# 2nd 6 Weeks Mid-term Core Assessment Study Guide

34 Questions | Total Attempts: 408  Settings  SPI 0807. INQ. 3 (USING CHARTS AND GRAPHS) SPI 0807. INQ. 2 (SELECTING TOOLS TO COLLECT, STUDY, AND ORGANIZE INFORMATION) SPI 0807. 5. 3 (VARIATION IN A POPULATION) SPI 0807. 5. 2 (PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS FOR SURVIVAL) SPI 0807. 5. 5 (RELATIVE DATING OF FOSSILS)

• 1.
Which best describes measurements that are accurate?
• A.

They are very close to an accepted value.

• B.

They are based on an estimate.

• C.

They are very close to each other.

• D.

They are not based on numbers.

• 2.
Which is NOT a unit of volume?
• A.

Milliliter

• B.

Cubic centimeter

• C.

Deciliter

• D.

Kelvin

• 3.
What would you use to measure length?
• A.

• B.

Triple-beam balance

• C.

Meterstick

• D.

Spring scale

• 4.
Josephine and Enrico both measured the width of a table using their hands. Josephine determined that the width of the table was six hands. Enrico determined that it was five hands. Both of these are valid measurements, but neither is accurate. If they would like to use their hands, how can they best determine the actual width of the table?
• A.

Use only one of their hands

• B.

Measure each student's hand with a ruler

• C.

Use only the fingers on their hands

• D.

Measure both students' hands with a ruler and use the total

• 5.
Which two tools could be used to determine the speed at which a person runs?
• A.

Calculator and meterstick

• B.

Stopwatch and meterstick

• C.

Meterstick and Celsius thermometer

• D.

Stopwatch and Celsius thermometer

• 6.
A student is to determine how much salt will dissolve in 50 milliliters of water. Which tool is best for measuring the volume of water to be used?
• A.

• B.

Thermometer

• C.

Spring scale

• D.

25-milliliter beaker

• 7.
Which tool is the best choice to observe single-cell organisms in a sample of pond water?
• A.

Beaker

• B.

Spring scale

• C.

Microscope

• D.

Telescope

• 8.
You want to know whether adding sugar changes the temperature at which water freezes. Which of the following tools would NOT be useful for studying this?
• A.

Pan balance

• B.

Thermometer

• C.

Microscope

• D.

Beaker

• 9.
A student wants to learn how robins build nests. The student wants to observe a robin without disturbing or frightening it. Which tool will allow the student to make observations without disturbing the bird?
• A.

Compound microscope

• B.

Telescope

• C.

Pan balance

• D.

Hand lens

• 10.
Which of these would a hand lens be useful for studying?
• A.

The growth of a tree

• B.

The behavior of a squirrel

• C.

A bird’s feather

• D.

The density of a rock

• 11.
What kind of graph would be the most appropriate to visually compare the number of tickets that each group purchased for the concert?
• A.

Bar graph

• B.

Line graph

• C.

Pie chart

• D.

Range graph

• 12.
Marine biologists conducted a study to determine how water depth affects algae populations. The scientists found that the size of algal populations steadily decreases as water depth increases. Which graph below reflects this finding?
• A.
• B.
• C.
• D.
• 13.
A student measures the growth of a marigold over a number of weeks. Which table correctly displays the student's data?
• A.
• B.
• C.
• D.
• 14.
The line graph shows the results of a field study that monitored the size of a cricket population in a small area over ten days. Which data set was used to make the graph?
• A.
• B.
• C.
• D.
• 15.
Which type of graph is best to use to show how many rainy days there were in each month of the year?
• A.

Line graph

• B.

Bar graph

• C.

Histogram

• D.

Circle graph

• 16.
The table shows the average distance from the sun to the planets Mercury, Venus, and Earth. Which graph best compares the distances from the sun for these planets?
• A.
• B.
• C.
• D.
• 17.
Based on the data provided, what would you predict the mass of 50 mL of this substance to be?
• A.

30 g

• B.

50 g

• C.

400 g

• D.

500 g

• 18.
The graph illustrates changes in a deer population over time. Which most likely led to the change in population size between 1999 and 2000?
• A.

There was a decrease in the predator population.

• B.

Extra rainfall caused an increase in the deer's food source.

• C.

Few variations caused one disease to be able to kill many of the deer.

• D.

Helpful variations caused many of the deer to evolve into new species.

• 19.
Variation between members of a species plays an important role in Darwin’s theory of natural selection. What happens to variation in endangered species where the number of individuals is very low?
• A.

They become extinct

• B.

They evolve into a species that can survive

• C.

Few variations occur

• D.

• 20.
What might a series of helpful variations in a species result in?
• A.

• B.

Fossils

• C.

Embryology

• D.

Climate change

• 21.
Aphids are insects that live on plants. The graph below illustrates how an aphid population changes over time. Which most likely happened at point C?
• A.

A disease killed many of the aphids’ natural predators

• B.

There was an increase in the aphids’ food source

• C.

The aphids evolved and developed a new adaptation

• D.

A farmer sprayed the sample area with a new pesticide

• 22.
Two different fossils found in the same layer of sedimentary rock are most likely
• A.

Fossils of the same species.

• B.

Fossils that formed in lava that cooled.

• C.

The remains of organisms that have the same relative age.

• D.

The remains of organisms that lived in different climates.

• 23.
The diagram shows four types of fossils and the rock layers in which they were found. Fossil A is located nearest Earth's surface. The oldest fossil is most likely
• A.

Fossil A.

• B.

Fossil B.

• C.

Fossil C.

• D.

Fossil D.

• 24.
A paleontologist discovers a layer of sedimentary rock filled with fossils of known and unknown species. She collects some of the fossils of the unknown species for further analysis. Which would BEST improve her analysis?
• A.

Dating the unknown fossils with those from known species

• B.

Digging deeper to the next sedimentary layer

• C.

Studying the region's geographic isolation

• D.

Collecting all of the unknown fossils

• 25.
A dig in a desert finds a large number of fossils of marine (sea) plants and animals thought to be more than 200 million years old. What is the MOST LIKELY explanation for this finding?
• A.

The area was once covered by an ocean.

• B.

The area was a dumping ground for humans that ate sea creatures.

• C.

The area used to receive large amounts of rainfall.

• D.

The area was once covered by a glacier.

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