AHS 202 - Midterm 2 Part 4 Sense Organs

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AHS 202 - Midterm 2  Part 4 Sense Organs - Quiz

Last minute.
ahhh!
good luck everyone on the exam later today :X
part 4 - sense organs
not everything from teh study guide so make sure to study there as well


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: hunger, thirst, hollow-organ fullness

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    C. Visceral sensations
    Explanation
    Visceral sensations refer to the internal sensations of the body, such as the feeling of fullness in the stomach or the sensation of a full bladder. These sensations are not directly related to the five traditional senses (sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch) but are instead related to the body's internal organs. Therefore, visceral sensations are considered a special sense rather than a general sense.

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  • 2. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: touch and pressure

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    D. Touch
    Explanation
    The correct answer is touch because touch is one of the general senses that allows us to perceive physical contact and pressure on our skin. It is a fundamental sense that helps us interact with the world around us and provides important information about our environment and the objects we come into contact with.

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  • 3. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: heat and cold

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    B. Temperature
    Explanation
    Temperature is classified as a general sense. General senses are those that are widely distributed throughout the body and provide information about the external environment and the body's internal state. Temperature receptors are found throughout the body and allow us to detect and respond to changes in temperature. This sense helps us to maintain homeostasis by regulating our body temperature and responding to extremes of heat or cold.

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  • 4. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: intesne stimuli of any type

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    E. Pain
  • 5. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: body position and movement

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    A. Proprioception
    Explanation
    Proprioception refers to the sense of body position and movement. It allows us to be aware of the position and movement of our body parts without having to visually observe them. This sense is important for maintaining balance and coordination. It involves receptors located in muscles, tendons, and joints that send signals to the brain about the position and movement of the body. This information is then used by the brain to make adjustments and control movements.

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  • 6. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: tastes

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    G. Taste
    Explanation
    Taste is one of the special senses that allows us to perceive different flavors of food and beverages. It is mediated by taste buds located on the tongue and other parts of the oral cavity. These taste buds contain specialized cells that can detect different taste sensations such as sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami. When food or drink comes into contact with the taste buds, chemical molecules bind to receptors on these cells, sending signals to the brain to interpret the taste. Therefore, taste is a specific sensory modality that is distinct from the general senses like touch, pain, and temperature.

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  • 7. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: odors

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    J. Smell
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "smell." Smell is one of the special senses that allows us to perceive odors. It is mediated by olfactory receptors located in the nasal cavity. These receptors detect different molecules in the air, which are then interpreted by the brain as specific smells. Smell plays an important role in our daily lives, influencing our taste perception, triggering memories, and even affecting our emotions.

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  • 8. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: balance and head position

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    I. Equilibrium
    Explanation
    Equilibrium refers to the sense of balance and head position. It is one of the special senses that helps us maintain stability and orient ourselves in space. This sense is controlled by the vestibular system in the inner ear, which detects changes in head position and movement. The information from the vestibular system is then processed by the brain to help us maintain balance, coordinate movements, and adjust our posture.

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  • 9. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: light

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    F. Vision
    Explanation
    Vision is considered a special sense because it involves the complex process of receiving and interpreting visual stimuli through the eyes and the brain. Unlike general senses such as touch or pain, vision relies on specialized structures like the retina and optic nerve to detect and transmit visual information. Additionally, the perception of light and the ability to see different colors and shapes are unique to the sense of vision. Therefore, vision is classified as a special sense among the list provided.

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  • 10. 

    General Senses and Special Senses: sounds

    • A.

      Proprioception

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Visceral sensations

    • D.

      Touch

    • E.

      Pain

    • F.

      Vision

    • G.

      Taste

    • H.

      Hearing

    • I.

      Equilibrium

    • J.

      Smell

    Correct Answer
    H. Hearing
    Explanation
    Hearing is classified as a special sense because it involves the detection and interpretation of sound waves. Sound waves are collected by the outer ear, then transmitted through the middle ear where they are amplified, and finally converted into electrical signals by the inner ear. These electrical signals are then transmitted to the brain where they are interpreted as sound. Unlike general senses such as touch or pain, which are spread throughout the body, hearing is specific to the ears and is responsible for our ability to perceive and understand auditory stimuli.

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  • 11. 

    What are the receptors in the brain?

    • A.

      Thirst center

    • B.

      Pulmonary stretch receptors

    • C.

      Chemoreceptors

    • D.

      Thermoreceptors

    • E.

      Cutaneous receptors

    • F.

      Appetite center

    • G.

      Baroreceptors

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Thirst center
    C. Chemoreceptors
    D. Thermoreceptors
    F. Appetite center
    G. Baroreceptors
    Explanation
    The receptors in the brain include the thirst center, which detects and regulates the body's need for water. Chemoreceptors are responsible for detecting changes in chemical composition, such as detecting levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. Thermoreceptors detect changes in temperature and help regulate body temperature. The appetite center is responsible for regulating hunger and satiety. Baroreceptors detect changes in blood pressure and help maintain cardiovascular homeostasis.

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  • 12. 

    What is A?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    D. Eustachian tube
    Explanation
    The eustachian tube is a passage that connects the middle ear to the back of the throat. It helps to equalize the pressure between the middle ear and the outside environment. This tube is responsible for regulating the pressure in the middle ear, allowing the eardrum to vibrate properly and transmit sound waves effectively. It also helps to drain any fluid or mucus that may accumulate in the middle ear.

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  • 13. 

    What is B?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    C. Semicurcular canals
    Explanation
    The semicircular canals are a set of three fluid-filled structures in the inner ear that are responsible for detecting rotational movements of the head. They play a crucial role in maintaining balance and equilibrium. The other options listed are various parts of the ear, but only the semicircular canals are directly related to detecting rotational movements.

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  • 14. 

    What is C?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    A. Oval window
    Explanation
    The oval window is a small, membrane-covered opening that connects the middle ear to the inner ear. It is located between the middle ear and the vestibule, which is the central part of the inner ear. When sound waves enter the ear, they cause vibrations in the tympanic membrane (eardrum), which are then transmitted to the oval window. These vibrations are then transferred to the fluid-filled cochlea, where they are converted into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain as sound.

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  • 15. 

    What is D?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    J. Cochlea
    Explanation
    The cochlea is a spiral-shaped structure in the inner ear that is responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain. It contains tiny hair cells that are stimulated by the movement of fluid in the cochlea, which then send signals to the brain via the auditory nerve. The other options listed are all structures associated with the ear, but the cochlea specifically plays a crucial role in the process of hearing.

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  • 16. 

    What is E?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    I. Round window
    Explanation
    The round window is a membrane-covered opening located in the cochlea of the inner ear. It is responsible for equalizing pressure within the cochlea, allowing for the proper transmission of sound waves and vibrations. When sound waves enter the ear, they cause the oval window to vibrate, which in turn creates fluid movement in the cochlea. The round window acts as a pressure release valve, allowing the fluid to move freely and preventing damage to the delicate structures of the inner ear.

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  • 17. 

    What is F?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    H. Tympanic membrane
    Explanation
    The tympanic membrane, also known as the eardrum, is a thin membrane located in the middle ear. It separates the outer ear from the middle ear and plays a crucial role in transmitting sound vibrations from the outer ear to the inner ear. When sound waves enter the ear, they cause the tympanic membrane to vibrate, which in turn sets the ossicles (malleus, incus, and stapes) in motion. This motion amplifies the sound and sends it to the inner ear for further processing. Therefore, the tympanic membrane is the correct answer as it is an essential component of the ear's auditory system.

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  • 18. 

    What is G?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    E. Malleus
    Explanation
    The malleus is a small bone in the middle ear that is also known as the hammer. It is one of the three auditory ossicles, along with the incus (anvil) and stapes (stirrup), that transmit sound vibrations from the tympanic membrane (eardrum) to the inner ear. The malleus is connected to the tympanic membrane on one end and to the incus on the other end. Its main function is to amplify and transmit sound waves to the inner ear for further processing.

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  • 19. 

    What is H?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    B. Vestibule
    Explanation
    The vestibule is a part of the inner ear that is responsible for detecting changes in head position and linear acceleration. It is located between the cochlea and the semicircular canals. It contains two small sacs called the utricle and saccule, which are filled with fluid and tiny hair cells. When the head moves, the fluid in the vestibule moves, causing the hair cells to bend and send signals to the brain, allowing us to maintain our balance and sense changes in our position.

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  • 20. 

    What is I?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    F. Incus
    Explanation
    The incus is one of the three small bones in the middle ear, also known as the ossicles. It is located between the malleus (hammer) and the stapes (stirrup). The ossicles transmit sound vibrations from the tympanic membrane (eardrum) to the inner ear. The incus specifically transfers the vibrations from the malleus to the stapes, which then sends the vibrations to the oval window, initiating the process of hearing.

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  • 21. 

    What is J?

    • A.

      Oval window

    • B.

      Vestibule

    • C.

      Semicurcular canals

    • D.

      Eustachian tube

    • E.

      Malleus

    • F.

      Incus

    • G.

      Stapes

    • H.

      Tympanic membrane

    • I.

      Round window

    • J.

      Cochlea

    Correct Answer
    G. Stapes
    Explanation
    The stapes is a small bone in the middle ear that transmits sound vibrations from the incus to the oval window. It is one of the three auditory ossicles, along with the malleus and incus, that help to amplify and transmit sound waves to the inner ear. The stapes plays a crucial role in the process of hearing and is essential for the proper functioning of the auditory system.

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  • 22. 

    Signs of vestibular dysfunction:

    • A.

      Shaking

    • B.

      Nystagmus

    • C.

      Head tilt

    • D.

      Drooling

    • E.

      Circling

    • F.

      Panting

    • G.

      Imbalnace

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Nystagmus
    C. Head tilt
    E. Circling
    G. Imbalnace
    Explanation
    The signs mentioned in the question, including nystagmus, head tilt, circling, and imbalance, are all indicative of vestibular dysfunction. Nystagmus refers to involuntary eye movements, which can be a result of vestibular issues. Head tilt is a common symptom of vestibular dysfunction, as the affected individual may tilt their head to one side to compensate for the imbalance. Circling is another sign, as the individual may have difficulty walking in a straight line and instead move in circles. Imbalance is a general symptom, as the vestibular system plays a crucial role in maintaining balance.

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  • 23. 

    Visceral sensations respond to these types of stimulus:

    • A.

      Chemical

    • B.

      Electromagnetic

    • C.

      Mechanical

    • D.

      Thermal

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Chemical
    C. Mechanical
    Explanation
    Visceral sensations refer to the sensations that arise from internal organs such as the stomach, intestines, or bladder. These sensations can be triggered by various types of stimuli. Chemical stimuli, such as changes in the pH or concentration of certain substances, can elicit visceral sensations. Mechanical stimuli, such as stretching or pressure on the organs, can also generate these sensations. However, electromagnetic and thermal stimuli are not typically associated with visceral sensations.

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  • 24. 

    A gamma fibers (myelinated) sense what type of pain?

    • A.

      Sharp pain

    • B.

      Dull burning pain

    Correct Answer
    A. Sharp pain
    Explanation
    Gamma fibers are myelinated nerve fibers that are responsible for transmitting sharp pain signals. These fibers are specialized in detecting and transmitting fast, intense, and acute pain sensations. Unlike dull burning pain, which is sensed by slower unmyelinated fibers, gamma fibers are specifically designed to rapidly transmit sharp pain signals to the brain, allowing for a quick response and reaction to potential harm or injury.

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  • 25. 

    C fibers (unmyelinated)  sense what type of pain?

    • A.

      Sharp pain

    • B.

      Dull burning pain

    Correct Answer
    B. Dull burning pain
    Explanation
    C fibers are unmyelinated nerve fibers that transmit pain signals from the body to the brain. These fibers are responsible for sensing slow, chronic, and dull burning pain. Unlike A-delta fibers, which transmit sharp and fast pain signals, C fibers are involved in the perception of ongoing pain, such as that associated with inflammation or tissue damage. Therefore, the correct answer is "dull burning pain."

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  • 26. 

    Cranial nerve 1 = olfaction (Connects to what part of the brain to generate autonomic and emotional responses?)

    • A.

      Optic nerve

    • B.

      Olfactory bulb

    • C.

      Infundibulum

    Correct Answer
    B. Olfactory bulb
    Explanation
    The olfactory bulb is the correct answer because it is the part of the brain that connects to the olfactory nerve (cranial nerve 1) to generate autonomic and emotional responses. The olfactory bulb receives signals from the olfactory nerve and processes them, leading to the perception of smell and triggering various physiological and emotional reactions.

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  • 27. 

    Core temperature receptors are located in the ________.

    • A.

      Thalamus

    • B.

      Cereburm

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    • D.

      Cerebellum

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypothalamus
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is responsible for regulating body temperature and contains core temperature receptors. These receptors detect changes in the internal temperature of the body and send signals to the hypothalamus, which then initiates responses to maintain a stable core temperature. This includes activating mechanisms to increase or decrease heat production and promoting behaviors such as sweating or shivering to regulate body temperature.

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  • 28. 

    Baroreceptors monitor the pressure of blood flow in blood vessels. They are part of the negative feedback system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Baroreceptors are sensory receptors located in the walls of blood vessels that detect changes in blood pressure. They play a crucial role in maintaining blood pressure within a normal range. When blood pressure increases or decreases, baroreceptors send signals to the brain, which then triggers appropriate responses to regulate blood pressure. This is an example of a negative feedback system, where the body works to counteract any deviations from the desired set point. Therefore, the statement "Baroreceptors monitor the pressure of blood flow in blood vessels. They are part of the negative feedback system" is true.

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  • 29. 

    Osmoreceptors detect change in osmostic pressure. They are found in the___________

    • A.

      Thalamus

    • B.

      Hypothalamus

    • C.

      Cerebrum

    • D.

      Cerebellum

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypothalamus
    Explanation
    Osmoreceptors are specialized cells that detect changes in osmotic pressure, which is the concentration of solutes in a solution. These receptors are primarily found in the hypothalamus, a region of the brain that plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including water balance and osmoregulation. The hypothalamus receives signals from osmoreceptors and initiates appropriate responses to maintain the body's water balance, such as releasing antidiuretic hormone (ADH) to conserve water or triggering thirst to increase fluid intake. Therefore, the correct answer is hypothalamus.

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  • 30. 

    Other three cociceptive processes (transduction, transmission and modulation) are still operating full-bore in an anesthetized animal during surgery, and they can significantly affect the animal's level of pain once they wake up from the anesthetic. This exaggerated pain response is referred to as _______, and it can cause significant stress on a postsurgical patient. *all lowercase plz

    Correct Answer
    windup
    Explanation
    Windup refers to the phenomenon where the nociceptive processes in the body become sensitized and amplified over time. During surgery, the processes of transduction, transmission, and modulation continue to occur even though the animal is under anesthesia. This means that the nociceptive signals are still being processed and can lead to an increased pain response once the animal wakes up from the anesthesia. This exaggerated pain response, known as windup, can cause significant stress on a postsurgical patient.

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  • 31. 

    Referred pain is when an animal stubs its toe and its back may hurt as well.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The pain signal travels up he nerve and may cause other pain signals to go off as well.

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  • 32. 

    The Vomeronasal organ detects bitter smells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The vomeronasal organ is mainly used to detect pheromones, chemical messengers that carry information between individuals of the same species.

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  • 33. 

    The middle ear is in the ____ bone. *all lowercase plz

    Correct Answer
    temporal
    Explanation
    The middle ear is located in the temporal bone. The temporal bone is one of the bones that make up the skull. It is situated on the sides and base of the skull, and it houses important structures of the ear, including the middle ear. The middle ear consists of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and three small bones called ossicles (malleus, incus, and stapes). These bones transmit sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. Therefore, the correct answer is temporal.

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  • 34. 

    The Eustachian tube connects the middle ear with the ________. *all lowercase plz

    Correct Answer
    pharynx
    Explanation
    The Eustachian tube connects the middle ear with the pharynx. The pharynx is a muscular tube that connects the nasal cavity and mouth to the esophagus and larynx. It plays a crucial role in the passage of air from the nose and mouth to the lungs. The Eustachian tube helps equalize pressure between the middle ear and the atmosphere, allowing the ear to function properly.

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  • 35. 

    The eigth cranial nerve is the _____ nerve.

    • A.

      Trochlear

    • B.

      Vestibulocochlear

    • C.

      Abducens

    • D.

      Vagus

    Correct Answer
    B. Vestibulocochlear
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Vestibulocochlear. The eighth cranial nerve, also known as the vestibulocochlear nerve, is responsible for transmitting sensory information related to hearing and balance from the inner ear to the brain. It consists of two branches, the vestibular branch and the cochlear branch, which are involved in maintaining equilibrium and processing auditory signals respectively.

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  • 36. 

    The eigth cranial nerve is the nerve that is responsible for transmitting signals from the ____ to the ____.

    • A.

      Inner ear/brain

    • B.

      Cochlea/brain

    • C.

      Organ of corti/brain

    Correct Answer
    A. Inner ear/brain
    Explanation
    The eighth cranial nerve, also known as the vestibulocochlear nerve, is responsible for transmitting signals from the inner ear to the brain. It carries information related to both hearing (from the cochlea) and balance (from the vestibular system) to the brain for processing and interpretation.

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  • 37. 

    The receptor organ of hearing is the ogan of corti.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The organ of Corti is located in the cochlea of the inner ear and is responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain. It contains specialized hair cells that are sensitive to different frequencies of sound. When sound waves enter the ear, they cause the hair cells to move, which triggers the release of neurotransmitters and the generation of electrical signals. These signals are then transmitted to the brain via the auditory nerve, allowing us to perceive and interpret sound. Therefore, it is correct to say that the organ of Corti is the receptor organ of hearing.

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  • 38. 

    The auditary ossciles are:

    • A.

      Organ of corti

    • B.

      Cochlea

    • C.

      Malleus

    • D.

      Incus

    • E.

      Stapes

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Malleus
    D. Incus
    E. Stapes
    Explanation
    The auditory ossicles are a group of three small bones in the middle ear that transmit sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. The three ossicles are the malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and stapes (stirrup). These bones work together to amplify and transmit sound waves, allowing us to hear. The organ of Corti, on the other hand, is a structure located in the cochlea of the inner ear and is responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain.

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