5th Grade Landforms Vocabulary

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5th Grade Vocabulary Quizzes & Trivia

Landforms are natural features and determine an area’s topography. Landforms undergo a series of changes during their formation, which we have covered in our previous classes. Can you identify the changes as described in the questions below? Give a try and see what you have already forgotten about landforms. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The force that pulls things toward the Earth.

    • A.

      Gravity

    • B.

      Weathering

    • C.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Gravity
    Explanation
    Gravity is the force that pulls things towards the Earth. It is the natural phenomenon by which all physical objects are brought towards each other. Gravity is responsible for keeping objects on the surface of the Earth, causing objects to fall when dropped, and keeping celestial bodies in their orbits. It is a fundamental force of nature and plays a crucial role in shaping the structure of the universe.

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  • 2. 

    The process of breaking down rock.

    • A.

      Gravity

    • B.

      Weathering

    • C.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    B. Weathering
    Explanation
    Weathering refers to the process of breaking down rocks into smaller fragments or particles. This can occur through various mechanisms such as physical weathering (due to temperature changes, ice, wind, or water) or chemical weathering (due to reactions with water, acids, or gases). Weathering is an essential step in the formation of soil and plays a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface over time.

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  • 3. 

    The process of adding sand or soil to a new location.

    • A.

      Gravity

    • B.

      Weathering

    • C.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    C. Deposition
    Explanation
    Deposition refers to the process of adding sand or soil to a new location. This can occur when sediments, such as sand or soil, are transported by wind, water, or ice and then settle or come to rest in a different area. Deposition is a key geological process that contributes to the formation of landforms, such as beaches, deltas, and riverbanks. It is influenced by factors such as gravity, weathering, and erosion, which can transport and redistribute sediments to new locations.

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  • 4. 

    Rain that lands on top of a mountain, travels down the mountain to lower ground, moving over and through the rock and soil, and joins larger bodies of water or forms streams.

    • A.

      Drainage Basin

    • B.

      Runoff

    • C.

      Flood

    Correct Answer
    B. Runoff
    Explanation
    Runoff refers to the process of rainwater flowing over the surface of the land and collecting in streams, rivers, and eventually larger bodies of water. In this context, the rain that lands on top of a mountain travels down the slopes, moving over and through the rock and soil, and joins larger bodies of water or forms streams. This process of water moving from higher ground to lower ground is known as runoff.

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  • 5. 

    Material which has separated and settled out from the medium--wind, water, or ice---which originally carried it.

    • A.

      Sediment

    • B.

      Deposition

    • C.

      Levee

    Correct Answer
    A. Sediment
    Explanation
    Sediment refers to material that has separated and settled out from the medium (such as wind, water, or ice) that originally carried it. This can include particles of various sizes, such as sand, silt, and clay, that accumulate over time in bodies of water, on land, or in glaciers. Sediment plays a crucial role in geological processes, such as erosion, transportation, and deposition, and it can provide valuable information about past environments and climate conditions.

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  • 6. 

    One of the features that makes up the Earth's surface, such as a plain, mountain, or valley.

    • A.

      Alluvial Fan

    • B.

      Contour Lines

    • C.

      Landforms

    Correct Answer
    C. Landforms
    Explanation
    Landforms are one of the features that make up the Earth's surface. They refer to the various shapes and physical features found on the Earth's surface, such as mountains, valleys, plains, plateaus, and hills. Landforms are created by various natural processes like erosion, deposition, tectonic activity, and weathering. They play a significant role in shaping the Earth's landscape and are essential in understanding the geology and geography of a particular region.

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  • 7. 

    The process of natural forces moving soil and small rocks from one place to another.

    • A.

      Erosion

    • B.

      Deposition

    • C.

      Sediment

    Correct Answer
    A. Erosion
    Explanation
    Erosion refers to the process of natural forces, such as wind, water, or ice, gradually moving soil and small rocks from one place to another. This movement can occur through the gradual wearing away of land or the sudden displacement caused by a powerful force like a landslide or flood. Erosion plays a significant role in shaping the Earth's surface, as it can create valleys, canyons, and other geological features. It is an essential natural process that can have both positive and negative effects on the environment.

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  • 8. 

    Moving Air

    • A.

      Valley

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Interval

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind
    Explanation
    Wind is the correct answer because it is the only term in the given list that is directly related to "Moving Air". A valley is a geographical feature and does not necessarily involve moving air. "Interval" is a term used in mathematics and music and does not relate to moving air. Therefore, the correct answer is Wind.

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  • 9. 

    A hill or ridge of wind-blown sand.

    • A.

      Channel

    • B.

      Levee

    • C.

      Dune

    Correct Answer
    C. Dune
    Explanation
    A dune is a hill or ridge of wind-blown sand. It is formed when wind carries sand particles and deposits them in a mound or ridge shape. Dunes are commonly found in deserts and coastal areas where there is ample supply of sand and strong winds. They can vary in size and shape, ranging from small mounds to large hills. The correct answer for this question is "Dune" because it accurately describes a hill or ridge of wind-blown sand.

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  • 10. 

    A hedge, fence, or row of trees serving to lessen or break the force of the wind.

    • A.

      Alluvial fan

    • B.

      Windbreak

    • C.

      Levee

    Correct Answer
    B. Windbreak
    Explanation
    A windbreak refers to a hedge, fence, or row of trees that is specifically designed to reduce or disrupt the force of the wind. It acts as a barrier, providing protection from strong winds, which can be beneficial in various situations such as agricultural fields, gardens, or even residential areas. Windbreaks are commonly used to prevent wind erosion, protect crops, and create a more favorable microclimate.

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  • 11. 

    A huge mass of ice slowly flowing over a land mass, formed from compacted snow in an area where snow accumulation exceeds melting and sublimation.

    • A.

      Waterfall

    • B.

      Canyon

    • C.

      Glacier

    Correct Answer
    C. Glacier
    Explanation
    A glacier is a large mass of ice that forms over time from compacted snow in an area where snow accumulation is greater than melting and sublimation. Glaciers slowly flow over land, shaping the landscape and carving out features such as valleys and fjords. This process occurs over many years and is driven by the weight of the ice and the force of gravity. Glaciers are found in regions with cold temperatures and high snowfall, such as polar regions and high mountain ranges.

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  • 12. 

    A long depression in Earth's surface that usually contains a river.

    • A.

      Canyon

    • B.

      Valley

    • C.

      Drainage Basin

    Correct Answer
    B. Valley
    Explanation
    A valley is a long depression in Earth's surface that is typically formed by the erosion of a river or glacier. It is characterized by steep sides and often contains a river or stream flowing through it. Valleys are commonly found in mountainous or hilly regions and can provide habitats for various plants and animals. They are important features of the landscape and are often used for agriculture or recreational purposes.

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  • 13. 

    A deep narrow valley with steep sides.

    • A.

      Canyon

    • B.

      Valley

    • C.

      Interval

    Correct Answer
    A. Canyon
    Explanation
    A canyon is a deep narrow valley with steep sides. This geographical feature is formed by the erosion of a river or other body of water over a long period of time. The steep sides of a canyon are often made of rock formations and can be several hundred feet high. Canyons are typically found in arid or desert regions, where the lack of vegetation allows for more rapid erosion. They are often admired for their natural beauty and are popular destinations for hiking and exploration.

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  • 14. 

    A natural elevation of the earth's surface having considerable mass, generally steep sides, and a height greater than that of a hill.

    • A.

      Canyon

    • B.

      Mountain

    • C.

      Plateau

    Correct Answer
    B. Mountain
    Explanation
    A mountain is a natural elevation of the earth's surface that is characterized by its considerable mass, steep sides, and greater height compared to a hill. It is a landform that typically rises above its surroundings and is formed through various geological processes such as tectonic activity or volcanic eruptions. Mountains are often found in ranges or chains and can be home to diverse ecosystems and wildlife. They are significant features of the Earth's landscape and are popular destinations for activities such as hiking, climbing, and skiing.

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  • 15. 

    A looping change of direction in a river or stream.

    • A.

      Delta

    • B.

      Sediment

    • C.

      Meander

    Correct Answer
    C. Meander
    Explanation
    A meander is a looping change of direction in a river or stream. It occurs when the water flows in a winding path, creating curves and bends. This can happen due to various factors such as the shape of the land, the speed of the water, and the presence of obstacles. Meanders are common in rivers and streams and are formed over time as the water erodes the banks on one side and deposits sediment on the other. They play an important role in shaping the landscape and creating habitats for various species.

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  • 16. 

    Flat land near a river formed by deposition during floods.

    • A.

      Flood Plain

    • B.

      Delta

    • C.

      Interval

    Correct Answer
    A. Flood Plain
    Explanation
    A flood plain is a flat land area near a river that is formed by the deposition of sediments during floods. When a river overflows its banks during a flood, it carries sediment and deposits it on the adjacent land. Over time, these repeated flood events build up layers of sediment, creating a flat and fertile flood plain. The flood plain is an important feature as it provides space for the river to expand during floods and also serves as valuable agricultural land due to its rich soil.

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  • 17. 

    A low, flat piece of land at or near the mouth of a river.

    • A.

      River's Source

    • B.

      Alluvial Fan

    • C.

      Delta

    Correct Answer
    C. Delta
    Explanation
    A delta is a low, flat piece of land that forms at or near the mouth of a river. It is created by the deposition of sediment carried by the river as it flows into a larger body of water, such as a lake or ocean. The sediment builds up over time, creating a landform that is often triangular or fan-shaped. Deltas are characterized by their rich soil and are often fertile areas for agriculture.

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  • 18. 

    Land with relatively low relief that is flat or gently rolling.

    • A.

      Plain

    • B.

      Plateau

    • C.

      Landforms

    Correct Answer
    A. Plain
    Explanation
    A plain is a landform characterized by low relief, meaning it has little variation in elevation. It is typically flat or gently rolling, lacking significant hills or mountains. Plains can be found in various regions around the world and are often formed by the deposition of sediment over time. They are important for agriculture and human settlement due to their fertile soil and easy accessibility.

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  • 19. 

    Where a river flows into an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, flat arid area or another river.

    • A.

      River's Source

    • B.

      River's Mouth

    • C.

      Delta

    Correct Answer
    B. River's Mouth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "River's Mouth." The mouth of a river refers to the point where it meets and flows into a larger body of water such as an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, flat arid area, or another river. It is the endpoint of a river's journey, where its water and sediment are discharged into a larger water body. The mouth of a river often forms a delta, which is a landform shaped by the accumulation of sediment carried by the river.

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  • 20. 

    It is the point where the river starts.

    • A.

      River's Mouth

    • B.

      River's Source

    • C.

      Delta

    Correct Answer
    B. River's Source
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "River's Source." This is the point where the river begins or originates. It is usually the highest point in the river's course, such as a spring or a glacier. From this point, the river flows downstream, eventually reaching its mouth where it empties into a larger body of water, like a lake or an ocean. The source of a river is important as it determines the direction and characteristics of the river's flow.

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  • 21. 

    A river or stream that does not reach the ocean.

    • A.

      Runoff

    • B.

      Drainage Basin

    • C.

      Tributaries

    Correct Answer
    C. Tributaries
    Explanation
    A river or stream that does not reach the ocean is not able to directly contribute its water to the ocean. Instead, it relies on smaller streams or rivers, known as tributaries, to join and flow into larger rivers that eventually reach the ocean. Therefore, tributaries are the correct answer because they are the smaller water bodies that feed into larger rivers and help transport water to the ocean.

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  • 22. 

    A large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor.

    • A.

      Deflation

    • B.

      Basin

    • C.

      Drainage Basin

    Correct Answer
    B. Basin
    Explanation
    A basin is a large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor. It is a low-lying area surrounded by higher ground, which allows water to flow into it. Basins can be found on land, where they collect water from rainfall and form drainage basins, or in the ocean, where they can be formed by tectonic activity or erosion. Basins are important for collecting and storing water, as well as for providing habitats for various plant and animal species.

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  • 23. 

    An extent or area of land where water from rain and melting snow or ice drains downhill into a body of water, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea or ocean.

    • A.

      Drainage Basin

    • B.

      Basin

    • C.

      Tributaries

    Correct Answer
    A. Drainage Basin
    Explanation
    A drainage basin refers to an extent or area of land where water from rain and melting snow or ice drains downhill into a body of water, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean. It is a geographical concept that helps understand the flow of water in a particular region. The drainage basin includes all the land and water areas that contribute to the water flow into a specific water body, and it is defined by the boundaries of the surrounding landforms.

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  • 24. 

    The degree of change in elevation over a length of land.

    • A.

      Contour Lines

    • B.

      Slope

    • C.

      Interval

    Correct Answer
    B. Slope
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Slope". Slope refers to the degree of change in elevation over a length of land. It indicates how steep or gradual the land is. Contour lines and interval are related concepts in topography, but they do not directly measure the degree of change in elevation like slope does.

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  • 25. 

    An object's height above a fixed reference point.

    • A.

      Elevation

    • B.

      Interval

    • C.

      Slope

    Correct Answer
    A. Elevation
    Explanation
    Elevation refers to the vertical distance of an object above a fixed reference point. It is commonly used to describe the height of mountains, buildings, or any other object in relation to sea level or ground level. Elevation is an important concept in geography, surveying, and engineering, as it helps determine the topography and shape of the land. It is often measured in feet or meters and is used to create topographic maps, calculate gradients, or plan construction projects.

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  • 26. 

    The grinding away of rock by other rock or sand particles.

    • A.

      Abrasion

    • B.

      Deposition

    • C.

      Weathering

    Correct Answer
    A. Abrasion
    Explanation
    Abrasion refers to the process of rocks being worn down or eroded by the constant rubbing or grinding action of other rocks or sand particles. This mechanical weathering process occurs when these particles are transported by wind, water, or ice and come into contact with the surface of the rocks, causing them to gradually break down and become smoother over time. Abrasion is a key factor in shaping the Earth's landscape, as it can create features such as canyons, valleys, and polished rock surfaces.

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  • 27. 

    A fan-shaped deposit where a fast flowing stream flattens out.

    • A.

      Deposition

    • B.

      Alluvial Fan

    • C.

      Sediment

    Correct Answer
    B. Alluvial Fan
    Explanation
    An alluvial fan is a fan-shaped deposit that forms when a fast-flowing stream or river loses energy and the sediment it carries settles and spreads out. This process is known as deposition. As the stream slows down, it can no longer carry the sediment, causing it to be deposited and accumulated in a fan shape. Alluvial fans are typically found in arid or mountainous regions where the stream flow is intermittent or highly erosive. The sediment deposited by the stream forms a cone-shaped or fan-shaped landform, with coarser material closer to the source and finer material farther away.

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  • 28. 

    A horseshoe-shaped lake once part of, and now lying alongside, a meandering river.

    • A.

      Interval

    • B.

      Ox Bow Lake

    • C.

      Dam

    Correct Answer
    B. Ox Bow Lake
    Explanation
    An ox bow lake is a horseshoe-shaped lake that forms when a meandering river cuts off a meander bend, creating a curved lake. Over time, the river erodes the neck of the meander, causing it to become detached from the main river channel. The result is a lake that is shaped like the letter "U" or an ox bow. This process typically occurs in flat or low-lying areas where the river has a lot of lateral erosion.

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  • 29. 

    A large-scale map showing relief and man-made features of a portion of a land surface distinguished by portrayal of position, relation, size, shape, and elevation of the features.

    • A.

      Contour Map

    • B.

      Topographical Map

    • C.

      Elevation Map

    Correct Answer
    B. Topographical Map
    Explanation
    Contour and Elevation maps do not exist. I made them up.

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  • 30. 

    A line on a map that joins points of equal elevation.

    • A.

      Slope Lines

    • B.

      Elevation Lines

    • C.

      Contour Lines

    Correct Answer
    C. Contour Lines
    Explanation
    Elevation and slope lines do not exist. I made them up.

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  • 31. 

    The difference in elevation between consecutive contour lines.

    • A.

      Interval

    • B.

      Elevation

    • C.

      Deflation

    Correct Answer
    A. Interval
    Explanation
    The term "interval" refers to the difference in elevation between consecutive contour lines on a topographic map. Contour lines are used to represent the shape and elevation of the land, and the interval between them indicates the change in elevation. A smaller interval means that the elevation changes more rapidly, while a larger interval indicates a more gradual change in elevation. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is "Interval."

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  • 32. 

    A barrier built to contain the flow of water.

    • A.

      Canyon

    • B.

      Dam

    • C.

      Levee

    Correct Answer
    B. Dam
    Explanation
    A dam is a barrier built to contain the flow of water. It is typically constructed across a river or stream to create a reservoir, which can be used for various purposes such as water supply, irrigation, and hydroelectric power generation. Dams are designed to control the flow of water, prevent flooding, and store water for future use. They are often made of concrete or earth materials and are built with spillways to release excess water when the reservoir is full. Dams play a crucial role in managing water resources and providing important benefits to communities and industries.

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  • 33. 

    An embankment raised to prevent a river from overflowing.

    • A.

      Deflation

    • B.

      Dam

    • C.

      Levee

    Correct Answer
    C. Levee
    Explanation
    A levee is a raised embankment built along a river to prevent it from overflowing. It acts as a barrier and helps to control the flow of water, reducing the risk of flooding in surrounding areas. Unlike deflation, which refers to a decrease in the general price level, and a dam, which is a barrier built across a river to store water, a levee specifically serves the purpose of flood prevention.

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  • 34. 

    Any natural or man-made watercourse.

    • A.

      Channel

    • B.

      Valley

    • C.

      Canyon

    Correct Answer
    A. Channel
    Explanation
    A channel refers to any natural or man-made watercourse. This can include rivers, streams, canals, or any other pathway through which water flows. It is a broad term that encompasses various types of watercourses, regardless of their size or origin. Channels are essential for the movement and drainage of water, and they play a crucial role in shaping the landscape and providing habitats for various organisms.

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  • 35. 

    When peak discharge exceeds channel capacity; and this may be brought about naturally by intense precipitation, snow-a ice-melt, storm surges in coastal regions; or by the failure of man-made structures, by deforestation, urbanization.

    • A.

      Levee

    • B.

      Flood

    • C.

      Flash Flood

    Correct Answer
    B. Flood
    Explanation
    When peak discharge exceeds channel capacity, it can lead to a flood. This can occur naturally due to intense precipitation, snow and ice melt, or storm surges in coastal regions. It can also happen as a result of human activities such as the failure of man-made structures, deforestation, or urbanization. A flood refers to the overflowing of water onto normally dry land, causing damage and destruction to the surrounding areas.

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  • 36. 

    A sudden increase in water in low-lying areas, usually brought on by heavy rain or a dam break.

    • A.

      Flash Flood

    • B.

      Flood

    • C.

      Runoff

    Correct Answer
    A. Flash Flood
    Explanation
    A flash flood refers to a sudden surge of water in low-lying areas, typically caused by heavy rainfall or the breaking of a dam. Unlike a regular flood, which may occur gradually over time, a flash flood occurs rapidly and unexpectedly, posing a significant threat to people and property in the affected areas. This phenomenon is characterized by a swift and powerful flow of water that can cause extensive damage and endanger lives.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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