Philippine History And Government Quiz!

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Philippine History And Government Quiz! - Quiz


Are you familiar with Phillippine history and government? Do you think you can pass this quiz? Ferdinand Magellan came to the Phillippines in March 1521 and took the country for the Spanish crown. A colonial government was founded in Manila in 1571. Spain instituted changes in the political, communal, and cultural life of the people. If you want to learn more about Phillippine history and government, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This treaty divided trading and colonizing rights for all newly discovered lands of the world located between Portugal and Castile (Spanish Crown). 

    • A. 

      Treaty of Tordesillas

    • B. 

      Treaty of zaragoza

    • C. 

      Treaty of International Relations

    • D. 

      Treaty of Paris

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Tordesillas
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas divided the trading and colonizing rights for newly discovered lands between Portugal and Castile (Spanish Crown). This treaty was signed in 1494 and aimed to resolve conflicts between Portugal and Spain over their territorial claims in the New World. It established a line of demarcation that divided the world into two spheres of influence, with Portugal gaining rights to lands east of the line and Spain gaining rights to lands west of the line. This treaty had a significant impact on the colonization and exploration of the Americas by European powers.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following events triggered the Philippine-American War?

    • A. 

      The sinking of the USS Marine in Cuba.

    • B. 

      Aguinaldo went into exile in Hongkong.

    • C. 

      The signing of the Treaty of Paris.

    • D. 

      A Filipino soldier was shot by an American soldier

    Correct Answer
    D. A Filipino soldier was shot by an American soldier
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that a Filipino soldier was shot by an American soldier. This event is widely considered to be the trigger for the Philippine-American War, as it led to increased tensions and hostilities between the two sides. The shooting occurred during a confrontation between Filipino and American soldiers in February 1899, and it ultimately escalated into a full-blown conflict that lasted for several years.

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  • 3. 

    The following are the American pressure groups who were interested to make the Philippines a U.S. colony except:

    • A. 

      American businessmen who wanted to have the Philippines as a market hub of Asia.

    • B. 

      Military and Naval group to make the Philippines a first line of defense.

    • C. 

      Republican Party who believed that U.S. government can generate wealth in the Philippines.

    • D. 

      American Religious organizations who want to propagate their faith in the Philippines.

    Correct Answer
    C. Republican Party who believed that U.S. government can generate wealth in the Philippines.
    Explanation
    The Republican Party believed that the U.S. government could generate wealth in the Philippines. This suggests that they saw economic potential in the Philippines and believed that the U.S. government could exploit it for financial gain. The other pressure groups mentioned, such as American businessmen, military and naval groups, and American religious organizations, all had their own interests in the Philippines, whether it be economic, strategic, or religious. However, the Republican Party's focus on wealth generation sets them apart from the other groups.

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  • 4. 

    He is the first civil governor in the Philippines during the American Regime.

    • A. 

      William H. Taft

    • B. 

      William McKinley

    • C. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Francis B. Harrison

    Correct Answer
    A. William H. Taft
    Explanation
    William H. Taft is the correct answer because he served as the first civil governor of the Philippines during the American Regime. He was appointed by President William McKinley in 1901 and held the position until 1904. Taft played a crucial role in implementing policies and reforms in the Philippines, including the establishment of a civil government, the improvement of infrastructure, and the promotion of education. His tenure as governor laid the foundation for the eventual independence of the Philippines.

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  • 5. 

    It was the first lower house of the legislative body established in 1907 for the Filipinos.

    • A. 

      Philippine Assembly

    • B. 

      Philippine Commission

    • C. 

      Philippine Congress

    • D. 

      All of the choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. Philippine Assembly
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Philippine Assembly. The Philippine Assembly was established in 1907 and served as the first lower house of the legislative body for the Filipinos. It was a significant development in the country's political history as it allowed for greater representation and participation of the Filipino people in the government. The Philippine Commission and Philippine Congress were also important institutions, but they were not specifically the first lower house established for the Filipinos.

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  • 6. 

    Who among the following Philippine Presidents was re-elected for a second term in accordance with the provisions in the constitution allowing for another full term of an elected president? 

    • A. 

      Manuel L. Quezon

    • B. 

      Carlos P. Garcia

    • C. 

      Sergio Osmeña

    • D. 

      Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

    Correct Answer
    A. Manuel L. Quezon
    Explanation
    Manuel L. Quezon was re-elected for a second term in accordance with the provisions in the constitution allowing for another full term of an elected president.

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  • 7. 

    The Act provided the 10-year transition period to Philippine Independence within which the Commonwealth government would be established.

    • A. 

      Tydings-McDuffie

    • B. 

      Jones Act of 1916

    • C. 

      Philippine Bill of 1902

    • D. 

      1935 Constitution

    Correct Answer
    A. Tydings-McDuffie
    Explanation
    The Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 provided a 10-year transition period to Philippine Independence. During this period, the Commonwealth government would be established in the Philippines. The Act outlined the process for the Philippines to become a fully independent nation, granting them the right to draft their own constitution and establish their own government. This transition period allowed the Philippines to gradually gain autonomy and prepare for their eventual independence.

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  • 8. 

    What do you call the constitutional body that was responsible for the framing of the 1935 Constitution? 

    • A. 

      Constitutional Convention

    • B. 

      Philippine Assembly

    • C. 

      Philippine Commission

    • D. 

      Constitutional Commission

    Correct Answer
    A. Constitutional Convention
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Constitutional Convention. A Constitutional Convention is a gathering of delegates who are elected or appointed to create or revise a constitution. In this case, the Constitutional Convention was responsible for the framing of the 1935 Constitution. The Philippine Assembly, Philippine Commission, and Constitutional Commission are not the correct answers because they do not specifically refer to the body responsible for the framing of the 1935 Constitution.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the first President of the Commonwealth government that elected on June 16, 1935?

    • A. 

      Manuel Quezon

    • B. 

      Sergio Osmeña

    • C. 

      Manuel Roxas

    • D. 

      Manuel Osmeña

    Correct Answer
    A. Manuel Quezon
    Explanation
    Manuel Quezon was the first President of the Commonwealth government that was elected on June 16, 1935. He served as the President of the Philippines from 1935 until his death in 1944. Quezon played a significant role in the country's transition from being a US territory to a self-governing commonwealth. He implemented several reforms and policies aimed at improving the economy, education, and infrastructure of the Philippines. Quezon's leadership and contributions to the country's development make him the correct answer to this question.

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  • 10. 

    Why did the Japanese forces attack the Philippines a day after they attacked Pearl Harbor?

    • A. 

      Because of the presence of the US bases in our country

    • B. 

      Because it was the nearest country in Japan

    • C. 

      Because our country was weak

    • D. 

      Because they intended to expand their colonial rule in Asia

    Correct Answer
    A. Because of the presence of the US bases in our country
    Explanation
    The Japanese forces attacked the Philippines a day after they attacked Pearl Harbor because of the presence of the US bases in our country. The US had established military bases in the Philippines, which posed a threat to Japan's expansionist goals in the region. By attacking the Philippines, Japan aimed to neutralize the US military presence and gain control over the strategic location of the country.

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  • 11. 

    Who was the President of the Philippines under the Japanese sponsored republic? 

    • A. 

      Jose Laurel

    • B. 

      Manuel Quezon

    • C. 

      Manuel Roxas

    • D. 

      Sergio Osmeña

    Correct Answer
    A. Jose Laurel
    Explanation
    Jose Laurel was the President of the Philippines under the Japanese sponsored republic. During World War II, the Japanese established a puppet government in the Philippines known as the Second Philippine Republic. Laurel, a prominent Filipino politician, was appointed as the President of this republic by the Japanese authorities. He served as the president from 1943 to 1945, collaborating with the Japanese occupiers. However, his presidency was widely seen as illegitimate and he faced criticism for his collaborationist stance.

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  • 12. 

    An infamous proclamation of a president in an event of rebellion, invasion, and threats to public safety according to the 1935 Constitution..

    • A. 

      Martial Law

    • B. 

      State of War

    • C. 

      State of Emergency

    • D. 

      State of Calamity

    Correct Answer
    A. Martial Law
    Explanation
    Martial Law is the correct answer because it refers to the proclamation made by a president during times of rebellion, invasion, or threats to public safety. It is a temporary rule by the military, which allows the government to have increased authority and control over the civilian population. Martial Law suspends certain civil rights and liberties, giving the military the power to enforce laws and maintain order. This measure is often seen as controversial and can have significant implications for a country's democracy and human rights.

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  • 13. 

    What was the event that led to an end of the American-Japanese war?

    • A. 

      Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    • B. 

      Fall of Bataan and Corregidor

    • C. 

      Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    • D. 

      Battle of Midway

    Correct Answer
    A. Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    Explanation
    The event that led to the end of the American-Japanese war was the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These bombings, which occurred in August 1945, caused massive destruction and loss of life in the two Japanese cities. The devastation and the realization of the destructive power of atomic weapons prompted the Japanese government to surrender, bringing an end to the war.

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  • 14. 

    The first president of the Third Republic of the Philippines.

    • A. 

      Manuel Roxas

    • B. 

      Manuel Quezon

    • C. 

      Sergio Osmeña

    • D. 

      Jose Laurel

    Correct Answer
    A. Manuel Roxas
    Explanation
    Manuel Roxas is the correct answer because he served as the first president of the Third Republic of the Philippines. He assumed office on July 4, 1946, after the country gained independence from the United States. Roxas played a crucial role in the transition of the Philippines from a Commonwealth to a fully independent nation. He implemented various policies and reforms to stabilize the economy, promote social justice, and strengthen ties with other nations. Roxas's presidency marked an important milestone in Philippine history as it marked the beginning of the Third Republic.

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  • 15. 

    What was the cause of President Magsaysay’s death?

    • A. 

      Plane crashed

    • B. 

      Old age

    • C. 

      Heart attack

    • D. 

      War

    Correct Answer
    A. Plane crashed
    Explanation
    President Magsaysay's cause of death was a plane crash. This implies that he died as a result of an airplane accident.

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  • 16. 

    Katipunan was a secret revolutionary organization or underground revolutionary group with their Filipino leaders who sought independence from Spanish colonial rule. Arrange the following supremo in chronological order (First to last). 1. Roman Basa 2. Deodato Arellano 3. Andres Bonifacio

    • A. 

      2, 1, & 3

    • B. 

      3,2, & 1

    • C. 

      3, 1, & 2

    • D. 

      2, 3, & 1

    Correct Answer
    A. 2, 1, & 3
    Explanation
    The correct chronological order of the supremos in Katipunan is Deodato Arellano (2), Roman Basa (1), and Andres Bonifacio (3).

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is the very first formal political document or Philippine constitution established by Filipinos?

    • A. 

      Malolos Constitution

    • B. 

      1935 Constitution

    • C. 

      1987 Constitution or Freedom Constitution

    • D. 

      Biak na Bato Constitution

    Correct Answer
    A. Malolos Constitution
    Explanation
    The Malolos Constitution is considered the very first formal political document or constitution established by Filipinos. It was drafted and adopted by the Philippine Revolutionary Government in 1898, during the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule. The constitution aimed to establish a democratic and independent government for the Philippines. It provided for the separation of powers, protection of civil liberties, and the creation of a bicameral legislature. The Malolos Constitution marked an important milestone in Philippine history, as it symbolized the Filipino people's aspirations for self-governance and independence.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following action tantamount to punishment during the Spanish regime once discovered?

    • A. 

      Revolutionary movement

    • B. 

      Propaganda movement

    • C. 

      Reform movement

    • D. 

      Encomienda movement

    Correct Answer
    A. Revolutionary movement
    Explanation
    During the Spanish regime, the revolutionary movement was considered an action tantamount to punishment once discovered. The Spanish authorities viewed any form of rebellion or uprising against their rule as a threat to their control and power. The revolutionary movement sought to challenge and overthrow Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines, making it a direct challenge to the authority of the Spanish regime. As a result, those involved in the revolutionary movement were often met with harsh punishment, including imprisonment, torture, or death, as the Spanish authorities sought to suppress any opposition to their rule.

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  • 19. 

    The Philippine first president established many types of government. Under his leadership the following were established by former pres. Emilio Aguinaldo. Arrange them in chronological order. 1. Dictatorial 2. Revolutionary 3. Biak- na-Bato republic 4. Philippine Republic

    • A. 

      3, 1, 2 & 4

    • B. 

      2, 1, 4 & 3

    • C. 

      2, 3, 4 & 3

    • D. 

      3, 2, 1 & 4

    Correct Answer
    A. 3, 1, 2 & 4
    Explanation
    Under the leadership of former president Emilio Aguinaldo, the Biak-na-Bato republic was established first, followed by the dictatorial government. After that, the revolutionary government was established, and finally, the Philippine Republic was established. Therefore, the correct chronological order is 3, 1, 2, and 4.

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  • 20. 

    The Philippine government composed of three branches. Which of the following branches has the power to create laws?

    • A. 

      Legislative

    • B. 

      Executive

    • C. 

      Judiciary

    • D. 

      Bureaucracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Legislative
    Explanation
    The legislative branch of the Philippine government has the power to create laws. This branch is responsible for making, amending, and repealing laws in the country. It is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, which work together to pass bills and turn them into laws. The legislative branch plays a crucial role in the democratic process by representing the people's interests and ensuring that laws are fair and just.

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