Educational Method And Alternative Education

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| By Zlatan Aleksic
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Zlatan Aleksic
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Educational Method And Alternative Education - Quiz

Educational or teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning. Alternative education encompasses many pedagogical approaches differing from mainstream pedagogy. How much do you know about them?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is considered to be the father of modern education?

    • A.

      John Amos Comenius

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    • D.

      Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

    Correct Answer
    A. John Amos Comenius
    Explanation
    John Amos Comenius is considered to be the father of modern education because he was a Czech philosopher, theologian, and educator who made significant contributions to the field of education. He emphasized the importance of universal education and advocated for a systematic approach to teaching, including the use of textbooks and visual aids. Comenius believed in the idea of education for all, regardless of social status or gender, and his ideas laid the foundation for modern educational practices.

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  • 2. 

    Who created the concept of the "kindergarten" and coined the word?

    • A.

      Francis Bacon

    • B.

      Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel

    • C.

      John Amos Comenius

    • D.

      René Descartes

    Correct Answer
    B. Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel
    Explanation
    Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel is the creator of the concept of the "kindergarten" and coined the word. He believed in the importance of early childhood education and developed a system that focused on play and social interaction for young children. His ideas revolutionized early education and laid the foundation for modern kindergarten programs.

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  • 3. 

    Whose motto was "Learning by head, hand and heart"?

    • A.

      Maria Montessori

    • B.

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    • C.

      Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

    • D.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    Correct Answer
    C. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
    Explanation
    Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi's motto was "Learning by head, hand and heart."

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  • 4. 

    Who wrote novel Emile, or On Education?

    • A.

      Michel de Montaigne

    • B.

      Maria Montessori

    • C.

      Allan Bloom

    • D.

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Correct Answer
    D. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Explanation
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote the novel Emile, or On Education. Rousseau was a philosopher and writer during the Enlightenment period. Emile, or On Education, is a treatise on the education of the individual and emphasizes the importance of nature and experience in learning. Rousseau's work had a significant influence on educational theory and his ideas continue to be studied and discussed today.

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  • 5. 

    The name Casa dei Bambini is connected to whom?

    • A.

      Maria Montessori

    • B.

      John Amos Comenius

    • C.

      Waldorf method

    • D.

      Steinberg

    Correct Answer
    A. Maria Montessori
    Explanation
    The name Casa dei Bambini is connected to Maria Montessori. She was an Italian physician and educator who developed the Montessori method of education. Casa dei Bambini, which translates to "Children's House," was the name given to the first Montessori school that Maria Montessori established in Rome in 1907. This school became the prototype for the Montessori education system, which focuses on child-centered learning and self-directed activities.

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  • 6. 

    Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of whom?

    • A.

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B.

      Rudolf Steiner

    • C.

      Henry David Thoreau

    • D.

      Francis Wayland Parker

    Correct Answer
    B. Rudolf Steiner
    Explanation
    Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner. Steiner was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, and esotericist who developed a holistic approach to education. He believed in nurturing the physical, emotional, and intellectual development of children, and emphasized the importance of creativity and imagination in the learning process. Steiner's educational philosophy focuses on the individual needs and abilities of each child, aiming to cultivate well-rounded individuals who can think critically and engage with the world around them.

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  • 7. 

    Who was a pioneer of the progressive school movement in the United States?

    • A.

      John Dewey

    • B.

      Johann Friedrich Herbart

    • C.

      Francis Wayland Parker

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    C. Francis Wayland Parker
    Explanation
    Francis Wayland Parker was a pioneer of the progressive school movement in the United States. He believed in a student-centered approach to education, emphasizing hands-on learning, individualized instruction, and the integration of subjects. Parker's ideas greatly influenced the development of American education and he is considered one of the key figures in the progressive education movement. Both John Dewey and Johann Friedrich Herbart were influential in educational theory, but Parker is specifically recognized as a pioneer of the progressive school movement.

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  • 8. 

    Who is considered to be the founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline?

    • A.

      Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    • B.

      Hugo Bergmann

    • C.

      Henry David Thoreau

    • D.

      Johann Friedrich Herbart

    Correct Answer
    D. Johann Friedrich Herbart
    Explanation
    Johann Friedrich Herbart is considered to be the founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline. He developed a systematic approach to education based on psychology and philosophy. Herbart emphasized the importance of individualized instruction and the use of teaching methods that engage students' interests and abilities. His ideas greatly influenced the field of education and laid the foundation for modern pedagogy.

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  • 9. 

    Amos Bronson Alcott had a very famous daughter and she wrote a novel named Little Women. What is her name?

    • A.

      Louisa Alcott

    • B.

      Abigail May

    • C.

      Anna Bronson Alcott

    • D.

      Elizabeth Sewall Alcott

    Correct Answer
    A. Louisa Alcott
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Louisa Alcott. Louisa Alcott was the daughter of Amos Bronson Alcott and she is famous for writing the novel Little Women.

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  • 10. 

    Who founded the 1960s Open School movement and is credited with coining the term "open classroom"?

    • A.

      Ellen Kay

    • B.

      Herbert Kohl

    • C.

      Maria Montessori

    • D.

      Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

    Correct Answer
    B. Herbert Kohl
    Explanation
    Herbert Kohl is credited with founding the 1960s Open School movement and coining the term "open classroom." This movement aimed to create a more student-centered and flexible approach to education, emphasizing individualized learning and collaboration. Kohl's ideas and practices were influential in shaping educational reforms during that time, promoting a more inclusive and democratic approach to schooling.

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