Neurological System (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not associated with Wilson's disease?   

    • A.

      Asterixis

    • B.

      Basal ganglia

    • C.

      Cirrhosis

    • D.

      Pancreatitis

    Correct Answer
    D. Pancreatitis
    Explanation
    Wilson's disease is a genetic disorder that causes copper to accumulate in the body, leading to various symptoms. Asterixis, basal ganglia abnormalities, and cirrhosis are all associated with Wilson's disease. However, pancreatitis is not typically associated with this condition. Pancreatitis refers to inflammation of the pancreas, which is not a characteristic feature of Wilson's disease.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not associated with Reye's syndrome? 

    • A.

      Coma

    • B.

      Hyperglycemia

    • C.

      Influenza B

    • D.

      Fatty liver tissue

    Correct Answer
    B. Hyperglycemia
    Explanation
    Reye's syndrome is a rare but serious condition that primarily affects children and teenagers recovering from a viral infection, especially influenza B. It is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver and other organs, leading to liver dysfunction. Symptoms include vomiting, confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness, which can progress to coma. However, hyperglycemia, which refers to high blood sugar levels, is not typically associated with Reye's syndrome.

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  • 3. 

    Emphysema is not linked to which of the following terms? 

    • A.

      Blue Bloater

    • B.

      Dyspnea

    • C.

      Liver cirrhosis

    • D.

      Tachycardia

    Correct Answer
    A. Blue Bloater
    Explanation
    Emphysema is a chronic lung disease characterized by damage to the air sacs in the lungs, leading to shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. It is commonly associated with symptoms such as dyspnea (difficulty breathing) and tachycardia (rapid heart rate). However, it is not linked to the term "blue bloater," which is a term used to describe a subtype of chronic bronchitis. Blue bloaters typically have a bluish skin color due to low oxygen levels and often experience fluid retention, which is not directly associated with emphysema. Liver cirrhosis is also unrelated to emphysema, as it is a condition affecting the liver.

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  • 4. 

    Guillian-Barre' is not linked to which of the following statements? 

    • A.

      Infections often present.

    • B.

      Greater initial upper extremity deficits

    • C.

      Increased CSF protein levels

    • D.

      Hypertension

    Correct Answer
    B. Greater initial upper extremity deficits
    Explanation
    Guillian-Barre' is a neurological disorder characterized by muscle weakness and paralysis. It is often associated with infections, such as respiratory or gastrointestinal infections. Increased CSF protein levels are commonly observed in individuals with Guillian-Barre'. However, greater initial upper extremity deficits are not typically linked to Guillian-Barre'. This suggests that the severity of muscle weakness and paralysis in the upper extremities may not be a distinguishing feature of this disorder.

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  • 5. 

    Pancoast's tumor is not linked to which of the following statements? 

    • A.

      Horner's syndrome

    • B.

      Anhidrosis

    • C.

      Cervical plexus involvement

    • D.

      Arthritis

    Correct Answer
    D. Arthritis
    Explanation
    Pancoast's tumor is a type of lung cancer that typically affects the upper part of the lungs. It can cause various symptoms, including Horner's syndrome (a group of symptoms that occur when there is damage to the nerves in the face and eye), anhidrosis (lack of sweating), and involvement of the cervical plexus (a network of nerves in the neck). However, it is not linked to arthritis, which is a condition that primarily affects the joints and causes inflammation and pain.

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  • 6. 

    Wermer's syndrome is considered a? 

    • A.

      MEN type I

    • B.

      MEN type II

    • C.

      MEN type III

    • D.

      MEN type IV

    Correct Answer
    A. MEN type I
    Explanation
    Wermer's syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by the development of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type I tumors. MEN type I is characterized by the development of tumors in multiple endocrine glands, including the pituitary gland, parathyroid glands, and pancreas. This syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and is caused by mutations in the MEN1 gene. Therefore, the correct answer is MEN type I.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is not a cause of acute pancreatitis? 

    • A.

      Hyperlipidemia

    • B.

      Ethanol

    • C.

      Steroids

    • D.

      Hypotension

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypotension
    Explanation
    Hypotension is not a cause of acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis is commonly caused by hyperlipidemia, ethanol consumption, and the use of steroids. Hypotension, which refers to low blood pressure, does not directly contribute to the development of pancreatitis. Instead, it is more commonly associated with conditions such as shock or dehydration.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Alzheimer's disease? 

    • A.

      Senile plaques

    • B.

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C.

      Tangles

    • D.

      Dementia

    Correct Answer
    B. Diabetes mellitus
    Explanation
    Diabetes mellitus is not directly related to Alzheimer's disease. While both conditions are associated with aging, Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the presence of senile plaques and tangles in the brain, which are not present in diabetes mellitus. Additionally, dementia is a common symptom of Alzheimer's disease, but it is not exclusive to this condition.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Horner's syndrome? 

    • A.

      Miosis

    • B.

      Malaise

    • C.

      Ptosis

    • D.

      Anhidrosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Malaise
    Explanation
    Horner's syndrome is a condition characterized by a combination of symptoms that result from damage to the sympathetic nerves of the face. These symptoms include miosis (constricted pupil), ptosis (drooping eyelid), and anhidrosis (lack of sweating). Malaise, on the other hand, refers to a general feeling of discomfort or unease, and it is not directly associated with the specific symptoms of Horner's syndrome. Therefore, malaise is not directly related to Horner's syndrome.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Goodpasture's syndrome? 

    • A.

      Hematuria

    • B.

      Anemia

    • C.

      Adrenal atrophy

    • D.

      Hemoptysis

    Correct Answer
    C. Adrenal atrophy
    Explanation
    Goodpasture's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the kidneys and lungs. It is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies that attack the basement membrane of these organs. Hematuria, anemia, and hemoptysis are all directly related to Goodpasture's syndrome as they are common symptoms of the condition. However, adrenal atrophy is not directly related to Goodpasture's syndrome. Adrenal atrophy refers to the shrinkage or degeneration of the adrenal glands, which is not a characteristic feature of Goodpasture's syndrome.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Hasimoto's thyroiditis? 

    • A.

      Hypothyroidism

    • B.

      Slow onset

    • C.

      Neuropathy

    • D.

      Autoimmune disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Neuropathy
    Explanation
    Hasimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the thyroid gland, leading to hypothyroidism. It is characterized by a slow onset of symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and depression. While autoimmune diseases can sometimes cause neuropathy, it is not directly related to Hasimoto's thyroiditis. Neuropathy refers to damage or dysfunction of the nerves, which can result in symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness.

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  • 12. 

      Which of the following is not a causative agent with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion? 

    • A.

      Pulmonary disorders

    • B.

      TBI

    • C.

      Drug induced

    • D.

      HIV

    Correct Answer
    D. HIV
    Explanation
    HIV is not a causative agent for syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. The syndrome is typically caused by pulmonary disorders, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and drug-induced factors. HIV is a viral infection that primarily affects the immune system and does not directly cause this specific hormonal imbalance.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is not a type of embolus? 

    • A.

      Air

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Tumor

    • D.

      Viral

    Correct Answer
    D. Viral
    Explanation
    The given question asks for a type of embolus that does not exist. An embolus refers to a foreign object that travels through the bloodstream and can cause blockages in blood vessels. Air, bacteria, and tumor are all examples of emboli that can cause blockages, while viral particles do not typically travel through the bloodstream and cause blockages. Therefore, viral is not a type of embolus.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Buerger's disease? 

    • A.

      Claudication

    • B.

      Thromboangitis obliterans

    • C.

      Night sweats

    • D.

      Poor tolerance of cold

    Correct Answer
    C. Night sweats
    Explanation
    Night sweats are not directly related to Buerger's disease. Buerger's disease, also known as thromboangitis obliterans, is a condition that affects the blood vessels in the arms and legs. It causes inflammation and clotting, leading to reduced blood flow and tissue damage. Symptoms of Buerger's disease include pain, ulcers, and poor tolerance of cold. Night sweats, on the other hand, are excessive sweating during sleep and are not typically associated with Buerger's disease.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Kawasaki disease? 

    • A.

      Lymphadenitis

    • B.

      Fever

    • C.

      Arthritis

    • D.

      Conjunctiva

    Correct Answer
    C. Arthritis
    Explanation
    Arthritis is not directly related to Kawasaki disease. Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile illness that primarily affects children and causes inflammation in the blood vessels throughout the body. The main symptoms include prolonged high fever, lymphadenitis (inflammation of lymph nodes), and conjunctiva (redness and swelling of the eyes). While arthritis can occur as a secondary symptom in some cases, it is not considered a direct symptom of Kawasaki disease.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Pericarditis? 

    • A.

      Conjunctiva

    • B.

      SLE

    • C.

      Uremia

    • D.

      Rheumatic fever

    Correct Answer
    A. Conjunctiva
    Explanation
    Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the sac-like membrane surrounding the heart. Conjunctiva, on the other hand, is the clear, thin tissue that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. There is no direct relationship between pericarditis and conjunctiva, as they involve different anatomical structures.

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  • 17. 

      Which of the following is not directly related with pheochromocytoma? 

    • A.

      Pallor

    • B.

      Perspiration

    • C.

      Decreased blood pressure

    • D.

      Headaches

    Correct Answer
    C. Decreased blood pressure
    Explanation
    Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal glands that causes excessive production of adrenaline and noradrenaline. This leads to symptoms such as pallor, perspiration, and headaches, which are directly related to the excess release of these hormones. However, decreased blood pressure is not directly related to pheochromocytoma. In fact, increased blood pressure is a common symptom of this condition due to the excessive release of adrenaline and noradrenaline. Therefore, decreased blood pressure is not directly associated with pheochromocytoma.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is not directly related with Sarcoidosis? 

    • A.

      Interstitial fibrosis

    • B.

      Elevated levels of ACE

    • C.

      RA

    • D.

      Obstructive lung disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Obstructive lung disease
    Explanation
    Sarcoidosis is a disease characterized by the formation of granulomas in various organs, including the lungs. Interstitial fibrosis and elevated levels of ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) are commonly associated with sarcoidosis. RA (rheumatoid arthritis) can also occur in some cases. However, obstructive lung disease is not directly related to sarcoidosis. Obstructive lung disease refers to conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma, which involve narrowing of the airways and difficulty in exhaling air. While sarcoidosis can sometimes lead to obstructive lung disease as a complication, it is not a direct characteristic of the disease itself.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not a risk factor for hypertension? 

    • A.

      Genetics

    • B.

      Obesity

    • C.

      Youth

    • D.

      Smoking

    Correct Answer
    C. Youth
    Explanation
    Youth is not a risk factor for hypertension because hypertension is more commonly associated with older age. As people age, their blood vessels become less flexible and their blood pressure tends to rise. Genetics, obesity, and smoking are all known risk factors for hypertension as they can contribute to high blood pressure.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic of MS? 

    • A.

      Nystagmus

    • B.

      Elevated IgE levels

    • C.

      Optic neuritis

    • D.

      Tremors

    Correct Answer
    B. Elevated IgE levels
    Explanation
    Elevated IgE levels are not a characteristic of MS. MS is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system, causing symptoms such as nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve), and tremors. However, elevated IgE levels are not typically associated with MS. IgE is an immunoglobulin that is involved in allergic reactions and is not directly related to the pathophysiology of MS.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 29, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    RNpedia.com
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