Parasympathetic Nervous SySTEM Exam

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| By Hazemaboshousha
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 422
Questions: 6 | Attempts: 422

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Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

The parasympathetic nervous system conserves energy as it slows the heart rate, increases intestinal and gland activity, and relaxes sphincter muscles in the gastrointestinal tract. This system is also charged with Regulating digestion and sexual arousal. Take up the quiz below on the system and see how knowledgeable you are about it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ms Hanan has been treated for myasthenia gravis for several years. She reports to the emergency department complain- ing of recent onset of weakness of her hands, diplopia, and difficulty swallowing. She may be suffering from a change in response to her myasthenia therapy, that is, a cholinergic or a myasthenic crisis. Which of the following is the best drug for distinguishing between myasthenic crisis (insufficient therapy) and cholinergic crisis (excessive therapy)? 

    • A.

      Atropine

    • B.

      Edrophonium

    • C.

      Physostigmine

    • D.

      Pralidoxime

    Correct Answer
    B. Edrophonium
    Explanation
    Edrophonium is the best drug for distinguishing between myasthenic crisis and cholinergic crisis. Edrophonium is a short-acting cholinesterase inhibitor that temporarily improves muscle strength in myasthenia gravis patients. In a myasthenic crisis, where there is insufficient therapy, edrophonium will improve muscle strength. On the other hand, in a cholinergic crisis, where there is excessive therapy, edrophonium will worsen muscle weakness. Therefore, the response to edrophonium helps differentiate between the two crises. Atropine, Physostigmine, and Pralidoxime are not used for this purpose.

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  • 2. 

    A Farmer has been accidentally exposed to a high concentration of a highly toxic agricultural organophosphate insecticide. If untreated, the cause of death from such exposure would probably be 

    • A.

      Cardiac arrhythmia

    • B.

      Gastrointestinal bleeding

    • C.

      Heart failure

    • D.

      Respiratory failure

    Correct Answer
    D. Respiratory failure
    Explanation
    Exposure to a highly toxic agricultural organophosphate insecticide can lead to respiratory failure. Organophosphate compounds inhibit the activity of cholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine in the body. This leads to an accumulation of acetylcholine, causing overstimulation of the respiratory muscles and ultimately paralysis. Without proper treatment, the individual's ability to breathe will be compromised, leading to respiratory failure and potentially death.

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  • 3. 

    Actions and clinical uses of muscarinic cholinoceptor agonists include which one of the following? 

    • A.

      Bronchodilation (asthma)

    • B.

      Improved aqueous humor drainage (glaucoma)

    • C.

      Decreased gastrointestinal motility (diarrhea)

    • D.

      Increased sweating (fever)

    Correct Answer
    B. Improved aqueous humor drainage (glaucoma)
    Explanation
    Muscarinic cholinoceptor agonists are drugs that stimulate muscarinic receptors, which are found in various tissues in the body. One of the clinical uses of these agonists is to improve aqueous humor drainage in the eye, which is beneficial in the treatment of glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition characterized by increased intraocular pressure, and by improving the drainage of aqueous humor, the pressure can be reduced, helping to prevent damage to the optic nerve and preserve vision. Therefore, the correct answer is "Improved aqueous humor drainage (glaucoma)."

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  • 4. 

    Probable signs of atropine overdose include which one of the following?  

    • A.

      Gastrointestinal smooth muscle cramping

    • B.

      Increased heart rate

    • C.

      Increased gastric secretion

    • D.

      Pupillary constriction

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased heart rate
    Explanation
    Atropine is a medication that blocks the action of acetylcholine in the body, leading to various effects. An overdose of atropine can cause an excessive increase in heart rate due to the medication's ability to block the parasympathetic nervous system, which normally slows down the heart rate. This excessive increase in heart rate is a probable sign of atropine overdose.

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  • 5. 

    Accepted therapeutic indications for the use of anti-muscarinic drugs include all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Motion sickness

    • B.

      Parkinson’s disease

    • C.

      Atrial fibrillation

    • D.

      Bladder spasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Atrial fibrillation
    Explanation
    Anti-muscarinic drugs are commonly used to treat conditions characterized by overactivity of the parasympathetic nervous system, such as motion sickness, Parkinson's disease, and bladder spasms. However, they are not indicated for the treatment of atrial fibrillation, which is an abnormal heart rhythm. Atrial fibrillation requires specific antiarrhythmic medications or procedures to restore normal heart rhythm. Therefore, atrial fibrillation is the correct answer as it is not an accepted therapeutic indication for the use of anti-muscarinic drugs.

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  • 6. 

    Which one of the following drugs has a very high affinity for the phosphorus atom in parathion (insecticide) and is often used to treat life-threatening insecticide toxicity?

    • A.

      Atropine

    • B.

      Benztropine

    • C.

      Bethanechol

    • D.

      Pralidoxime

    Correct Answer
    D. Pralidoxime
    Explanation
    Pralidoxime has a very high affinity for the phosphorus atom in parathion, making it an effective treatment for life-threatening insecticide toxicity. Atropine, benztropine, and bethanechol are not specifically used for this purpose.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 15, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Hazemaboshousha
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