Nursing Theories Trivia Questions And Answers

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 61,399
Questions: 10 | Viewed: 61,408

1.

Who, in 1958, proposed that the environment was an external influence on individuals' health?

Answer: Dorothea Orem, the direct influence on the health of a person.
Explanation:
The correct answer is "Dorothea Orem, the direct influence on the health of a person." In 1958, Dorothea Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, which includes the idea that the environment directly influences a person's health. Orem's theory focuses on the individual's ability to perform self-care and how nurses can assist when there is a self-care deficit. She emphasized that environmental factors, such as societal values and expectations, play a crucial role in health and well-being. This perspective highlights the impact of external influences on an individual's health.
2.

What year did Virginia Henderson publish her book and what was the topic? 

Answer: 1964: Nursing
Explanation:
The correct answer is "1964: Nursing." In 1964, Virginia Henderson published her book titled "The Nature of Nursing." This work is significant in the field of nursing as it elaborates on her definition of nursing and the role of nurses in assisting individuals, sick or well, in performing activities that contribute to health or recovery. Henderson's work emphasized the importance of patient independence and the nurse's role in supporting this independence. The other years and topics listed do not correspond to Virginia Henderson's publication and its focus on nursing.
3.

What is the main concept of Dorothea Orem's theory?

Answer: Basic human needs are met through self-care activities.
Explanation:
The correct answer is "Basic human needs are met through self-care activities." Dorothea Orem's theory, known as the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, focuses on the idea that individuals can meet their own basic needs through self-care. Her theory outlines how nurses can support patients when they are unable to care for themselves due to illness or other limitations. The theory emphasizes the importance of self-care in maintaining health and well-being, and it provides a framework for nursing practice that helps individuals achieve independence in self-care. The other options do not fully capture the core concept of Orem's theory.
4.

In 1964, which nurse believed the environment consisted of all internal and external influences that affect the human being?

Answer: Virginia Henderson
Explanation:
The correct answer is Virginia Henderson. In 1964, Virginia Henderson defined nursing in a way that included the environment as consisting of all internal and external influences that affect a human being. She emphasized that nurses should consider these environmental factors when caring for patients to help them achieve independence and health. Henderson's definition of nursing took into account the physical, psychological, and social aspects of the environment that impact a person's ability to perform self-care and maintain health. This comprehensive view is a key element of her nursing philosophy.
5.

What is Betty Neuman's theory on?

Answer: An integrated whole in a constant state of change because of the dynamic interrelationship of many variables
Explanation:
The correct answer is "an integrated whole in a constant state of change because of the dynamic interrelationship of many variables." Betty Neuman's theory, known as the Neuman Systems Model, views individuals as a complete system that includes physiological, psychological, sociocultural, developmental, and spiritual components. These components constantly interact with internal and external environmental factors, causing the system to change and adapt. Neuman's model emphasizes that the health of an individual depends on the stability and balance among these components and their interactions with the environment. This holistic view helps nurses understand and manage the complexities of patient care.
6.

Florence Nightingale believed the environment to be __________.

Answer: An external force that affects the person's health.
Explanation:
The correct answer is "An external force that affects the person's health." Florence Nightingale is known as the founder of modern nursing, and she emphasized the importance of the environment in patient care. She believed that factors such as clean air, pure water, sufficient food, cleanliness, and proper sanitation were crucial for healing and maintaining health. Nightingale's environmental theory posits that these external factors significantly impact a person's health and recovery. Therefore, the best answer is that she viewed the environment as an external force that affects a person's health.
7.

In what year and which nurse believed which model to be: disease-free?

Answer: 1954: Virginia Henderson- health
Explanation:
The correct answer is 1954 and Virginia Henderson, who believed in the health model as being disease-free. Virginia Henderson is known for her definition of nursing, which focuses on helping individuals to perform activities that contribute to health or recovery. In her view, health is synonymous with being free from disease. Henderson's work emphasized the importance of maintaining health and the role of nurses in assisting patients to achieve and maintain a disease-free state. The other nurses listed, such as Dorothea Orem, Sister Callista Roy, Florence Nightingale, and Betty Neuman, contributed different theories and models to nursing, but it was Henderson who associated health with being disease-free in 1954.
8.

In what year and which nurse believed that the environment was an external and an internal environment, both of which constantly affect the development of the person?

Answer: 1972 Betty Neuman
Explanation:
The correct answer is 1972 and Betty Neuman. Betty Neuman is a nursing theorist who developed the Neuman Systems Model in 1972. This model emphasizes that both external and internal environments continuously affect a person's development and well-being. Neuman's theory is widely recognized in the nursing field for its holistic approach to patient care, considering all factors that influence health. Sister Callista Roy, Virginia Henderson, and Florence Nightingale are also influential nursing theorists, but it was Betty Neuman who specifically introduced the concept of environmental influences on a person's development in 1972.
9.

Who proposed the Self-care deficit theory?

Answer: Dorothea Orem
Explanation:
Dorothea Orem proposed the Self-care Deficit Theory. This theory focuses on the patient's ability to perform self-care activities to maintain health and well-being. According to Orem, when individuals cannot meet their own self-care needs, nursing care is required to help them. The theory emphasizes the importance of the patient's role in their own care and the nurse's role in supporting the patient's efforts to take care of themselves. Understanding this theory helps nurses provide better care by recognizing and addressing the patient's self-care deficits.
10.

Who explained the Typology of twenty-one Nursing problems?

Answer: Faye G.Abedellah
Explanation:
Faye G. Abedellah developed the Typology of twenty-one Nursing problems, which focuses on patient-centered approaches to nursing care and identifies key areas of nursing interventions. This typology is a significant contribution to nursing theory and practice, emphasizing the importance of addressing patient needs comprehensively.
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