explanation for why residential housing is not located in the CBD.

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  • 15. 

    Gentrification is a process of ___________________ that results in an improvement in the quality of housing.

    Correct Answer
    urban renewal
    renovation
    reurbanization
    reurbanisation
    re-urbanization
    Explanation
    Gentrification is a process of urban renewal, renovation, reurbanization, or re-urbanization that results in an improvement in the quality of housing. This process involves the revitalization and redevelopment of urban areas, often leading to an increase in property values and the displacement of lower-income residents. It typically involves the renovation of existing buildings or the construction of new ones, attracting wealthier residents and businesses to the area. This can lead to improved infrastructure, amenities, and services, but it can also have negative social and economic impacts on marginalized communities.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is not common in megacities?

    • A.

      Efficient transportation networks

    • B.

      Urban sprawl

    • C.

      Shanty towns

    • D.

      High population density

    Correct Answer
    A. Efficient transportation networks
    Explanation
    Efficient transportation networks are not common in megacities. Megacities are characterized by high population densities and urban sprawl, which often result in congestion and inadequate transportation infrastructure. Megacities also tend to have shanty towns, which are informal settlements with poor living conditions. However, due to the large population and limited resources, megacities often struggle to develop and maintain efficient transportation networks to accommodate the needs of their residents.

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  • 17. 

    Tokyo is an example of a ____________________.  This is a city recognized as an important component of the global economic system.

    Correct Answer
    world city
    global city
    alpha city
    world center
    Explanation
    Tokyo is considered a world city, global city, alpha city, and world center because it is recognized as an important component of the global economic system. These terms all refer to cities that have significant influence and impact on a global scale, particularly in terms of finance, commerce, culture, and politics. Tokyo's status as a major financial hub, its global cultural influence, and its role as a center for international trade and commerce make it fitting to be categorized under these terms.

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  • 18. 

    A shanty town is often referred to as a(n) ______________________________

    Correct Answer
    squatter settlement
    slum
    slum town
    Explanation
    A shanty town is often referred to as a squatter settlement, slum, or slum town because it is an informal and impoverished area where people live in makeshift dwellings. These settlements are typically characterized by inadequate housing, lack of basic services such as clean water and sanitation, and high levels of poverty. The terms "squatter settlement," "slum," and "slum town" all describe the same type of marginalized and impoverished community.

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  • 19. 

    CBD stands for ____________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    central business district
    Central Business District
    Explanation
    CBD stands for central business district, which refers to the commercial and economic hub of a city or urban area. It is typically characterized by a high concentration of office buildings, retail shops, and financial institutions. The central business district is often the most accessible and well-connected part of a city, attracting businesses, workers, and visitors. It is a vital component of urban planning and development, playing a crucial role in driving economic growth and providing employment opportunities. The term "Central Business District" is often abbreviated as "CBD" for convenience and ease of reference.

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  • 20. 

    When is a city considered to be overpopulated?

    • A.

      When there is air pollution

    • B.

      When a store is sold out of a particular item

    • C.

      When there are too many people compared to the resources and technology locally available to maintain an adequate standard of living

    • D.

      When traffic levels increase and transportation is congested

    Correct Answer
    C. When there are too many people compared to the resources and technology locally available to maintain an adequate standard of living
    Explanation
    A city is considered to be overpopulated when there are too many people compared to the resources and technology locally available to maintain an adequate standard of living. This means that the city's infrastructure, such as housing, transportation, healthcare, and education, cannot support the needs of its population. This can lead to overcrowding, strain on resources, and a decline in the quality of life for the residents.

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  • 21. 

    The type of population movement that results in urbanization is known as ________________________________________

    Correct Answer
    rural-urban migration
    rural to urban migration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is rural-urban migration or rural to urban migration. This type of population movement refers to the process of people moving from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in the growth and development of cities. It is driven by factors such as better employment opportunities, access to education and healthcare, and improved quality of life in urban areas compared to rural areas.

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  • 22. 

    What are the two problems associated with land use in the CBD?

    • A.

      High land cost and easy accessibility

    • B.

      Spatial competition and urban decline

    • C.

      Spatial competition and air pollution

    • D.

      Urban decline and air pollution

    Correct Answer
    B. Spatial competition and urban decline
    Explanation
    The two problems associated with land use in the CBD are spatial competition and urban decline. Spatial competition refers to the high demand for limited space in the central business district, leading to increased competition among businesses and higher land costs. Urban decline refers to the deterioration and decay of the CBD, often due to the relocation of businesses to suburban areas, resulting in vacant buildings, decreased economic activity, and a decline in the overall quality of the urban environment.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following population movements results in the development of urban sprawl?

    • A.

      Urban-urban migration

    • B.

      Rural-rural migration

    • C.

      Rural-urban migration

    • D.

      Urban-rural migration

    Correct Answer
    D. Urban-rural migration
    Explanation
    Urban-rural migration results in the development of urban sprawl. This is because urban-rural migration refers to the movement of people from urban areas to rural areas, which leads to the expansion of urban areas into previously rural or undeveloped land. As more people move from cities to rural areas, new housing developments, infrastructure, and commercial areas are created, causing the spread of urbanization and the physical expansion of cities into surrounding rural areas. This phenomenon is known as urban sprawl.

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  • 24. 

    Define the threshold population.

    • A.

      The minimum number of people needed to justify the provision of a service or presence of a certain shop

    • B.

      The amount of people an area can have before shanty towns begin to develop

    • C.

      The balance of population in relation to the resources and technology locally available that allows the maintenance of an adequate standard of living

    • D.

      Another name for the carrying capacity referred to in population adjustment

    Correct Answer
    A. The minimum number of people needed to justify the provision of a service or presence of a certain shop
    Explanation
    The threshold population refers to the minimum number of people required for a service or a certain shop to be economically viable. It is the point at which there is enough demand to justify the provision of the service or the presence of the shop. This means that if the population falls below the threshold, it may not be financially sustainable to operate the service or shop.

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  • 25. 

    Which combination of land uses in the inner city (before taking urban renewal into account) of an MEDC is correct?

    • A.

      Several social amenities, businesses

    • B.

      Government buildings, historical buildings

    • C.

      Industry, high-density residential housing

    • D.

      Main shopping location, low density residential housing

    Correct Answer
    C. Industry, high-density residential housing
    Explanation
    The combination of industry and high-density residential housing in the inner city of an MEDC is correct. This combination is commonly seen in older industrial areas where factories and warehouses are located in close proximity to residential areas. It allows for efficient use of land and promotes a mixed-use environment. The high-density residential housing provides housing options for workers in the nearby industries, while the industries provide employment opportunities for residents.

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    Quiz Edited by
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