Unit 3 Test - Cultural Patterns And Processes

64 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Culture Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement about culture is true?
    • A. 

      Culture is the traditions and beliefs of a group of people.

    • B. 

      Culture is learned behavior that is passed from one generation to the next.

    • C. 

      Cultures are dynamic and always changing.

    • D. 

      Cultural traits are a reflection of a group's values.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 2. 
    The idea that an environment influences, but does not strictly determine, how a culture interacts with the environment is known as
    • A. 

      Environmental determinism.

    • B. 

      Environmental possibilism.

    • C. 

      Cultural ecology.

    • D. 

      Cultural environmentalism.

    • E. 

      Cultural possibilism.

  • 3. 
    A single attribute of culture is called a
    • A. 

      Culture complex.

    • B. 

      Culture realm.

    • C. 

      Culture landscape.

    • D. 

      Culture hearth.

    • E. 

      Culture trait.

  • 4. 
    The theory that the physical environment causes social and cultural development is called
    • A. 

      Environmental ecology.

    • B. 

      Cultural ecology.

    • C. 

      Cultural determinism.

    • D. 

      Environmental determinism.

    • E. 

      Environmental landscape.

  • 5. 
    The best example of cultural integration (where all elements of society are interwoven with the dominant culture) in the United States is 
    • A. 

      The upland South.

    • B. 

      The Mormon culture region.

    • C. 

      The Pacific Northwest.

    • D. 

      The Amish country in Pennsylvania.

    • E. 

      The Spanish influence in the southwest.

  • 6. 
    The area of origin of a culture is called
    • A. 

      Cultural environment.

    • B. 

      Cultural homeland.

    • C. 

      Culture hearth.

    • D. 

      Cultural landscape.

    • E. 

      Culture realm.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following areas is not considered a cultural realm?
    • A. 

      Latin America.

    • B. 

      Anglo America.

    • C. 

      Western Europe.

    • D. 

      New England.

    • E. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • 8. 
    All of the following are examples of a functional or nodal region EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The area served by a Walmart.

    • B. 

      The circulation of a daily newspaper.

    • C. 

      The broadcast area of a radio station.

    • D. 

      The area known as the "South".

    • E. 

      Any market area for a retail business.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following regions is considered a vernacular culture region?
    • A. 

      Anglo-America.

    • B. 

      South America.

    • C. 

      The American South.

    • D. 

      East Asia.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 10. 
    Which cultural phenomenon below is not an example of syncretism?
    • A. 

      Tex-Mex cuisine.

    • B. 

      Nordic skiing.

    • C. 

      Snowboarding.

    • D. 

      Thai cuisine.

    • E. 

      Japanese capitalism.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following areas would be considered a cultural transition zone?
    • A. 

      Southwest USA-Northern Mexico.

    • B. 

      Southern Florida.

    • C. 

      Eastern Ontario-Western Quebec.

    • D. 

      Poland.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 12. 
    Culture is spread by 
    • A. 

      Trans-national corporations.

    • B. 

      Migrants.

    • C. 

      War and occupation.

    • D. 

      Television and other media.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 13. 
    Contagious diffusion is
    • A. 

      The rapid and widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population.

    • B. 

      The spread of an underlying principle or idea.

    • C. 

      The spread of an idea from persons of power to other persons.

    • D. 

      The spread of an idea or trait through the physical movement of people from one place to another.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is an example of relocation diffusion?
    • A. 

      The spread of baseball to Japan.

    • B. 

      The spread of English to the British Colonies.

    • C. 

      The spread of AIDS to the United States.

    • D. 

      The spread of Roman Catholicism to Latin America.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is an example of hierarchical diffusion?
    • A. 

      The spread of Spanish language to Latin America.

    • B. 

      The spread of laptop computers from the upper class to the middle class.

    • C. 

      The spread of AIDS from Africa to Europe.

    • D. 

      The spread of Walmart from Arkansas to the rest of the United States.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 16. 
    Stimulus diffusion is
    • A. 

      The rapid and widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population.

    • B. 

      The spread of an underlying principle.

    • C. 

      The spread of an idea from persons of power to other persons.

    • D. 

      The spread of an idea or trait through the physical movement of people from one place to another.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 17. 
    The process by which a less dominant culture adopts some of the traits of a more dominant culture. 
    • A. 

      Cultural assimilation.

    • B. 

      Acculturation.

    • C. 

      Syncretism.

    • D. 

      Migrant diffusion.

    • E. 

      Transculturation.

  • 18. 
    Which of these modern languages spread globally as a result of religion? 
    • A. 

      English.

    • B. 

      Arabic.

    • C. 

      French.

    • D. 

      Spanish.

    • E. 

      Chinese.

  • 19. 
    Which statement about the diffusion of the English and Chinese languages is true?
    • A. 

      English has diffused worldwide, while Chinese is spoken mostly in China.

    • B. 

      English is spoken in only the United Kingdom and the United States, while Chinese is spoken all over East Asia.

    • C. 

      English and Chinese are both spoken worldwide as lingua franca languages.

    • D. 

      The number of English speakers is declining, while the number of Chinese speakers is steadily increasing.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 20. 
    All of the following are Latin-based Romance language except
    • A. 

      English.

    • B. 

      Spanish.

    • C. 

      French.

    • D. 

      Italian.

    • E. 

      Portuguese.

  • 21. 
    Which statement about the English language is correct?
    • A. 

      Worldwide, there are three times as many native speakers of English as second language speakers.

    • B. 

      It is a member of the Latin language branch.

    • C. 

      It has been largely influenced by the French language.

    • D. 

      It has only two separate dialects: British and American.

    • E. 

      It is the official language of the United States.

    • F. 

      .

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Many symbols no longer have meaning.

    • B. 

      In order to be literate, a person must memorize thousands of symbols.

    • C. 

      Each dialect has its own symbols for writing.

    • D. 

      Each symbol must correspond with the pronunciation of the word it represents.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 23. 
    A regional variant of a language is known as a 
    • A. 

      Language branch.

    • B. 

      Language group.

    • C. 

      Language family.

    • D. 

      Language dialect.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 24. 
    American English has adopted extensive vocabulary from which of the following languages?
    • A. 

      Spanish language.

    • B. 

      French language.

    • C. 

      Yiddish language.

    • D. 

      Native American languages.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 25. 
    A common language that is used among speakers of different languages for the purposes of trade and commerce is called a
    • A. 

      Relict language.

    • B. 

      Revived language.

    • C. 

      Lingua franca.

    • D. 

      Pidgen language.

    • E. 

      Creole language.

  • 26. 
    Approximately how many countries use English as an official language?
    • A. 

      40.

    • B. 

      50.

    • C. 

      60.

    • D. 

      70.

    • E. 

      80.

  • 27. 
    Problems with multi-lingual states include
    • A. 

      Increased costs for printing government signs and literature in multiple languages.

    • B. 

      Antagonism between speakers of the different languages.

    • C. 

      Confusion, as some place names are identified differently in the different languages.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 28. 
    A language that no longer has native speakers is considered
    • A. 

      An extinct language.

    • B. 

      A preserved language.

    • C. 

      An endangered language.

    • D. 

      A lingua franca.

    • E. 

      A creole language.

  • 29. 
    Cultural groups often work to preserve and protect their languages
    • A. 

      Because oral history will be lost if the language is not preserved.

    • B. 

      Because language is an essential part of a culture's identity.

    • C. 

      As a reaction against folk culture forces.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      A and B only.

  • 30. 
    A creole language
    • A. 

      Is a pidgin language that has evolved to become a group's first language.

    • B. 

      Is a mixture of French and another language.

    • C. 

      Has a few, if any, grammar rules.

    • D. 

      Has a limited vocabulary.

    • E. 

      Is not the first language of an individual.

  • 31. 
    Differences between American and British English include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Different pronunciation of words.

    • B. 

      Different spelling of words.

    • C. 

      Different vocabulary for some objects.

    • D. 

      Different language of origin.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 32. 
    Most English-speaking countries around the world speak British English because
    • A. 

      American English is not considered to by a form of proper English.

    • B. 

      American English is considered vulgar by most educated people.

    • C. 

      Most people do not like Americans, so they refuse to copy them.

    • D. 

      British colonized many areas around the world.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 33. 
    Toponymy is
    • A. 

      The study of globalization of culture traits.

    • B. 

      The idea that regions are interconnected through culture and language.

    • C. 

      The study of how place names reflect the culture and heritage of people.

    • D. 

      Related to the idea that interaction between cultures is harmful.

    • E. 

      The study of elevation change on maps.

  • 34. 
    Which of the following religions is currently the most important religion in its area origin?
    • A. 

      Buddhism.

    • B. 

      Christianity.

    • C. 

      Hinduism.

    • D. 

      Islam.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      Quebec and the Northeastern USA.

    • B. 

      Mexico.

    • C. 

      Mexico, Southwestern USA, and West Coast USA.

    • D. 

      Quebec and the Northeastern USA, Mexico, and West Coast USA.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      China.

    • B. 

      Nepal.

    • C. 

      Thailand.

    • D. 

      Sri Lanka.

    • E. 

      India.

  • 37. 
    How are Buddhism and Hinduism similar?
    • A. 

      Both religions believe in a judgement day and rewards in heaven.

    • B. 

      Both religions believe in magic and divination.

    • C. 

      Both religions believe in a rigid class system (caste system).

    • D. 

      Both religions believe in ahimsa, the principle of non-violence.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 38. 
    Which of the following would be considered a sacred site for Christians?
    • A. 

      Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

    • B. 

      The Kaaba in Makkah.

    • C. 

      The Western Wall in Jerusalem.

    • D. 

      The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.

    • E. 

      Potala Palace in Lhasa.

  • 39. 
    Which statement best describes the Muslim population of the world?
    • A. 

      The largest number of Muslims is in South Asia and Southeast Asia.

    • B. 

      The largest number of Muslims is in the Middle East and North Africa.

    • C. 

      The Muslim population is equally divided between the Middle East, South Asia, and Southeast Asia.

    • D. 

      The largest number of Muslims is in Southwest Asia and East Africa.

    • E. 

      The largest number of Muslims is in West Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • 40. 
    The Shi'ite Muslim population is concentrated in
    • A. 

      Iran and part of Iraq.

    • B. 

      Pakistan and Afghanistan

    • C. 

      Malaysia and part of Indonesia.

    • D. 

      India and Bangladesh.

    • E. 

      Saudi Arabia and Iraq.

  • 41. 
    In Europe, many Catholics are less likely to attend church or be active in their religious community.  This is due to the rise of
    • A. 

      Protestantism.

    • B. 

      Shamanism.

    • C. 

      Cultural Indifference.

    • D. 

      Atheism.

    • E. 

      Secularism.

  • 42. 
    Which pair are both considered ethnic religions?
    • A. 

      Judaism and Christianity.

    • B. 

      Christianity and Islam.

    • C. 

      Islam and Hinduism.

    • D. 

      Hinduism and Judaism.

    • E. 

      Islam and Judaism.

  • 43. 
    Numerically speaking, which of the following religions has the smallest number of adherents?
    • A. 

      Judaism.

    • B. 

      Christianity.

    • C. 

      Islam.

    • D. 

      Hinduism.

    • E. 

      Buddhism.

  • 44. 
    Which statement best describes the distribution of the Jewish population in the world?
    • A. 

      Nearly 90% of all Jews in the world live in Israel.

    • B. 

      Most Jews live in Russia and Eastern Europe.

    • C. 

      About half of all Jews live in Israel, the rest are concentrated in urban areas of Europe and North America.

    • D. 

      About half of all Jews live in European cities, the rest live in Israel.

    • E. 

      Only one-quarter of all Jews live in Israel, the rest are concentrated in North America.

  • 45. 
    The largest concentration of Protestants in the world is in
    • A. 

      Eastern Europe.

    • B. 

      North America.

    • C. 

      Latin America.

    • D. 

      Australia and New Zealand.

    • E. 

      Northern Europe.

  • 46. 
    All of the following reflect a popular cultural landscape EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Interstate highways.

    • B. 

      Strip malls.

    • C. 

      Restaurant chains.

    • D. 

      Skyscrapers.

    • E. 

      Navajo hogans.

  • 47. 
    An example of a popular culture holiday that has transcended its folk culture roots is
    • A. 

      Memorial Day.

    • B. 

      Fourth of July.

    • C. 

      St. Valentine's Day.

    • D. 

      Labor Day.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 48. 
    Material aspects of culture include
    • A. 

      Art.

    • B. 

      Housing.

    • C. 

      Sports.

    • D. 

      Foods.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 49. 
    Which three cities in the world often serve as hearths for popular culture?
    • A. 

      Tokyo, New York, and London.

    • B. 

      New York, London, and Paris.

    • C. 

      London, Paris, and Los Angeles.

    • D. 

      Los Angeles, Berlin, and Tokyo.

    • E. 

      Tokyo, Paris, and Los Angeles.

  • 50. 
    People often practice their folks customs instead of pop culture because
    • A. 

      Popular cultural items are often expensive to buy.

    • B. 

      They do not want to harm their environment.

    • C. 

      They want to preserve their traditional cultures.

    • D. 

      A lack of exposure to popular culture.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 51. 
    All of the following are characteristics of folk cultures EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Folk culture populations are usually small.

    • B. 

      Folk cultures are spread hierarchically.

    • C. 

      Folk cultures have a homogeneous population.

    • D. 

      Folk cultures must use local materials when building.

    • E. 

      Folk cultures eat mostly foods that locally available.

  • 52. 
    How do folk cultures perceive their environment?
    • A. 

      Folk cultures perceive the environment as a hostile place.

    • B. 

      Folk cultures believe that nature exists to enrich them.

    • C. 

      Folk cultures seek to create a uniform landscape.

    • D. 

      Folk cultures have great reverence for their environment.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 53. 
    • A. 

      Amish communities in Pennsylvania.

    • B. 

      Pueblo communities in New Mexico.

    • C. 

      Log cabins in Appalachia.

    • D. 

      Salt Box homes in New England.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 54. 
    What is the term for a group of people who identify with their cultural and biological history?
    • A. 

      Race.

    • B. 

      Ethnicity.

    • C. 

      Nationality.

    • D. 

      Nation.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 55. 
    which statement about race and ethnicity is TRUE?
    • A. 

      A race often has a single homeland, an ethnicity is usually scattered across the world.

    • B. 

      Some ethnicities are comprised of people from several different races.

    • C. 

      Race and ethnicity are interchangeable concepts.

    • D. 

      Ethnicities are based on physical characteristics, race is based on culture.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 56. 
    African-Americans predominately live in
    • A. 

      Urban areas.

    • B. 

      The South and northern US Cities.

    • C. 

      Rural areas of the South and Midwest.

    • D. 

      Urban areas in California.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 57. 
    When waves of cultural groups move into an area and modify the human imprint of the cultural landscape, this is known as
    • A. 

      Sequent occupance.

    • B. 

      Subsequent occupance.

    • C. 

      Cultural succession.

    • D. 

      Landscape progression.

    • E. 

      Cultural progression.

  • 58. 
    Which example is not ethnic region of North America?
    • A. 

      Hawaii.

    • B. 

      French Quebec.

    • C. 

      Midwest.

    • D. 

      South Florida.

    • E. 

      Borderland region.

  • 59. 
    In large cities, people with the same culture often live in segregated areas called
    • A. 

      The suburbs.

    • B. 

      Ethnic enclaves.

    • C. 

      Cultural agglomerations.

    • D. 

      Cultural exclaves.

    • E. 

      Ethnic agglomeration.

  • 60. 
    A payment of money or goods from the family of a bride to the groom's father is called a 
    • A. 

      Marriage tax.

    • B. 

      Groom's gift.

    • C. 

      Dowry.

    • D. 

      Bridal tithe.

    • E. 

      Marital gift.

  • 61. 
    A patriarchal society is one that
    • A. 

      Favors females over males.

    • B. 

      Favors males over females.

    • C. 

      Has equality between males and females.

    • D. 

      Forces women to bear children.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 62. 
    Assimilation is when a minority culture
    • A. 

      Has completely rejected the traits of all other cultures.

    • B. 

      Has adopted some traits of a host culture into their culture.

    • C. 

      Has completely adopted the traits of a host culture into their culture

    • D. 

      Segregates themselves from the host culture into their culture.

    • E. 

      None of these are correct.

  • 63. 
    On which country would Western Culture have the LEAST amount of influence?
    • A. 

      Canada.

    • B. 

      Mexico.

    • C. 

      Japan.

    • D. 

      France.

    • E. 

      Republic of the Congo.

  • 64. 
    In the diffusion of Buddhism from India to China, the Himalaya Mountains acted a 
    • A. 

      Physical barrier.

    • B. 

      Permeable barrier.

    • C. 

      Absorbing barrier.

    • D. 

      Interrupting barrier.

    • E. 

      None of these are correct.