Demographic Transition Model (DTM) Quiz

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Demographic Transition Model (Dtm) Quiz - Quiz

Do you understand the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) well? Take this Demographic Transition Model (DTM) quiz to see if you can identify the different stages of DTM. Basically, (DTM) is based on historical population trends of birth rate and death rate to ensure that the country develops economically. If you know and wish to practice it more, this quiz is perfect for you. Go for it and check out your scores. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which stage of demographic transition tells that the birth rate remains high, the death rate begins to fall, and the total population increases?

    • A.

      Stage 1 Demographic Transition

    • B.

      Stage 2 Demographic Transition

    • C.

      Stage 3 Demographic Transition

    • D.

      Stage 4 Demographic Transition

    Correct Answer
    B. Stage 2 Demographic Transition
    Explanation
    Stage 2 of the demographic transition is characterized by a high birth rate and a declining death rate, leading to an increase in the total population. This stage typically occurs when a society undergoes industrialization and improvements in healthcare, sanitation, and nutrition. As a result, people live longer, infant mortality rates decrease, and there is a lack of family planning measures, leading to a high number of births.

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  • 2. 

    Which stage tells the birth rates to fall rapidly whilst death rates fall slightly, causing the population growth rate to slow down?

    • A.

      Stage 1

    • B.

      Stage 2

    • C.

      Stage 3

    • D.

      Stage 4

    Correct Answer
    C. Stage 3
    Explanation
    Stage 3 is the stage that tells the birth rates to fall rapidly whilst death rates fall slightly, causing the population growth rate to slow down. In this stage, improvements in healthcare and living conditions lead to a decrease in death rates. However, birth rates start to decline due to factors such as increased access to contraception, women's education, and urbanization. As a result, the population growth rate slows down during this stage.

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  • 3. 

    In which stage do the birth rates fall below death rates, causing the population to decline?

    • A.

      Stage 2

    • B.

      Stage 5

    • C.

      Stage 2

    • D.

      Stage 1

    Correct Answer
    B. Stage 5
    Explanation
    Stage 5 is the correct answer because it represents a stage in the demographic transition model where birth rates fall below death rates, causing the population to decline. This stage is characterized by low birth rates and low death rates, resulting in a slow or negative population growth rate. It typically occurs in highly developed countries with advanced healthcare systems, high levels of education, and access to contraception. In Stage 5, the population may also be aging, leading to a decline in the overall population size.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is the example of a place at stage 5 of the DTM?

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      Kenya

    • C.

      UK

    • D.

      Ethiopia

    Correct Answer
    A. Germany
    Explanation
    Germany is an example of a place at stage 5 of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) because it is a highly developed country with a low birth rate, low death rate, and a high level of industrialization and urbanization. In stage 5 of the DTM, birth rates are very low and death rates are low, resulting in a slow or negative population growth. Germany fits this description as it has a declining population due to low fertility rates and an aging population.

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  • 5. 

    Which is the example of a place at stage 4 of the DTM?

    • A.

      Japan

    • B.

      UK

    • C.

      Gambia

    • D.

      Traditional rainforest tribes

    Correct Answer
    B. UK
    Explanation
    The UK is an example of a place at stage 4 of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) because it has low birth rates, low death rates, and a stable population. In stage 4, countries have achieved industrialization and economic development, leading to improved healthcare, education, and access to contraception. As a result, the population growth rate slows down, and the population stabilizes.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a perfect example of a place at stage 3 of the DTM?

    • A.

      UK 

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      Niger

    • D.

      Kenya

    Correct Answer
    D. Kenya
    Explanation
    Kenya is a perfect example of a place at stage 3 of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) because it exhibits characteristics commonly seen in this stage. Stage 3 is characterized by declining birth rates and decreasing death rates, leading to a slower population growth rate. Kenya fits this description as it has experienced a decline in fertility rates and a decrease in mortality rates over the years. This stage is often associated with improvements in healthcare, education, and economic development, which are factors that have contributed to Kenya's transition to stage 3 of the DTM.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following options does not reduce death rates?

    • A.

      Poverty

    • B.

      More health clinics

    • C.

      Access to clean water

    • D.

      Improvement to sanitation

    Correct Answer
    A. Poverty
    Explanation
    Poverty is the option that does not reduce death rates. While more health clinics, access to clean water, and improvement to sanitation are factors that contribute to reducing death rates by improving healthcare services and preventing the spread of diseases, poverty does not directly address these issues. Poverty can lead to limited access to healthcare, clean water, and sanitation, which can in turn increase death rates. Therefore, reducing poverty is crucial in order to improve overall health and decrease mortality rates.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these does not reduce the birth rates?

    • A.

      Improving gender equality

    • B.

      Reducing infant mortality rates

    • C.

      Free or subsidized childcare

    • D.

      Improving school enrollment, especially for girls

    Correct Answer
    C. Free or subsidized childcare
    Explanation
    Free or subsidized childcare does not directly reduce birth rates. It may indirectly affect birth rates by providing support to parents and allowing them to work or pursue education, but it does not directly impact the number of births. Improving gender equality, reducing infant mortality rates, and improving school enrollment, especially for girls, have been shown to be factors that can contribute to reducing birth rates.

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  • 9. 

    Which option is most likely to reduce death rates?

    • A.

      Medical advancements

    • B.

      Improved education

    • C.

      Gender equality

    • D.

      Better public transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Medical advancements
    Explanation
    Medical advancements are most likely to reduce death rates because they can lead to the development of new treatments, medications, and technologies that can improve healthcare outcomes and save lives. With advancements in medical science, diseases can be diagnosed earlier, treated more effectively, and prevented altogether. This can result in a decrease in mortality rates as people have access to better healthcare and interventions. Improved education, gender equality, and better public transport may have indirect effects on health outcomes, but medical advancements directly address the root causes of diseases and can have a more significant impact on reducing death rates.

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  • 10. 

    A country has a BR of 29 and a DR of 8. Which stage is it in?

    • A.

      Stage 1

    • B.

      Stage 2

    • C.

      Stage 4

    • D.

      Stage 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Stage 2
    Explanation
    Based on the given birth rate (BR) of 29 and death rate (DR) of 8, the country is in Stage 2. In this stage, there is a decline in the death rate due to improvements in healthcare and sanitation, but the birth rate remains high. As a result, there is rapid population growth in Stage 2.

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