1.
Which of these does not involve the application of exponential decay?
Correct Answer
D. Friction
Explanation
Friction does not involve the application of exponential decay. Exponential decay refers to a decrease in a quantity over time, where the rate of decrease is proportional to the current value. In electrostatics, the charge on an object can decay exponentially over time. In chemical reactions, the concentration of reactants can decrease exponentially as the reaction progresses. In heat transfer, the temperature difference between two objects can decrease exponentially over time. However, friction is a force that opposes motion and does not exhibit exponential decay.
2.
What type of reactions follows exponential decay?
Correct Answer
A. First-order decay
Explanation
Exponential decay is a type of decay in which the rate of decay is proportional to the amount of substance remaining. This type of decay is characteristic of first-order reactions, where the rate of reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of the reactant. In first-order decay, the amount of substance decreases exponentially over time, with a constant half-life. Therefore, the correct answer is "First-order decay".
3.
How is exponential decay applicable in geophysics?
Correct Answer
A. By quantification of decreasing atmospheric oxygen
Explanation
Exponential decay is applicable in geophysics through the quantification of decreasing atmospheric oxygen. This is because the concentration of atmospheric oxygen gradually decreases over time, following an exponential decay pattern. Geophysicists can measure and analyze this decay to understand various processes and phenomena, such as changes in atmospheric composition, climate change, and the impact of human activities on the environment.
4.
How is exponential decay applicable in pharmacology?
Correct Answer
D. Drug metabolism
Explanation
Exponential decay is applicable in pharmacology through drug metabolism. Drug metabolism refers to the process by which the body breaks down and eliminates drugs. This process follows an exponential decay pattern, where the drug concentration decreases over time as it is metabolized and eliminated from the body. Understanding drug metabolism is crucial in pharmacology as it helps determine the dosage and frequency of drug administration to maintain effective therapeutic levels in the body.
5.
What variable undergoes exponential decay in heat transfer?
Correct Answer
A. Temperature difference
Explanation
Temperature difference undergoes exponential decay in heat transfer. As heat is transferred from a hotter object to a cooler object, the temperature difference between them decreases over time. This is because the rate of heat transfer is directly proportional to the temperature difference according to Newton's Law of Cooling. As the temperature difference decreases, the rate of heat transfer also decreases exponentially. Therefore, the temperature difference is the variable that undergoes exponential decay in heat transfer.
6.
How is exponential decay applicable in finance?
Correct Answer
C. Payment of retirement fund
Explanation
Exponential decay is applicable in finance for the payment of retirement funds because it represents the gradual decrease in the value of money over time. Retirement funds are typically invested in various financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, which generate returns over time. However, these returns may decrease over time due to factors like inflation or market fluctuations. Therefore, the value of retirement funds tends to decay exponentially, and it is important to plan and budget accordingly to ensure a steady income during retirement.
7.
What is the duration of exponential decay in Polonium?
Correct Answer
D. 138 days
Explanation
The correct answer is 138 days. Polonium undergoes exponential decay, which means that its quantity decreases over time. The duration of this decay in Polonium is 138 days, indicating that after this time period, the amount of Polonium will have significantly decreased.
8.
What is the length of exponential decay in Uranium?
Correct Answer
D. 23 days
Explanation
The correct answer is 23 days. Exponential decay refers to the time it takes for a substance to decrease by a certain factor. In the case of Uranium, it has a half-life of 23 days, meaning that it takes 23 days for half of the Uranium atoms to decay. This indicates that after 23 days, the amount of Uranium will be reduced by half, and the process continues in a similar manner.
9.
What kind of quantity is influenced by exponential decay?
Correct Answer
A. Scalar quantity
Explanation
Exponential decay is a process in which a quantity decreases exponentially over time. Scalar quantity refers to a physical quantity that has only magnitude and no direction. In the context of exponential decay, the quantity being influenced is only changing in magnitude, not direction. Therefore, the correct answer is scalar quantity.
10.
What mathematical phenomenon is most relevant to exponential decay in all contexts?
Correct Answer
D. Poisson process
Explanation
The mathematical phenomenon most relevant to exponential decay in all contexts is the Poisson process. The Poisson process is a stochastic process that models the occurrence of events over time. It is often used to describe the decay of radioactive substances, the arrival of customers in a queue, or the occurrence of rare events. In the context of exponential decay, the Poisson process provides a mathematical framework to model the random and independent nature of decay events, where the rate of decay remains constant over time.