Sparta And The Battle Of Thermopylae

30 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Sparta And The Battle Of Thermopylae


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When did the Battle of Thermopylae take place?
    • A. 

      280 CE

    • B. 

      380 BCE

    • C. 

      580 BC

    • D. 

      480 BC

  • 2. 
    Who was the King of the Persians?
    • A. 

      Leonidas

    • B. 

      Xerxes

    • C. 

      Darius

    • D. 

      Pericles

  • 3. 
    The Persian army was reputedly made up of _____________.
    • A. 

      250,000 men

    • B. 

      25,000 men

    • C. 

      2,500 men

    • D. 

      250 men

  • 4. 
    Who was the King of Sparta?
    • A. 

      Pericles

    • B. 

      Darius

    • C. 

      Leonidas

    • D. 

      Xerxes

  • 5. 
    The King of Sparta was about _____ years old at the time of the Battle of Thermopylae.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      60

    • C. 

      30

    • D. 

      40

  • 6. 
    What was the name of the Persians' elite soldiers?
    • A. 

      Hoplites

    • B. 

      Archers

    • C. 

      Legionnaires

    • D. 

      Immortals

  • 7. 
    Which statement is true?
    • A. 

      The Spartans were lightly armed but very brave.

    • B. 

      The Spartans were more heavily armed than the Persians.

    • C. 

      The Persians did not use bows and arrows.

    • D. 

      The Spartans outnumbered the Immortals.

  • 8. 
    What did the Spartans reportedly do before the Battle of Thermopylae, according to a Persian scout?
    • A. 

      They combed their hair.

    • B. 

      They fasted for a day.

    • C. 

      They went swimming to cleanse themselves before the Battle.

    • D. 

      They confessed their sins.

  • 9. 
    The 300 men in the Spartan army at Thermopylae all had ________________.
    • A. 

      Living wives at home

    • B. 

      Living daughters at home

    • C. 

      Living sons at home

    • D. 

      Living fathers at home

  • 10. 
    The word "Thermopylae" means ___________.
    • A. 

      Hot gates

    • B. 

      Cold springs

    • C. 

      Mineral springs

    • D. 

      Fierce fighting

  • 11. 
    What was the first test of strength in a Spartan child's life?
    • A. 

      Being checked as a baby to ensure you were strong

    • B. 

      Completing demanding training in your barracks

    • C. 

      Living in the wild in your teenage years

    • D. 

      Your first battle as an adult hoplite

  • 12. 
    About how many Spartan male citizens were there at the time of the Battle?
    • A. 

      90

    • B. 

      900

    • C. 

      9000

    • D. 

      90,000

  • 13. 
    The slaves in Sparta were known as ___________.
    • A. 

      Immortals

    • B. 

      Hoplites

    • C. 

      Mortals

    • D. 

      Helots

  • 14. 
    Who were the Messenians?
    • A. 

      Another word for hoplites

    • B. 

      The conquered people who became slaves of the Spartans

    • C. 

      A group within the Persian army

    • D. 

      A group within the Athenian army

  • 15. 
    Who won the Battle of Thermopylae?
    • A. 

      Persia

    • B. 

      Sparta

    • C. 

      Rome

    • D. 

      Athens

  • 16. 
    How old were the Spartan boys when they left their homes to begin military training?
    • A. 

      11

    • B. 

      9

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      5

  • 17. 
    In the barracks, the boys had _______________.
    • A. 

      Luxurious conditions

    • B. 

      Not enough food to eat

    • C. 

      As much food as they could ever need

    • D. 

      Beautiful, warm clothing made by their slaves

  • 18. 
    Long before the Battle of Thermopylae, the Spartans' slaves had risen up to fight against their oppressive overlords. The best word for this is a ___________.
    • A. 

      Battle

    • B. 

      Revolution

    • C. 

      Rebellion

  • 19. 
    The Persian threat caused several city-states of ancient Greece to __________________________.
    • A. 

      Establish schools to teach the Persian language

    • B. 

      Surrender unconditionally

    • C. 

      Continue fighting against each other

    • D. 

      Become allies

  • 20. 
    Which skill would a Spartan child never learn?
    • A. 

      Reading

    • B. 

      A trade

    • C. 

      Writing

    • D. 

      Dancing

  • 21. 
    Boys were encouraged to steal without being caught. This was considered a sign of _______________.
    • A. 

      Resourcefulness

    • B. 

      Dishonesty

    • C. 

      Cowardice

    • D. 

      Immorality

  • 22. 
    The Spartan King sent the rest of the Greek soldiers away. This gave them the opportunity to ________________.
    • A. 

      Return to Sparta with news of the Spartans' courage

    • B. 

      Return to Athens and strengthen its defences

    • C. 

      Evacuate Athens and regroup for a later battle

    • D. 

      Flee into the mountains, leaving the people in Athens to their fate

  • 23. 
    The wall-like formation of the Spartans, in which they stood in 18 rows with their shields against the backs of the men in front, was called a/n ______________.
    • A. 

      Attack

    • B. 

      Retreat

    • C. 

      Battle wall

    • D. 

      Phalanx

  • 24. 
    The Persians were finally able to defeat the Spartans, partially because  _____________________.
    • A. 

      The Persians were stronger soldiers, despite having fewer men

    • B. 

      The Persians were braver than the Spartans and were utterly fearless

    • C. 

      A traitor told Xerxes of a narrow path by which the Persian forces could get behind the Spartans

    • D. 

      The Persians were more heavily armed and also used bows and arrows to their advantage

  • 25. 
    When the Persians arrived in Athens, they ___________________________.
    • A. 

      Destroyed the Parthenon

    • B. 

      Burned Athens to the ground

    • C. 

      Slaughtered Athens' citizens, who were caught unawares

    • D. 

      Killed the soldiers who had retreated from the Battle of Thermopylae

  • 26. 
    The Persian king was called ______________.
  • 27. 
    The Spartan king was called _____________.
  • 28. 
    The wall-of-shields formation was called a _______________.
  • 29. 
    Athens and Sparta were both ______________ of ancient Greece.