CASP ? 241-272 End Of Test

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CASP? 241-272 END OF TEST


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    241. An administrator at a small company replaces servers whenever budget money becomes available. Over the past several years the company has acquired and still uses 20 servers and 50 desktops from five different computer manufacturers. Which of the following are management challenges and risks associated with this style of technology lifecycle management?
    • A. 

      Decreased security posture, decommission of outdated hardware, inability to centrally manage, and performance bottlenecks on old hardware.

    • B. 

      Increased mean time to failure rate of legacy servers, OS variances, patch availability, and ability to restore to dissimilar hardware.

    • C. 

      OS end-of-support issues, ability to backup data, hardware parts availability, and firmware update availability and management.

    • D. 

      Inability to use virtualization, trusted OS complexities, and multiple patch versions based on OS dependency.

  • 2. 
    242. A Physical Security Manager is ready to replace all 50 analog surveillance cameras with IP cameras with built-in web management. The Security Manager has several security guard desks on different networks that must be able to view the cameras without unauthorized people viewing the video as well. The selected IP camera vendor does not have the ability to authenticate users at the camera level. Which of the following should the Security Manager suggest to BEST secure this environment?
    • A. 

      Create an IP camera network and deploy NIPS to prevent unauthorized access.

    • B. 

      Create an IP camera network and only allow SSL access to the cameras.

    • C. 

      Create an IP camera network and deploy a proxy to authenticate users prior to accessing the cameras.

    • D. 

      Create an IP camera network and restrict access to cameras from a single management host.

  • 3. 
    243. In single sign-on, the secondary domain needs to trust the primary domain to do which of the following? (Select TWO).
    • A. 

      Correctly assert the identity and authorization credentials of the end user.

    • B. 

      Correctly assert the authentication and authorization credentials of the end user.

    • C. 

      Protect the authentication credentials used to verify the end user identity to the secondary domain for unauthorized use.

    • D. 

      Protect the authentication credentials used to verify the end user identity to the secondary domain for authorized use.

    • E. 

      Protect the accounting credentials used to verify the end user identity to the secondary domain for unauthorized use.

    • F. 

      Correctly assert the identity and authentication credentials of the end user.

  • 4. 
    244. A corporation has Research and Development (R&D) and IT support teams, each requiring separate networks with independent control of their security boundaries to support department objectives. The corporation’s Information Security Officer (ISO) is responsible for providing firewall services to both departments, but does not want to increase the hardware footprint within the datacenter. Which of the following should the ISO consider to provide the independent functionality required by each department’s IT teams?
    • A. 

      Put both departments behind the firewall and assign administrative control for each department to the corporate firewall.

    • B. 

      Provide each department with a virtual firewall and assign administrative control to the physical firewall.

    • C. 

      Put both departments behind the firewall and incorporate restrictive controls on each department’s network.

    • D. 

      Provide each department with a virtual firewall and assign appropriate levels of management for the virtual device.

  • 5. 
    245. A manager who was attending an all-day training session was overdue entering bonus and payroll information for subordinates. The manager felt the best way to get the changes entered while in training was to log into the payroll system, and then activate desktop sharing with a trusted subordinate. The manager granted the subordinate control of the desktop thereby giving the subordinate full access to the payroll system. The subordinate did not have authorization to be in the payroll system. Another employee reported the incident to the security team. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate method for dealing with this issue going forward?
    • A. 

      Provide targeted security awareness training and impose termination for repeat violators.

    • B. 

      Block desktop sharing and web conferencing applications and enable use only with approval.

    • C. 

      Actively monitor the data traffic for each employee using desktop sharing or web conferencing applications.

    • D. 

      Permanently block desktop sharing and web conferencing applications and do not allow its use at the company.

  • 6. 
    246. After connecting to a secure payment server at https://pay.xyz.com, an auditor notices that the SSL certificate was issued to *.xyz.com. The auditor also notices that many of the internal development servers use the same certificate. After installing the certificate on dev1.xyz.com, one of the developers reports misplacing the USB thumb-drive where the SSL certificate was stored. Which of the following should the auditor recommend FIRST?
    • A. 

      Generate a new public key on both servers.

    • B. 

      Replace the SSL certificate on dev1.xyz.com.

    • C. 

      Generate a new private key password for both servers.

    • D. 

      Replace the SSL certificate on pay.xyz.com.

  • 7. 
    247. A morphed worm carrying a 0-day payload has infiltrated the company network and is now spreading across the organization. The security administrator was able to isolate the worm communication and payload distribution channel to TCP port 445. Which of the following can the administrator do in the short term to minimize the attack?
    • A. 

      Deploy the following ACL to the HIPS: DENY - TCP - ANY - ANY – 445.

    • B. 

      Run a TCP 445 port scan across the organization and patch hosts with open ports.

    • C. 

      Add the following ACL to the corporate firewall: DENY - TCP - ANY - ANY - 445.

    • D. 

      Force a signature update and full system scan from the enterprise anti-virus solution.

  • 8. 
    248. A security administrator wants to verify and improve the security of a business process which is tied to proven company workflow. The security administrator was able to improve security by applying controls that were defined by the newly released company security standard. Such controls included code improvement, transport encryption, and interface restrictions. Which of the following can the security administrator do to further increase security after having exhausted all the technical controls dictated by the company’s security standard?
    • A. 

      Modify the company standard to account for higher security and meet with upper management for approval to implement the new standard.

    • B. 

      Conduct a gap analysis and recommend appropriate non-technical mitigating controls, and incorporate the new controls into the standard.

    • C. 

      Conduct a risk analysis on all current controls, and recommend appropriate mechanisms to increase overall security.

    • D. 

      Modify the company policy to account for higher security, adapt the standard accordingly, and implement new technical controls.

  • 9. 
    249. A company receives an e-discovery request for the Chief Information Officer’s (CIO’s) email data. The storage administrator reports that the data retention policy relevant to their industry only requires one year of email data. However the storage administrator also reports that there are three years of email data on the server and five years of email data on backup tapes. How many years of data MUST the company legally provide?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      5

  • 10. 
    250. The VoIP administrator starts receiving reports that users are having problems placing phone calls. The VoIP administrator cannot determine the issue, and asks the security administrator for help. The security administrator reviews the switch interfaces and does not see an excessive amount of network traffic on the voice network. Using a protocol analyzer, the security administrator does see an excessive number of SIP INVITE packets destined for the SIP proxy. Based on the information given, which of the following types of attacks is underway and how can it be remediated?
    • A. 

      Man in the middle attack; install an IPS in front of SIP proxy.

    • B. 

      Man in the middle attack; use 802.1x to secure voice VLAN.

    • C. 

      Denial of Service; switch to more secure H.323 protocol.

    • D. 

      Denial of Service; use rate limiting to limit traffic.

  • 11. 
    251. The Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) of a small bank wants to embed a monthly testing regiment into the security management plan specifically for the development area. The CISO’s requirements are that testing must have a low risk of impacting system stability, can be scripted, and is very thorough. The development team claims that this will lead to a higher degree of test script maintenance and that it would be preferable if the testing was outsourced to a third party. The CISO still maintains that third-party testing would not be as thorough as the third party lacks the introspection of the development team. Which of the following will satisfy the CISO requirements?
    • A. 

      Grey box testing performed by a major external consulting firm who have signed a NDA.

    • B. 

      Black box testing performed by a major external consulting firm who have signed a NDA.

    • C. 

      White box testing performed by the development and security assurance teams.

    • D. 

      Grey box testing performed by the development and security assurance teams.

  • 12. 
    252. A large corporation which is heavily reliant on IT platforms and systems is in financial difficulty and needs to drastically reduce costs in the short term to survive. The Chief Financial Officer (CFO) has mandated that all IT and architectural functions will be outsourced and a mixture of providers will be selected. One provider will manage the desktops for five years, another provider will manage the network for ten years, another provider will be responsible for security for four years, and an offshore provider will perform day to day business processing functions for two years. At the end of each contract the incumbent may be renewed or a new provider may be selected. Which of the following are the MOST likely risk implications of the CFO’s business decision?
    • A. 

      Strategic architecture will be adversely impacted through the segregation of duties between the providers. Vendor management costs will remain unchanged. The risk position of the organization will decline as specialists now maintain the environment. The implementation of security controls and security updates will improve. Internal knowledge of IT systems will improve as providers maintain system documentation.

    • B. 

      Strategic architecture will improve as more time can be dedicated to strategy. System stability will improve as providers use specialists and tested processes to maintain systems. Vendor management costs will increase and the organization’s flexibility to react to new market conditions will be reduced slightly. Internal knowledge of IT systems will improve as providers maintain system documentation. The risk position of the organization will remain unchanged.

    • C. 

      Strategic architecture will not be impacted in the short term, but will be adversely impacted in the long term through the segregation of duties between the providers. Vendor management costs will stay the same and the organization’s flexibility to react to new market conditions will be improved through best of breed technology implementations. Internal knowledge of IT systems will decline over time. The implementation of security controls and security updates will not change.

    • D. 

      Strategic architecture will be adversely impacted through the segregation of duties between the providers. Vendor management costs will increase and the organization’s flexibility to react to new market conditions will be reduced. Internal knowledge of IT systems will decline and decrease future platform development. The implementation of security controls and security updates will take longer as responsibility crosses multiple boundaries.

  • 13. 
    253. A small customer focused bank with implemented least privilege principles, is concerned about the possibility of branch staff unintentionally aiding fraud in their day to day interactions with customers. Bank staff has been encouraged to build friendships with customers to make the banking experience feel more personal. The security and risk team have decided that a policy needs to be implemented across all branches to address the risk. Which of the following BEST addresses the security and risk team’s concerns?
    • A. 

      Information disclosure policy

    • B. 

      Awareness training

    • C. 

      Job rotation

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 14. 
    254.  A hosting company provides inexpensive guest virtual machines to low-margin customers. Customers manage their own guest virtual machines. Some customers want basic guarantees of logical separation from other customers and it has been indicated that some customers would like to have configuration control of this separation; whereas others want this provided as a valueadded service by the hosting company. Which of the following BEST meets these requirements?
    • A. 

      The hosting company should install a hypervisor-based firewall and allow customers to manage this on an as-needed basis.

    • B. 

      The hosting company should manage the hypervisor-based firewall; while allowing customers to configure their own host-based firewall.

    • C. 

      Customers should purchase physical firewalls to protect their guest hosts and have the hosting company manage these if requested.

    • D. 

      The hosting company should install a host-based firewall on customer guest hosts and offer to administer host firewalls for customers if requested.

  • 15. 
    255. A financial company implements end-to-end encryption via SSL in the DMZ, and only IPSec in transport mode with AH enabled and ESP disabled throughout the internal network. The company has hired a security consultant to analyze the network infrastructure and provide a solution for intrusion prevention. Which of the following recommendations should the consultant provide to the security administrator?Switch to TLS in the DMZ. Implement NIPS on the internal network, and HIPS on the DMZ.
    • A. 

      Switch to TLS in the DMZ. Implement NIPS on the internal network, and HIPS on the DMZ.

    • B. 

      Switch IPSec to tunnel mode. Implement HIPS on the internal network, and NIPS on the DMZ.

    • C. 

      Disable AH. Enable ESP on the internal network, and use NIPS on both networks.

    • D. 

      Enable ESP on the internal network, and place NIPS on both networks.

  • 16. 
    256. A developer is coding the crypto routine of an application that will be installed on a standard headless and diskless server connected to a NAS housed in the datacenter. The developer has written the following six lines of code to add entropy to the routine: 1 - If VIDEO input exists, use video data for entropy 2 - If AUDIO input exists, use audio data for entropy 3 - If MOUSE input exists, use mouse data for entropy 4 - IF KEYBOARD input exists, use keyboard data for entropy 5 - IF IDE input exists, use IDE data for entropy 6 - IF NETWORK input exists, use network data for entropy Which of the following lines of code will result in the STRONGEST seed when combined?
    • A. 

      2 and 1

    • B. 

      3 and 5

    • C. 

      5 and 2

    • D. 

      6 and 4

  • 17. 
    257.  After three vendors submit their requested documentation, the CPO and the SPM can better understand what each vendor does and what solutions that they can provide. But now they want to see the intricacies of how these solutions can adequately match the requirements needed by the firm. Upon the directive of the CPO, the CISO should submit which of the following to the three submitting firms?
    • A. 

      A T&M contract

    • B. 

      An RFP

    • C. 

      A FFP agreement

    • D. 

      A new RFQ

  • 18. 
    258. The <nameID> element in SAML can be provided in which of the following predefined formats? (Select TWO).
    • A. 

      X.509 subject name

    • B. 

      PTR DNS record

    • C. 

      EV certificate OID extension

    • D. 

      Kerberos principal name

    • E. 

      WWN record name

  • 19. 
    259. A corporation has expanded for the first time by integrating several newly acquired businesses. Which of the following are the FIRST tasks that the security team should undertake? (Select TWO).
    • A. 

      Remove acquired companies Internet access.

    • B. 

      Federate identity management systems.

    • C. 

      Install firewalls between the businesses.

    • D. 

      Re-image all end user computers to a standard image.

    • E. 

      Develop interconnection policy.

    • F. 

      Conduct a risk analysis of each acquired company’s networks.

  • 20. 
    260. New zero-day attacks are announced on a regular basis against a broad range of technology systems. Which of the following best practices should a security manager do to manage the risks of these attack vectors? (Select TWO).
    • A. 

      Establish an emergency response call tree.

    • B. 

      Create an inventory of applications.

    • C. 

      Backup the router and firewall configurations.

    • D. 

      Maintain a list of critical systems.

    • E. 

      Update all network diagrams.

  • 21. 
    261. A WAF without customization will protect the infrastructure from which of the following attack combinations?
    • A. 

      DDoS, DNS poisoning, Boink, Teardrop

    • B. 

      Reflective XSS, HTTP exhaustion, Teardrop

    • C. 

      SQL Injection, DOM based XSS, HTTP exhaustion

    • D. 

      SQL Injection, CSRF, Clickjacking

  • 22. 
    262. Company ABC is planning to outsource its Customer Relationship Management system (CRM) and marketing / leads management to Company XYZ. Which of the following is the MOST important to be considered before going ahead with the service?
    • A. 

      Internal auditors have approved the outsourcing arrangement.

    • B. 

      Penetration testing can be performed on the externally facing web system.

    • C. 

      Ensure there are security controls within the contract and the right to audit.

    • D. 

      A physical site audit is performed on Company XYZ’s management / operation.

  • 23. 
    263. The Linux server at Company A hosts a graphical application widely used by the company designers. One designer regularly connects to the server from a Mac laptop in the designer’s office down the hall. When the security engineer learns of this it is discovered the connection is not secured and the password can easily be obtained via network sniffing. Which of the following would the security engineer MOST likely implement to secure this connection? Linux Server: 192.168.10.10/24 Mac Laptop: 192.168.10.200/24
    • A. 

      From the server, establish an SSH tunnel to the Mac and VPN to 192.168.10.200.

    • B. 

      From the Mac, establish a remote desktop connection to 192.168.10.10 using Network Layer Authentication and the CredSSP security provider.

    • C. 

      From the Mac, establish a VPN to the Linux server and connect the VNC to 127.0.0.1.

    • D. 

      From the Mac, establish a SSH tunnel to the Linux server and connect the VNC to 127.0.0.1.

  • 24. 
    264.  A data breach has occurred at Company A and as a result, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has resigned. The CIO's laptop, cell phone and PC were all wiped of data per company policy. A month later, prosecutors in litigation with Company A suspect the CIO knew about the data breach long before it was discovered and have issued a subpoena requesting all the CIO's email from the last 12 months. The corporate retention policy recommends keeping data for no longer than 90 days. Which of the following should occur?
    • A. 

      Restore the CIO's email from an email server backup and provide the last 90 days from the date of the subpoena request.

    • B. 

      Inform the litigators that the CIOs information has been deleted as per corporate policy.

    • C. 

      Restore the CIO's email from an email server backup and provide the last 90 days from the date of the CIO resignation.

    • D. 

      Restore the CIO's email from an email server backup and provide whatever is available up to the last 12 months from the subpoena date.

  • 25. 
    265. A security administrator at a Lab Company is required to implement a solution which will provide the highest level of confidentiality possible to all data on the lab network. The current infrastructure design includes: Two-factor token and biometric based authentication for all users Attributable administrator accounts Logging of all transactions Full disk encryption of all HDDs Finely granular access controls to all resources Full virtualization of all servers The use of LUN masking to segregate SAN data Port security on all switches The network is protected with a firewall implementing ACLs, a NIPS device, and secured wireless access points. Which of the following cryptographic improvements should be made to the current architecture to achieve the stated goals?
    • A. 

      PKI based authorization

    • B. 

      Transport encryption

    • C. 

      Data at rest encryption

    • D. 

      Code signing

  • 26. 
    266. A data processing server uses a Linux based file system to remotely mount physical disks on a shared SAN. The server administrator reports problems related to processing of files where the file appears to be incompletely written to the disk. The network administration team has conducted a thorough review of all network infrastructure and devices and found everything running at optimal performance. Other SAN customers are unaffected. The data being processed consists of millions of small files being written to disk from a network source one file at a time. These files are then accessed by a local Java program for processing before being transferred over the network to a SELinux host for processing. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause of the processing problem?
    • A. 

      The administrator has a PERL script running which disrupts the NIC by restarting the CRON process every 65 seconds.

    • B. 

      The Java developers accounted for network latency only for the read portion of the processing and not the write process.

    • C. 

      The virtual file system on the SAN is experiencing a race condition between the reads and writes of network files.

    • D. 

      The Linux file system in use cannot write files as fast as they can be read by the Java program resulting in the errors.

  • 27. 
    267. Company ABC was formed by combining numerous companies which all had multiple databases, web portals, and cloud data sets. Each data store had a unique set of custom developed authentication mechanisms and schemas. Which of the following approaches to combining the disparate mechanisms has the LOWEST up front development costs?
    • A. 

      Attestation

    • B. 

      PKI

    • C. 

      Biometrics

    • D. 

      Federated IDs

  • 28. 
    268. A security researcher is about to evaluate a new secure VoIP routing appliance. The appliance manufacturer claims the new device is hardened against all known attacks and several undisclosed zero day exploits. The code base used for the device is a combination of compiled C and TC/TKL scripts. Which of the following methods should the security research use to enumerate the ports and protocols in use by the appliance?
    • A. 

      Device fingerprinting

    • B. 

      Switchport analyzer

    • C. 

      Grey box testing

    • D. 

      Penetration testing

  • 29. 
    269. Customer Need: “We need the system to produce a series of numbers with no discernible mathematical progression for use by our Java based, PKI-enabled, customer facing website.” Which of the following BEST restates the customer need?
    • A. 

      The system shall use a pseudo-random number generator seeded the same every time.

    • B. 

      The system shall generate a pseudo-random number upon invocation by the existing Java program.

    • C. 

      The system shall generate a truly random number based upon user PKI certificates.

    • D. 

      The system shall implement a pseudo-random number generator for use by corporate customers.

  • 30. 
    270. A security engineer is implementing a new solution designed to process e-business transactions and record them in a corporate audit database. The project has multiple technical stakeholders. The database team controls the physical database resources, the internal audit division controls the audit records in the database, the web hosting team is responsible for implementing the website front end and shopping cart application, and the accounting department is responsible for processing the transaction and interfacing with the payment processor. As the solution owner, the security engineer is responsible for ensuring which of the following?
    • A. 

      Ensure the process functions in a secure manner from customer input to audit review.

    • B. 

      Security solutions result in zero additional processing latency.

    • C. 

      Ensure the process of storing audit records is in compliance with applicable laws.

    • D. 

      Web transactions are conducted in a secure network channel.

  • 31. 
    271. A large financial company has a team of security-focused architects and designers that contribute into broader IT architecture and design solutions. Concerns have been raised due to the security contributions having varying levels of quality and consistency. It has been agreed that a more formalized methodology is needed that can take business drivers, capabilities, baselines, and reusable patterns into account. Which of the following would BEST help to achieve these objectives?
    • A. 

      Construct a library of re-usable security patterns

    • B. 

      Construct a security control library

    • C. 

      Introduce an ESA framework

    • D. 

      Include SRTM in the SDLC

  • 32. 
    272. A University uses a card transaction system that allows students to purchase goods using their student ID. Students can put money on their ID at terminals throughout the campus. The security administrator was notified that computer science students have been using the network to illegally put money on their cards. The administrator would like to attempt to reproduce what the students are doing. Which of the following is the BEST course of action?
    • A. 

      Notify the transaction system vendor of the security vulnerability that was discovered.

    • B. 

      Use a protocol analyzer to reverse engineer the transaction system’s protocol.

    • C. 

      Contact the computer science students and threaten disciplinary action if they continue their actions.

    • D. 

      Install a NIDS in front of all the transaction system terminals.