Hidden EP Quiz No. 20

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 233

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Hidden EP Quiz No. 20

The weather around us changes from time to time, at times the change may be dangerous to people. Emergency protocols are put in place to ensure safety. How conversant are you with emergency protocols? Take up this quiz on the 20th book and find out. Remember to always be safe.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    'Hazard' differs from 'risk' in that
    • A. 

      'Hazard' can be avoided while 'risk' always resultin disaster

    • B. 

      'Hazard' can be remedied or mitigated while risk is imminent and inevitable.

    • C. 

      'Hazard'is merely geologic while risk is essentially economic.

    • D. 

      'Hazard' refers to likely occurrence of natural events while 'risk' involves clear and present threat to human life, propety, and.community welfare.'

  • 2. 
    Which is not a key element of hazard mitigation planning?
    • A. 

      Land-use plans

    • B. 

      Development control or management

    • C. 

      Land titles

    • D. 

      Hazard assessment

  • 3. 
    The followingare all environmentally critical areas under Presidential Decree 2146. If a common hazard such as geologic fault line runs through all of them,which of these areas would have the greatest risk?
    • A. 

      (A) areas with critical slopes

    • B. 

      Natural parks, Watershed reserves, Wildlife preserves, and Sanctuaries.

    • C. 

      Areas traditionally occupied by ICCs/lPS

    • D. 

      Habitat of any endangered or threatened species or indigenous Philippine Wildlife (flora and fauna)

  • 4. 
    A 'drainage basin' is the total land area that contributes runoff to a given stream. What characteristic of a drainage basin causes it to have an efficient response to rainfall'?
    • A. 

      Sloping topography in bowl-like formation

    • B. 

      Permeable soils

    • C. 

      Plasticity of clay bottom

    • D. 

      Filtration by its wetlands

  • 5. 
    At the headwaters of a stream where the local gradient/energy is highest,the process of 'erosion' dominates while at thestream's base level where a delta forms,t.t)e process that dominates is called
    • A. 

      Percolation

    • B. 

      Evapo-transpiration

    • C. 

      Sedimentation

    • D. 

      Nundation

    • E. 

      Infiltration

  • 6. 
    What does 'lag time' refer to in the context of flooding?
    • A. 

      The time required to clean up an area following a flood

    • B. 

      The time it takes for emergency officials to provide relief to residents of a flood-stricken area

    • C. 

      The time it takes for streamflow to travel from the drainage divide to the mouth of the stream

    • D. 

      The time between rainfall and peak streamflow

  • 7. 
    What effect does urbanization have on rainfall-runoff relationships?
    • A. 

      Impermeable surfaces tend to inhibitinfiltration and thus increase peak flood discharges

    • B. 

      Storm sewers tend to route runoff to streams more quickly and thus reduce the lag times

    • C. 

      Urbanization tends to decrease the recurrence interval of any given flood

    • D. 

      Urbanization tends to increase the frequency of any given flood

    • E. 

      All of the choices

  • 8. 
    What is the mechanism that causes land subsidence?
    • A. 

      A reductionin subsurface.fluid pressures within sedimentarylayers

    • B. 

      An increase in weight at the land surface

    • C. 

      A heavy rainfall for a prolonged time period

    • D. 

      The dissolution of soluble bedrock suclh as limestone exposed at the land surface

  • 9. 
    Tremors or vibrations of the Earth due to shock waves ge11erated by the rupturing of deep ayer rocks are known as
    • A. 

      Raptures

    • B. 

      Fault scarp

    • C. 

      Earthquakes

    • D. 

      Continental drift

    • E. 

      Plate tectonics

  • 10. 
    The natural movement downslope of soil, regolith,or rocks under the influence of gravity without seismic motion or heavy · rainfallis collectively called
    • A. 

      Avalanche

    • B. 

      Mass wasting

    • C. 

      Crustal abrasion

    • D. 

      Erosion by wind

    • E. 

      Shear stress

  • 11. 
    6. 'intensity' varies from place to place according to its distance from the epicenter of a tremor,while _ approximates the total physical energy   released at the epicenter during a seismic movement.
    • A. 

      "scale"

    • B. 

      "heft''

    • C. 

      "grade'

    • D. 

      "magnitude"

    • E. 

      "enormity"

  • 12. 
    Because of the permanent danger zone,no settlement, barangay, sitio, or purok ought to be established at the foot of an active Volcano within a radius of
    • A. 

      4 kms

    • B. 

      5 kms

    • C. 

      6 kms

    • D. 

      7 kms

    • E. 

      8 kms

  • 13. 
    What relevant maps would have to be combined in order to construct a composite hydrometeorologic risk map?
    • A. 

      Historic paths of Philippines' 21 cyclones average per year over a ten-year period

    • B. 

      Precipitation, cloudiness, mean temperature,wind patterns of southwest & northeast monsoons, high tide and low tide

    • C. 

      Location of population, type of climate, average rainfall,slope, elevation, rivers and waterways, 50 yr or 100-yr flood level

    • D. 

      Coastal surges, saltwater intrusion,groundwater overdraft,land subsidence, loss of soil strength, liquefaction hazard

  • 14. 
    These are geometric coordinates for designating the location of places on the surface of the Earth; the First gives the location of a place above or below the equator, expressed by angular measurements ranging from at the   equator o.90°at the poles, while the Second gives the location of a place east or west of an upright line called the prime meridian, and is measured in angles ranging from at the prime meridian to 180° at the International Date Line.
    • A. 

      Landmass and ocean

    • B. 

      Cartesian x,y points

    • C. 

      North pole and south pole

    • D. 

      Latitude and longitude

  • 15. 
    In a computer graphics/mapping system, this is a data structure for representing point and line data by means of geometric coordinates;it can also be a set of line segments joined end-to-end to make a curved path in space
    • A. 

      Vector

    • B. 

      Polygon

    • C. 

      Curvature

    • D. 

      Field

    • E. 

      Node

  • 16. 
    In a computer graphics/mapping system, the point at which a line changes direction or tenninates
    • A. 

      Vertex (8) vortex

    • B. 

      Centrifuge

    • C. 

      Intercept

    • D. 

      intersect

  • 17. 
    This refers to aerial photographs that have been rectified to produce a;; accurate image of the Earth by removing ti!t of p!anet, relief displacements, and topographic distortions which occurred when the photo was taken from an airplane
    • A. 

      Photogrammetry

    • B. 

      Orthophotography

    • C. 

      Remote sensing

    • D. 

      Geomatics

    • E. 

      Geodetics

  • 18. 
    An aerial photograph taken from a helicopter at a height of 80 meters would produce a map scale of 1:60 with a margin of error of 15 millimeters.If taken from an airplane at an altitude of 1O,OOOm, what would be the resulting map scale?
    • A. 

      1 : 1,000

    • B. 

      1 : 2,000

    • C. 

      1 : 5,000

    • D. 

      1 : 25,000

  • 19. 
    In eco-engineering or convergence analysis as popularized by Dr Meliton Juanico, what kind of map is derived  by superimposing 'land suitability' and 'physical constraints' on 'existing land use'?
    • A. 

      Proposed land use

    • B. 

      Agro-ecological zones

    • C. 

      Heritage & tourism overlay zones

    • D. 

      Disaster-resilient communities

  • 20. 
    What are the elements of urban form?
    • A. 

      Infill, densification, property conversion, retrofitting

    • B. 

      Vertical, horizontal,diagonal,curvilinear

    • C. 

      Beauty, amenity, safety, convenie:ice.functionality

    • D. 

      Land use, transport network, layout, building types,density

  • 21. 
    A "tripolar" or "bipolar" form in municipal CLUP would focus on comprehensively developing new sections as magnets or complete attractions for population and business,in order to ease pressure on traditional center, and is an example of
    • A. 

      Simple Dispersion

    • B. 

      Concentrated Dispersion

    • C. 

      Simple Concentration

    • D. 

      Compact Development

  • 22. 
    Which of the following urban street layout creates the most severe transport congestion?
    • A. 

      Gridiron or rectilinear

    • B. 

      Circumferential & radial

    • C. 

      Un-linear/strip development

    • D. 

      Irregular free pattern

  • 23. 
    'it is the merchants ethos, with our consent,that sustains the slumlord and the land rapist,.the polluters of rivers and atmosphere.In the name of profit they preempt the seashore and sterilize the landscape, fell the great forests, fill protective marshes,build cynically in the flood plain. It is the claim of convenience - or its illusion - that drives the expressway through neighborhoods, homes, and priceless parks, a taximeter of indifferent greed'
    • A. 

      Jane Jacobs

    • B. 

      Ian McHarg

    • C. 

      Konstantinos Doxiadis

    • D. 

      Rachel Carson

    • E. 

      Ame Naess

  • 24. 
    In the perception of space,which sense affects placement of rooms which could limit unpleasant odors?
    • A. 

      Auditory

    • B. 

      Olfactory

    • C. 

      Visual

    • D. 

      Thermal

    • E. 

      Tactile

    • F. 

      Kinesthetic

  • 25. 
    Which sensual type enables one to identify materials at a distance?
    • A. 

      Auditory

    • B. 

      Olfactory

    • C. 

      Visual

    • D. 

      Themal

    • E. 

      tactile

    • F. 

      Kinesthetic

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