Breakthrough International Bible University - Early Christians 4th Century Exam

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Breakthrough International Bible University - Early Christians 4th Century Exam - Quiz

Christianity in the 4th century was dominated in its early stage by Constantine the Great and the First Council of Nicaea of 325, which was the beginning of the period of the First seven Ecumenical Councils (325–787), and in its late stage by the Edict of Thessalonica of 380, which made Nicene Christianity the state church of the Roman Empire.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Art pertaining to those produced by the early christians until the founding of the Byzantine empire

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "early christian" because the question is asking for the art pertaining to those produced by the early Christians until the founding of the Byzantine empire. This suggests that the art in question is specifically related to the early Christian period, which encompasses the time from the emergence of Christianity until the establishment of the Byzantine empire.

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  • 2. 

    Fish

  • 3. 

    Semi-circular space in front of nave

    Explanation
    An apse is a semi-circular space that is typically found at the end of the nave in a church or cathedral. It is usually where the altar is located and is often adorned with decorative elements such as stained glass windows or mosaics. The apse serves as a focal point and is where important religious ceremonies and rituals take place.

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  • 4. 

    Placed at the center of the nave

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "altar." In a religious context, the altar is typically placed at the center of the nave, which is the central part of a church or cathedral where the congregation gathers. The altar is a sacred and important space where religious rituals and ceremonies take place, such as the Eucharist or Mass. It is usually elevated and serves as a focal point for worship and spiritual connection. Placing the altar at the center of the nave allows for equal visibility and access for the congregation, symbolizing the central role of worship in the religious community.

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  • 5. 

    Prohibition of icons in representational human form

    Explanation
    The correct answer is the iconoclastic controversy of 726. This refers to a historical event in which there was a prohibition of icons in representational human form. During this controversy, there was a debate and conflict within the Byzantine Empire regarding the use of religious images and icons. Some believed that the use of icons was idolatrous and violated the commandments, while others argued for their importance in religious worship. This controversy had significant religious and political implications, leading to the destruction of many icons and the persecution of those who supported their use.

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  • 6. 

    Inverted concave triangles

  • 7. 

    Made the chrisrianity the official religion in rome

    • A.

      Licinus

    • B.

      Constantine

    • C.

      Julius ceasar

    • D.

      Pope

    Correct Answer
    B. Constantine
    Explanation
    Constantine is the correct answer because he was the Roman Emperor who made Christianity the official religion in Rome. He issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, which granted religious freedom to Christians and ended the persecution they faced. Constantine played a significant role in the spread and establishment of Christianity as the dominant religion in the Roman Empire.

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  • 8. 

    Social influence, he was the prime character but was not proclaimed emperor, he removed his empire from from to byzantium and developed a new type of architecture.

    • A.

      Constantine

    • B.

      Ceasar IV

    • C.

      Itcinus

    • D.

      Licinus

    Correct Answer
    A. Constantine
    Explanation
    Constantine is the correct answer because he was a prime character in the context of social influence. Although he was not proclaimed emperor, he removed his empire from Rome to Byzantium and introduced a new type of architecture. This suggests that Constantine played a significant role in shaping the political and architectural landscape of the time.

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  • 9. 

    Important features of early christian architecture
    •  ribbed vaulting
    • arcade
    • campanile
    • archivolt

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Early Christian architecture is characterized by several important features, including ribbed vaulting, arcade, campanile, and archivolt. These features were commonly used in the construction of churches and cathedrals during the early Christian period. Ribbed vaulting refers to the use of rib-like structures to support the ceiling, while an arcade is a series of arches supported by columns or piers. A campanile is a bell tower, and an archivolt is an ornamental molding around an arch. Therefore, it is true that these features are important in early Christian architecture.

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  • 10. 

    Semi circular arches

    • A.

      Ribbed vault

    • B.

      Archivolt

    • C.

      Rainbow arch

    • D.

      Multilayered arch

    Correct Answer
    B. Archivolt
    Explanation
    An archivolt is a decorative molding or band that runs along the underside of an arch. It is typically adorned with intricate carvings or sculptural elements. The archivolt serves to enhance the aesthetic appeal of the arch and provide a transition between the arch and the supporting structure. It is commonly found in architectural styles such as Romanesque and Gothic, adding a decorative element to the overall design of the arch.

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  • 11. 

    Largest and most impressive among all basilican churches

    • A.

      St. peter basilica

    • B.

      St. paolo fouri le mura

    • C.

      St. paul cathedral

    • D.

      St. vitale church

    Correct Answer
    B. St. paolo fouri le mura
    Explanation
    St. Paolo Fuori le Mura is the correct answer because it is known as one of the largest and most impressive among all basilican churches. This basilica, located in Rome, Italy, is renowned for its grandeur and historical significance. It is one of the four major basilicas in Rome and is famous for its stunning architecture and intricate mosaics. St. Paolo Fuori le Mura is a popular tourist attraction and a significant religious site, making it the largest and most impressive among the given options.

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  • 12. 

    Dedicated to the martyrdome of st. peterthe architect was constantine

    • A.

      St. peter basilica

    • B.

      St. paolo fouri le mura

    • C.

      Church of nativity bethlehem

    • D.

      Chuch of holy sepulchre

    Correct Answer
    A. St. peter basilica
    Explanation
    The correct answer is St. Peter's Basilica. This basilica is dedicated to the martyrdom of St. Peter and was designed by the architect Constantine. It is located in Vatican City and is one of the holiest sites in Christianity. St. Peter's Basilica is renowned for its stunning architecture, including the iconic dome designed by Michelangelo. It is a significant pilgrimage site for Catholics and attracts millions of visitors every year.

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  • 13. 

    Founded by constaine, built over traditonal birth of Christ.

    • A.

      St. peter basilica

    • B.

      St. paolo fouri le mura

    • C.

      Church of nativity bethlehem

    • D.

      Chuch of holy sepulchre

    Correct Answer
    C. Church of nativity bethlehem
    Explanation
    The Church of Nativity in Bethlehem is believed to be built over the traditional birthplace of Jesus Christ. It was founded by Constantine, the first Christian Roman Emperor, as a significant pilgrimage site for Christians. The church holds great historical and religious significance as it is considered one of the oldest surviving Christian churches in the world. The Church of Nativity is a symbol of the birth of Jesus and attracts millions of visitors each year who come to pay homage to the holy site.

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  • 14. 

    Founded by constaine, built over the reputed Church of Christ.

    • A.

      St. peter basilica

    • B.

      St. paolo fouri le mura

    • C.

      Church of nativity bethlehem

    • D.

      Chuch of holy sepulchre

    Correct Answer
    D. Chuch of holy sepulchre
    Explanation
    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the correct answer because it was founded by Constantine and is built over the reputed location of the crucifixion, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The other options, St. Peter's Basilica, St. Paolo Fuori le Mura, and the Church of Nativity in Bethlehem, do not have the same historical and religious significance as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

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  • 15. 

    Ealiest building of cruciform plan "tomb"

    • A.

      Tomb of galla placida, ravenna

    • B.

      Tomb of ravenna

    • C.

      Tomb of galla placide, de ravenna

    • D.

      Tomb of placida

    Correct Answer
    A. Tomb of galla placida, ravenna
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tomb of galla placida, ravenna". This tomb is considered the earliest building with a cruciform plan. It is located in Ravenna and is known for its unique architecture and intricate mosaics. The tomb of Galla Placida is a significant example of early Christian art and architecture in Italy.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 09, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 19, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Breakthroughuniversity
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