1.
What does the theorem imply?
Correct Answer
B. That the sum of infinitesimal changes in a quantity over time adds up to the net change in quantity
Explanation
The theorem implies that when considering changes in a quantity over time, the sum of infinitesimal changes (infinitely small changes) will result in the net change in quantity. In other words, by adding up these infinitesimal changes, we can determine the overall change in the quantity.
2.
What does "summing up" correspond to?
Correct Answer
B. Integration
Explanation
"Summing up" refers to the process of combining or adding together multiple elements or quantities to obtain a total or final result. Integration, in mathematics, involves finding the integral or the sum of a function over a given interval. Therefore, integration is the most appropriate term that corresponds to the concept of "summing up".
3.
From what is the velocity function derived from?
Correct Answer
A. The position function
Explanation
The velocity function is derived from the position function. The position function describes the position of an object at any given time, while the velocity function describes the rate at which the position is changing with respect to time. By taking the derivative of the position function, we can obtain the velocity function.
4.
How can you sum up the theorem using a formula?
Correct Answer
B. Dx=v(t)dt
Explanation
The given formula dx = v(t)dt represents the summing up of the theorem. It states that the change in x (dx) can be calculated by multiplying the velocity of an object (v(t)) with the change in time (dt). This equation allows us to determine the displacement of an object over a specific time interval.
5.
How many parts of the theorem are there?
Correct Answer
A. 2
Explanation
The question asks about the number of parts in the theorem. The answer is 2, indicating that the theorem is divided into two distinct parts.
6.
What does the first part of the theorem deal with?
Correct Answer
B. The derivative of an anti derivative
Explanation
The first part of the theorem deals with the concept of the derivative of an anti derivative. An anti derivative is the reverse process of differentiation, where we find a function whose derivative is equal to a given function. The theorem states that if we take the derivative of an anti derivative, we will obtain the original function. This is a fundamental concept in calculus and is used to solve various problems involving integration.
7.
What does the second part of the theorem deal with?
Correct Answer
B. The relationship between anti derivatives and definite integrals
Explanation
The second part of the theorem deals with the relationship between anti derivatives and definite integrals. This means that it explores how the process of finding an anti derivative of a function is related to evaluating the definite integral of that function over a given interval. It establishes a connection between these two concepts, showing that they are essentially different aspects of the same mathematical operation.
8.
What does the corollary assume?
Correct Answer
A. The continuity on the whole interval
Explanation
The corollary assumes that the function is continuous on the entire interval under consideration. This means that there are no abrupt changes or discontinuities in the function's behavior within the given interval. The assumption of continuity on the whole interval is important because it allows for the application of various mathematical principles and techniques that rely on the smoothness and predictability of the function's behavior.
9.
What is the second part of the theorem called?
Correct Answer
A. The Newton-Leibniz axiom
Explanation
The second part of the theorem is called the Newton-Leibniz axiom.
10.
What is the mean value theorem?
Correct Answer
C. It states that for a given planar arc between 2 endpoints, there is at least 1 point at which the tangent to the arc is parallel to the secant through its endpoints
Explanation
The mean value theorem states that for a given planar arc between 2 endpoints, there is at least 1 point at which the tangent to the arc is parallel to the secant through its endpoints. This means that at some point along the arc, the slope of the tangent line will be equal to the average rate of change of the function over the interval between the endpoints. This theorem is important in calculus as it allows us to make conclusions about the behavior of a function based on its derivative.