Additional Fission And Fusion

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Additional Fission And Fusion

Fusion and fission are totally different in how they take place but all end up in production of energy. While one involves the splitting of large unstable nucleus the other involves combination of nuclei. How conversant are you with these two reactions? Take up this quiz and review what you know so far!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Positive charged particle found in the Nucleus, mass of 1

    • B. 

      Negative charged particle found in the nucleus, mass of 1

    • C. 

      Neutral particle found in the nucleus, mass of 1

    • D. 

      Positive charged particle found in the shells, mass 1/2000

    • E. 

      Negative charged particle found in the shells, mass 1/2000

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      The ALPHA particles broke holes through the GOLD

    • B. 

      There were gaps between the GOLD atoms

    • C. 

      The GOLD atoms were mostly empty space

    • D. 

      The GOLD atoms had gaps in them

    • E. 

      The GOLD was not pure

  • 3. 
    When Rutherford found a tiny number of the ALPHA particles bounced back off the GOLD atoms, his conclusion from this observation was:-
    • A. 

      GOLD atoms are solid

    • B. 

      GOLD atoms have a tiny POSITIVE nucleus

    • C. 

      GOLD atoms have a tiny NEGATIVE nucleus

    • D. 

      GOLD atoms have a tiny SOLID nucleus

    • E. 

      GOLD atoms are tiny

  • 4. 
    The plum pudding model of the atom is best described by:
    • A. 

      A solid spongy atom

    • B. 

      An atom with electrons on the outside

    • C. 

      A solid mass of positive matter with negative electrons embedded in the surface

    • D. 

      A solid mass of negative matter with positive electrons embedded in the surface

    • E. 

      A positive nucleus with tiny electrons orbiting in shells

  • 5. 
    Nuclear fission usually uses the following ISOTOPES
    • A. 

      Uranium-235 and plutonium-235

    • B. 

      Uranium-238 and plutonium-238

    • C. 

      Uranium-239 and plutonium-239

    • D. 

      Uranium-235 and plutonium-239

    • E. 

      Uranium-239 and plutonium-235

  • 6. 
    A chain reaction is best described by:-
    • A. 

      When the fission products of one atom causes the fission of further atoms

    • B. 

      When the fission products of one atom causes the fission of one further atom

    • C. 

      When the fission products of several atoms cause a moderator to heat up

    • D. 

      When the fission products of several atoms cause the control rods to heat up

    • E. 

      When the fission products of several atoms causes the coolant to heat up

  • 7. 
    The device in a nuclear power station that slows down fission products so that they can cause other atom to fission is called:-
    • A. 

      The control rods

    • B. 

      The coolant

    • C. 

      The fuel rods

    • D. 

      The moderator

    • E. 

      The biological shield

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      The nucleus of a large atom splitting into smaller nucleii

    • B. 

      Two small nuclei joining to form one larger nucleus

    • C. 

      Several small atoms chemically bonding to form a molecule

    • D. 

      Several small atoms melting and forming a solid lump

    • E. 

      Two small atoms joining to form one larger atom

  • 9. 
    The key condition necessary for nuclear fusion to take place is:-
    • A. 

      The material must be very dense

    • B. 

      The material must be a solid

    • C. 

      The material must be a liquid

    • D. 

      The material must be a gas

    • E. 

      The material must be at a very high temperature

  • 10. 
    Isotopes are best described as
    • A. 

      Atoms of the same atomic number with different atomic masses

    • B. 

      Atoms of the same atomic mass with different numbers of electrons

    • C. 

      Atoms of the same atomic number with different numbers of protons

    • D. 

      Atoms of the same atomic mass with different numbers of neutrons

    • E. 

      Atoms of the same atomic numbers with different numbers of protons