They combine molecules into more complex and energy-rich molecules.
They are usually coupled with anabolic pathways to which they supply energy in the form of ATP.
They involve endothermic reactions that break complex molecules into simpler ones.
They do not need enzyme catalysts.
They build up complex molecules such as proteins from amino acids.
Bringing glucose and fructose together to form sucrose.
Utilization of water as a glycosidic linkage is formed between glucose and fructose.
Combination of glucose and fructose to form sucrase.
The addition of free water to sucrose as the linkage between glucose and fructose is formed.
Breaking the bond between glucose and fructose by breaking a water molecule and adding an H+ to one and an OH- to the other.
It is directed towards the large intestine where it is immediately excreted in the form of feces.
It is reabsorbed in the small intestine.
Hyperglycemia will develop.
Hypoglycemia will deveop.
The blood will become acidic.
It is an aerobic process.
It is also known as the Embden-Meyerhoff pathway.
It supplies the ATP needed for muscle contraction.
It takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell.
It breaks down a molecule of glucose to 2 molecules of pyruvate.
2 molecules of NADH.
2 molecules of ADP.
2 molecules of pyruvate.
2 molecules of ATP.
Presence of insulin.
Conversion to fat.
It promotes glucose absorption in the bloodstream.
It increases cellular uptake of glucose.
It inhibits glycogenolysis.
It promotes the oxidation of glucose in the cell.
The body will switch into preparing glucose from non-carbohydrate sources.
The blood may become acidic due to the formation of ketone and acids as byproducts of the metabolism of fatty acids.
The person may lose weight.
Glucose may accumulate in the bloodstream resulting to hyperglycemia.