5th Grade History - Unit 13, Lesson 9

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5th Grade History - Unit 13, Lesson 9 - Quiz


This is a 5th grade history assessment about the Road to the Civil War.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because not everyone in the United States agreed on the issue of slavery and secession. The issue of slavery was highly controversial and led to significant divisions and tensions between different regions and groups within the country. These divisions ultimately contributed to the secession of the Southern states and the outbreak of the American Civil War.

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  • 2. 

    Daniel Webster was willing to compromise on the issue of slavery to keep the Union together.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Daniel Webster, a prominent American statesman, was indeed willing to compromise on the issue of slavery in order to maintain the unity of the United States. He believed that preserving the Union was of paramount importance, even if it meant compromising on the contentious issue of slavery. Webster's famous "Seventh of March" speech in 1850 is a testament to his willingness to find a middle ground and avoid the outbreak of a civil war. Despite his personal opposition to slavery, he prioritized the preservation of the Union over his own beliefs.

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  • 3. 

    John Brown successfully ended slavery by leading an attack on Harpers Ferry.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. John Brown did not successfully end slavery by leading an attack on Harpers Ferry. In fact, the attack on Harpers Ferry was a failed attempt by Brown and his followers to start a slave rebellion. Brown was captured and executed, and it was not until later events, such as the American Civil War, that slavery was ultimately abolished in the United States.

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  • 4. 

    What was the argument in the Dred Scott case?

    • A.

      Dred Scott should be allowed to run for president because he was a citizen.

    • B.

      Dred Scott should be free because he had lived in a free territory.

    • C.

      Dred Scott should be allowed to vote because he was free.

    • D.

      Dred Scott should be allowed to return to slavery because he wanted to.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dred Scott should be free because he had lived in a free territory.
  • 5. 

    What did the Supreme Court decide in the Dred Scott case?

    • A.

      The Supreme Court decided slaves were property.

    • B.

      The Supreme Court decided the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution protected property.

    • C.

      The Supreme Court decided blacks did not have the right to citizenship in the United States.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court decided in the Dred Scott case that slaves were property, the Fifth Amendment protected property, and that blacks did not have the right to citizenship in the United States. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 6. 

    What was the Underground Railroad?

    • A.

      A system of transporting manufactured goods from the North to the South.

    • B.

      A railroad that connected the eastern states to the western territories.

    • C.

      A steam train that carried escaping slaves to the North.

    • D.

      A system of people, homes, and farms that aided escaping slaves.

    Correct Answer
    D. A system of people, homes, and farms that aided escaping slaves.
    Explanation
    The Underground Railroad was a system of people, homes, and farms that aided escaping slaves. It was not a physical railroad or a means of transporting goods, but rather a network of individuals who provided shelter, food, and assistance to slaves seeking freedom. This network operated in secret and helped thousands of slaves escape to the North or Canada during the 19th century.

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  • 7. 

    How did Harriett Beecher Stowe help end slavery?

    • A.

      By writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    • B.

      By attacking Harpers Ferry

    • C.

      By writing songs about the Underground Railroad

    • D.

      By becoming a politician

    Correct Answer
    A. By writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    Explanation
    Harriett Beecher Stowe helped end slavery by writing Uncle Tom's Cabin. This novel, published in 1852, depicted the harsh realities of slavery and the inhumane treatment of enslaved individuals. It became a bestseller and had a profound impact on public opinion, raising awareness about the cruelty of slavery. The book humanized enslaved characters and stirred emotions, contributing to the growing abolitionist movement in the United States. Uncle Tom's Cabin is considered a significant catalyst for the eventual abolition of slavery.

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  • 8. 

    John Calhoun, a senator from South Carolina, said that if a state thinks a law is unconstitutional, it has the right to nullify the law. What did he mean?

    • A.

      The state could leave the Union.

    • B.

      The state could change the law.

    • C.

      The state had the right not to obey the law.

    • D.

      The state could ask the Supreme Court to rule on the law.

    Correct Answer
    C. The state had the right not to obey the law.
    Explanation
    John Calhoun believed in the concept of nullification, which means that if a state believed that a law was unconstitutional, it had the right to refuse to follow or enforce that law within its borders. In other words, the state had the right not to obey the law. This idea was based on the belief that the states had the ultimate authority to determine the constitutionality of federal laws and could take action to protect their own interests.

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  • 9. 

    Daniel Webster was willing to see slavery continue rather than risk the secession of the Southern states. What is secession?

    • A.

      It is the act of declaring war.

    • B.

      It is the annexation of more territory.

    • C.

      It is the effort to bring in more slaves.

    • D.

      It is the act of leaving the Union.

    Correct Answer
    D. It is the act of leaving the Union.
    Explanation
    Secession refers to the act of leaving the Union. In the context of the given question, Daniel Webster was willing to allow slavery to continue in order to prevent the Southern states from seceding from the Union. This suggests that Webster prioritized maintaining the unity of the United States over addressing the issue of slavery.

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  • 10. 

    Who is an escaped slave who led about 300 slaves to freedom?

    • A.

      Abolitionist

    • B.

      Conductor

    • C.

      Passenger

    • D.

      Harriett Tubman

    • E.

      Station

    Correct Answer
    D. Harriett Tubman
    Explanation
    Harriett Tubman is the correct answer because she was an escaped slave who became an abolitionist and led approximately 300 other slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad. She risked her own safety and freedom to help others escape the horrors of slavery and played a significant role in the fight for freedom and equality.

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  • 11. 

    Define abolitionist.

    • A.

      Someone who opposed slavery and worked to end it

    • B.

      A safe house or place where escaping slaves could rest and get food.

    • C.

      A slave escaping by the Underground Railroad

    • D.

      Someone who helped slaves escape to the North or Canada

    • E.

      An escaped slave who led about 300 slaves to freedom

    Correct Answer
    A. Someone who opposed slavery and worked to end it
    Explanation
    An abolitionist is someone who opposed slavery and actively worked towards its end. They were individuals who fought against the institution of slavery, advocating for its abolition and working towards the liberation of enslaved people. These individuals played a crucial role in the movement to end slavery, using various methods such as public speaking, writing, organizing protests, and supporting the Underground Railroad. Their efforts were instrumental in bringing about the eventual emancipation of enslaved individuals and the abolition of slavery.

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  • 12. 

    Define passenger.

    • A.

      Someone who opposed slavery and worked to end it

    • B.

      A safe house or place where escaping slaves could rest and get food.

    • C.

      A slave escaping by the Underground Railroad

    • D.

      Someone who helped slaves escape to the North or Canada

    • E.

      An escaped slave who led about 300 slaves to freedom

    Correct Answer
    C. A slave escaping by the Underground Railroad
  • 13. 

    Define station.

    • A.

      Someone who opposed slavery and worked to end it

    • B.

      A safe house or place where escaping slaves could rest and get food.

    • C.

      A slave escaping by the Underground Railroad

    • D.

      Someone who helped slaves escape to the North or Canada

    • E.

      An escaped slave who led about 300 slaves to freedom

    Correct Answer
    B. A safe house or place where escaping slaves could rest and get food.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A safe house or place where escaping slaves could rest and get food." This definition of a station refers to a location along the Underground Railroad where escaped slaves could find temporary refuge and support on their journey to freedom. These stations were often run by abolitionists who provided food, shelter, and assistance to the escaping slaves. They played a crucial role in helping slaves navigate the dangerous journey and find their way to the North or Canada.

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  • 14. 

    List three risks people were willing to face to escape slavery or help others escape.

  • 15. 

    Describe two aspects of Abraham Lincoln’s life and character before he was president.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 30, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 13, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Chawheeler
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