FSOT Geography Practice Exam

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FSOT Geography Practice Exam - Quiz

Geography is the study of earth description which give details of the revolution and rotation of earth, the planets in the space and more about the earth crusts likewise its environments. The Foreign Service Officer Test in Geography is set up for the checking of applicants' capability through the exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does "Geo" means from the word Geography?

    • A.

      Sun

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Rock

    • D.

      Planet

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth
    Explanation
    The word "Geo" in Geography is derived from the Greek word "ge" which means earth. Therefore, "Geo" in Geography refers to the Earth.

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  • 2. 

    What is the name given to a type of rock that changes? 

    • A.

      Change

    • B.

      Sedimentary

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    • D.

      Igneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Metamorphic
    Explanation
    Metamorphic rock is the correct answer because it is a type of rock that undergoes changes due to heat, pressure, and chemical reactions within the Earth's crust. These changes result in the transformation of existing rocks into new forms, making metamorphic rocks distinct from sedimentary and igneous rocks.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these is latitude used in calculating? 

    • A.

      Weight

    • B.

      Mass

    • C.

      Distance

    • D.

      Time

    Correct Answer
    C. Distance
    Explanation
    Latitude is a measurement of distance north or south of the equator, and it is used in calculating distances on the Earth's surface. It helps determine the angular distance between two points on the Earth's surface, which is crucial for navigation and determining positions on maps. Therefore, latitude is used in calculating distances.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these is not a planet? 

    • A.

      Saturn

    • B.

      Pluto

    • C.

      Uranium

    • D.

      Uranus

    Correct Answer
    C. Uranium
    Explanation
    Uranium is not a planet. It is a chemical element with the symbol U and atomic number 92. Uranium is a heavy metal that is used primarily as a fuel in nuclear power plants. It is not classified as a planet in our solar system.

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  • 5. 

    What is the closest planet to the sun? 

    • A.

      Pluto

    • B.

      Venus

    • C.

      Jupiter

    • D.

      Mercury

    Correct Answer
    D. Mercury
    Explanation
    Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It orbits the sun at an average distance of about 36 million miles. Being the closest planet to the sun, it experiences extremely high temperatures during the day and very cold temperatures at night. Its proximity to the sun also means that it has a shorter orbital period, completing one orbit around the sun in just 88 Earth days.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these is hardest type of rock?

    • A.

      Hard Rocks

    • B.

      Metamorphic rocks

    • C.

      Sedimentary rocks

    • D.

      Igneous rocks

    Correct Answer
    D. Igneous rocks
    Explanation
    Igneous rocks are formed from the solidification of molten material, such as lava or magma. They are characterized by their high temperature and pressure conditions during formation, which results in a dense and hard structure. Metamorphic rocks, on the other hand, are formed from the transformation of pre-existing rocks under heat and pressure, while sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and compaction of sediments. Although all three types of rocks can be hard, igneous rocks are generally considered the hardest due to their formation process.

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  • 7. 

    What is made from the rotation of earth around the sun? 

    • A.

      Day

    • B.

      Week

    • C.

      Month

    • D.

      Year

    Correct Answer
    A. Day
    Explanation
    The rotation of the Earth around the sun causes the phenomenon of day and night. As the Earth completes one full rotation on its axis, it creates a cycle of approximately 24 hours, resulting in one day. This rotation determines the length of time between sunrise and sunset, providing the basis for our daily timekeeping system. Therefore, the correct answer is "Day."

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  • 8. 

    Which of these settlements faces pollution problems?

    • A.

      Rural settlement

    • B.

      Urban settlement

    • C.

      Nucleated settlement

    • D.

      Linear settlement

    Correct Answer
    B. Urban settlement
    Explanation
    Urban settlements face pollution problems due to various factors such as high population density, industrial activities, vehicular emissions, and improper waste management systems. The concentration of people and industries in urban areas leads to air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution. Additionally, the lack of green spaces and the excessive use of resources contribute to environmental degradation in urban settlements.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these planets supports life? 

    • A.

      Venus

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Jupiter

    • D.

      Mars

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth
    Explanation
    Earth is the only planet in our solar system that is known to support life. It has a unique combination of factors such as the presence of liquid water, a suitable atmosphere, and a moderate climate that allows for the existence of various forms of life. While there is ongoing research and exploration to determine the potential for life on other planets, at present, Earth is the only planet where life has been confirmed to exist.

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  • 10. 

    What is the line of latitude called? 

    • A.

      Parallel

    • B.

      Meridian

    • C.

      Cicle

    • D.

      Contour

    Correct Answer
    A. Parallel
    Explanation
    The line of latitude is called a parallel because it runs parallel to the equator and measures the distance north or south of the equator. It is used to determine locations on the Earth's surface and is expressed in degrees.

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