Biodiversity And Ecology (Chapter 5 & 8)

8 Questions

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Ecology Quizzes & Trivia

Biodiversity is the aspect of having different organisms or plants in the same habitat. while ecology is the study of living organisms in their own habitat. How good are with this subject? Find out in the quiz below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The earth's long-term patterns of speciation and extinction have been affected by which of the major factors listed below:
    • A. 

      Large-scale movement of the continents (continental drift)

    • B. 

      Gradual climate change caused by continental drift and slight shifts in earth's orbit

    • C. 

      Rapid climate change caused by volcanoes, meteorites and astroids striking earth, and the release of large amounts of methane trapped beneath the ocean floor

    • D. 

      All the answers are correct

  • 2. 
    Biologist estimate that _______ of all species that have ever existed are now extinct.
    • A. 

      About 50%

    • B. 

      99.9%

    • C. 

      85.9%

    • D. 

  • 3. 
    Suppose that certain individuals in a population of carnivores (ex. owls) become better at hunting prey (ex. mice).  Because of genetic variation, certain individuals of the prey have traits that allow them to escape or hide from their predators, and they pass these traits on to their offspring.  However, a few individuals in the predator population also may have traits (ex. better eyesight or quicker reflexes) that allow them to hunt the better-adapted prey successfully.  Thus, passing these traits on to their offspring.  This scenario is an example of which of the following processes?
    • A. 

      Coevolution

    • B. 

      Directional natural selection

    • C. 

      Microevolution

    • D. 

      Stabilizing natural selection

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Tropical rain forests

    • B. 

      Coral reefs

    • C. 

      Deep seas

    • D. 

      Large tropical lakes

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 5. 
    If you could choose, which would you rather be,  a generalist or a specialist?  Give me an example of a species from your choice, and explain why you chose what you did.
  • 6. 
    Although no single cause has been identified to explain the decline of amphibians (primarily frogs), several contributing factors are thought to be responsible.  Match the cause and effect, below.
    • A. Habitat loss and fragmentation
    • A.
    • B. Prolonged Drought
    • B.
    • C. Pollution
    • C.
    • D. Immigration/introduction of exotic species
    • D.
    • E. Increased UV radiation
    • E.
  • 7. 
    Competition between individuals of the same species for the same resources is called _________.
    • A. 

      Mutualistic competition

    • B. 

      Symbiotic competition

    • C. 

      Interspecific competition

    • D. 

      Intraspecific competition

  • 8. 
    The pollination relationship between flowering plants and animals such as insects, birds and bats is one of the more common forms of a symbiotic relationship known as _______________.  
    • A. 

      Commensalism

    • B. 

      Mutualism

    • C. 

      Parasitism

    • D. 

      Symbiosism