Accounting 201 - Chapter 5

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Accounting 201 - Chapter 5 - Quiz

Securities are divided into debt and equity securities. Trading in securities is one form of investment that guarantees maximum profits when properly placed. Did you understand this chapter fully? The quiz below is designed to help you answer that with ease. Give it a try and polish up on the areas you note afterwards.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Investments that a company plans to hold for one year or less are:

    • A.

      Long-term investments.

    • B.

      Short-term investments.

    • C.

      Marketable securities.

    • D.

      Both B and C.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C.
    Explanation
    Investments that a company plans to hold for one year or less are considered short-term investments. Marketable securities are also investments that a company plans to hold for a short period of time. Therefore, the correct answer is both B and C.

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  • 2. 

    The purpose of owning trading securities is to:

    • A.

      Increase cash reserves.

    • B.

      Hold for a long-term period.

    • C.

      Sell the investment for more than its cost.

    • D.

      Sell the investment to decrease net income.

    Correct Answer
    C. Sell the investment for more than its cost.
    Explanation
    The purpose of owning trading securities is to sell the investment for more than its cost. Trading securities are short-term investments that are bought and sold frequently with the intention of making a profit. The goal is to take advantage of short-term price fluctuations in the market and sell the securities at a higher price than what was initially paid for them. This allows the investor to generate a profit and increase their overall investment returns.

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  • 3. 

    All trading securities are classified as:

    • A.

      Current assets

    • B.

      Long-term assets

    • C.

      Equity securities

    • D.

      Available-for-sale securities

    Correct Answer
    A. Current assets
    Explanation
    Trading securities are financial instruments that are bought and held by a company with the intention of selling them in the near term to generate profits. These securities are actively traded and their fair value is reported on the company's balance sheet. As current assets are those that are expected to be converted into cash or used up within one year, trading securities fit this criteria. Therefore, trading securities are classified as current assets.

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  • 4. 

    Investments in trading securities are reported on the Balance Sheet at their _________ value.

    • A.

      Current market

    • B.

      Investment

    • C.

      Market or investment

    • D.

      Fair

    Correct Answer
    A. Current market
    Explanation
    Investments in trading securities are reported on the Balance Sheet at their current market value. This means that the value of these securities is based on their current market price, which can fluctuate over time. Reporting them at their current market value provides a more accurate representation of their worth and allows investors and stakeholders to assess the financial health and performance of the company.

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  • 5. 

    When a company receives a cash dividend from a trading investment, the journal entry includes:

    • A.

      A debit to cash and credit to dividend revenue.

    • B.

      A debit to dividend revenue and credit to cash.

    • C.

      A debit to cash and credit to trading investment.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. A debit to cash and credit to dividend revenue.
    Explanation
    When a company receives a cash dividend from a trading investment, the journal entry includes a debit to cash and credit to dividend revenue. This is because the company is receiving cash, which increases its cash balance, and the dividend revenue is a form of income that the company earned from its investment. Therefore, the entry reflects the increase in cash and the recognition of the dividend revenue.

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  • 6. 

    Unrealized gains and losses occur when:

    • A.

      The investment is sold.

    • B.

      The cost of the investment differs from the current market value.

    • C.

      The investment has not been sold.

    • D.

      Both B and C occur.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C occur.
    Explanation
    Unrealized gains and losses occur when the cost of an investment differs from its current market value, and the investment has not been sold. This means that if the value of an investment has increased or decreased, but it has not been sold, the gains or losses are considered unrealized. Therefore, the correct answer is that both B and C occur.

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  • 7. 

    Realized gains and losses occur when:

    • A.

      The investment is sold

    • B.

      The cost of the investment differs from the current market value

    • C.

      The investment has not been sold

    • D.

      Both B and C occur

    Correct Answer
    A. The investment is sold
    Explanation
    Realized gains and losses occur when the investment is sold. This means that when an investor sells their investment, they will experience either a gain or a loss depending on whether the sale price is higher or lower than the initial cost of the investment. If the investment has not been sold, any changes in the current market value of the investment will not result in realized gains or losses. Therefore, the correct answer is that realized gains and losses occur when the investment is sold.

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  • 8. 

    Formal monetary claims against others acquired mainly by lending money are:

    • A.

      Accounts receivable

    • B.

      Notes receivable

    • C.

      Accounts payable

    • D.

      Notes payable

    Correct Answer
    B. Notes receivable
    Explanation
    Notes receivable refers to formal monetary claims against others that are acquired mainly by lending money. This means that when an individual or business lends money to another party, they create a formal agreement called a promissory note. This note outlines the terms of the loan, including the amount borrowed, interest rate, and repayment schedule. The lender holds the promissory note as evidence of the debt owed to them, and it becomes a receivable on their financial statements. Therefore, notes receivable is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 9. 

    Notes receivable are

    • A.

      More formal contracts than accounts receivable

    • B.

      Are due on the maturity date

    • C.

      May require the borrower to pledge security for the loan

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Notes receivable are more formal contracts than accounts receivable because they are typically written agreements that outline the terms and conditions of the loan. They are due on the maturity date, meaning that the borrower is required to repay the loan by a specific date. Additionally, notes receivable may require the borrower to pledge security for the loan, such as collateral or a personal guarantee. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" because all of these statements accurately describe notes receivable.

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  • 10. 

    A ledger that contains a separate account for each customer is called a      

    • A.

      General ledger.

    • B.

      Trade ledger.

    • C.

      Control ledger.

    • D.

      Subsidiary ledger.

    Correct Answer
    D. Subsidiary ledger.
    Explanation
    A subsidiary ledger is a ledger that contains a separate account for each customer. This type of ledger is used to track individual customer transactions and account balances separately from the general ledger. It provides detailed information about each customer's financial activity and allows for easier analysis and reconciliation of customer accounts.

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  • 11. 

    The biggest risk of selling on credit is:   

    • A.

      The risk of posting a payment to the wrong subsidiary account.

    • B.

      The risk of not collecting some of the receivables.

    • C.

      The risk of losing a sale.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. The risk of not collecting some of the receivables.
    Explanation
    Selling on credit carries the risk of not collecting some of the receivables. When a company sells on credit, it allows customers to pay at a later date, creating accounts receivable. However, there is always a chance that some customers may not pay their debts, resulting in bad debts or uncollectible accounts. This can have a negative impact on the company's cash flow and profitability. Therefore, the risk of not collecting some of the receivables is the biggest risk associated with selling on credit.

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  • 12. 

    Another term for uncollectible-account expense is:

    • A.

      Doubtful-account expense.

    • B.

      Bad-debt expense.

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is both A and B. Uncollectible-account expense is another term for both doubtful-account expense and bad-debt expense. These terms refer to the expenses incurred by a company when it is unable to collect payment from its customers for goods or services provided.

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  • 13. 

    The most acceptable way to measure bad debts is by:

    • A.

      The direct write-off method.

    • B.

      The percent-of-sales method.

    • C.

      The allowance method.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. The allowance method.
    Explanation
    The allowance method is the most acceptable way to measure bad debts because it follows the matching principle of accounting. Under this method, a percentage of sales is estimated to be uncollectible and is recorded as an allowance for doubtful accounts. This allows for more accurate reporting of accounts receivable on the balance sheet and matches the estimated bad debts with the corresponding sales revenue on the income statement. The direct write-off method, on the other hand, does not adhere to the matching principle as it only records bad debts when they are actually deemed uncollectible.

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  • 14. 

    The two methods of estimating uncollectible receivables are the:

    • A.

      Aging-of-receivables method and direct write-off method.

    • B.

      Percent- of- sales method and the aging-of-receivables method.

    • C.

      Allowance method and the direct write-off method.

    • D.

      Percent of sales method and the direct write-off method.

    Correct Answer
    B. Percent- of- sales method and the aging-of-receivables method.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the percent-of-sales method and the aging-of-receivables method. The percent-of-sales method estimates uncollectible receivables based on a percentage of total sales. This method assumes that a certain percentage of sales will be uncollectible. The aging-of-receivables method estimates uncollectible receivables based on the age of the accounts receivable. It categorizes receivables into different age groups and applies different percentages to estimate the collectability of each group. These two methods provide different approaches to estimating uncollectible receivables and can be used in combination for a more accurate estimation.

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  • 15. 

    The way to estimate uncollectible accounts by analyzing individual accounts receivable according to the length of time they have been outstanding is known as the:

    • A.

      Aging-of-receivables method

    • B.

      Percent-of-sales method.

    • C.

      Allowance method.

    • D.

      Direct write-off method.

    Correct Answer
    A. Aging-of-receivables method
    Explanation
    The aging-of-receivables method is used to estimate uncollectible accounts by analyzing individual accounts receivable based on how long they have been outstanding. This method categorizes accounts into different age groups (such as 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, etc.) and assigns a percentage of each age group as uncollectible. This estimation helps in determining the appropriate allowance for doubtful accounts, which is a contra asset account used to reduce the accounts receivable to its net realizable value. This method provides a more accurate estimation of uncollectible accounts compared to other methods like the percent-of-sales method or direct write-off method.

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  • 16. 

    The cost to the seller that arises from the failure to collect from customers who were extended credit is called:

    • A.

      Aging-of-receivables.

    • B.

      Uncollectible-account expense.

    • C.

      Direct write-off.

    • D.

      Aging expense.

    Correct Answer
    B. Uncollectible-account expense.
    Explanation
    The cost to the seller that arises from the failure to collect from customers who were extended credit is known as uncollectible-account expense. This expense represents the amount of money that the seller is unable to collect from customers who are unable or unwilling to pay their debts. It is a reflection of the financial loss incurred by the seller due to non-payment of credit extended to customers. The seller may have to write off these uncollectible accounts as bad debts, which can impact their profitability and cash flow.

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  • 17. 

    Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts is classified as:

    • A.

      A contra-expense account.

    • B.

      A contra-revenue account.

    • C.

      A contra-asset account.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. A contra-asset account.
    Explanation
    Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts is classified as a contra-asset account because it is used to reduce the value of accounts receivable on the balance sheet. It represents the estimated amount of accounts receivable that are expected to be uncollectible. By deducting the allowance from the total accounts receivable, the net realizable value of accounts receivable is determined. This contra-asset account reflects the reduction in the value of the asset (accounts receivable) due to the possibility of non-payment by customers.

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  • 18. 

     Which account shows the amount of accounts receivable that the business does NOT expect to collect?

    • A.

      Sales Returns and Allowances

    • B.

      Unearned Accounts Receivable

    • C.

      Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts

    • D.

      Uncollectible Accounts Expense

    Correct Answer
    C. Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts
    Explanation
    The Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts is the account that shows the amount of accounts receivable that the business does not expect to collect. This account is used to estimate and record the portion of accounts receivable that is likely to be uncollectible. It is a contra-asset account, meaning it reduces the total accounts receivable on the balance sheet to reflect the expected losses from uncollectible accounts.

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  • 19. 

     Net accounts receivable is calculated as:

    • A.

      Sales less sales returns and allowances.

    • B.

      Accounts receivable plus allowance for uncollectible accounts.

    • C.

      Accounts receivable less allowance for uncollectible accounts.

    • D.

      Accounts payable plus allowance for uncollectible accounts.

    Correct Answer
    C. Accounts receivable less allowance for uncollectible accounts.
    Explanation
    Net accounts receivable is calculated by subtracting the allowance for uncollectible accounts from the total accounts receivable. This is because the allowance for uncollectible accounts represents the estimated amount of accounts receivable that will not be collected. By subtracting this allowance from the total accounts receivable, we get the net amount that is expected to be collected.

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  • 20. 

    The use of the allowance method of accounting for bad debts is preferred over the direct write-off method because of the:

    • A.

      Matching principle.

    • B.

      Historical cost principle.

    • C.

      Revenue recognition principle.

    • D.

      Full disclosure principle.

    Correct Answer
    A. Matching principle.
    Explanation
    The use of the allowance method of accounting for bad debts is preferred over the direct write-off method because it adheres to the matching principle. The matching principle states that expenses should be recognized in the same period as the related revenues. By using the allowance method, the estimated bad debts are recognized as an expense in the same period as the related sales revenue, ensuring that the expenses are matched with the revenues they helped generate. This method provides a more accurate representation of the company's financial position and performance.

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  • 21. 

    Under the percentage-of-sales method, the estimate of bad debts for the period is based on:

    • A.

      The ending balance in the Accounts Receivable account.

    • B.

      The aging accounts receivable schedule.

    • C.

      A percentage of total revenues.

    • D.

      A percentage of net accounts receivable.

    Correct Answer
    C. A percentage of total revenues.
    Explanation
    The percentage-of-sales method estimates bad debts for a period based on a percentage of total revenues. This method assumes that bad debts will be a consistent percentage of sales. By using total revenues as the basis for estimating bad debts, the method takes into account the overall level of sales and provides a more accurate estimate of potential bad debts. Using the ending balance in the Accounts Receivable account or the aging accounts receivable schedule may not accurately reflect the level of sales and could result in an inaccurate estimate of bad debts. Similarly, using a percentage of net accounts receivable may not consider the total level of sales and could lead to an incorrect estimation of bad debts.

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  • 22. 

    Under the allowance method, the entry to record the bad debts estimate includes a debit to:

    • A.

      Accounts Receivable and a credit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts.

    • B.

      Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts and a credit to Uncollectible-Account Expense.

    • C.

      Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts and a credit to Accounts Receivable.

    • D.

      Uncollectible-Account Expense and credit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts.

    Correct Answer
    D. Uncollectible-Account Expense and credit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Uncollectible-Account Expense and credit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts." Under the allowance method, the entry to record the bad debts estimate involves recognizing an expense for uncollectible accounts, which is debited to the Uncollectible-Account Expense account. At the same time, the allowance for uncollectible accounts, which is a contra-asset account, is credited to reflect the estimated amount of accounts that will not be collected. This method allows for the matching principle, where expenses are recognized in the same period as the revenue they are related to.

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  • 23. 

     Under the allowance method, the entry to write off a $2,600 uncollectible account includes a:

    • A.

      Debit to Accounts Receivable for $2,600.

    • B.

      Credit to Uncollectible-Account Expense for $2,600.

    • C.

      Credit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts for $2,600.

    • D.

      Debit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts for $2,600.

    Correct Answer
    D. Debit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts for $2,600.
    Explanation
    In the allowance method, a company estimates the amount of accounts receivable that will not be collected and creates an allowance for uncollectible accounts. When a specific account is determined to be uncollectible, it is written off by debiting the Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts. This reduces the amount of accounts receivable that is expected to be collected in the future. Therefore, the correct answer is a debit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts for $2,600.

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  • 24. 

    An aging-of-accounts-receivable indicates that the amount of uncollectible accounts is $7,200. The Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts prior to adjustment has a credit balance of $2,000. The amount of the adjusting entry should be:  

    • A.

      $9,200.

    • B.

      $7,200.

    • C.

      $5,200.

    • D.

      $2,000.

    Correct Answer
    C. $5,200.
    Explanation
    Calculations: 7,200-2,000=5,200

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  • 25. 

    An aging-of-accounts-receivable method indicates that amount of uncollectible accounts is $7,200.The Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts prior to adjustment has a debit balance of $2,000. The amount of the adjusting entry for uncollectible accounts expense should be:  

    • A.

      $9,200.

    • B.

      $7,200.

    • C.

      $5,200.

    • D.

      $2,000.

    Correct Answer
    A. $9,200.
    Explanation
    Calculations 2,000+7,200=9,200

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  • 26. 

    Using the percentage-of-sales method, you estimate that total uncollectible accounts is $6,000. The Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts prior to adjustment has a credit balance of $2,000. The amount of the adjusting entry for uncollectible accounts expense is:

    • A.

      $8,000.

    • B.

      $6,000.

    • C.

      $4,000.

    • D.

      $2,000.

    Correct Answer
    B. $6,000.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is $6,000. The adjustment for uncollectible accounts expense is calculated by subtracting the credit balance of the Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts prior to adjustment ($2,000) from the estimated total uncollectible accounts ($6,000). This results in an adjusting entry of $4,000, which represents the expense for uncollectible accounts.

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  • 27. 

    Bigg and Talle Corporation uses the percentage-of-sales method to estimate uncollectibles. Net credit sales for the current year amount to $5,000,000 and management estimates 2% will be uncollectible. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts prior to adjustment has a credit balance of $16,000. After all necessary adjusting entries are made, the balance in Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts will be:

    • A.

      $116,000.

    • B.

      $100,000.

    • C.

      $84,000.

    • D.

      $16,000.

    Correct Answer
    A. $116,000.
    Explanation
    The percentage-of-sales method estimates uncollectible accounts based on a percentage of net credit sales. In this case, the net credit sales amount to $5,000,000 and management estimates 2% will be uncollectible. To adjust the allowance for doubtful accounts, the estimated uncollectible amount ($5,000,000 x 2% = $100,000) is added to the existing credit balance of $16,000. Therefore, the balance in Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts after adjustment will be $116,000.

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  • 28. 

    Portia Incorporated uses the percent-of-sales method to estimate uncollectibles. Net credit sales for the current year amount to $2,000,000, and management estimates 2% will be uncollectible. Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts prior to adjustment has a debit balance of $1,900. The amount of expense reported on the income statement and the balance in Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts, respectively, will be:

    • A.

      $41,900 and $40,000.

    • B.

      $40,000 and $38,100.

    • C.

      $38,100 and 40,000.

    • D.

      $40,000 and $41,900.

    Correct Answer
    B. $40,000 and $38,100.
    Explanation
    Calculations: expense = 2,000,000*.02=40,000
    Allowance balance 1,900 debit bal+40,000credit adjustment = 38,100 balance

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  • 29. 

    Company A has a Note Receivable of $5,000.  The note will be collected in installments.  $1,000 is due within a year and the remainder is due after a year.  The classification of the note on the balance sheet is:

    • A.

      All $5,000 is a current asset.

    • B.

      All $5,000 is a long term asset.

    • C.

      $1,000 is a current asset and $4,000 is a long term asset.

    • D.

      $4,000 is a current asset and $1,000 is a long term asset.

    Correct Answer
    C. $1,000 is a current asset and $4,000 is a long term asset.
    Explanation
    The note receivable is classified as $1,000 as a current asset and $4,000 as a long term asset because $1,000 is due within a year, making it a current asset, while the remainder of $4,000 is due after a year, making it a long term asset.

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  • 30. 

     A written promise to pay a specified amount of money at a particular future date is called a(n):

    • A.

      Maturity note.

    • B.

      Promissory note.

    • C.

      Account receivable

    • D.

      Unearned revenue

    Correct Answer
    B. Promissory note.
    Explanation
    A promissory note is a written promise to pay a specified amount of money at a particular future date. It is a legally binding document that outlines the terms and conditions of the loan or debt, including the repayment schedule and interest rate. Unlike an account receivable or unearned revenue, which are related to business transactions, a promissory note is a specific financial instrument used for borrowing or lending money. Therefore, the correct answer is promissory note.

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  • 31. 

    A three month, 10% note for $8,000, dated April 15, is received from a customer.  The face value of the note is:  

    • A.

      $8,000

    • B.

      $8,200

    • C.

      $200.

    • D.

      $8,800

    Correct Answer
    A. $8,000
    Explanation
    The face value of the note is $8,000 because it is stated in the question that the note is for $8,000.

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  • 32. 

    A three month, 12 ½% note for &8,000, dated April 15, is received from a customer.  The interest due when the note is paid off is:

    • A.

      960

    • B.

      8,240

    • C.

      240

    • D.

      8960

    Correct Answer
    A. 960
    Explanation
    The interest due when the note is paid off can be calculated by multiplying the principal amount (8000) by the interest rate (12.5%) and the time period (3 months). Therefore, the interest due is 8000 * 0.125 * (3/12) = 960.

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  • 33. 

    The Last Bank lends money to a customer on a six month note. The entry to record the issuance of the note is:

    • A.

      Debit Note Receivable and credit Service Revenue.

    • B.

      Debit Service Revenue and credit Note Receivable.

    • C.

      Debit Note Receivable and credit Cash.

    • D.

      Debit Cash and credit Note Receivable.

    Correct Answer
    C. Debit Note Receivable and credit Cash.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to debit Note Receivable and credit Cash. When a bank lends money to a customer on a note, it records the transaction by debiting Note Receivable, which represents the amount owed by the customer, and crediting Cash, as the bank receives cash in return for the loan. This entry reflects the increase in the bank's assets (Note Receivable) and the decrease in its cash balance.

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  • 34. 

    Calside Company signed a 15-month, $50,000, 6% note on June 1, 2011. The amount of interest to be accrued on December 31, 2011, is:    

    • A.

      $3,000.

    • B.

      $1,750.

    • C.

      $1,500.

    • D.

      $1,141.

    Correct Answer
    B. $1,750.
    Explanation
    Calculations: 50,000*.06*7/12=1,750

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  • 35. 

    If Extol’s Inc. sells items to a customer who uses a credit card for $800, and there is a credit card fee of    2%, what is the amount of the debit to Cash?

    • A.

      $816

    • B.

      $800

    • C.

      $784

    • D.

      $768

    Correct Answer
    C. $784
    Explanation
    The amount of the debit to Cash is $784. This can be calculated by subtracting the credit card fee of 2% from the total amount of $800. The credit card fee is 2% of $800, which is $16. Therefore, the debit to Cash would be $800 - $16 = $784.

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  • 36. 

    Selling accounts receivable typically:  

    • A.

      Decreases assets and increases revenues.

    • B.

      Decreases assets and increases expenses.

    • C.

      Increases assets and increases revenues.

    • D.

      Increases assets and increases revenues.

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreases assets and increases expenses.
    Explanation
    Selling accounts receivable involves transferring the right to receive payment from customers to a third party. This transaction reduces the amount of accounts receivable, which is an asset on the balance sheet, thus decreasing assets. Additionally, since the company is incurring expenses such as fees or discounts associated with selling the accounts receivable, it increases expenses.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following is considered to be a more stringent measure of a company’s ability to pay its current liabilities than the ratio?

    • A.

      Accounts payable

    • B.

      Quick ratio

    • C.

      Liquidity ratio

    • D.

      Collection period

    Correct Answer
    B. Quick ratio
    Explanation
    The quick ratio is considered to be a more stringent measure of a company's ability to pay its current liabilities compared to the ratio. The quick ratio excludes inventory from current assets, focusing only on the most liquid assets such as cash, accounts receivable, and short-term investments. By excluding inventory, which may not be easily converted into cash, the quick ratio provides a more conservative assessment of a company's ability to meet its short-term obligations. This ratio is often used by creditors and investors to evaluate a company's liquidity and financial health.

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  • 38. 

    The entry to record accrued interest on a note receivable at year end includes a debit to:

    • A.

      Interest Revenue.

    • B.

      Interest Receivable.

    • C.

      Note Receivable.

    • D.

      Cash.

    Correct Answer
    B. Interest Receivable.
    Explanation
    The entry to record accrued interest on a note receivable at year-end includes a debit to Interest Receivable. This is because accrued interest represents the amount of interest that has been earned but not yet received or recorded. By debiting Interest Receivable, we are increasing the amount owed to the company for the interest that has accrued. This entry recognizes the company's right to receive the interest income in the future.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 01, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Jc173
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