Morphology And Syntax

10 Questions

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Morphology And Syntax


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Categories of verbal morphologyWhich of the following is NOT a category of verbal morphology: 
    • A. 

      Tense

    • B. 

      Case

    • C. 

      Aspect

    • D. 

      Person

  • 2. 
    Index of fusionThe index of fusion describes languages along a scale from: 
    • A. 

      Synthetic to fusional

    • B. 

      Agglutinating to fusional

    • C. 

      Isolating to fusional

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 3. 
    Index of synthesisThe index of synthesis describes languages on a scale from
    • A. 

      Fusional to synthetic

    • B. 

      Isolating to synthetic

    • C. 

      Agglutinating to synthetic

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 4. 
    Compare the 2 sentences below: Jeg forstår ikke, hvorfor han ikke vil snakke med mig. I don’t understand why he won’t speak to me  Does the underlined clause fulfill the same syntactical role in both of the 2 languages? 
    • A. 

      Yes –they are both relative clauses.

    • B. 

      No, the comma marks the beginning of a non-restrictive relative clause in the Danish example, whereas the English one, lacking the comma, is a restrictive one.

    • C. 

      Yes, they are both complement clauses fulfilling the role of direct object.

    • D. 

      No, they are both complement clauses, but the Danish one fulfills the role of direct object, whereas the English one fulfills the role of adverbial

  • 5. 
    Consider the following examples from Greenlandic:Nuummukarpoq - 'She went to Nuuk'Arnaavunga       - 'I am a woman'Kaffisivit?           - 'Did you buy coffe?'On the basis of these examples, it seems safe to assume that Greenlandic is:
    • A. 

      Polysynthetic

    • B. 

      Agglutinative

    • C. 

      Fusional

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 6. 
    Consider the following example of a Japanese relative clause:Japanese:watasi     ga  hon  o         ataeta    kodomo1sgPRO  S  book  ACC  give.PRV  child-----------REL. CLAUSE------------------  HEAD’the child I gave a book to’ The position of the relative clause in respect to the head gives us reason to believe 
    • A. 

      That adjectives would be placed in front of the noun in an NP

    • B. 

      That adjectives would be placed after the noun in an NP

  • 7. 
    Switch reference is a grammatical phenomenon found in some languages. It is used to
    • A. 

      Link several clauses together by marking each clause for same or different subject

    • B. 

      Switch subjects around within the clause

    • C. 

      Link several clauses together by switching the subject for each clause

    • D. 

      Link sentences together by repeating the final clause of the first sentence as the first clause of the next one.

  • 8. 
    Consider the following example in French: Je                  n’-aime-Ø                           pas                l’-école!1sgPRO        NEG-like-1sgS                   not                DEF-school’I don’t like school’ On the basis of this example, what is the basic word order in French? 
    • A. 

      OVS

    • B. 

      SVO

    • C. 

      SOV

    • D. 

      VSO

  • 9. 
    Consider the following example og Lithuanian morphology from M. Arkadiev, Peter. 2012Stems in Lithuanian verbal inflection (with remarks on derivation) in: Word Structure. Apr2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p7-27. 21p.On the basis of these data, what morphological type would you consider Lithuanian to come closest to?
    • A. 

      Isolating

    • B. 

      Fusional

    • C. 

      Agglutinative

    • D. 

      Option 4