7th Grade Clauses And Complex Sentences

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7th Grade Grammar Quizzes & Trivia

There exist different types of sentences in the English language each having a set of clauses. A complex sentence is made up of one dependent and independent clause where as a compound sentence is made up of two independent clauses. Test how good you are at identifying these sentences in the test below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies each sentence.Both interstate highways and U.S. routes generally run cross-country.

    • A.

      Simple sentence

    • B.

      Compound sentence

    • C.

      Complex sentence

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a simple sentence because it consists of only one independent clause. It does not contain any dependent clauses or coordinating conjunctions, which are characteristic of compound or complex sentences. The sentence states a fact about interstate highways and U.S. routes running cross-country, without any additional clauses or phrases.

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  • 2. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies each sentence.Interstates are bigger than local roads, but local roads are more scenic.

    • A.

      Simple sentence

    • B.

      Compound sentence

    • C.

      Complex sentence

    Correct Answer
    B. Compound sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a compound sentence because it consists of two independent clauses joined by the coordinating conjunction "but". Each clause can stand alone as a complete sentence, with "Interstates are bigger than local roads" and "local roads are more scenic" expressing separate ideas.

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  • 3. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies each sentence.If you travel on state road,  be prepared to travel slowly.

    • A.

      Simple sentence

    • B.

      Compound sentence

    • C.

      Complex sentence

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a complex sentence because it consists of two clauses joined by the coordinating conjunction "if". The first clause "If you travel on state road" is a dependent clause, and the second clause "be prepared to travel slowly" is an independent clause. The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence, but it adds additional information to the independent clause.

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  • 4. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies each sentence.Most commuters take the roads that get them to work fastest.

    • A.

      Simple sentence

    • B.

      Compound sentence

    • C.

      Complex sentence

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a complex sentence because it consists of an independent clause "Most commuters take the roads" and a dependent clause "that get them to work fastest." The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause to convey a complete thought.

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  • 5. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies each sentence.Local roads usually have many stoplights or stop signs.

    • A.

      Simple sentence

    • B.

      Compound sentence

    • C.

      Complex sentence

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence, "Local roads usually have many stoplights or stop signs," is a simple sentence. It consists of only one independent clause, which is a complete thought on its own. There are no dependent clauses or additional phrases that would make it a compound or complex sentence.

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  • 6. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the italicized word(s).Magda is showing her dog at the obedience trials that begin tomorrow.

    • A.

      Main clause

    • B.

      Adjective clause

    • C.

      Adverb clause

    • D.

      Noun clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjective clause
    Explanation
    The italicized word "that begin tomorrow" describes "the obedience trials" and provides additional information about when the trials are taking place. This makes it an adjective clause, as it modifies a noun.

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  • 7. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the italicized word(s).Because so many dogs were entered, the show will last three days.

    • A.

      Main clause

    • B.

      Adjective clause

    • C.

      Adverb clause

    • D.

      Noun clause

    Correct Answer
    C. Adverb clause
    Explanation
    The italicized word "Because" is introducing a dependent clause that provides a reason or explanation for the main clause "the show will last three days." This dependent clause modifies the verb "will last" and functions as an adverbial clause, indicating the reason for the duration of the show.

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  • 8. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the italicized word(s).Last year, that little sheepdog did whatever his owner told him to do.

    • A.

      Main clause

    • B.

      Adjective clause

    • C.

      Adverb clause

    • D.

      Noun clause

    Correct Answer
    D. Noun clause
    Explanation
    The italicized word "whatever" functions as the subject of the sentence, indicating that it is a noun clause. It introduces a clause that acts as a single unit and functions as a noun within the sentence. The clause "whatever his owner told him to do" serves as the direct object of the verb "did" and completes the meaning of the sentence.

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  • 9. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the italicized word(s).That sheep dog will probably win if he enters the show.

    • A.

      Main clause

    • B.

      Adjective clause

    • C.

      Adverb clause

    • D.

      Noun clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Main clause
    Explanation
    In the given sentence, "That sheep dog will probably win" is the main clause. It is the independent clause that can stand alone as a complete sentence. The other options (adjective clause, adverb clause, noun clause) do not accurately describe the italicized words in the sentence.

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  • 10. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the italicized word(s).Whoever wants to participate in the show must register by today.

    • A.

      Main clause

    • B.

      Adjective clause

    • C.

      Adverb clause

    • D.

      Noun clause

    Correct Answer
    D. Noun clause
    Explanation
    The italicized word "Whoever" is a pronoun that introduces a noun clause. In this sentence, the noun clause functions as the subject of the sentence.

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  • 11. 

    Select the letter of the word that each italicized clause modifies.Althea and her friends enjoy swimming where the water is calm.

    • A.

      Friends

    • B.

      Enjoy

    • C.

      Swimming

    Correct Answer
    C. Swimming
    Explanation
    The italicized clause "where the water is calm" modifies the word "swimming". It provides additional information about the specific type of swimming that Althea and her friends enjoy, indicating that they prefer to swim in places where the water is calm.

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  • 12. 

    Select the letter of the word that each italicized clause modifies.Swimming holes, which were once very popular, are hard to find now.

    • A.

      Holes

    • B.

      Are

    • C.

      Hard

    Correct Answer
    A. Holes
    Explanation
    The italicized clause "which were once very popular" modifies the noun "holes". It provides additional information about the swimming holes by indicating that they were once very popular.

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  • 13. 

    Select the letter of the word that each italicized clause modifies.Gretchen stays out of the ocean if it gets too choppy.

    • A.

      Gretchen

    • B.

      Stays

    • C.

      Ocean

    Correct Answer
    B. Stays
    Explanation
    The italicized clause "if it gets too choppy" modifies the verb "stays." It explains the condition under which Gretchen stays out of the ocean. If the ocean gets too choppy, Gretchen chooses not to go in.

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  • 14. 

    Select the letter of the word that each italicized clause modifies.My brother goes to the beach whenever the opportunity arises.

    • A.

      Brother

    • B.

      Goes

    • C.

      Beach

    Correct Answer
    B. Goes
    Explanation
    The italicized clause "whenever the opportunity arises" modifies the verb "goes". It explains the condition or circumstance under which the action of going to the beach takes place.

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  • 15. 

    Select the letter of the word stating how each noun clause is used.Martin believes that he will make the soccer team.

    • A.

      Subject

    • B.

      Direct object

    • C.

      Object of of preposition.

    • D.

      Predicate noun

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct object
    Explanation
    The noun clause "that he will make the soccer team" is functioning as the direct object in the sentence. It is the thing that Martin believes.

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  • 16. 

    Select the letter of the word stating how each noun clause is used.The best time to do training drills is when everyone else has left.

    • A.

      Subject

    • B.

      Direct object

    • C.

      Object of a proposition

    • D.

      Predicate noun.

    Correct Answer
    D. Predicate noun.
    Explanation
    The noun clause "when everyone else has left" is used as a predicate noun in this sentence. It renames or identifies the subject "the best time to do training drills" and functions as a noun in the predicate of the sentence.

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  • 17. 

    Select the letter of the word stating how each noun clause is used.However you get to practice is acceptable to Coach Heiden.

    • A.

      Subject

    • B.

      Direct object

    • C.

      Object of a preposition

    • D.

      Predicate noun

    Correct Answer
    A. Subject
    Explanation
    The noun clause "However you get to practice" is used as the subject of the sentence. It is the main focus of the sentence and is what the sentence is talking about. The clause is explaining how something is done, and that is why it is used as the subject.

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  • 18. 

    Select the letter of the word stating how each noun clause is used.Friday is when we will make the final team cuts.

    • A.

      Subject

    • B.

      Direct object

    • C.

      Object of a preposition

    • D.

      Predicate noun

    Correct Answer
    D. Predicate noun
    Explanation
    The noun clause "when we will make the final team cuts" is used as a predicate noun in the sentence. It renames or describes the subject "Friday" and functions as the predicate of the sentence.

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  • 19. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the type of subordinate clause.The show, which is supposed to be excellent, starts in five minutes.

    • A.

      Adjective clause

    • B.

      Adverb clause

    • C.

      Noun clause as a direct object

    • D.

      Noun clause as a subject

    • E.

      Noun clause as an object of a preposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Adjective clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains a subordinate clause that provides additional information about "The show". This clause, "which is supposed to be excellent", modifies the noun "show" and functions as an adjective in the sentence. Therefore, the correct answer is "adjective clause".

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  • 20. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the type of subordinate clause.The Ibsens usually like what this theater presents.

    • A.

      Adjective clause

    • B.

      Adverb clause

    • C.

      Noun clause as a direct object

    • D.

      Noun clause as a subject

    • E.

      Noun clause as a predicate noun

    Correct Answer
    C. Noun clause as a direct object
    Explanation
    The given sentence "The Ibsens usually like what this theater presents" contains a subordinate clause that functions as the direct object of the verb "like." The noun clause "what this theater presents" acts as a single unit and is the object of the verb "like." Therefore, the correct answer is "noun clause as a direct object."

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  • 21. 

    Select the letter of the term that identifies the type of subordinate clause.The lights dim as the patrons take their seats.

    • A.

      Adjective clause

    • B.

      Adverb clause

    • C.

      Noun clause as a subject

    • D.

      Noun clause as a predicate noun

    • E.

      Noun clause as an object of a preposition

    Correct Answer
    B. Adverb clause
    Explanation
    The correct answer is adverb clause because it modifies the verb "dim" and provides information about the action of the verb. In this case, it explains how or when the lights dim, indicating that the dimming of the lights happens as the patrons take their seats.

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  • 22. 

    Please write a paragraph about your latest trip to the zoo.  Include one of each: adjective clause, adverb clause, noun clause as a subject, noun clause as an object of a preposition, noun clause as a predicate noun,  and noun clause as a direct object.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 24, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Palmera
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