1.
What type of motion does a mass-spring system exhibit?
Correct Answer
C. Oscillatory
Explanation
In a mass-spring system undergoing simple harmonic motion, the object attached to the spring oscillates back and forth around an equilibrium position. This oscillatory motion is characterized by the periodic exchange of kinetic and potential energy as the object moves away from and returns to the equilibrium point due to the restoring force provided by the spring.
2.
In simple harmonic motion, at which point does the kinetic energy reach its maximum?
Correct Answer
A. At equilibrium
Explanation
At the equilibrium position in simple harmonic motion, the displacement of the object is zero, and it momentarily comes to rest before changing direction. At this point, the velocity of the object is at its maximum, and thus, its kinetic energy is also at its maximum. As the object moves away from equilibrium, kinetic energy decreases and potential energy increases, and vice versa.
3.
What is the relationship between the period and frequency of oscillation in simple harmonic motion?
Correct Answer
B. Inverse
Explanation
The period (T) and frequency (f) of oscillation in simple harmonic motion are inversely related. The period is the time it takes for one complete oscillation, while the frequency is the number of oscillations per unit time. Mathematically, they are related by the equation T = 1/f or f = 1/T. Therefore, as the period increases, the frequency decreases, and vice versa.
4.
What is the restoring force in a simple harmonic oscillator proportional to?
Correct Answer
A. Displacement
Explanation
The restoring force in a simple harmonic oscillator, such as a mass-spring system, is proportional to the displacement from the equilibrium position. According to Hooke's Law, the restoring force exerted by the spring is directly proportional to the displacement from equilibrium. This relationship is expressed by the equation F = -kx, where F is the restoring force, k is the spring constant, and x is the displacement.
5.
What is the potential energy of a mass-spring system at maximum displacement?
Correct Answer
C. Zero
Explanation
At maximum displacement in a mass-spring system undergoing simple harmonic motion, the object momentarily comes to rest at the extreme points of its motion. At these points, the spring is neither stretched nor compressed, and therefore, there is no potential energy stored in the spring. Thus, the potential energy of the system is zero at maximum displacement.
6.
What is the formula for the angular frequency (ω) of a simple harmonic oscillator?
Correct Answer
A. ω = 2πf
Explanation
The angular frequency (ω) of a simple harmonic oscillator is a measure of the rate of change of the oscillatory motion in radians per unit time. It is related to the frequency (f) of oscillation by the equation ω = 2πf. The angular frequency represents the frequency of oscillation in terms of radians rather than cycles per second.
7.
Which physical quantity remains constant in simple harmonic motion?
Correct Answer
D. Mechanical energy
Explanation
In simple harmonic motion, mechanical energy, which is the sum of kinetic energy and potential energy, remains constant throughout the motion. This conservation of mechanical energy is a consequence of the conservative forces involved in simple harmonic oscillators. As the object oscillates, kinetic energy is converted to potential energy and vice versa, but the total mechanical energy of the system remains constant.
8.
What is the displacement of a mass-spring system at equilibrium position?
Correct Answer
C. Zero
Explanation
The displacement of a mass-spring system at the equilibrium position is zero. This is the point where the spring is in its natural, unstretched or uncompressed state, and the object is at rest before the oscillatory motion begins. At equilibrium, the restoring force provided by the spring is also zero, as there is no displacement to exert a force.
9.
What happens to the period of oscillation when the spring constant of a mass-spring system is doubled?
Correct Answer
C. Remains the same
Explanation
When the spring constant of a mass-spring system is doubled, the period of oscillation remains the same. The period of oscillation depends only on the mass of the object (m) and the spring constant (k), according to the formula T = 2π√(m/k). Doubling the spring constant does not affect the mass of the object or the relationship between mass and spring constant, so the period remains unchanged.
10.
What is the amplitude of oscillation in a simple harmonic motion?
Correct Answer
A. Maximum
Explanation
The amplitude of oscillation in simple harmonic motion represents the maximum displacement of the object from the equilibrium position. It is the distance from the equilibrium position to either extreme of the oscillatory motion. The amplitude determines the maximum potential and kinetic energies of the system, as well as the range of motion of the object.