YMCA L2 Anatomy - Joints

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YMCA L2 Anatomy - Joints - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What classification is given to a joint which is slightly moveable?

    • A.

      Cartilaginous

    • B.

      Synovial

    • C.

      Fused

    • D.

      Fibrous

    Correct Answer
    A. Cartilaginous
    Explanation
    A joint that is slightly moveable is classified as cartilaginous. Cartilaginous joints are connected by cartilage, allowing for limited movement. These joints provide stability and support to the body. Examples of cartilaginous joints include the joints between the vertebrae in the spine and the pubic symphysis in the pelvis.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is a feature of all synovial joints?

    • A.

      Freely moveable

    • B.

      Slightly moveable

    • C.

      Immovable

    • D.

      No cartilage

    Correct Answer
    A. Freely moveable
    Explanation
    All synovial joints are characterized by their ability to freely move. Unlike immovable joints, such as those found in the skull, synovial joints have a wide range of motion. They are also different from slightly moveable joints, which have limited movement. Additionally, synovial joints are characterized by the presence of cartilage, which helps to cushion and protect the joint surfaces. Therefore, the correct answer is "Freely moveable."

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is an example of an immovable joint?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Thoracic vertebrae

    • C.

      Shoulder

    • D.

      Hip

    Correct Answer
    A. Skull
    Explanation
    The skull is an example of an immovable joint because it is made up of several bones that are fused together, forming a solid structure. This lack of movement allows the skull to protect the brain and provide stability to the head. Unlike the shoulder and hip joints, which are ball-and-socket joints that allow for a wide range of movement, the immovable joint of the skull ensures that the bones remain fixed in place. The thoracic vertebrae, although they are connected by joints, are not immovable joints as they allow for some movement, such as rotation and bending.

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  • 4. 

    What is the name of the fluid that lubricates freely-moveable joints?

    • A.

      Synovial

    • B.

      Cartilaginous

    • C.

      Fibrous

    • D.

      Fused

    Correct Answer
    A. Synovial
    Explanation
    Synovial fluid is the correct answer because it is the fluid that lubricates freely-moveable joints. It is a thick, gel-like substance that helps reduce friction between the bones in the joint, allowing for smooth and pain-free movement. The synovial fluid also provides nutrients to the cartilage and helps remove waste products, contributing to the overall health and function of the joint.

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  • 5. 

    In which of the following would you find cartilaginous joints?

    • A.

      Intervertebral discs

    • B.

      Knee

    • C.

      Ankle

    • D.

      Elbow

    Correct Answer
    A. Intervertebral discs
    Explanation
    Cartilaginous joints are a type of joint where the bones are connected by cartilage. Intervertebral discs are found between the vertebrae in the spine and act as shock absorbers, allowing for flexibility and movement. Therefore, it is in the intervertebral discs that cartilaginous joints are found. The knee, ankle, and elbow joints are examples of synovial joints, where the bones are connected by a synovial membrane and surrounded by a joint capsule.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following link bone to bone to add stability?

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Tendon

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Cartilage

    Correct Answer
    A. Ligaments
    Explanation
    Ligaments are fibrous connective tissues that link bone to bone, providing stability and support to joints. They help to prevent excessive movement and maintain the alignment of bones during movements. Ligaments are elastic and have a limited range of motion, allowing for controlled and coordinated movements. Tendons, on the other hand, connect muscle to bone and are responsible for transmitting forces generated by muscle contractions. Muscles are responsible for generating movement and providing strength, while cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that covers the ends of bones and provides cushioning and shock absorption.

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  • 7. 

    In a synovial joint, the ends of connecting bones are covered with

    • A.

      Cartilage

    • B.

      Synovial membrane

    • C.

      Tendons

    • D.

      Ligaments

    Correct Answer
    A. Cartilage
    Explanation
    Cartilage is the correct answer because in a synovial joint, the ends of connecting bones are covered with cartilage. Cartilage is a smooth and flexible connective tissue that acts as a cushion between bones, reducing friction and allowing for smooth movement of the joint. It provides support and protection to the bones and helps in shock absorption during movements. The synovial membrane, tendons, and ligaments are also important components of a synovial joint, but they do not directly cover the ends of connecting bones.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an example of a hinge joint?

    • A.

      Elbow

    • B.

      Ankle

    • C.

      Wrist

    • D.

      Neck

    Correct Answer
    A. Elbow
    Explanation
    The elbow is an example of a hinge joint because it allows movement in only one direction, similar to a door hinge. It enables flexion and extension, allowing the arm to bend and straighten. The other options, ankle, wrist, and neck, are not hinge joints as they allow for more complex movements in multiple directions.

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  • 9. 

    Where would you find a gliding joint?

    • A.

      Carpals

    • B.

      Scapula

    • C.

      Calcaneus

    • D.

      Humerus

    Correct Answer
    A. Carpals
    Explanation
    A gliding joint is a type of synovial joint that allows bones to glide past one another in multiple directions. The carpals, which are the bones in the wrist, are an example of a gliding joint. The bones in the wrist are able to move and glide smoothly against each other, allowing for flexibility and a wide range of motion in the hand and wrist. Therefore, the correct answer is Carpals.

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  • 10. 

    Which bones meet to form a ball and socket joint?

    • A.

      Humerus/scapula

    • B.

      Tibia/femur

    • C.

      Cranium/cervical vertebrae

    • D.

      Fibula/calcaneus

    Correct Answer
    A. Humerus/scapula
    Explanation
    The humerus and scapula meet to form a ball and socket joint. This type of joint allows for a wide range of movement in multiple directions, similar to how a ball can move in any direction within a socket. The rounded head of the humerus fits into the shallow socket of the scapula, allowing for movements such as flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation of the arm.

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  • 11. 

    What type of joint is found in the wrist?

    • A.

      Gliding

    • B.

      Condyloid

    • C.

      Ball and socket

    • D.

      Hinge

    Correct Answer
    B. Condyloid
    Explanation
    A condyloid joint is found in the wrist. This type of joint allows for movement in two directions, allowing the wrist to move forward and backward as well as side to side. The bones in a condyloid joint have convex and concave surfaces that fit together, allowing for this type of movement. The other options, such as gliding, ball and socket, and hinge, do not accurately describe the type of joint found in the wrist.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following types of synovial joint has the greatest range of movement?

    • A.

      Ball and socket joint

    • B.

      Hinge

    • C.

      Pivot

    • D.

      Saddle

    Correct Answer
    A. Ball and socket joint
    Explanation
    The ball and socket joint has the greatest range of movement among the given types of synovial joints. This is because it allows movement in multiple directions, including flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation. The rounded head of one bone fits into the cup-shaped socket of another bone, allowing for a wide range of motion.

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  • 13. 

    Which region of the spine has the least potential movement?

    • A.

      Sacral

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Lumbar

    • D.

      Cervical

    Correct Answer
    A. Sacral
    Explanation
    The sacral region of the spine has the least potential movement because it is located at the bottom of the spine and is fused with the pelvis. This fusion limits the range of motion and flexibility in the sacral region compared to other regions of the spine. The thoracic, lumbar, and cervical regions have more potential movement due to the presence of individual vertebrae that allow for greater mobility.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is an integral component of a synovial joint

    • A.

      Growth plate

    • B.

      Pleural cavity

    • C.

      Articular cartilage

    • D.

      Bone marrow

    Correct Answer
    C. Articular cartilage
    Explanation
    Articular cartilage is a smooth, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in synovial joints. Its main function is to reduce friction, allowing for easy movement, and to absorb shock, protecting the bones from impact. Without this cartilage, joint movement would be painful and bone damage would occur.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is an example of a ball and socket joint?

    • A.

      Shoulder

    • B.

      Wrist

    • C.

      Knee

    • D.

      Ankle

    Correct Answer
    A. Shoulder
    Explanation
    The shoulder is an example of a ball and socket joint because it consists of a rounded ball-shaped end of one bone (the humerus) that fits into a cup-like socket of another bone (the scapula). This type of joint allows for a wide range of motion in multiple directions, such as rotation, flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction. The wrist, knee, and ankle joints are not ball and socket joints, as they have different structures and allow for more limited movements.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 09, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 09, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Hodgesd
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