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Physical Science Practice Test

195 Questions  I  By Bartlettscience
Physics Quizzes & Trivia
This practice test takes questions from all of the chapters we have studied this summer.   It may or may not be similar to the actual Physical Science Final given by the High School.   DO NOT LOOK UP THE ANSWERS!  Use this test to see what areas you need to study a little more.   Relax, take your time, and good luck!

  
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1.  Which of the following is not included in physical science?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What science deals most with energy and forces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Using superconductors to build computers is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A balance is a scientific tool used to measure
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following units is an SI base unit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The composition of the mixture of gases that makes up our air is best represented on what kind of graph?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  In a controlled experiment,
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Matter is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What i the chemical formula for iron (III) oxide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following is a mixture?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Compounds and elements are
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is a physical change?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following is a pure substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  If you add oil to water and shake the two liquids together, you will form a
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following assumptions is NOT part of the part of the kinetic theory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Three common states of matter are
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  During which change of state do atoms or molecules become more ordered?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following describes what happens as the temperature of a gas in a balloon increases?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Fluid pressure is always directed
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Materials that can flow to fit their containers include
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  If an object weighing 50 N displaces a volume of water with a weight of 10 N, what is the buoyant force on the object?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of Dalton's statements about the atom was later proven false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which statement is NOT true of Bohr's model of the atom?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  According to the moderns model of the atom,
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  If an atom has a mass of 11 amu and contains five electrons, it's atomic number must be
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which statement about atoms of elements in the same group of the periodic table is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The majority of elements in the periodic table are
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  An atom of which of the following elements is unlikely to form a positively charged ion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following statements about krypton is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following is NOT true of compounds made of molecules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Compounds are different from mixtures because
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Crystals of table salt, called sodium chloride, are
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Ionic solids
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A chemical bond can be defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which substance has ionic bonds?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  All organic compounds
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  When a chemical reaction occurs, atoms are never
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  In an exothermic reaction,
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Radicals
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, decomposes to produce water and oxygen gas.  The balanced equation for this reaction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Most reactions speed up when
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A system in chemical equilibrium
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following is a homogeneous mixture?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  If the label on a bottle of medicine reads "shake well before using," the medicine is probably a
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Suppose you add a teaspoon of table salt to a cool saltwater solution and stir until all of the salt dissolves.  The solution you started with was
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following materials is an example of a solid dessolved in another solid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The dispersed particles of a suspension are ___________than the particles of a colloid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Water attracts the ions of ionic compounds because water molecules are
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  To dissolve a substance, a solvent must attract particles of the substance more strongly than the ___________ attract each other.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  To cause a solute to dissolve faster, you could
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  To increase the solubility of a solid substance in a solvent, you could
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A solution is _________ if it contains as much dissolved solute as it will hold under a given set of  conditions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Gases are more soluble in liquids when the pressure is __________ and the temperature is _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The boiling point of a solution of sugar in water is ____________ the boiling point of water.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which ions does an acid fomr in solution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which ions does a base form in solution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  When a solution of nitric acid is added to a solution of calcium hydroxide, the salt formed has the formula
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  An antacid relieves an overly acidic stomach because antacids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Detergents have replaced soap in many uses because detergents
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following ionic equations best represents a neutralization reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  An increase in the hydronium ion concentration of a solution _________ the pH.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Bleach removes stains by
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Which of the following is NOT an acidic material found in the kitchen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  When a heavy nucleus decays, it may emit
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  A neutron decays to form a proton and a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  After three half-lives, ______________ of a radioactive sample remains.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Carbon dating can be used to measure the age of each of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The strong nuclear force
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The process in which a heavy nucleus splits into two lighter nuclei is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The amount of energy produced during nuclear fission is related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Which condition is not necessary for a chain reaction to occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which of the following is NOT a use for radioactive isotopes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  If you jog for 1 h and travel 10 km, 10 km/h describes your
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  ____________ is a speed in a certain direction.
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  An object's speed is a measure of
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  A car travels a distance of 210 mi in exactly 4 h.  The driver calculates that he has traveled 52.5 mi/h.  Which of the following terms most nearly describes his calculation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the quantities below represents velocity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is NOT accelerating?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  At the end of a game, a basketball player on the winning team throws the basket ball straight up as high as he can throw it.  At the top of its path, the basketball's velocity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following is NOT caused by a net force?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  A book is siting still on your desk.  Which of the following best describes this situation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Newton's first law of motion states tat an object
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The first law of motion applies to
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  A measure of inertia is an object's
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Automobile seat belts are necessary for safety because of a passenger's
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Suppose you are pushing a car with a certain net force.  If you then push it with twice the net force, the car's acceleration
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Any change in a boject's velocity is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  An object's acceleration is
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Gravitational force between two masses ____________ as the masses increase and rapidly __________ as the distance between the masses increases.
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  An example of action-reaction forces is
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A baseball player catches a line-drive hit.  If the reaction force is the force of the player's glove stopping the ball, the action force is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  __________ is defined as force acting over a distance.
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  The quantity that measures how much a machine multiplies force is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The unit that represents 1 J of work done each second is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which of the following situations does NOT involve potential energy being changed into kinetic energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  _________ is determined by both mass and velocity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Energy that involves the large-scale motion or position of objects in a system is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which of the following can a machine not do?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  A machine with a mechanical advantage of less that one
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Temperature is proportional to the average kinetic energy of particles in an object.  Thus an increase in temperature results in a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  The temperature at which the particles of a substance have mo more kinetic energy to transfer is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  The type of energy transfer that takes place between objects in direct contact is
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Which type of energy transfer can occur in empty space?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  An R-value is a rating for materials used as
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Which of the following would be an example of a very good conductor of heat energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Which of the following would be an example of a very good insulator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The amount of usable energy decreases when
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  A refrigerant in a cooling system cools the surrounding air
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Solar heating systems are slassified as
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  A wave is a disturbance that transmits
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  The speed of a wave depends on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Most waves are caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  A sound wave is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  In an ocean wave, the molecules of water
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  Half the vertical distance between the crest and trough of a wave is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  The number of waves passing a given point per unit of time is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  The combining of waves as they meet is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  The Greek letter λ is often used to represent a wave's
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  The speed of sound depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Relative intensity is measure in units abbreviated as
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  A flat mirror forms an image that is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  The wave interaction most important for echolocation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  Light can be modeled as a
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  The energy of a photon is proportional to
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Which of the following wavelengths of visible light bends the most when passing through a prism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  The electric force between 2 objects depends on all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  If 2 charges attract each other,
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  The _________ is the change in the electrical potential energy of a charged particle per unit charge:
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  In order to produce a current in a cell, the terminals must
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  An electric current does not exist in a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  Which of the following can help prevent  a circuit from overloading?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  If the poles of 2 magnets repel each other,
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  The part of the magnet where the magnetic field and forces are the strongest is called a magnetic
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  A ___________ magnetic material is easy to magnetize but loses its magnetism easily.
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  An object's ability to generate a magnetic field depends on its
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  A compass held directly below a current-carrying wire with a positive current moving north will point
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  An electric motor uses an electromagnet to change
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  An electric generator is a device that can convert
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  The process of producing an electric current by moving a magnet in and out of a coil of wire is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  In a transformer, the voltage of a current will be increased if the secondary circuit
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  A __________ is necessary to interpret a signal.
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  A microphone uses a transducer to
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  The up-and-down movement of electrons in the wire of a transmitting antenna produces _______ waves.
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Telephone signals sent down wires rely on
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  If the _________ is adjusted, a radio can receive a certain station.
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  FM radio waves do NOT rely on
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Memory in a computer that is permanent and cannot be added to is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Which planet has been "demoted?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  Earth is gravitationally attracted to
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Meteor chowers occur when
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  The current theory states that our Moon formed when
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  The planet Jupiter has a day that is
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  The theory that the sun and planets formed out of the same cloud of gas and dust is called the __________ theory.
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  Which planet has the hottest surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  The center of our solar system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  Most calendars are based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  The solar system is about ___________ years old.
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  Planets near other stars are found by
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  What are the 3 basic types of galaxies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  A pattern of stars seen from Earth is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  By studying starlight, astronomers may learn
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  A light-year is a unit of
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  A star like the Sun will end its life as a
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  What kind of galaxy is the Milky Way?
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  Giant elliptical galaxies have _________ stars.
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  A Type II superniva explodes when it begins to fuse ________ in its core.
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  Which of the following is a possible age of the universe, according to the big bang theory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  According to Einstein's theory of relativity, space is curved by a great _________ nearby.
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  Vibrations in Earth caused by sudden movements of rock are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  Using the difference in the time it takes for P waves and S waves to arrive at three different seismograph stations, seismologists can find an earthquake's
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  The Richter scale expresses an earthquake's
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  High pressure and high temperature cause igneous rocks to become
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  __________ rock is formed from magma.
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  Underground caves in limestone can be formed by a reaction including
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  Which of the following part's of Earth's interior is liquid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  The most common type of volcano is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  Which one of these forces shapes Earth's surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  Almost all of the water vapor in the atmosphere is in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  CFC's, chemicals that are used a refrigerants and propellants in spray cans, are partly to blame for the reduction of ___________ in the stratosphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  Clouds form when water vapor in the air condenses as
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  When air temperature drops, the air's ability to contain water vapor is
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  Winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve clockwise because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  Cumulonimbus and nimbostratus clouds both
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  When a moving warm air mass encounters a mountain range, it
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  Electrons in the ___________ reflect radio waves.
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  Which one of the following is NOT part of the water cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  _________ are created when air masses of different temperature meet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  Choose the list that is ordered from largest to smallest.
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  Starlings are an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  When fossil fuels are burned, the form carbon dioxide and
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  Fossil fuels are made mostly of what elements?
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  In power stations, ___________ of the energy input is wasted.
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  Which of the following is not true of recycling?
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  The major air pollutant in the US is
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  Atomic reactions can produce an alternate source of energy called
A.
B.
C.
D.
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