An MCQ Quiz About Ancient Greece

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| By Rkleine74
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An MCQ Quiz About Ancient Greece - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Some Spartan women had the responsibility of running the family's estate because:

    • A.

      Spartan society was the freest and most democratic in Greece

    • B.

      Frequent warfare often kept Spartan men away from home

    • C.

      Such duties were considered to be beneath a man's dignity

    • D.

      The Spartan aristocracy consisted almost entirely of women

    Correct Answer
    B. Frequent warfare often kept Spartan men away from home
    Explanation
    Spartan women had the responsibility of running the family's estate because frequent warfare often kept Spartan men away from home. This is because Spartan society was known for its militaristic culture, and men were frequently called upon to serve in the Spartan army. As a result, women were left to manage the household and the family's estate in their absence. This responsibility was necessary for the smooth functioning of the family and the preservation of their wealth and property.

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  • 2. 

    Merchants and poor people often supported Athenian tyrants because:

    • A.

      They feared imprisonment if they withheld their support

    • B.

      Tyrants promised them they could become full citizens

    • C.

      They provided greater educational and career opportunities

    • D.

      They often imposed reforms to help these groups

    Correct Answer
    D. They often imposed reforms to help these groups
    Explanation
    Athenian tyrants often imposed reforms to help merchants and poor people. This means that they implemented changes and policies that aimed to benefit and improve the lives of these groups. This could have included measures such as economic reforms, social welfare programs, or the redistribution of wealth. As a result, merchants and poor people supported the tyrants because they believed that their rule would bring about positive changes and improvements in their lives.

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  • 3. 

    What was an effect of the Greek victory in the Persian Wars?

    • A.

      Greeks became more convinced of their own uniqueness

    • B.

      Sparta became the most powerful city-state in Greece

    • C.

      Persia never again had the strength to invade Greece

    • D.

      Persia was destroyed, and the Delian League was disbanded

    Correct Answer
    A. Greeks became more convinced of their own uniqueness
    Explanation
    The Greek victory in the Persian Wars led to Greeks becoming more convinced of their own uniqueness. This is because the Greeks were able to successfully defend themselves against the powerful Persian Empire, which boosted their confidence and pride in their own culture and civilization. The victory also highlighted the strength and military prowess of the Greek city-states, further reinforcing their belief in their own uniqueness.

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  • 4. 

    What Greek philosopher believed good conduct meant pursuing the "Golden Mean"?

    • A.

      Socrates

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Socrates

    • D.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    D. Aristotle
    Explanation
    Aristotle believed in the concept of the "Golden Mean," which suggests that good conduct lies in finding a moderate and balanced approach between extremes. This means avoiding excess or deficiency in one's actions and emotions. Aristotle emphasized the importance of finding the middle ground between two extremes, such as courage being the mean between recklessness and cowardice. He believed that by practicing this moderation, individuals could achieve a virtuous and fulfilling life.

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  • 5. 

    What was a result of the Peloponnesian War?

    • A.

      It started the Golden Age of Greece under Pericles

    • B.

      It ended Athenian domination of the Greek world

    • C.

      It resulted in the destruction of the Persian empire

    • D.

      It led to an alliance between Persia and Athens

    Correct Answer
    B. It ended Athenian domination of the Greek world
    Explanation
    The Peloponnesian War resulted in the end of Athenian domination of the Greek world. This war was fought between Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, and Sparta and its allies, known as the Peloponnesian League. The war lasted for 27 years and had a significant impact on the balance of power in ancient Greece. Athens, which was the dominant city-state at the start of the war, was eventually defeated by Sparta. This led to the decline of Athenian power and the rise of Sparta as the leading city-state in Greece.

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  • 6. 

    What helped Alexander the Great to conquer the Persian Empire?

    • A.

      Persia was no longer the great power it once had been

    • B.

      Alexander captured the Persian emperor, Darius III

    • C.

      Alexander allied with Egypt to create a powerful army

    • D.

      Alexander defeated the Persians at Chaeronea

    Correct Answer
    A. Persia was no longer the great power it once had been
    Explanation
    Persia was no longer the great power it once had been. This suggests that the decline of the Persian Empire played a significant role in Alexander the Great's conquest. With Persia weakened, it would have been easier for Alexander to defeat them and expand his own empire. Additionally, the decline of Persia may have resulted in internal instability and divisions, further aiding Alexander's conquest.

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  • 7. 

    The frescoes at Knossos tell us that:

    • A.

      The Mycenaeans started the Trojan War

    • B.

      The Myceneans worshipped the bull as a god

    • C.

      Minoan women had fewer rights than in other cultures

    • D.

      The sea was very important to the Minoan people

    Correct Answer
    D. The sea was very important to the Minoan people
    Explanation
    The frescoes at Knossos depict scenes of the sea, including ships and marine life. This suggests that the sea held great significance to the Minoan people. It may have played a crucial role in their trade and economy, as well as their cultural and religious practices. The Minoans were known as skilled sailors and had a strong maritime presence, which is further supported by archaeological evidence of their shipbuilding industry. The importance of the sea to the Minoan people is thus reflected in the frescoes at Knossos.

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  • 8. 

    In a Greek city-state, the acropolis was:

    • A.

      The marketplace where citizens debated issues of the day

    • B.

      The main school where students learned about government

    • C.

      The location of temples dedicated to the gods and goddesses

    • D.

      The legislative building where citizens voted on various laws

    Correct Answer
    C. The location of temples dedicated to the gods and goddesses
    Explanation
    The acropolis in a Greek city-state was the location of temples dedicated to the gods and goddesses. The acropolis was a high hill or elevated area where important religious buildings were constructed. These temples were dedicated to various deities and were considered sacred places where worshippers could offer prayers and sacrifices. The acropolis held great religious significance in ancient Greek culture and was a central hub for religious activities and ceremonies.

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  • 9. 

    In his "Republic" Plato describes:

    • A.

      His idea of the "golden mean"

    • B.

      His vision of an ideal democracy

    • C.

      The turmoil of the Peloponnesian War

    • D.

      An ideal state ruled by a philosopher-king

    Correct Answer
    D. An ideal state ruled by a philosopher-king
    Explanation
    In his "Republic," Plato describes an ideal state ruled by a philosopher-king. This concept of a philosopher-king refers to a ruler who possesses wisdom, knowledge, and a deep understanding of truth and justice. According to Plato, this philosopher-king would be the most suitable leader for an ideal state as they would make decisions based on reason and the pursuit of the common good rather than personal gain or power. This concept reflects Plato's belief in the importance of governance by those who possess intellectual and moral virtues.

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  • 10. 

    Greek architecture seeks to reflect:

    • A.

      The fearsome power of the gods

    • B.

      Creativity and uniqueness of the designer

    • C.

      Perfect balance, universal harmony, and order

    • D.

      Principles of action, excitement, and motion

    Correct Answer
    C. Perfect balance, universal harmony, and order
    Explanation
    Greek architecture is known for its emphasis on perfect balance, universal harmony, and order. This can be seen in the use of symmetrical designs, precise proportions, and the incorporation of mathematical principles such as the Golden Ratio. Greek architects aimed to create buildings that were aesthetically pleasing and in harmony with their surroundings. This focus on balance and order was influenced by the belief that these qualities reflected the ideal state of the universe and the gods. By achieving this balance and harmony in their architecture, the Greeks sought to create spaces that were not only visually appealing but also spiritually uplifting.

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  • 11. 

    Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as:

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Mongolia

    • C.

      Vietnam

    • D.

      India

    Correct Answer
    D. India
    Explanation
    Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as India. This is historically accurate as Alexander conquered a significant portion of the Indian subcontinent, including regions such as Punjab and Sindh. His campaign in India marked the easternmost extent of his empire, as he faced resistance from local rulers and his troops became weary. While he had aspirations to continue further east, his soldiers' refusal to march any further led to his decision to turn back and consolidate his empire.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 27, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 18, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Rkleine74
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