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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,023,459
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 1,023,459


_________ is the first step in the sterilization process.

Answer: Decontamination
Decontamination is the initial step in sterilization, involving the removal of contaminants from surfaces and instruments to minimize microbial presence. This preparatory phase ensures that subsequent sterilization methods, such as autoclaving or disinfection, can effectively eliminate any remaining microorganisms, ensuring the thorough sterilization of equipment and surfaces.

Central Service Technicians must wear special attire referred to as ____ to minimize their exposure to blood-borne pathogens and other contaminants.

Answer: PPE
Central Service Technicians must wear special attire referred to as PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) to minimize their exposure to blood-borne pathogens and other contaminants. PPE includes gloves, gowns, masks, and other protective clothing that create a barrier between the technician and potentially infectious materials. Wearing PPE is essential in preventing the transmission of diseases and ensuring the safety of both the technician and the patients.

What type of a pressure is required for decontamination areas?

Answer: Negative
Negative pressure is required for decontamination areas to prevent the spread of contaminants. This means that the air pressure inside the area is lower than the surrounding areas, causing air to flow into the decontamination area rather than out of it. This helps to contain any hazardous substances or contaminants within the decontamination area and minimize the risk of contamination spreading to other areas.

The use of analytical skills to solve problems and make decisions is a component of which of the following knowledge and skills dimensions?

Answer: Employability skills
The use of analytical skills to solve problems and make decisions is a component of employability skills. Employability skills refer to a set of skills, knowledge, and attitudes that enable individuals to be successful in the workplace. Analytical skills are highly valued by employers as they demonstrate the ability to think critically, analyze information, and make informed decisions. By utilizing analytical skills, individuals can effectively solve problems and contribute to the success of an organization.

Nosocomial infections are:

Answer: Those which occur in the course of being treated in the hospital
Nosocomial infections are infections that occur in the course of being treated in the hospital. These infections are acquired during a hospital stay and are not present or incubating at the time of admission. They can be caused by a variety of organisms, including drug-resistant ones. Nosocomial infections are not necessarily related to international travel and may have known cures or treatments available.

The human resources tool that identifies major tasks performed by persons in specific positions is called a:

Answer: Job description
A job description is a human resources tool that identifies the major tasks performed by individuals in specific positions. It provides a detailed overview of the responsibilities, duties, qualifications, and requirements of a particular job. This document helps in attracting suitable candidates, setting performance expectations, and evaluating employee performance. It serves as a valuable resource for both managers and employees by providing clarity about job roles and responsibilities.

Which of the following is the most popular title for the central service department head?

Answer: Director
The most popular title for the central service department head is "director." This title is commonly used to designate the individual who oversees and manages the central service department. Directors are typically responsible for setting the department's goals and objectives, making strategic decisions, and ensuring the smooth operation of the department. They often have a higher level of authority and responsibility compared to coordinators, managers, and supervisors.

What is the coolest part of the sterilizer?

Answer: Drain line of the sterilizer
The drain line of the sterilizer is the coolest part because it is responsible for removing excess heat and steam from the sterilization process. This helps to prevent overheating and ensures that the sterilizer operates at a safe temperature. Additionally, the drain line is usually made of materials that have good heat conductivity, allowing for efficient cooling.

Autoclave sterilizer is a _____ class of device.

Answer: Class II
An autoclave sterilizer is considered a Class II medical device. Class II devices are typically considered moderate-risk medical devices, and they are subject to regulatory controls to ensure their safety and effectiveness. Autoclave sterilizers are used to sterilize medical instruments and equipment by using high-pressure steam and heat, which helps prevent the transmission of infectious agents. These devices play a crucial role in maintaining the sterility of medical instruments in healthcare settings.

 In a sterilization load containing 2 small basins, the chemical indicators will be positioned.

Answer: On the side of each basin
Placing them on the basin's side exposes the indicators directly to the sterilizing agent (steam, etc.) circulating within the chamber, ensuring they react accurately to the sterilization conditions throughout the basin.

Package condensation will occur when:

Answer: Placing hot or warm packages in cold surfaces
Condensation occurs when hot or warm packages are placed on cold surfaces. When the temperature of the packages is higher than that of the surface, the moisture in the air surrounding the packages condenses and forms water droplets. This can be observed when steam from hot food or drinks comes into contact with a cold glass, causing water droplets to form on the surface of the glass.

What is the preferred  pH of detergents used for most cleaning processes?

Answer: Neutral pH
The preferred pH of detergents used for most cleaning processes is neutral. This is because a neutral pH is neither too acidic nor too alkaline, making it safe to use on a wide range of surfaces without causing damage. Additionally, a neutral pH ensures effective cleaning by allowing the detergent to break down dirt and grime efficiently.

System that includes inflatable compression sleeves and a characteristic pressure modulation in order to reduce risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Answer: Sequential compression device
A sequential compression device is a system that includes inflatable compression sleeves and a characteristic pressure modulation. This device is used to reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT is a condition where blood clots form in the deep veins, usually in the legs. The compression sleeves help to improve blood flow and prevent the formation of blood clots by applying pressure and stimulating the muscles to pump blood back to the heart. This device is commonly used in hospitals, especially for patients who are immobile or at a higher risk of developing DVT.

The moisture content of saturated steam should possess a relative humidity of:

Answer: 97% to 100%
The correct answer is 97% to 100%. This is because saturated steam is the maximum amount of water vapor that can exist at a given temperature and pressure. In order for the steam to be saturated, it must be at 100% relative humidity. Therefore, the moisture content of saturated steam should have a relative humidity of 97% to 100%.

In the sterilization process, what is the most commonly used method to monitor the temperature inside the sterilizer and ensure it reaches the required level?

Answer: Temperature strips 
Temperature strips, also known as temperature-sensitive indicators or tapes, are commonly used in sterilization processes to monitor and ensure that the required temperature is reached inside the sterilizer. These strips change color or indicate when the specified temperature has been achieved. They provide a visual confirmation that the sterilization process has reached the necessary temperature for effective sterilization.

Information regarding cleaning processes for endoscopes should be provided by:

Answer: The instrument manufacturer
The instrument manufacturer should provide information regarding cleaning processes for endoscopes because they are the ones who design, manufacture, and have in-depth knowledge about the specific instruments. They are responsible for ensuring that the cleaning processes are effective and safe for use. The manufacturer can provide detailed instructions, guidelines, and recommendations on how to properly clean and disinfect the endoscopes to maintain their functionality and prevent any potential risks or infections. It is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions to ensure the longevity and proper functioning of the equipment.

Winch of the following statements about endoscopes is true?`

Answer: Not all endoscopes can be processed in the AER
The Automated Endoscope Reprocessor (AER) is a machine used for cleaning and disinfecting endoscopes. However, not all endoscopes can be processed in the AER. Some endoscopes may have complex designs or delicate components that cannot withstand the automated cleaning process. Therefore, it is important to carefully assess each endoscope and determine whether it can be safely processed in the AER or if it requires alternative cleaning methods.

The FDA classifies sterilization packaging as a:

Answer: Class II medical device
The FDA classifies sterilization packaging as a class II medical device because it is considered to have a moderate to high risk to the patient's health. Class II devices require special controls to ensure their safety and effectiveness. Sterilization packaging plays a crucial role in maintaining the sterility of medical devices and protecting patients from infections, making it an important component of the healthcare system.

Which of the following is NOT an acceptable sterilization packaging material?

Answer: Canvas
Canvas is not an acceptable sterilization packaging material because it is not able to maintain an effective barrier against microorganisms. Unlike muslin, barrier cloth, and twills, canvas does not have the necessary properties to prevent the entry of bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants, which are crucial for maintaining the sterility of medical supplies and instruments during storage and transportation. Therefore, canvas is not suitable for sterilization packaging.

Wicking materials are used to:

Answer: Allow air removal,steam penetration and facilitate drying
Wicking materials are used to allow air removal, steam penetration, and facilitate drying. This means that these materials have the ability to absorb and transfer moisture, allowing air and steam to circulate freely, which is essential for effective sterilization. By facilitating drying, wicking materials help to prevent the growth of bacteria and ensure that instruments are thoroughly sterilized.
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